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and mark the other column to correspond. We desire to know when the 3d of August happened. We find by referring to the column that it was on a ) Monday. Then we must, by recollecting one day in the year, head all the columns in conformity. To assist the reader to do this, we have headed each column, and we begin on March 1 instead of Jan. 1, to avoid the confusion of leap years, which are reckoned on the 29th of February. If the 1st of March occurs 8 as in 1825, it will be in 1826; and thus by calculating the leap years we may find the day on which the Feast of St. David, or March 1, falls for any future year; and by placing the day of the week so found over the first column, and the other six succeeding days over the six succeeding columns respectively, we can find any day of the year we place, and ascribe it to the proper day of the week.
March 1. St. David.
St. David. St. Swidbert. St. Monan.
rises at vi. 36'. and sets at v. 24'. Flora. — Leek Allium Porrum grows, and is worn today by the Welsh. KALENDAE.—Matronalia. Junonis Lucinue. Martis. Ancylia.
By wilder Welchmen led, and crowned with Leaks.
Pellice depositis clypeo paulisper et basta
Mars ades, et nitidas casside solve comas. The Romans used to celebrate the Calends of March with feasting. Horace in his Od. ad Moecenatem, at v.5. inquires Cur Kalendis Martiis, quum uxorem non habeat, nihilominus sacrificet ac epuletur ?
Martiis coelebs quid agam calendis,
The origin of Welchmen wearing Leeks this day is explained in the following ancient lines found in an old MS. in the British Museum :
Lines on the Leak.
Commemorates their tutelary Saint. Misson, in his Travels in England, translated by Ozell, p. 334, says, speaking of the Welsh :“On the day of St. David, their patron, they formerly gained a victory over the English, and in the battle every man distinguished himself by wearing a Leek in his hat; and ever since they never fail to wear a Leek on that day. The King himself is so complaisant as to bear them company."
From The Diverting Post, No. 19, from February 24 to March 3, 1705, we extract the following:
On St. David's Day.
• Dulce et decorum est pro patria.' In a collection of Latin Poems, entitled “ Poematum Miscellaneorum, à Josepho Perkins Primus,” 4to. Lond. 1707, p. 12, are found some words :-" In Festum S. Davidis, sive in Porrum."
St. David, celebrated by the Christians this day, and styled Patron of Wales, was Bishop of St. David's, in which office he died in 544. He founded many monasteries and religious houses, and fornied a hermitage and chapel in the vale of Llanthony, near the Black Mountains.
Description of St. David's Hermitage.
Down in a dale, hard by a forest's side,
In travell to and fro: a little wyde
Wherein the Hermit dewly wont to say
Therebye a christall streame did gently play,
An old distich respecting St. David, relating probably to some ancient legendary story, says:
Taffy was born on a moonshiney night
CERES.-Advice to the Countryman in March.
For working fit, take then the Plough in hand;
What sort of weather is about to bee-
March 2. St. CAEDDA. St. Nun of Wales. St.
Charles the Good. St. Joavan. St. Ceadda or Chad was educated in the monastery of Lindisfarne, under St. Aidan; was afterwards Bishop of Lichfield, and died in the great pestilence of 673.
Juvenalis natus.-Rom. Cal. FLORA.-The MEZEREON Daphne Mezereon is often by this time in full flower, and its beautiful pink flowering bush is a conspicuous ornament standing up in the bare and leafless garden, where there are as yet only a few plants of the Primaveral Flora in blow: it begins in mild seasons to blow much before this time, and continues through March, and into the beginning of April.
PAUNA.—The whistle of the Blackbird from the bush, and the mellow note of the Throstle, who sings perched on the naked bough of some lofty tree, are heard from the beginning of the month : at the same time, the Ringdove cooes in the woods. The Rookery is now all in motion with the pleasing labour of building and repairing nests ;. and highly amusing it is to observe the tricks and artifices of this thievish tribe, some to defend, and others to plunder, the materials of their new habitations. These birds are accused of doing much injury to the farmer, by plucking up the young corn and other springing vegetables ; but some think this mischief fully repaid by their diligence in picking up the grubs of various insects, which, if suffered to grow to maturity, would occasion much greater damage. For this purpose, they are frequently seen following the plough, or settling in flocks on newly turned up lands; and often, when they have gone out to feed at some distance in the morning, they may be seen returning home at night in immense flocks, flying over our heads at a considerable height in the air.
Some birds, which take refuge in our temperate climate from the rigour of the northern winters, now begin to leave us, and return to the countries where they are bred. The Redwing, the Fieldfare, and the Woodcock, are of this kind ; and they retire to spend their summer in Norway, Sweden, Lapland, and other northern parts of the earth.
Proverbs relating to this Month.
March 3. St. Cunegundes. St. Winwaloe. St. Lama
lisse. St. Lily. SS. Chelidonius, &c. Martyrs.
St. Cunegundes, the Empress, was daughter to Sigifride, first Count of Luxemburg. He died in 1040. St. Winwaloe was notorious for his austerities, and made his principal merit therein. He wore a complete raiment of goat's hair, and never ate wheaten bread.-See Butler's Lives of the Saints, vol. iii. p. 24.
Alter Piscium occidit. Vindemiator oritur.-Rom. Cal. For an account of the mythological history of the constellation Pisces, and other signs of the Zodiac, we may refer the reader to La Lande's Origine des Constellations.
CuroNOLOGY. – Napoleon Bonaparte landed at Cannes, from Elba, in 1815.
Flora. — The appearance of early Daffodils, Double Daisies, Crocuses, and other forward plants in the gardens, gives them a lively appearance at this time of year, and the windows are often decorated with various Narcissi and Hyacinths, which blow early in doors.
Coelum.-On the Prognostics of the Weather. --The popular prognostics of Rain, Wiud, and other changes of the weather,
which with little variety are common in most countries, seem to have been known and observed with accuracy of old. Indeed, their being familiar to almost every age and country affords the strongest proof of their correctness, to those who have not had constant experience of them. We have given the following catalogue of popular prognostics at an early period of the year, in order that the reader may become acquainted therewith in time to apply them to purposes of practical utility.
Rain may be expected, when the Swallow flies low, and skims backward and forward over the surface of the earth and waters, frequently dipping the tips of her wings below the surface of the pool over which she skims.
When Bees do not range abroad as usual, but keep in or about their hives, or when Ducks, Geese, and other waterfowl, are unusually clamorous, we may also expect wet.
Before rain, Swine, as well as Poultry, appear very uneasy, and rub in the dust.
Before and during rain, Ducks, Geese, and other fowls, wash and dive in the waters more than usual. Pigeons also wash before rain ; and Cats wash their faces; they have been observed also before rain to scratch the bark off the trees. In autumn, Flies sting and become unusually troublesome on the approach of rain.
Dogs, and other domestic animals, likewise express signs of uneasiness, and are very sleepy and dull before rain and snow. Dogs are said to dig great holes in the ground in rainy weather. We had a Dog always busy in digging deep caverns in the earth which he laid in during particular kinds of weather. This Dog was a cross breed between a pug and terrier, remarkable for his sagacity.
If we happen to be abroad, when, after long continued dry weather, the sky is thickening, and rain approaching, we may frequently observe the cattle stretching out their necks, and snuffing in the air with distended nostrils ; and often, before storms, assembled in a corner of the field, with their heads to the leeward.
The loud and continued croaking of Frogs heard from the pool; the squalling of the Pintado* and the Peacock, the appearance of Spiders crawling on the walls more than ordinary, and the coming forth of Worms, have also been considered as signs of rain. Most of these have been noticed by Virgil, who has likewise added several more, which have never fallen under my notice, but which have
* This bird is called the Comeback in Norfolk, and regarded as the invoker of rain. It ofien continues clamorous throughout the whole of rainy days.