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monument of Chatham, and from above, his effigy, graven by a cunning hand, seems still, with eagle face and outstretched arm, to bid England be of good cheer, and to hurl defiance at her foes. The generation which reared that memorial of him has disappeared. The time has come when the rash and indiscriminate judgments which his contemporaries passed on his character may be calmly revised by history. And history, while, for the warning of vehement, high, and daring natures, she notes his many errors, will yet deliberately pronounce, that, among the eminent men whose bones lie near his, scarcely one has left a more stainless, and none a more splendid name.
IND E X.
Abbé and abbot, difference between, i. 498. Academy, character of its doctrines, ii. 222. Adam, Robert, court architect to George III., iii. 480. Addison, Joseph, review of Miss Aikin's life of, iii. 354–444; his character, 355, 356; sketch of his father’s life, 357; his birth and early life, 358,359; appointed to a scholarship in Magdalene College, Oxford, 359; his classical attainments, 359, 360; his Essay on the Evidences of Christianity, 362; contributes a preface to Dryden's Georgics, 366; his intention to take orders frustrated, 367; sent by the government to the Continent, 369; his introduction to Boileau, 371; leaves Paris and proceeds to Venice, 375, 376; his residence in Italy, 375–379; composes his Epistle to Montague (then Lord Halifax), 379; his prospects clouded by the death of William III., 380; becomes tutor to a young English traveller, 381; writes his Treatise on Medals, 381; repairs to Holland, 381; returns to England, 381; his cordial reception and introduction into the Kit Cat Club, 381; his pecuniary difficulties, 381; engaged by Godolphin to write a poem in honour of Marlborough's exploits, 384; is appointed to a Commissionership. 384; merits of his “Camaign,” 384; criticism of his Travels in Italy, 361. 388; his opera of Rosamond, 389; is made Undersecretary of State, and accompanies the Earl of Halifax to Hanover, 390; his election to the House of Commons, 391; his failure as a speaker, 391; his popularity and talents for conversation, 393, 394; his timidity and constraintamong strangers, 395; his favourite associates, 396-399;
becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland under Wharton, 399; origination of the Tatler, 400, 401 ; his characteristics as a writer, 401–405; compared with Swift and Voltaire as a master of the art of ridicule, 404,405; his pecuniary losses, 409; loss of his Secretaryship, 409; resignation of his Fellowship,409; encouragement and disappointment of his advances towards a great lady, 409; returned to Parliament without a contest, 409; his Whig Examiner, 410; intercedes with the Tories on behalf of Ambrose Phillipps and Steele, 410; his discontinuance of the Tatler and commencement of the Spectator, 410; his part in the Spectator, 411; his commencement and discontinuance of the Guardian, 415; his Cato, 376.415; his intercourse with Pope, 419, 420; his concern for Steele, 421; begins a new series of the Spectator, 421; appointed secretary to the Lords Justices of the Council on the death of Queen Anne, 422; again appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, 423; his relations with Swift and Tickell, 423, 424; removed to the Board of Trade, 425; production of his Drummer, 426; his Freeholder, 426; his estrangement from Pope, 427, 428; his long courtship of the Countess Dowager of Warwick and union with her, 434, 435; takes up his abode at Holland House, 435, appointed Secretary of State by Sunderland, 436; failure of his health, 436. 441; resigns his post, 436; receives a pension, 436; his estrangement from Steele and other friends, 437; advocates the bill for limiting the number of Peers, 438; refutation of a calumny upon him, 439; entrusts his works to Tickell, and dedicates them to Craggs, 441; sends for Gay on his death-bed to ask his forgiveness, 441; his death and funeral, 443; Tickell's elegy on his
death, 443; superb edition of his
Whigs, 408; change in the conduct
Baber, founder of the Mogul empire,
Bacon, Lady, mother of Lord Bacon,
Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Mon-
of the charges, 197,198; overwhelm-
Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character, ii.
Baconian philosophy, its chief pecu-
liarity, ii. 217; its essential spirit,
Baillie, Gen., destruction of his detach-
ment by Hyder Ali, iii. 132.
Balance of power, interest of the Popes
in preserving it, ii. 573.
Banim, Mr., his defence of James II.,
as a supporter of toleration, ii. 100.
Banking operations of Italy in the 14th
century, i. 67.
Bar (the), its degraded condition in the
time of James 11., i. 184.
Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr. Addi-
son, iii. 357.
Barcelona,capture of by Peterborough,
Baretti, his admiration for Miss Bur-
ney, iii. 310.
Barillon, M., his pithy words on the
new council proposed by Temple,
Barlow, Bishop, iii. 19. *
Hastings, 103.116, 117. 123.
Bastile, Burke's declamations on its
Berar, occupied by the Bonslas, iii.
| Bourne, Vincent, iii. 873; his Latin