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monument of Chatham, and from above, his effigy, graven by a cunning hand, seems still, with eagle face and outstretched arm, to bid England be of good cheer, and to hurl defiance at her foes. The generation which reared that memorial of him has disappeared. The time has come when the rash and indiscriminate judgments which his contemporaries passed on his character may be calmly revised by history. And history, while, for the warning of vehement, high, and daring natures, she notes his many errors, will yet deliberately pronounce, that, among the eminent men whose bones lie near his, scarcely one has left a more stainless, and none a more splendid name.



Abbé and abbot, difference between, i. 498. Academy, character of its doctrines, ii. 222. Adam, Robert, court architect to George III., iii. 480. Addison, Joseph, review of Miss Aikin's life of, iii. 354–444; his character, 355, 356; sketch of his father’s life, 357; his birth and early life, 358,359; appointed to a scholarship in Magdalene College, Oxford, 359; his classical attainments, 359, 360; his Essay on the Evidences of Christianity, 362; contributes a preface to Dryden's Georgics, 366; his intention to take orders frustrated, 367; sent by the government to the Continent, 369; his introduction to Boileau, 371; leaves Paris and proceeds to Venice, 375, 376; his residence in Italy, 375–379; composes his Epistle to Montague (then Lord Halifax), 379; his prospects clouded by the death of William III., 380; becomes tutor to a young English traveller, 381; writes his Treatise on Medals, 381; repairs to Holland, 381; returns to England, 381; his cordial reception and introduction into the Kit Cat Club, 381; his pecuniary difficulties, 381; engaged by Godolphin to write a poem in honour of Marlborough's exploits, 384; is appointed to a Commissionership. 384; merits of his “Camaign,” 384; criticism of his Travels in Italy, 361. 388; his opera of Rosamond, 389; is made Undersecretary of State, and accompanies the Earl of Halifax to Hanover, 390; his election to the House of Commons, 391; his failure as a speaker, 391; his popularity and talents for conversation, 393, 394; his timidity and constraintamong strangers, 395; his favourite associates, 396-399;

becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland under Wharton, 399; origination of the Tatler, 400, 401 ; his characteristics as a writer, 401–405; compared with Swift and Voltaire as a master of the art of ridicule, 404,405; his pecuniary losses, 409; loss of his Secretaryship, 409; resignation of his Fellowship,409; encouragement and disappointment of his advances towards a great lady, 409; returned to Parliament without a contest, 409; his Whig Examiner, 410; intercedes with the Tories on behalf of Ambrose Phillipps and Steele, 410; his discontinuance of the Tatler and commencement of the Spectator, 410; his part in the Spectator, 411; his commencement and discontinuance of the Guardian, 415; his Cato, 376.415; his intercourse with Pope, 419, 420; his concern for Steele, 421; begins a new series of the Spectator, 421; appointed secretary to the Lords Justices of the Council on the death of Queen Anne, 422; again appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, 423; his relations with Swift and Tickell, 423, 424; removed to the Board of Trade, 425; production of his Drummer, 426; his Freeholder, 426; his estrangement from Pope, 427, 428; his long courtship of the Countess Dowager of Warwick and union with her, 434, 435; takes up his abode at Holland House, 435, appointed Secretary of State by Sunderland, 436; failure of his health, 436. 441; resigns his post, 436; receives a pension, 436; his estrangement from Steele and other friends, 437; advocates the bill for limiting the number of Peers, 438; refutation of a calumny upon him, 439; entrusts his works to Tickell, and dedicates them to Craggs, 441; sends for Gay on his death-bed to ask his forgiveness, 441; his death and funeral, 443; Tickell's elegy on his

death, 443; superb edition of his
works, 443; his monument in Poet's
Corner, Westminster Abbey, 444.
Addison, Dr. Lancelot, sketch of his
life, iii. 357.
Adiaphorists, a sect of German Pro-
testants, i. 470.492.
Adultery, how represented by the dra-
matists of the Restoration, iii. 7.
Advancement of Learning, by Bacon,
its publication, ii. 174.
AEschylus and the Greek drama, i. 14
Afghanistan, the monarchy of, amalo-
gous to that of England in the 16th
century, i. 482; bravery of its in-
habitants, iii. 95, 96; the English
the only army in India which could
compete with them, 95.
Agricultural and manufacturing la-
... bourers, comparison of their con-
dition, i. 218, 2.0.
Agujari, the singer, iii. 296.
Aikin, Miss, review of her Life of
Addison, iii. 354–444.
Aix, its capture, ii. 45.
Akenside, his Epistle to Curio, i. 592.
Albigenses, ii. 548.
Alexander the Great, compared with
Clive, ii. 535.
Alfieri and Cowper, comparison be-
tween them, i. 333.
Allahabad, iii. 92.
Allegories of Johnson and Addison,
i. 281.
Allegory, difficulty of making it inter-
esting, i. 281.
Allegro and Penseroso, i. 13.
Alphabetical writing, the greatest of
human inventions, ii. 933; compa-
rative views of its value by Plato
and Bacon, 233,234.
America, acquisitions of the Catholic
Church in, ii. 539; its capabilities,
American colonies, British, war with
them, iii. 119; act for imposing
stamp duties upon them, 501; their
disaffection, 511; revival of the dis-
pute with them, 537; progress of
their resistance, 537.
Anabaptists, their origin, i. 474.
Anacharsis, reputed contriver of the
potter's wheel, ii. 219.
Anaverdy Khan, governor of the Car-
natic, ii. 459.
Angria, his fortress of Gheriah re-
duced by Clive, ii. 474.
Anne, Queen, her political and re-
ligious inclinations, i. 546; changes
in her government in 1710, 546;
relative estimation by the Whigs
and the Tories of her reign, 549–
552.556; state of parties at her ac-
cession, iii. 381, 382; dismisses the

Whigs, 408; change in the conduct
of public affairs consequent on her
death, 422.
Antioch, Grecian eloquence at, ii. 540,
Anytus, ii. 203.
Apostolical succession, Mr. Gladstone
claims it for the Church of England,
ii. 419–439.
Aquinas, Thomas, ii. 255.
Arab fable of the Great Pyramid, ii
Arbuthnot's Satirical Works, iii. 404.
Archimedes, his slight estimate of his
inventions, ii. 230.
Archytas, rebuked by Plato, ii.
Arcot, Nabob of, his relations with
England, ii. 461–466; his claims re-
cognised by the English, 461.
Areopagitica,Milton's, allusion to, i.57.
Argyle, Duke of, secedes from Wal-
pole's administration, ii. 10.
Ariosto, compared with Tasso, ii. 561.
Aristodemus, ii. 541.
Aristophanes, iii. 2.
Aristotle, his authority impaired by
the Reformation, ii. 226.
Arithmetic, comparative estimate of
by Plato and by Bacon, ii. 229.
Arlington, Lord, his character, ii. 297;
his coldness for the Triple Alliance,
304; his impeachment,321.
Armies in the middle ages, how con-
stituted, i. 72. 147; a powerful re-
straint on the regal power, 148; sub-
sequent change in this respect, 149.
Arms, British, successes of, against
the French in 1758, ii. 45–48.
Army (the), control of by Charles I.
or by the Parliament, i. 157; its
triumph over both, 164; danger of a
standing army becoming an instru-
ment of despotism, 456.
Arne, Dr., set to music Addison's
opera of Rosamond, iii. 389.
Arragon and Castile, their old insti-
tutions favourable to public liberty,
i. 507.
Art of War, Machiavelli's, i. 94.
Arundel, Earl of, ii. 216.
Asia, Central, its people, iii. 93.
Asiatic Society, commencement of its
career under Warren Hastings, iii.
Assemblies, deliberative, ii. 43.
Astronomy, comparative estimate of
by Socrates and by Bacon, ii. 232.
Athenian comedies, their impurity,
iii. 2; reprinted at the two Univer.
sities, 2.
Athenians (the), Johnson's opinion of
them, i. 394.
Attainster,an actof,warrantable, i.441.
Atterbury, Bishop, his reply to Bentley
to prove the genuineness of the Let.
ters of Phalaris, ii. 369; reads the



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Baber, founder of the Mogul empire,
ii. 453.

Bacon, Lady, mother of Lord Bacon,
ii. 139.

Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Mon-
tagu's new edition of the works of,
ii. 128–271; his mother distinguished
as a linguist, 139; his early years,
143–145; his services refused by
government, 145, 146; his admission
at Gray's Inn, 147; his legal attain-
ments, 147; sat in Parliament in
1593, 148; part he took in politics,
149; his friendship with the Earl of
Essex, 154–161; examination of his
conduct to Essex, 161–171; influence
of King James on his fortunes, 170;
his servility to Lord Southampton,
171; influence his talents had with
the public, 173; his distinction in
Parliament and in the courts of law,
174; his literary and philosophical
works, 174; his “ Novum Orga-
num,” and the admiration it ex-
cited, 174; his work of reducing and
recompiling the laws of England,
175; his tampering with the judges
on the trial of Peacham, 175–180;
attaches himself to Buckingham,
182; his appointment as Lord Keeper,
184; his share in the vices of the
administration, 185; his animosity
towards Sir Edward Coke, 190, 191;
his town, and country residences,
192, 193; his titles of Baron Veru-
lam and Viscount St. Albans, 193;
report against him of the Committee
on the Courts of Justice, 195; nature


of the charges, 197,198; overwhelm-
ing evidence to them, 198. 200; his
admission of his guilt, 200; his sen-
tence, 201; examination of Mr.Mon-
tagu's arguments in his defence, 201
–213; mode in which he spent the
last years of his life, 214, 215; chief
peculiarity of his philosophy, 217–
227; his views compared with those
of Plato, 228–238; to what his wide
and durable fame is chiefly owing,
242; his frequent treatment of moral
subjects, 244; his views as a theolo-
gian, 247; vulgar motion of him as
inventor of the inductive method,
249; estimate of his analysis of that
method, 249–256; union of audacity
and sobriety in his temper, 257; his
amplitude of comprehension, 257,
258; his freedom from the spirit of
controversy,960; his eloquence, wit,
and similitudes, 261; his disciplined
imagination, 263; his boldness and
originality, 265; unusual develop-
ment in the order of his faculties,
266; his resemblance to the mind of
Burke, 266; specimens of his two
styles, 266, 267; value of his Essays,
267; his greatest performance the
first book of the Novum Organunu,
; contemplation of his life, 268–
2 1.

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character, ii.


Baconian philosophy, its chief pecu-

liarity, ii. 217; its essential spirit,
218; its method and object differed
from the ancient, 227; comparative
views of Bacon and Plato, 227—238;
its beneficent spirit, 235. 237. 242;
its value compared with ancient phi-
losophy, 238–249.

Baillie, Gen., destruction of his detach-

ment by Hyder Ali, iii. 132.

Balance of power, interest of the Popes

in preserving it, ii. 573.

Banim, Mr., his defence of James II.,

as a supporter of toleration, ii. 100.

Banking operations of Italy in the 14th

century, i. 67.

Bar (the), its degraded condition in the

time of James 11., i. 184.

Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr. Addi-

son, iii. 357.

Barcelona,capture of by Peterborough,

i. 533.

Baretti, his admiration for Miss Bur-

ney, iii. 310.

Barillon, M., his pithy words on the

new council proposed by Temple,
ii. 331. 339.

Barlow, Bishop, iii. 19. *
Barrington, Lord, iii. 455.
Barwell, Mr., iii. 99; his support of

Hastings, 103.116, 117. 123.
N. N.

Bastile, Burke's declamations on its
capture, iii. 169.
Battle of the Cranes and Pygmies, Ad-
dison's, iii. 363.
Bavaria, its contest between Protest-
antism and Catholicism, ii. 562.
Baxter's Testimony to Hampden's
excellence, i. 405.
Bayle, Peter, ii. 545.
Beaumarchais, his suit before the par-
liament of Paris, ii. 213.
Beckford, Alderman, iii. 529.
Bedford, Duke of, iii. 454; his views
of the policy of Chatham, 467, 480;
presents remonstrance to George III.
Bedford, Earl of, invited by Charles I.
to form an administration, i. 442.
Bedfords (the) iii. 454; parallel be-
tween them and the Rockinghams,
509; their opposition to the Rock-
ingham ministry on the Stamp Act,
514; their willingness to break with
Grenville on Chatham's accession to
office, 523; deserted Grenville and
admitted to office, 533.
Bedford House assailed by a rabble,
iii. 506.
Begums of Oude, their domains and
treasures, iii. 145; disturbances in
Oude imputed to them, 146; their
protestations, 147; their spoliation
charged against Hastings, 176.
Belgium, its contest between Protest-
antism and Catholicism, ii. 562.
Belial, iii. 5.
o Peter, Byron's spleen against, i.
Bellasys, the English general, i. 526.
Bellingham, his malevolence, iii. 343.
Belphegor (the), of Machiavelli, i. 88.
Benares, its grandeur, iii. 134; its
*sation to the British dominions,
“Benefits of the Death of Christ,” ii.
Benevolences, Oliver St. John’s op-
sition to, and Bacon's support of,
ii. 175.
Bengal, its resources, ii. 475. et seq.
Bentham, his language on the French
revolution, ii. 64.
Bentham and Dumont, i. 566.
Bentinck, Lord William, his memory
cherished by the Hindoos, ii. 537.
Bentivoglio, Cardinal, on the state of
religion in England in the 16th cen-
... tury, i. 487.
Bentley, Richard, his quarrel with
Boyle, and remarks on Temple's
Essay on the Letters of Phalaris, ii.
368; his edition of Milton, 370; his
notes on Horace, 370; his recon-
* with Boyle and Atterbury,

Berar, occupied by the Bonslas, iii.
Berwick, Duke of, held the Allies in
check, i. 527; his retreat before
Galway, 536.
Bickerstaff, Isaac, astrologer, iii. 401.
Biographia Britannica, refutation of a
calumny on Addison in, iii. 439.
Biography, tenure by which a writer
of is bound to his subject, ii. 363.
Bishops, claims of those of the Church
of England to apostolical succession,
ii. 419–425.
Black Hole of Calcutta described, ii.
478,479; retribution of the English
for its horrors, 480–488.
Blackmore, Sir Richard, his attain-
ments in the ancient languages, iii.
Blackstone, ii. 126.
Blasphemous publications, policy of
Government in respect to, i. 241.
Blenheim, battle of, iii. 384; Addison
employed to write a poem in its
honour 384.
Blois, Addison's retirement to, iii. 370.
“Bloomsbury Gang,” the denomi-
nation of the Bedfords, iii. 454.
Bodley, Sir Thomas, founder of the
Bodleian Library, ii. 174. 215.
Bohemia, influence of the doctrines of
Wickliffe in, ii. 550, 551.
Boileau, Addison's intercourse with,
iii. 371 ; his opinion of modern
Latin, 372; his literary qualities,
Bolingbroke, Lord, the liberal patron
of literature, i. 378; proposed to
strengthen the royal prerogative,
581; his jest on occasion of the first
representation of Cato, , iii. 417;
Pope's perfidy towards him, 431;
his remedy for the diseases of the
state, 464, 465.
Bombay, its affairs thrown into con-
fusion by the new council at Cal-
cutta, iii. 105.
Book of the Church, Southey's, i. 210.
Books, puffing of, i. 259-265.
Booth, played the hero in Addison's
Cato on its first representation, iii.
Borgia, Caesar, i. 90.
Boroughs, rotten, the abolition of, a
necessary reform in the time of
George I., i. 590.
Boswell, James, his character, i. 370–
Boswell's Life of Johnson, by Croker,
review of, i. 349–401; character of
the work, 367.
Boswellism, i. 58.
Bourbon, the House of, their vicissi-
tudes in Spain, i. 424–545

| Bourne, Vincent, iii. 873; his Latin

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