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must necessarily be more centralised, more thorough in the supervision of every detail, more uniformly regulated, than the administration of the Middle Ages. If so, then this modern administration should necessarily contain within itself some popular element, and should be helped and sustained by popular bodies in divisions and districts. To make the present administration more centralised, and at the same time to exclude from it all popular element, is to preserve the despotism of the Middle Ages without the advantages of self-government which that despotism left to the people.

From whatever point we view this grave question, we arrive at the ultimate truth-a truth which Englishmen know better than any other nation on earth—that it is impossible to make Indian administration successful and the Indian people prosperous without admitting the people to a share in the control of their own affairs. “It is an inherent condition of human affairs,” said John Stuart Mill, “ that no intention, however sincere, of protecting the interests of others, can make it safe or salutary to tie up their own hands. By their own hands only can any positive and durable improvement of their circumstances in life be worked out.” Indian hands have been tied up too long, and the result has not been happy. Let Indians to-day stand side by side with British administrators, and work conjointly to help their country and improve their wretched lives.

England herself stands to gain and not to lose by a constitutional government in India. Isolation does not strengthen the empire, it is already creating discontent among a numerous population which will necessarily be an increasing source of political danger. A popular form of government will arrest this evil and will strengthen the empire; it will enlist the people of India in the cause of the empire; it will make them proud of the empire as their own. More than this, it will arrest tho evils which a despotic form of government creates-in

England as much as in India. It will arrest that insidious influence with which England's eastern despotism infects and poisons her own institutions and her own people year after year.

It is said of Louis XI., King of France, that on one occasion he had decided to hang his soothsayer, but that he changed his mind on being told that the duration of his own life depended on that of the soothsayer. It is certainly true, in a far higher sense, that England's destiny hangs on the destiny of India. A prosperous India will help England's trade, and a constitutional India will strengthen England's Empire. Impoverished India starves England's trade, and a despotic form of government in India spells England's decline.

INDEX

Abbot, Capt., 21, 22

Abdur Rahman, 433

Abyssinia, 231, 247, 248, 375, 386,
555, 562, 565

Acts—

Agriculturists' Relief (Deccan),
333, 335, 490
Better Government of India, 229,
230
Coinage, 579
Cotton Duties (1896), 543
India Councils, 446
(Pitt, 1774), 113, 180
— (1833), 188, 192
Jaigirs Descent, 471
Land Alienation, 471
— Revenue, 268, 269, 270,490,
494, 495
Rent, Bengal, 241, 263, 437, 5ol
Oudh, 268, 470, 5ol
Punjab, 5ol
Revenue Jurisdiction, 490
Tariff, 337, 402-415,538, 541
Tenancy, 27o, 471, 476,
479, 487
Wernacular Press, 433, 434
Aden, 558, 559, 560
Administration (E. I. Co.), 179-209
Afghanistan, 6–12, 84,218, 231, 248–
261, 375, 412, 420-424, 427–
432, 433, 441, 445, 555
History of War in (Kaye), 9
Afghan War, Second (Hanna), 432
Afridi War, 454
Agra, 33, 37, 41, 46, 189, 199, 273,
470, 471, 485, 61o
Agriculture, Report on Indian
(Voelcker), 171,351
Ahmedabad, 605
Aitcheson, Sir Charles, 244, 577
Akbar Khan, 9, Io
Alexander, Nathaniel, 127
Aligarh, 37, 41
Allahabad, 33, 34, 36, 39, 40, 41, 46,
203, 240,273, 611
Amritsar, 87, 91, 92, 270

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Andaman Islands, 257
Arabi Pasha, 441
Arbitration, Court of, 560-561
Arbuthnot, Sir Alex., 414
Arcot, N., 70, 71, 75, 94, 176
S., 7o, 172,309, 316
Area, Brit. India, 6oz; Nat. States,
603
Argentine Republic, 547
Argyll, Duke of, 248, 260, 390, 397,
405, 497, 499, 502
Asia, Central, IoS, 249, 420, 445,
456, 558
Assam, Ioz, IoS, 143, 144, 352, 519,
521, 522, 526, 527
Association, British Indian,
186
Indian Reform, 27
Atta Muhammad, 422,423, 428
Auckland, Lord, 3–12, 14, 88, 152,
167, 181, 202, 212, 217
Ava, 24, 443,444
Avitable, General, 82
Aylwin, D.C., 145

155,

BACKERGUNJ, 605, 606
Bagshaw, John, M.P., 125, 126
Balfour, Arthur, M.P., 579
General Sir George, 364
– Lady Betty, 426
Ballantyne, Sergeant, 259
Banda, 61o
Bandelkhand, 553
Banerjea, Surendra Nath : Evidence,
Expend. Com., 576–577
Baraka Ores, 526
Bareili, 39, 41, 46,611
Baring, Sir Evelyn, see Cromer
Baroda, 32, 177, 556
— Gaekwar of, 258,556
Bazley, Thomas, 131, 132
Beadon, Cecil, 28o, 281
Behar, 279, 460
Bellary, 69, 316
Bellew, Dr., 421
Beluchistan, 184, 255, 423,446, 526
Benares, 2C, 33, 40, 41, 46, 1oo, Ios,
154, 198,279
Bengal, 33, 93-526, passim
British Indian Association, 186,
192
Journal, 205
Land Administration. 460–462
— Land Reform, 263-264
— Permanent Settlement, 33–35
— Partition, 459
Rent Act, see Act
Bentinck, Lord George, 125
Lord William, 3, 4, 27, 30,
34, 88, Io2, Io9, 11o, 133, 134,
188, 189, 201, 202, 207,208,212,
216, 241, 242, 245, 378,395,434,
439, 5 IO
Berar, 29, 31, 291, 346, 553
Bernard, Sir Charles, 557
Bethune, Drinkwater, 192, 204
School, 204
Bhutan State, 246
Bhamo, 444
Bharat Pal, 26
Bird, Robert Merttins, 34–47, 54,60,
65, 76, 152, 180, 268, 295, 296,
6

467
Blackett, Mr., M.P., 27
Blaine, Lieut., 167
Bokhara, 8
Bolan Pass, 423, 431
Bombay, 4, 25, 49, passim
Land Settlements, see Land
Native Association, 186
Bonnerjea, W. C., 445
Bose, Hon. B. K., 482, 483
Bourdillon, Mr., 71, 75
on Madras Ryot, 71–73
Bowden, Mr., 320
Brackenbury, Sir Henry : Evidence,

Expend. Com., 566-568, 576
Bradlaugh, Charles, M.P., 449
Briggs, Major-General, 133, 134
Bright, Dr. Frank, 224

John, M.P., 73, 129,
I39, I4I, I43, 217, 219,
, 346,363. 364, 370
Bristol, Chamber of Commerce, 149
Broach, 132, 134
Brocklehurst, Mr., 99, Io9–113, 119-
I22

Brown, F. C., 135–138
Brussels, International Conference,

138,
221,

584
Bualapur, State of, 20
Buchanan, Dr. F., 111, 17o

Buchanan, T. R., 557
Bullen, J. N., 337
Burdwan, Raja of, 396
Burma, 24, 31, 181-184, 231, 255,
256, 412,442,443,526, 527, 539,

550
Burnes, Sir Alexander, 9, 430

CAINE, W. S., M.P., 557, 559
Calcutta, Io, 15, Ioq—606, passim
Journal, 206
— Municipality, 457, 458
Review, 167
Cameron, Hay, 180, 187, 192, 201
Campbell, Capt. Walter, 7o
Sir George, 73, 179, 364, 397
Canals, 167, 168, 169, 170, 365, 367,
368
Canara, 75,318, 319,495, 496
Canning, George, 244

Lord, x., xi., 13, 88–51o,
sim
Administration, 239-244
Lady, 240, 241

Canora, Colonel, 21, 22
Cantley, Captain, 167
Canton, Ioo
Cape Comorin, 137
Cassels, Walter, 339
Castlereagh, Lord, 15
Cavagnari, Sir Louis, 423, 429, 431
Cay, Mr., 383
Cawnpur, 36, 41, 46, 240
Ceded Districts, the, 313:
Central Provinces, 27, 49–610, passim
Administration, 472–488
Land Settlements, see Land
Settlement Code, 485
Tenancy Act, see Act
Cesses, local, on land, see Land
Ceylon, 560
Chamberlain, Sir Neville, 429
Chand, Hon. Nihal (Notes on Revenue
Policy), 463
Chanda, 296, 302, 307, 526, 527
Chaplin, Mr., 50, 51
Charlu, Ananda, 542
Chatterjea, B. C., 242
Chesney, Lieutenant-Colonel, 355
Chilianwalla, 22, 23, 85
China, Ioo, 154, 155, 218, 244, 375,
§ 444, 452, 453,522,588, 590,

Association, IoS, 185
Chisholm, Mr., 304
Chitral, 424, 450, 454

Chocrimpato, 77
Chota Nagpur, 280,553
Christian, Robert, 128
Churchill, Lord Randolph, 582
Circars, N., 94
Clarke, Sir Andrew, 415
Clerk, Sir George, 25, 59, 179, 180
Clive, Lord, 224
Cobden, Richard, 60, 129, 179, 239
Coconada, 367
Code, Civil, 192, 193, 242
Criminal, 192, 193, 242
Penal, 192, 193, 242
Revenue, 334, 335
Coimbatur, 7.1, 367
Coleroon, 171, 172
Colley, Colonel, 423
Colvin, Sir Auckland, 329-333, 447,
489, 490, 557, 574
— Evidence, Expend. Com., 568
Colonel John, 167
Commission, Expenditure
555–577
Famine, 369, 492
Madras Land, 74–76
Public Service, 577
Commons, House of, 27, 34–598,
passim
Select Committees, 34, 35, 53,
59, 61,78, 79, 99-123, 125-I42,
I43, I44, I45, ISO, I52, I53, I73,
I77, 179-209, 3II, 329, 337, 339,
340, y 365-370,

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515
Delhi, v., 33, 36, 41, 46, 90, 167, 177,
199, 200, 223, 273,345, 424, 426,
427, 459,695, 606, 609, 615
Denison, Sir Wm., 310
Derby, Lord, see Stanley
Dhalip Singh, 17, 19, 20, 21
Dickinson, John, 27
Digby, Wm., C.I.E., 447, 448, 609
Disraeli, Benj. (Lord Beaconsfield),
227, 228, 229, 239, 247, 252,406,
4Io, 420, 424, 425,428,431,442
Directors, Court of, 3, 4, 5–489,
passum
Secret Committee, 7, 8, 17, 229,
266
Doars, the, 246
Dost Muhammad, 6, 7, 8, 9, 249,430
Drain, Economic, from India, xvii.,
o: 127, 140,213,348, 349, 528,
I2

Duane, William, 205
Duff, Alex., 179, 199

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