« 이전계속 »
p. 53, 1. 14. Mr. Samuel Richardson. Our first great novelist, 1699-1761.
p. 53, 1. 26. Æsculapius. Son of Apollo and the most famous physician in Greek mythology.
p. 54, 1. 23. Written Mountains. These were inscriptions in Aramaic, accompanied by rude drawings, engraved upon the rocky sides of the hills near Mt. Sinai. Accounts of them may be read in Burckhardt's Syria, 606-613 (ed. 1822). 6. These inscriptions,” says Forster, “cover the rocks, some of them twelve or fifteen feet high, along a range of nearly three leagues, written from right to left."
In Goldsmith's time they were supposed to be of great antiquity. When interpreted, however, they were found to be no earlier than the first or second century A.D., and to contain nothing more important than the names of Arabs who in passing had scratched them upon the rocks.
p. 56, 1. 15. Whig principles. The two great parties in England were the Whig and the Tory, the former representing democratic and the latter aristocratic ideals. Their successors are the Liberal and the Conservative.
p. 57, 1. 9. Grub Street is famous in the history of English literature as the home of needy and inferior writers. It is now called Milton Street.
p. 57, 1. 10. Dryden. John Dryden, 1631–1700, was the leading English poet in the last quarter of the seventeenth century, and a clear, strong writer of prose.
p. 57, 1. 10. Otway. Dramatic poet and contemporary of Dryden, 1651-1685.
p. 58, 1. 18. Johnson. Samuel Johnson was the great critic, poet, and prose writer of the eighteenth century. See Chapter XII and the following chapters for his relations with Goldsmith,
p. 59, 1. 2. This person was no other. See Vicar of Wakefield, Chapter XVIII.
p. 59, l. 20. Temple Exchange Coffee-House. The coffeehouses of the eighteenth century combined the restaurant and the modern club. There were large numbers of them in London, and they were centres for politicians, literary men, dramatists, business men, etc. A man might claim residence at a coffee-house as he would now at a club.
p. 59, l. 21. Temple Bar was a famous gateway before the Temple in London, and marked one of the entrances to the city proper. It was removed to Waltham in 1878 and replaced by a monument called Temple Bar Memorial.
p. 60, 1. 5. Unpatronized by the great. It was the custom, until Johnson ended it by his famous letter to Lord Chesterfield, for an author to dedicate his book to some great man who would in return bestow sums of money on the author to enable him to pursue his literary tastes. p. 62, 1. 2.
The Campaign. Addison's poem, occasioned by the great victory of Blenheim, August 13, 1704.
p. 62, 1. 35. Maladie du pais. Homesickness.
Usher. James Usher, 1580-1656, was a noted British theologian and scholar, best known by his scheme of Biblical chronology, which was, until recently, universally accepted.
p. 65, 1. 2. Like Raleigh. Sir Walter Raleigh is said to have burned up the manuscript of the second part of his History of the World because of some complaint from his publisher.
p. 65, 1. 18. An East-India Director. The East India Company was one of the most powerful institutions in England. It was
organized for purposes of trade between India and England, but became all powerful in the government of India.
p. 66, 1. 4. College intimate. Edward Mills (printed as Wells in the earlier editions of Irving's Life) was a fellow-student with Goldsmith at Dublin. The letter here referred to is printed in full in Forster's Life and Times of Goldsmith, Vol. I, pp. 136–137.
p. 70, 1. 18. Butler. Samuel Butler is known as the author of the Hudibras, a poem sati ng the Puritans. Like many another author he struggled with poverty.
p. 71, 1. 20. Coromandel. A district on the eastern coast of India.
p. 76, 1. 16. oid Bailey. A famous old prison in London. p. 82, 1. 7.
Dear of the postage. The postage was not prepaid, as it was not in this country until within fifty or sixty years.
p. 82, 1. 22. And the twelve rules the royal martyr drew. Charles I is said to have framed the following : “Urge no healths; Profane no divine ordinance ; Touch no state matters ; Reveal no secrets; Pick no quarrels ; Make no comparisons ; Maintain no ill opinions ; Keep no bad company; Encourage no vice; Make no long meals; Repeat no grievances ; Lay no wagers.”
p. 83, 1. 11. The Henriade. An epic poem by Voltaire.
p. 86, 1. 3. Ishmaelites of the press. For the story of Ishmael see Genesis xvi and xxi. It was prophesied of Ishmael that his hand should be against every man, and every man's hand against him.
p. 86, 1. 8. Dreaming of genius. This bit of satire is taken from The Race, by Cuthbert Shaw:
“ Mr. Cuthbert Shaw, alike distinguished by his genius, misfortunes, and misconduct, published this year  a poem called The Race, by Mercurius Spur, Esq., in which he whimsically made the living poets of England contend for preëminence of fame by running: “Prove by their heels the prowess of the head.'”
- Boswell's Life of Johnson, Chapter XV. p. 86, 1. 23. Periodical publications. What similar publication did Irving publish ?
p. 87, 1. 9. Walpole. Horace Walpole was a distinguished man of letters, 1717-1797, and son of the famous statesman, Sir Robert Walpole.
p. 88, 1. 7. The Society of Arts grew into the present Royal Academy.
p. 89, 1. 29. Guthrie. A political and historical writer of small reputation.
p. 89, 1. 29. Murphy. A dramatic writer and an actor.
p. 89, 1. 29. Christopher Smart. An unfortunate hack writer who never attained eminence.
p. 90, 1. 1. Bickerstaff. Isaac Bickerstaff was an Irish dramatist, born about 1735, who for a time enjoyed the society of Goldsmith, Johnson, and others. Later he fell into vice, fled the country, and after forty years in exile was said to be poor and despised of all orders of people.
p. 92, l. 14. Savage. Richard Savage, 1698–1743, was an obscure poet remembered for his association with Johnson.
p. 93, 1. 19. Rosciad. Churchill's Rosciad was a satire on London actors and was very famous in its day.
p. 94, 1. 9. The Aristophanes of the day. Aristophanes, the great comic dramatist Greece, lived in the fourth century before Christ.
p. 95, 1. 11. Citizen of the World. Letter CVIII.
p. 96, 1. 10. Cock-Lane Ghost. In 1762 a man by the name of Pearsons and his little daughter perpetrated an imposture that became widely known. The place was Cock Lane, Smithfield, London. Knockings and strange noises were heard, and a so luminous” lady was seen. Dr. Johnson was one of those who visited the place, and his visit helped to make it notorious.
p. 96, 1. 38. The White Conduit House was a suburban pleasure resort for a rather motley class of people. See Chapter XXI, where Goldsmith calls it “a Cockney Elysium.”
p. 97, 1. 31. Lord Chesterfield, 1694–1773, was the author of a widely read book, Lord Chesterfield's Letters to His Son, and the recipient of Johnson's famous letter declining his patronage. See note, p. 292.
Lord Orrery and Lord Lyttelton were cultured literary men of the eighteenth century.
p. 100, 1. 9. His blind pensioner. Miss Williams was one of the poor unfortunates whom Johnson, out of the goodness of his heart, provided with a home.
p. 101, 1. 2. Hogarth the painter was a most interesting man and a great genius. In some kinds of painting he was not successful, but he won great renown for his series of pictures to express a story as Marriage a la Mode and The Rake's Progress. See McClure's Magazine, April, 1903, for an interesting and instructive article on Hogarth by Mr. John La Farge.
p. 103, 1.2. Sir James Mackintosh, 1765–1832, was a prominent English statesman.
p. 105, 1. 6. A grant of free-warren. A royal franchise to kill animals within a certain area was called a warren.