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CHAPTER XXXIII

p. 198, 1. 38. Drawcansir. A braggart, from a boastful character in The Rehearsal, a seventeenth-century play.

CHAPTER XXXIV

p. 202, 1. 39. Boileau. A distinguished French critic and satirist, 1636–1711.

p. 203, 1. 8. Hæc studia, etc. These studies spend the night with us; they travel with us ; they go with us to the country.

p. 204, l. 26. Lusiad. A Portuguese poem of the sixteenth century.

CHAPTER XXXV

p. 208, 1. 21. Mrs. Thrale, afterward Mrs. Piozzi, was an intimate friend of Johnson and other literary men, and wrote in 1786 Anecdotes of Johnson. p. 211, 1. 5.

The Stratford Jubilee. In 1768 Boswell published a book on Corsica, which met with considerable success and did much for General Paoli (see note, p. 301). Intoxicated with his success, he made a fool of himself on various occasions. One of these was the Stratford Jubilee, September, 1769, where he appeared in the dress of a Corsican and with Viva la Liberta written on his hat. Later he was senseless enough to write a full description of himself on this occasion for the London Magazine.

p. 211, l. 11. Scrub is an amusing valet in Farquhar's Beaux' Stratagem.

p. 211, 1. 31. Malagrida was an Italian priest who was burned at the stake for heresy.

p. 215, 1. 7. Pantheon here refers to a London concert hall.

p. 215, 11. 8–10. Hippocrene and Aganippe were fountains sacred to the muses, hence sources of poetry.

CHAPTER XXXVII

p. 225, 1. 1. The neighing of the horse. The son of Hystaspes was Darius, king of Persia. “ Seven princes of Persia agreed that he should be king whose horse neighed first; as the horse of Darius was the first to neigh, Darius was proclaimed king." – BREWER.

p. 225, 1. 5. To have a flapper. 6. Those persons [in Laputa] who are able to afford it always keep a flapper in their family. The business of this officer is gently to stroke the mouth of him who is to speak, and the right ear of him who is to listen.” Gulliver's Travels, Part III, Chapter II.

p. 227, 1. 23. Ride, si sapis. Laugh if you are wise.

p. 229, 1. 14. The sum which accrued. “It is consolatory to think that in spite of every obstacle, She Stoops to Conquer was acted for many nights, and besides being twice commanded by royalty itself brought its author, at his benefits, the more substantial gratification of some four or five hundred pounds, to which must be added a further amount from the publication of the play in book form." - AUSTIN Dobson, Goldsmith, Great Writers Series, p. 172.

p. 229, 1. 30. Vous vous noyez par vanité. You harm yourself by your vanity.

p. 231, 1. 9. Brise le miroir, etc. Break your faithless mirror which conceals the truth.

CHAPTER XXXIX

p. 234, 1. 8. Miss Burney. English novelist, 1752–1840, author of Evelina.

p. 236, 1. 10. General Paoli was a native of Corsica and a brave soldier in her wars; but when Corsica was transferred to France, in 1769, he sought refuge in England. He afterward went to France for a short time, but remained in England most of the time till his death in 1807.

p. 240, 1. 30. Boswell. The student who wishes to compare Irving's impression of Boswell with that of others may refer to Macaulay's two Essays on Johnson and to Carlyle's Essay on Johnson.

CHAPTER XL p. 244, 1. 10. Launcelot Gobbo. Irving has evidently confused Launcelot Gobbo in the Merchant of Venice with Launce in Two Gentlemen of Verona ; it is in the latter play, Act IV, scene 4, that we find the charge referred to.

CHAPTER XLII

p. 251, 1. 8. Montezuma, last Aztec emperor of Mexico, lived about 1500, some 1800 years after Alexander.

CHAPTER XLIII

p. 254, 1. 24. The story of Ugolino. Ugolino, an Italian of the thirteenth century, was thrown with his two sons into a tower and left to die of hunger. See Dante's Inferno, Canto XXXIII.

p. 258, 1. 14. Scarron. A French writer of the seventeenth century.

p. 261, 1. 12. Woodfall was a dramatic critic who had offended Garrick and others by his criticism. Hence he is here associated with Kenrick and Kelly.

CHAPTER XLIV p. 263, 1. 4. He shifted his trumpet. Sir Joshua was so deaf that he used an ear trumpet.

p. 265, 1. 20. Ninon de l'Enclos. Annie l’Enclos was a noted French woman of pleasure, who received in her salon the highest society of her time.

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