The Land-systems of British India, 3권

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Clarendon Press, 1892

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232 페이지 - And, finally, with the view of affording the fullest information on this important subject, detailed figured statements should be furnished, exhibiting the source and amount of every item of revenue hitherto derived from land of every description, whether Government or alienated, comprised within the limits of the villages for which an assessment is proposed.
211 페이지 - Every effort, lawful and unlawful, was made to get the utmost out of the wretched peasantry, who were subjected to torture, in some instances cruel and revolting beyond...
130 페이지 - System every registered holder of land is recognised as its proprietor, and pays direct to Government. He is at liberty to sublet his property, or to transfer it by gift, sale, or mortgage. He cannot be ejected by Government so long as he pays the fixed assessment, and has the option annually of increasing or diminishing his holding, or of entirely abandoning it.
229 페이지 - ... the rainfall and nature of the seasons ; the harvest prices ; the extension or decrease of cultivation, and how these particulars are influenced by each other ; the effect of any public improvements, such as roads, railways...
207 페이지 - Land imposed upon them at double the former Rates, and if they refuse to accept it on these hard Conditions (if Monied Men) they are carried to Prison, there they are famished almost to death ; racked and tortured most inhumanly till they confess where it is : They have now in Limbo several Brachmins, whose Flesh they tear with pincers heated Red-hot, drub them on the Shoulders to extreme Anguish (though according to their Law it is forbidden to strike a Brachmin).
231 페이지 - Each collectorate being divided into districts (talukas) 1, of which the management and records are distinct, it is an obvious advantage to consider the assessment of each of these divisions separately. And were the points bearing on the distribution of the Government demand alike in all parts of any such division, one standard of assessment would be suitable for the whole. But this is seldom the case ; and there is usually such marked distinction between different portions of the same district,...
233 페이지 - ... us to trace the causes which have affected its past condition ; and a knowledge of these, aided by a comparison of the capabilities of the district with those of others in its neighbourhood, will lead to a satisfactory conclusion regarding the amount of assessment to be imposed. ' But instead of a particular sum at which a district should be assessed, it amounts to the same thing, and is more convenient, to determine the rates to be imposed on the several descriptions of soil and culture contained...
233 페이지 - But instead of a particular sum at which a District should be assessed, it amounts to the same thing, and is more convenient to determine the rates to be imposed on the several descriptions of soil and culture contained within its limits, so as to produce the amount in question. And to do this it is only requisite to fix the maximum rates for the different descriptions of cultivation, when of course all the inferior rates will be at once deducible from the relative values of our classification scales.
233 페이지 - The information thus collected and exhibited, with that obtained by local inquiries into the past history of the district, will generally enable us to trace the causes which have affected its past condition ; and a knowledge of these, aided by a comparison of the capabilities of the district with those of others in its neighbourhood, will lead to a satisfactory conclusion regarding the amount of assessment to be imposed.
232 페이지 - This, in our opinion, can best be done by the aid of diagrams, constructed so as to exhibit, in contiguous columns, by linear proportions, the amount and fluctuations of the assessment, collections, and cultivation for each of the years to which they relate, so as to convey to the mind clear and definite conceptions of the subject, such as it is scarcely possible to obtain from figured statements, even after the most laborious and attentive study. The information to be embodied in the diagram best...

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