« 이전계속 »
are duly administered in Christ's way. It is called the body of Christ upon earth; and we are made members of it by baptism, as a branch is joined to a tree by grafting.
Sometimes the word Church means professed believers on earth ; both those whose hearts really belong to God, and those whose hearts, perhaps, are willingly serving sin. Sometimes it means only such as are already in heaven, and those still on earth, of whom God knows (not of whom man only hopes) that they shall go there.. Sometimes it means the holy house set apart for God's worship and honour.
The Church of God began with Adam, and has continued ever since. Before the time of Christ it was called the sons, or children of God, the people of God, the congregation or the heritage of the Lord, Israel, Jerusalem, and Zion; and people were made members of it, while infants, by the Sacrament of Circumcision.
Different countries have their own different branches of the Church, as the Church of England, the Church of Rome, the Church of Alexandria, the Greek Church, the American Church, the Syrian Church in India, and others; some of
which have fallen from Bible truth, some from early apostolic rules, and some keep
firm to both. The Church of England means that branch
of the Christian Church which began here almost in the lifetime of the apostles ; was often greatly broken and scattered by the heathens; was long and cruelly oppressed by Roman Catholics and Romish errors, but cast them off at the Reformation, protesting that God's Word is the only sure guide to God's truth ; and now holds fast to the doctrines, rules, ministers, and forms appointed at the very beginnings of Chris
tianity. Catholic means universal or throughout the
whole. The Holy Catholic Church means the one whole Church built on the foundation of Jesus Christ, which is made up of many branches spread throughout the whole world, has continued throughout the whole time since Christ, and keeps to the whole truth revealed by God through the apostles and prophets.
The Catholic Church does not mean the Church of Rome; never call the Romanists Catholics, for they are not so, but have added to God's truth many grievous errors contrary to his Word, DIFFICULT WORDS.
and forbidden by his apostles. They are only Papists, or followers of the Pope, or Bishop of Rome ; and Roman Catholics, or members of the General Romish Branch of the Church, spread over seve
ral different kingdoms. Communion of Saints. The oneness or fel
lowship which all the people of God, whether on earth or in heaven, have with him, and, through him, with each other. The Lord's Supper is called the Communion, because it is an outward visible sign of
our fellowship with God. Consecrated.-Set apart in a sacred way to
the service of God, after which it is no
longer to be used for common uses. Corban.-(Mark vii. 11, and Matt. xv. 5, 6.)
A gift devoted to God. The Scribes wickedly allowed a son to say, “I will not help my peedy parents ; but I mean to give to religious uses all the money I can
spare from my own necessities.” Covenant.-An agreement or promise between
two or more, such as that between God and his Church, or all who have taken hold of Jesus Christ the Redeemer. Of this covenant Baptism is the outward
visible sign. Dedicate.-- To give up and mark for a par
ticular use-holy or not, as it may be.
Eschew.—To avoid, shun, or fly from. Gentiles. The Nations, all who are not
Israelites. Grace.- Free favour. It sometimes means
Graven image -A likeness carved in wood,
stone, or ivory, and intended to be worshipped ; a molten image is one made of
cast metal of any kind. Indignities.-Unworthy treatment, as when
human bones, or churchyard dust, (all of which belongs to souls in the other world, and shall rise again at the great day),
are thrown about or despised. Let.-An old word to hinder, now spelled
the same way as the common word that
means to allow. Mysteries.—Things hidden, except so far as
God has revealed them (Mark iv. 11); such as the spiritual union betwixt Christ and his Church (Eph. v. 32), and how the outward visible sign in the two Sacraments is a means whereby we receive the inward spiritual grace and a
pledge to assure us thereof. Mote.- A small grain of dust, or decayed
wood, which might be blown into the eye. Beam, a large splinter of wood
which may have got into the eye. Offend.-To commit sin (James iii. 2); to
lead or draw any one into sin (Matt. v.
29); to displease (John vi. 61). Prevent.-An old word meaning to go before,
either for helping, or for hindering, or
for other causes. Publican.-A tax-gatherer among the Jews, who generally was an extortioner also : that is. charged the people much more
taxes than the law allowed him to do. Saints, or holy, or the faithful, means, in one sense, all who are holy, by being given to God in baptism ; in another sense, those who are holy in heart and life ; and, in a third sense, those who are holy in heaven, and free from all sin.
Chanting is the kind of singing which the Prayer-book means when it directs the Te Deum and other hymns to be said or sung. It is the natural, simple voice of religious praise; and has been in use in all ages and countries. The Psalms sung in public worship from the times of David, and down to the time of Christianity, appear to have been chanted. (1 Chron. xv. 16–22 ; xvi. 4-8.) Chanting has continued in the Church of God ever since; in addition to the ordinary kind of hymns, which, however, are more modern.