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This order shall be, and remain, in full force and efiect during the continuance of the present war and for six (6) months after the termination thereof by the proclamation of a Treaty of Peace or until amended, modified or rescinded.
President United States. THE WHITE HOUSE, July 3, 1918.
Section 4.—Committee on Standardization of Petroleum Specifications. Executive order of the President of the United States, dated July 31, 1918, Authorizing the
United States Fuel Administrator to Prepare and Adopt Specifications for the Supply of Petroleum and its Products, and to Exercise such Functions, Powers, and Duties through a Committee on Standardization of Petroleum Specifications.
Whereas, In order to avoid duplication of effort, and in the interest of economy and the more efficient concentration of the Government and for the better utilization of resources and industries, it is desirable that there shall be a standardization of specifications for the supply of petroleum and its products to the United States Government,
Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, by virtue of the authority vested in me as Chief Executive, and by virtue of the powers conferred on me by the Act of Congress entitled, “An Act authorizing the President to coordinate or consolidate executive bureaus, agencies, and offices, and for other purposes, in the interest of economy and the more efficient concentration of the Government,'' approved May 20, 1918, do hereby order that the function, power, and duty of preparing and adopting specifications for the supply of petroleum and its products to any and all departments, bureaus, agencies, and offices of the Government be transferred to and exercised by the United States Fuel Administrator. The United States Fuel Administrator shall exercise such functions, powers, and duties through a Committee on Standardization of Petroleum Specifications which shall be composed of the following members: A chairman, who shall be appointed by the United States Fuel Administrator; one member who shall be appointed by the Secretary of War; one member who shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Navy; one member who shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Shipping Board; one member who shall be appointed by the Director General of the Railroad Administration; one member who shall be appointed by the Director of the Bureau of Mines; one member who shall be appointed by the Director of the Bureau of Standards. The specifications so prepared and adopted shall be binding upon and govern all departments, bureaus, agencies, and offices of the Government. It shall further be the duty of the United States Fuel Administrator, acting through said Committee on Standardization of Petroleum Specifications, to take all proper means to bring about a standardization of petroleum specifications for the purchases in the United States of the allied Governments.
This order shall be and remain in full force and effect during the continuance of the present war and for six months after the termination thereof by the proclamation of a treaty of peace, or until amended, modified, or rescinded.
WOODROW WILSON. The WHITE HOUSE,
31 July, 1918.
Section 5.— The Washington Office of the United States Fuel
General Statement. To assist the United States Fuel Administrator in dealing with problems presented, he has appointed a staff of advisors, which is made up of the following officers: Chief Counsel, Bituminous and Anthracite Advisors, Labor Advisor, Technical Advisor,
and Transportation Advisor. Also advising the Administrator particularly as to questions arising in connection with the fixing of prices, are the Engineers of the Fuel Administration. Matters to be brought to Mr. Garfield's personal attention are transmitted through the office of the Executive Secretary.
The general office of the administration is organized into three divisions--Administrative, Distribution, and Oil. Each division is under the direction of a general director, and is sub-divided into various bureaus and sections.
The Administrative Division is under the direction of the Assistant United States Fuel Administrator. Its work is sub-divided among the following bureaus, the name of each bureau being stated, and its functions outline below:
Legal Staff: Drafting of orders and rulings, and their interpretation and enforcement; fixing basis of settlement for and adjustment of differences arising out of diversion, requisition and confiscation of coal; passing on the validity of contracts; determination of questions arising in connection with the granting and revocation of distributors' licenses; and the giving of legal advice to Division and Bureau Heads.
Bureau of Production: Stimulation of coal output by arousing a spirit of patriotism among mine workers; by protection of labor from depletion through enlistment and allied causes, and solicitation by other industries; by increasing efficiency of operations through the betterment of working conditions, securing of prompt deliveries of needed material, and supervision of plants producing power for the mines.
Bureau of Prices: Supervision of adjustment and revision of mine prices including applications for special mine prices; dissemination of information relating to correct prices; and the issuing of permits under the regulations governing sales of smithing coal, cannel coal, and specially prepared coal.
Bureau of State Organizations: Representative in Washington of the State Fuel Administrators; supervising their activities, and approving their expenditures; assisting them in the establishment of retail prices and margins, appeals from such price fixing orders being heard by the Director of the Bureau.
Bureau of Conservation: Saving of coal by the advocacy of efficient methods of steam production; elimination of waste by industries and domestic consumers; effecting of economy in the use of power through such means as “lightless nights” and the adoption of the “skip stop system”; and the restriction of coal consumption by non-essential industries.
Bureau of Business Management: Direction and supervision of the general business affairs of the Fuel Administration, and its operating sections including purchasing, accounting, disbursing, communications (mails, telegraph, telephones and filing), personnel, building, automobiles, hospital, and cafeteria.
Bureau of Traffic and Transportation: Supervision of the distribution of cars and their movement to destination when loaded; direction of shipments by the shortest and most economical route; consultant and advisor on transportation questions, and the proper application of rates; representative in the Fuel Administration of the Railroad Administration.
Bureau of Investigation: Securing and examination of monthly reports of shipments by licensed distributors, and investigation through correspondence or field agents of apparent violations of orders of the United States Fuel Administrator; rendering of assistance through its field agents to State Fuel Administrators in investigation undertaken by them.
Bureau of Education: Preparation, editing and distribution of articles for publication in newspapers and periodicals, and of pamphlets, posters and other advertising matter; rendering of assistance to State Fuel Administrators in the preparation of articles dealing with local conditions.
The Distribution Division directs the distribution of coal and coke in the United States; the principal end in view being to assure to essential consumers a sufficient supply of suitable fuel. Its work is divided among the following bureaus, the name of each bureau being stated and its functions outlined below:
Bureau of Bituminous Coal: Distribution and inspection of all bituminous coal through the Washington organization of the Bureau and the District Representatives, inspection being handled through the Inspection Section and inspectors in the field working under the direction of the District Representatives.
Bureau of Statistics: Collection, compilation and presentation in tabular and graphic form of statistics of production, factors limiting production, distribution, conservation, consumption and stocks of coal and coke in periodical and special reports; preparation of maps, zone modifications, budgets and allotments.
Bureau of State Distribution: Supervision of the distribution of coal within the states; dissemination of information in regard to the War Industries Board's preference lists; representative of the Distribution Division in dealing with and issuing communications and general instructions, to State Fuel Administrators.
Bureau of Anthracite Coal: Allotment of anthracite coal to the states; supervision of shipments and increase of tonnage to dealers not receiving a fair share; issuance of permits for the use of domestic sizes of anthracite by industries; and the restriction of its use to those concerns whose processes absolutely require it.
Bureau of Coke: Establishment of maximum prices; stimulation of production; and improvement in quality of coke; supervision of the distribution of all coke produced.
Bureau of Gas Plants: Regulation of the fuel supply to artificial gas plants; cooperation with the Oil Division in its supervision and control over the natural gas supply.
Oil Division. The Oil Division has charge of all activities of the Fuel Administration relating to petroleum and its products, and natural gas. Included in these activities is the stimulation of the production of crude petroleum and natural gas; the equitable distribution of the refined products of petroleum and of natural gas; the increase and improvement of transportation facilities; the provision of an ample supply for the use of the Army, the Navy, the Shipping Board, and the needs of the Allies; the provision, so far as possible, of an adequate and uninterrupted supply for domestic consumers and for all essential industries; the establishment and maintenance of fair and reasonable prices; the prevention of unfair and improper trade practices; conservation and prevention of waste in the production and use of these products; and the exercise of general supervision over the oil and natural gas industries.
Section 1.-State Fuel Administrators and State Organizations. Form of Telegram from United States Fuel Administrator to Prospective Appointees to
Office of Federal Fuel Administrator.
With the approval of the President, I desire to appoint you Federal Fuel Administrator for your State. Your chief duties in that capacity will be to select a small advisory committee for the State and appoint local committees in the counties and cities for the purpose of investigating and reporting on local conditions, and, in cooperation with the Fuel Administrator, to take all possible steps to relieve and improve fuel conditions within your State. It will be a service to your country and particu
larly to the people of your State, as well as a favor to me, if you will undertake this important and vital work. I have asked the State Fuel Administrators to meet me for conference in Washington on Tuesday morning, October second, at ten o'clock, and I sincerely trust that you will arrange to be here on that day. Please wire reply collect Government rate.
H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.
Form of Certificate of appointment of Federal Fuel Administrators for the several States.
This is to certify that The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under the authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated August 23, 1917, appointing said Administrator and in furtherance of said Order and of the Act of Congress therein reierred to and with the approval of the President of the United States, has on the ...... day of
1917, designated and appointed
Federal Fuel Administrator for the State of
to hold office during the pleasure of the United States Fuel Administrator.
Said Federal Fuel Administrator for the State of .... shall, subject to the provisions of said Act of Congress and to orders, rules and regulations from time to time prescribed by the President of the United States or the United States Fuel Administrator, have power and authority in respect to coal and coke within said state to fix and approve retail prices and gross margins to be charged by dealers, to prescribe and administer reasonable rules for the regulation of the sale, shipment, distribution, apportionment, storage, and conservation of coal and coke within said state and to perform and do such other acts and things and to exercise such powers as may from time to time be directed, authorized or conferred by the President of the United States or the United States Fuel Administrator. All such prices, gross margins, and regulations shall be subject to modification, revocation or cancellation at any time by the President of the United States or the United States Fuel Administrator. Said Federal Fuel Administrator for the State of .......... is authorized to appoint state, county and local committees and county and local administrators or other representatives, and to employ such assistants and subordinates as he may deem necessary, and, subject to the approval of the United States Fuel Administrator, to fix the compensation of such assistants and subordinates.
H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.
List of Federal Fuel Administrators for the Several States with Dates of Appointment.
S. P. Kennedy, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. 1130 Noble St., Anniston. ARIZONA
Will L. Clark, appointed Oct. 10, 1917; resigned Dec. 20, 1917. Flagstaff.
Chas. M. Shannon, appointed Dec. 22, 1917. War Work Bldg., Phoenix. ARKANSAS
H. C. Couch, appointed Oct. 31, 1917. Bankers Trust Bldg., Little Rock. CALIFORNIA
Albert E. Schwabacher, appointed Oct. 11, 1917.. First Natl. Bank Bldg., San
Wm. J. Galligan, appointed Oct. 24, 1917. State Museum Bldg., Denver.
Thos. W. Russell, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. State Capitol, Hartford. DELAWARE
Charles H. TenWeeges, appointed Oct. 9, 1917. 145 Dupont Bldg., Wilmington. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
John L. Weaver, appointed Oct. 17, 1917; resigned June 25, 1918. Woodward
Bldg., Washington. FLORIDA
Arthur T. Williams, appointed Nov. 19, 1917. 7 West Forsyth St., Jacksonville. GEORGIA
Dr. L. G. Hardman, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. Commerce. IDAHO
Frank R. Gooding, appointed Oct. 1, 1917; resigned Sept. 26, 1918. First Natl.
Bank Bldg., Gooding.
C. C. Anderson, appointed Sept. 26, 1918. Boise. ILLINOIS
John E. Williams, appointed Oct. 13, 1917; resigned Aug. 15, 1918. 120 W.
Adams St., Chicago.
Raymond E. Durham, appointed Aug. 15, 1918. Kimball Bldg., Chicago. INDIANA
Evans Woollen, appointed Oct. 18, 1917. 227 Federal Bldg., Indianapolis. Iowa
Charles Webster, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. Flynn Bldg., Des Moines. KANSAS
Emerson Carey, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. Ave. B and Poplar St., Hutchinson. KENTUCKY
Wiley B. Bryan, appointed Nov. 1, 1917. Starks Bldg., Louisville. LOUISIANA
John G. O'Kelley, appointed Oct. 9, 1917. Canal Bank Annex, New Orleans. MAINE
J. C. Hamlen, appointed Sept. 28, 1917. Masonic Bldg., Portland, MARYLAND
Ferdinand A. Meyer, appointed Nov. 20, 1917. 16 Commerce St., Baltimore. MASSACHUSETTS
James J. Storrow,? appointed Sept. 28, 1917. State House, Boston. MICHIGAN
William K. Prudden, appointed Oct. 16, 1917. Book Bldg., Detroit. MINNESOTA
John F. McGee, appointed Oct. 9, 1917. New York Life Bldg., Minneapolis. MisSISSIPPI
C. L. Townes, appointed Oct. 9, 1917, died Oct. 15, 1918. Minter City.
Walter A. Scott, appointed Oct. 31, 1918. Jackson. MISSOURI
Wallace Crossley, appointed Oct. 29, 1917. State Capitol, Jefferson City.
1 No successor to John L. Weaver has been appointed, the United States Fuel Administrator having taken over the duties of his office. Frank G. Jones is the District of Columbia director.
* James J. Storrow received two appointments, one as Federal Fuel Administrator for Massachusetts and one as Federal Fuel Administrator for New England. At different times special powers were conferred upon him with reference to the distribution of fuel in New England.