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to engage in the business of shipping coal to Canada during the twelve months begin, ning September 1, 1917, and including in his telegram the information called for in question (1) and (6) above. Any such telegram should be confirmed by a letter from the exporter containing all the information called for by this notice.
All communications to the undersigned under the terms of this notice should be signed either personally by principals or by a duly authorized agent, and those signed by an agent should be accompanied with evidence of his authority.
Except for good cause shown upon written application to the Fuel Administrator, no operator, purchaser, jobber, dock company or other person, from whom a notification by letter or telegram has not been received on or before September 25th, 1917, will be permitted to engage in the business of the sale, for use in Canada, or in the shipment of any such coal from any point in the United States to any point in Canada, unless hereafter specifically licensed so to do by the Exports Administrative Board upon application filed with said Board and approved by the Fuel Administrator.
Exporters who comply with the terms of this notice will be advised at an early date of the regulations under which shipments of coal are thereafter to be made by them from the United States to Canada. Until such regulations are established, shipments to Canada by exporters who have complied with the terms of this notice may be continued as heretofore.
H. A. GARFIELD,
Supplementary Information Explaining Questions in Order and Notice of the United
States Fuel Administrator of Sept. 19, 1917.
1 & 2. Wire tonnage shipped Canada twelve months ending September 1st, 1917, by months.
6. Wire tonnage you desire ship twelve months beginning September 1st, 1917, by months.
1. Wire amount shipped during September to the 19th. 5. Wire orders on hand September 19th, 1917.
REPORT BY MAIL.
3. Proposed railway or rail-and-lake routings from mine to Canadian gateway; specify monthly tonnage by each route for year beginning September 1st, 1917.
4. Quantities you expect to ship to each province of Canada during each of the twelve months beginning September 1st, 1917.
7. Railway or rail-and-lake routings from mine to Canadian gateway; specify monthly tonnage by each route for year ending September 1st, 1917.
8. Quantities shipped to each province of Canada during each of the twelve months ending September 1st, 1917.
9. Also separate list consignees year ending September 1st, 1917, with tonnage to each.
Give quantities Anthracite and Bituminous separately in all reports.
Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Dec. 6, 1918, Vacating as of Dec. 7,
1918, the Order of Sept. 19, 1917, Relative to the Exportation of Coal into Canada in so far as said Order Relates to Bituminous Coal.
WASHINGTON, D. C., December 6, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said
Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,
HEREBY ORDERS AND DIRECTS that the order of said Administrator dated September 19, 1917, entitled “Notice of Coal Operators, Producers, Jobbers, Dock Companies, and all other Persons engaged, or desiring to engage, in the Shipment of Coal from the United States into Canada," and all amendments and modifications thereof, be, and the same hereby are, vacated as of December 7, 1918, in so far as the regulations contained in said order, and amendments and modifications thereof, relate to the exportation of bituminous coal from the United States into Canada.
H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.
Circular Letter from Charles P. White, Manager of Lake and Canadian Distribution to
United States Customs Houses Indicating the Present Method of Controlling Exports of Coal to Canada.
To U. S. Customs Houses:
We desire to prevent absolutely further shipments of coal to Canada unless covered by permit of the United States Fuel Administration.
It does not seem practicable for the United States Fuel Administration to police the consignments to Canada. This policing seems to fall naturally to the Customs Houses.
Notices are being sent to all shippers that Canadian consignments must be covered by permit, and that if not so covered they will be stopped by the Customs House at the exporting gateway, and that charges, if any, will be assessed against the shipper.
We dislike, however, to put into effect any arbitrary rule which, without complete information regarding local transportation conditions, might tend to produce an unsatisfactory railroad situation. Therefore, we leave to the judgment of the Customs House Officers, at least for the present, whether individual shipments to Canada not covered by permit shall move forward prior to notification to be mailed or telegraphed to this department.
But, whether such shipments are allowed or are not allowed to proceed, the United States Fuel Administration should be supplied by the Customs Houses with information regarding shipper, date and point of shipment, car initial and number, weight, consignee, destination and exporting port.
It is not our idea to restrict shipments to Canada, but simply to have them go forward under our rules and with a proper police system so that we will know from what mines coal is moving to Canada, and whether under joint permission of the Canadian Fuel Controller and the United States Fuel Administration. We enclose a full list of permits now in effect. At frequent intervals hereafter we will mail you supplementary lists as additional permits are issued.
It is our hope that we may count upon your full cooperation in our effort to effect an orderly and intelligently policed movement to Canada, and, at the same time, not to make the plan so rigid as to handicap the efficient operation of railroads at frontier points, or to burden the Customs officers unduly. Very truly yours,
UNITED STATES FUEL ADMINISTRATION,
Manager, Lake and Canadian Distribution.
ORDERS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE EMERGENCY
DISTRIBUTION OF COAL.
Section 1.-Diversion and Requisition.
Subsection A.-Orders and Regulations Concerning the Procedure for Diversion
Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Dec. 31, 1917, Relative to the Diversion
of Coal from the original Consignee by the United States Fuel Administrator or his Representatives,
WASHINGTON, D. C., December 31, 1917. Whenever, in the judgment of the undersigned, as evidenced by any action taken by him or under his authority, there is such a congestion of transportation facilities upon any railroad or in any railroad yard or terminal, or in any port or harbor, as to cause delay in the normal movement of coal cars and delay or interference in the distribution of the coal loaded in such cars (resulting in a restriction of production at the mines and in consequence lack of fuel supply to consumers) such coal, or so much thereof as may be indicated in an order of the undersigned, or any order made under authority of the undersigned and in pursuance of this regulation, may be taken possession of by the undersigned, or by any representative of the undersigned, whether a regular officer of the Fuel Administration or specially designated for such purpose in an order of the undersigned, and may be diverted from its original consignees or route of shipment and may be shipped or forwarded by such route and to such destination and to such consignees as may be designated by the undersigned or bis agents or representatives as aforesaid. Such coal, so diverted, may be distributed for account of the shippers thereof, by the undersigned, or by his representatives or by or through State Fuel Administrators acting under his instructions or authority.
Unless otherwise provided in any special order issued under this regulation, payment for coal when taken possession of, as aforesaid, shall be made to the respective shippers thereof at the then going Government price for coal of the various kinds and grades and quality of the coal so taken. As soon as practicable after any coal is taken possession of under this regulation, notice thereof shall be sent to each shipper and to each consignee of any such coal by the agent or representative of the undersigned acting in the premises, and each such shipper will be expected, so far and so soon as practicable, to replace for his consignee an amount of coal equal to that so diverted and of the same grade and quality, and at the same price as that at which the diverted shipment had been sold by such shipper to such consignee.
H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.
i The following rulings were made with the approval of the United States Fuel Administrator on Jan uary 10, 1918.
1. No diversions of coal on railroads, whether in transit or at destination, to be made except by arrange ment with G. N. Snider.
2. Generally speaking, no diversions will be made except on railroad request and to relieve railroad congestion.
3. Authority given by Mr. Snider to divert willinclude arrangement for price to be charged and for notifi. cation of shippers, consignees and the U. S. Fuel Administration.
4. Diversion requests will be numbered consecutively and referred to by number in correspondence for purpose of identification.
5. Advice from railroads giving detail of diversions accomplished will go to Department of Distribution and Apportionment which will make condensed summary for those connected with the Department who may be interested.
6. Protests against diversion of particular shipments will go to Transportation Department for attention and such action as may
Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Dec. 31, 1917, Authorizing State Fuel
Administrators to Divert Coal in Transit within the State for Consumption or Sale within the State.'
WASHINGTON, D. C., December 31, 1917. Whenever the State Fuel Administrator in any State is of opinion that, in the present exigency occasioned by the war in which the United States is now engaged, the consumers in any city, town or other locality in such State are in pressing need of coal or coke for domestic use, whether by reason of a general shortage of coal or coke therein or of an unequal distribution among the residents thereof, and that there is actual or threatened inconvenience and suffering of the population therein, or that any public utility in such State conducting a service essential to the health, convenience or industrial activity of any of the people of such State, is in danger of discontinuance for lack of coal or coke, so that in either case the efficiency and ability of the people of such State, or any part thereof, for performing their part in the conduct of the war may be lessened or impaired, such State Fuel Administrator may tako the action hereinafter indicated.
He may divert to or for the use of such domestic consumers, or to or for the use of any such public utility, any coal or coke in transit by railroad or other conveyance within such State and consigned or intended for delivery to any consumer, dealer or other party therein for consumption, sale or use in such State. Such diversions shall be made in accordance with the lawfully published tariffs and reasonable regulations of the railroads now under control of the United States Director General of Railroads. As soon as practical after diversion the State Fuel Administrator shall cause notice to be sent both to the shipper and to the consignee of the coal or coke so diverted; and the shipper thereof will be expected so far and as soon as practicable, to replace for such consignee an equal amount of coal or coke of the same grade and quality as that diverted.
H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.
Circular Letter, dated Feb. 12, 1918, Addressed to all Members of the Fuel Administration
from the United States Fuel Administrator, Defining the Duties of District Representatives in Connection with the Distribution of Coal.
WASHINGTON, D. C., February 12, 1918. To All Members of the Fuel Administration:
District Representatives have now been appointed for all bituminous coal fields east of Illinois with but two exceptions. A list of these appointments is enclosed.
1 The following regulations governing diversions by State Administrators were issued in a telegram from the Director of the Bureau of State Organizations dated January 25, 1918:
1. Coal consigned to or intended for destinations outside the State should not be diverted, unless approval has first been obtained from Washington.
2. Chairmen of local committees should be permitted to divert coal only within their own communities. No local chairman should be permitted to divert coal intended for another community until approval, has first been obtained from the State Fuel Administrator.
3. In general, coal should not be diverted from one preferred consumer to another specified in section one of the regulation of January seventeenth except in emergency to relieve human suffering or when original consignee is already amply supplied.
4. Coal consigned for use in by-product coke ovens should not be diverted except in emergency to relieve human suffering.
5. Until further order, coal consigned to tidewater should not be diverted unless approval has first been obtained from Washington.
8. Offcial ordering diversion should first make appropriate arrangements to insure payment for coal by person receiving it. Transaction should be either for cash or its equivalent.
7. When diversion is made, notify shipper and original consignee, giving number of car, grade and size of coal, and name of person to whom coal is actually delivered. Also complete record of transaction should be kept by State Administrator.
All except Mr. Cameron, Mr. Gardiner and Mr. Reimann are now ready to receive emergency requests from the State Fuel Administrators and from Washington.
It is the duty of the District Representatives to allot among the individual shippers and mines emergency orders and requests made by any members of the Fuel Administration. The shippers affected have been instructed to refer any orders or requests they may receive from other members of the Fuel Administration to the District Representative for action.
Under the present conditions a shortage at one point cannot be relieved without reducing shipments to some other point. For this reason I have directed that in requesting emergency shipments, State Administrators hereafter specify the consumer or area temporarily to be deprived of the coal. Thus emergency needs will in the future be filled by withholding fuel from consumers having less urgent need for it.
All members of the Fuel Administration at Washington headquarters are hereby instructed to follow the same plan. If District Representatives are not instructed what shipments are to be reduced, they must make the decision themselves, the responsibility, however, remaining with the person issuing the order or request.
State Administrators are charged with the duty of determining upon distribution within their own states under emergency conditions. So far as possible when requests from consumers for emergency fuel are received at Washington, they are to be communicated at once to the proper State Administrator. This does not apply to railroad and bunker coal, or coal for coking purposes. If, because of the urgency of the situation, it be necessary to handle the case from Washington, the State Administrator should be notified promptly of any action taken. Very truly yours,
H. A. GARFIELD, U.S. Fuel Administrator.
Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Mar. 20, 1918, Requiring Producers of
Coal and Coke to make Shipments to such Consignees as May Be Designated by the United States Fuel Administrator, the Distribution Division of the United States Fuel Administration or any District Representative.
WASHINGTON, D. C., March 20, 1918. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator that there is at the present time an insufficient supply of coal and coke to meet the requirements of all consumers therefor; that the shipment and distribution thereof by producers in accordance with their contracts with, and their orders from, consumers are made without regard to the prospective use of the coal and coke so supplied, and do not result in an equitable distribution and apportionment thereof based upon the essential or non-essential nature of such use to the successful prosecution of the war; that the possible maximum production, by many consumers of coal and coke, of the commodities needed for the support and maintenance of the army and navy, for the construction of ships, and for other purposes essential to the national security and defense, has been, and will be further, lessened unless said distribution of coal and coke is regulated in a manner to make the same more equitable in view of the existence of the war and the necessity for its successful prosecution,
The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and in furtherance of the purpose of said Order and of the act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917, hereby makes and establishes the following regulation, effective upon and after the date hereof until further or other order, and subject to modification hereafter from time to time and at any time: