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CHAPTER IV.

ORDERS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE PRO

DUCTION OF COAL.

TITLE I.

ORDERS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE PREPARATION OF COAL AND SPECIAL QUALITIES FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES.

Section 1.-Orders and Regulations Relating to Cleaning and Inspection

of Coal.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Mar. 8, 1918, Effective Mar. 11, 1918, Establishing Regulations Concerning Clean Coal.

WASHINGTON, D. C., March 8, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive order of the President of the United States dated August 23, 1917, appointing said administrator, and in furtherance of the purpose of said order and of the purposes of the act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

HEREBY ORDERS AND DIRECTS that until further or other order, and subject to modification hereafter from time to time and at any time:

SECTION I.

Authority is hereby given to the district representatives of the United States Fuel Administration to appoint a sufficient number of inspectors, in their respective districts to carry out the terms and provisions of this order, and to assign to each of said inspectors a particular territory.

SECTION II. It shall be the duty of each of said inspectors

(1) To cover his territory at as frequent intervals as may be consistent with thorough inspection. The inspectors shall be qualified by knowledge and experience of the particular district or districts in which the inspection is to be performed, and shall familiarize themselves with the conditions under which the coal is produced and prepared, so as to enable them to effectually carry out the terms and provisions of this regulation, the intent being to reinstate the cleaning of coal at the working faces of the mines; to reinstate employment of slate pickers with a view of bringing the ash contents of coal back to approximately the standard of normal times. Furthermore, where the coal in any part of the mine is found to be naturally of such character as to be unfit for market, judging from the usual standard of the district, the district representative may order the mining suspended in said part or parts of a mine until or unless proper cleaning methods be adopted, provided , however, that the workings shall not be so suspended where the nature of the mining to be done is necessary to preserve

1 Chapter IV deals with the general subject of orders and regulations relating to the production of coal before it is loaded into the cars or wagons at the mine mouth. It therefore includes all orders relating to the preparation of coal for market, and orders relating to special qualities of coal for special purposes. It excludes, except incidentally, all reference to price, for which see Chapter II. It excludes orders relating to coke and petroleum and its products and natural gas.

the mine from damage, or where a cessation of work endangers life or may result in serious risk of flooding, of explosions, or of squeezing.

(2) To report daily to the district representative of the Fuel Administration, mines inspected, the condition of the coal as loaded; methods being employed to prepare and clean the product; whether or not the product being shipped to market, is, in his judgment, a well-prepared and merchantable product. All reports of inspections shall be made in quadruplicate, one to be forwarded by mail to the Fuel Administration, department of inspection, at Washington, D. C.; one to the district representative; one to the operator; and one to be retained by the inspector for his personal files.

SECTION III. Inspectors are authorized to condemn at the mines any coal loaded in railroad cars, which in their judgment, is not properly prepared; and any inspector finding unmerchantable coal shall immediately notify the district representative and the operator by wire or in person and in writing, giving the car numbers and initials of any and all cars so rejected and stating the facts on which such action was based. A copy of such notice shall be immediately mailed to the United States Fuel Administration, department of inspection, and to the district representative. If the district representative approves the inspection report, he shall so notify the operator at once; in which case, unless the operator unloads and reprepares the rejected coal, the consignee shall be permitted to deduct fifty (50) cents per ton from the authorized price for the grade of coal with which the car is loaded: Provided, however, The consignee after examining the coal may at his option pay and the operator may receive the full authorized price. Each invoice covering the sale of condemned coal shall bear the following notation: “This reduced price is fixed by the U. S. Fuel Administration as a penalty for improper preparation.” The operator shall thereupon immediately report to the United States Fuel Administration, department of inspection, at Washington; and to the district representative the disposition made by him of said car or cars of coal, and shall accompany his reports with a copy of the invoice.

The district representative, where repeated violation of this regulation has taken place, or in flagrant cases, shall require a special written report from the operator, which report shall be transmitted by said district representative to Washington with his conclusion thereon, all of which is subject to review by the United States Fuel Administrator.

This order or regulation shall not operate to change the terms, conditions, or validity of existing contracts, but new contracts shall be made subject to this order. Above regulation to become effective March 11, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD,

United States Fuel Administrator. Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of May 27, 1918, Effective June 1, 1918,

Cancelling the Order of Mar. 8, 1918, and Establishing Regulations Concerning the Inspection of Coal and the Methods Employed in Producing and Cleaning the Same.

WASHINGTON, D. C., May 27, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive order of the President of the United States dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Fuel Administrator, and of subsequent Executive arders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders that the regulation dated March 8, 1918, effective March 11, 1918, and contained in Publication No. 20, entitled “Regulation Concerning Clean Coal," be, and the same is hereby, canceled from and after 7 a. m., June 1, 1918,

And hereby makes and establishes the following regulation, effective 7 a. m., June 1, 1918, until further or other order, and subject to modification hereafter from time to time and at any time:

REGULATION CONCERNING THE INSPECTION OF COAL AT THE MINE AND THE METHODS

EMPLOYED IN PRODUCING AND CLEANING THE SAME.

SECTION I. After the effective date of this order no bituminous coal shall be sold, shipped, or distributed if the same contain such a quantity of rock, slate, bone, sulphur, fire clay, shale, or such other form of impurities that it would not have been considered merchantable prior to January 1, 1916.

Sec. II. District Representatives are hereby authorized and directed forthwith to appoint an adequate number of coal inspectors in each of their districts. The appointment of such inspectors and the fixing of the compensation to be received by them shall be subject to the approval of the United States Fuel Administrator or such other person as may be designated by him for that purpose.

Sec. III. It shall be the duty of such coal inspectors:

(1) To familiarize themselves with the conditions under which coal is produced and prepared for market in the particular territory to which they are assigned, so as to enable them intelligently to determine the quality of the coal being produced and whether the same has been reasonably cleaned of impurities, so as to conform to Section I hereof, and to suggest and recommend such different or additional methods or means as they deem necessary for use by mine operators or mine employees to effect an improvement in the quality of the coal produced in their respective territories and to prevent the production of coal which fails to comply with Section I hereof.

(2) To inspect coal-mining operations and coal produced in the territory assigned to them periodically and at such times as may be directed by the District Representative in charge of the territory in which they are working.

(3) To make daily reports to such District Representatives, which shall show:

(a) Description and location of each lot of coal and of each mine inspected, together with full detailed information covering the methods employed at such mine in producing coal and preparing the same for market.

(6) Condition of coal as loaded, stating specifically whether in their judgment same conforms to Section I hereof.

(c) Any suggestions or recommendations which they deem it advisable to make for improvement in the quality of the coal being sent to market from their respective territories.

(4) To make reports in quadruplicate, the original to be forwarded to their District Representative, one copy to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C., one copy to the operator whose mine or coal has been inspected, and one copy to be retained by the inspectors themselves.

(5) To cooperate fully in every reasonable and practicable way with mine operators and mine employees in an earnest endeavor to have coal properly cleaned and prepared for market.

Sec. IV. If any such inspector shall find that any coal is about to be shipped which in his opinion does not conform to the requirements of Section I hereof, said inspector is hereby authorized to condemn such coal and immediately to notify in person, or by wire, and in writing, both the operator producing such coal and the District Representative in charge of the territory in which such coal is located, and to forward to such District Representative and to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C., a full report of his investigation and condemnation, stating specifically the location of the coal condemned, i. e., whether on the ground, in a bin, or other storage place, on barges at river, in tipples, or in railroad cars, together with the names or numbers of such barges and the initials and numbers of such cars. Upon receipt of such notification, the District Representative, if he approves of such condemnation, shall immediately give notice of his approval

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to the operator producing such coal, confirming such notice in writing, and thereupon such operator shall have the following options:

(1) To take such steps as may be necessary, after unloading the same, if in railroad cars or barges, to make the same conform to the provisions of Section I hereof to the satisfaction of the inspector condemning the same, or

(2) To ship such coal and invoice the same with a deduction of 50 cents per net ton from the applicable Government mine price, or from the contract price if such coal has been sold under contract and the contract price differs from said Government price.

Each invoice for such condemned coal shall have indorsed thereon the following: “A reduction of 50 cents per net ton has been made on the sale of this coal because the same fails to comply with the standard of clean coal fixed by the United States Fuel Administrator."

Operators whose coal has been condemned shall inmmediately submit to the District Representative and to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C., a written report of the disposition of such coal, and, in the event of the same having been sold, copies of all invoices must be attached to such report.

Sec. V. If repeated or flagrant violations of Section I of this regulation by any one operator are reported to a District Representative, he shall immediately make a full and complete report thereon to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D.C., with his recommendations as to the action to be taken by the United States Fuel Administrator in respect thereto.

Sec. VI. If any inspector is of the opinion that coal being produced in any designated part or in the whole of any particular mine is naturally of such character as to be unfit for market, he shall immediately notify the operator producing the coal and the District Representative in charge of the territory in which the mine is located in person or by wire and in writing, and shall forward a written report to said District Representative and to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C., stating in full the result of his investigation. Upon receipt of such written report said District Representative shall immediately make such further investigation as may to him seem proper and necessary, and promptly transmit all essential information obtained by him, together with his recommendation, to the Inspection Section, United States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C. Upon receipt of said report from said district representative the said Inspection Section shall recommend to the United States Fuel Administrator, or such person as he may designate for that purpose, whether or not it is advisable to order that no further shipments shall be permitted from such mine or any specified part thereof.

Sec. VII. The term “mine” as used in this order shall be construed to cover any operation by which any kind of coal other than anthracite is produced or recovered from any source. The above regulation promulgated this 27th day of May, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of May 8, 1918, Effective May 8, 1918,

Establishing Regulations Concerning the Preparation and Inspection of Anthracite Coal Mined in Pennsylvania.

WASHINGTON, D. C., May 8, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of the Executive Order of the President of the United States dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and in furtherance of the purpose of said order and of the purposes of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs that until further or other order, and subject to modification hereafter from time to time and at any time:

SECTION I.

Authority is hereby given to the Chairmen of the Fuel Committees of Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Schuykill Counties, Pennsylvania, of the United States Fuel Administration, to appoint a sufficient number of Inspectors, in their respective Inspection Districts to carry out the terms and provisions of this order, and to assign to each of said Inspectors a particular territory.

SECTION II.

It shall be duty of each of said Inspectors

(1) To cover his territory at as frequent intervals as may be consistent with thorough inspection, the inspectors shall be qualified by knowledge and experience of the particular district or districts in which the inspection is to be performed, and shall familiarize themselves with the conditions under which the coal is prepared, so as to enable them to effectually carry out the terms and provisions of this regulation, the intent being to have anthracite coal prepared according to approximately the standards of normal times.

(2) To report daily to his Chairman, operations inspected; condition of the coal; methods employed to size and clean and whether or not the coal being shipped to market is, in his judgment, a well-prepared and merchantable product.

SECTION III.

Inspectors are authorized to condemn any coal loaded in wagons or railroad cars, which in their judgment, is not properly prepared; and any Inspector finding unmerchantable coal shall immediately notify his Chairman, giving the car numbers and initials of any and all cars so condemned and stating the facts on which such action was based. If the Chairman approves the Inspection Report, he shall so notify the Operator at once, and shall instruct the operator in regard to preparing the coal condemned. The operator shall promptly reprepare the condemned coal and shall reload the cars from which the condemned coal was taken according to the instructions of the Chairman, and in case he fails to do so, the Chairman may order the operator to refrain from shipping any coal not conforming to the proper standard. Each of said Chairmen may temporarily suspend shipments from a Colliery whenever, in his opinion, the operator thereof is wilfully ignoring the inspection standards. This order shall be effective on and after May 8, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Section 2.-Orders and Regulations Relating to the Special Prepa

ration of Coal.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Mar. 20, 1918, Effective April 1, 1918,

Establishing Regulations Relative to the Production of Prepared Sizes of Bituminous Coal, Special Methods of Preparation, and Additional Prices for Coal so Prepared.

WASHINGTON, D. C., March 20, 1918. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator that it is desirable to encourage producers of bituminous coal to adopt and apply, in addition to the processes of preparation formerly and ordinarily used in preparing for market such coal in the district in which it is produced, an extraordinary, unusual, and special preparation to the coal produced by them in order to relieve railroads and other carriers from the burden of transporting noncumbustible material, to decrease for the consumer the ash content of such coal, and to improve the combustion quality of bituminous coal, so subjected to such special preparation, to an extent sufficient to increase the value of the various

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