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Third: That whenever two or more manufacturers of cement shall find that a further fuel economy would result from combining and using jointly the allotments of fuel to their several plants permitted by this regulation, upon application to the United States Fuel Administration, and upon receipt of a permit therefor, such manufacturers may use at one or more of such plants to be operated by them jointly, sufficient fuel to manufacture seventy-five per centum (75%) of the aggregate of the average annual production of all such plants when operated separately, the manufactured product of such jointly-operated plants being distributed to the individual manufacturers as may be agreed between them.

Fourth: That wood and peat, when not requiring railroad transportation, may be used for the manufacture of cement, in excess of the amount provided for in this regulation, and all manufacturers of cement shall, within five days after beginning the use of such wood and peat as fuel for the purposes aforesaid, notify their respective State Fuel Administrators, in writing, of the exact time they and each of them began the use of such wood and peat as fuel.

Any such manufacturer violating or refusing to conform to the above regulation will be liable to the penalty prescribed in the aforesaid Act of Congress.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Aug. 9, 1918, Modifying the Orders of

April 13, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Common Building Brick, Paving Brick or Block, Floor and Wall Tile, Sewer Pipe, Terra-Cotta, Hollow Tile, Stoneware, Drain Tile, Flue Linings, Roofing Tile, Face Brick, Sanitary Ware, and Enameled Sanitary Ware, and the Order of Aug. 8, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Cement.

WASHINGTON, D. C., August 9, 1918. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator, after consultation with the Chairman of the War Industries Board, that an informal agreement has been made and an understanding had by the manufacturers of brick, tile, and other clay products, and cement, located in the United States west of the Mississippi River, with the War Industries Board, that if such manufacturers are permitted to buy and receive for a period of thirty days, and during such period and thereafter, to use a grade of coal commonly known as "slack or screenings" in the manufacture of their respective products, that such manufacturers would distribute their respective products so manufactured by the use of such fuel as directed from time to time by the said War Industries Board; and that such informal agreement or understanding may be consummated and carried out without seriously affecting the supply of fuel for industries engaged in the production of munitions and commodities required in the conduct of the war; and that the orders of the United States Fuel Administrator of April 13, 1918 (Statement 1762), and of August 8, 1918, curtailing the use of fuel by the manufacturers of such products, as defined in said orders, should be modified accordingly,

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917, and in furtherance of the purpose of said informal agreement or understanding hereinabove mentioned and upon all the conditions thereof,

Hereby orders and directs:

1. That all manufacturers of common building brick, paving brick or block, floor and wall tile, terra-cotta, hollow tile, stoneware, sewer pipe, drain pipe, flue linings, roofing tile, face brick, sanitary ware, and enameled sanitary ware, as defined in the

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orders of the United States Fuel Administrator of April 13, 1918 (Statement 1762), and all manufacturers of cement as defined in the order of the United States Fuel Administrator of August 8, 1918, whose plants are located in that part of the United States west of the Mississippi River, may for a period of thirty days from the effective date of this order buy, receive, store, and use during such period and thereafter the grade of coal commonly known as "slack or screenings” in the manufacture of said products for continuous operation of their respective plants during such period, and thereafter until all such slack or screenings so bought and received has been consumed; and each of said orders of April 13, 1918, and the said order of August 8, 1918, are hereby modified accordingly.

2. That the phrase "buy and receive," as used in this order, is hereby construed to mean all such slack or screenings as may be bought by such manufacturer and actually loaded into cars and consigned to such manufacturer as may be certified to by the District Representative of the United States Fuel Administration in the district in which said plants respectively are located, within said period of thirty days.

3. That in the event the quantity of slack or screenings received during said period of thirty days, as herein defined, by any such manufacturer, together with all other grades of coal received by such manufacturer during the year exceeds the annual consumption of fuel by such manufacturer, as defined in and permitted by the said orders of April 13, 1918 (Statement 1762), and August 8, 1918, then such manufacturer shall be and is hereby permitted to use during such period of thirty days and thereafter all such screenings so received during such period, but such manufacturer, having already received his full allotment of fuel, shall not be permitted to buy and receive any further or other fuel during the remainder of the current year. This order shall become effective at 7 a. m., on the 10th day of August, A. D. 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Oct. 26, 1918, Amending the Order of

April 24, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Florists, and Amendments thereto, by Authorizing State Fuel Administrators to Permit Florists to Burn Bituminous Coal, Steam Anthracite or Coke Breeze.

WASHINGTON, D. C., October 26, 1918. To all State Fuel Administrators:

Until further notice State Fuel Administrators may permit florists to receive and burn bituminous coal, steam anthracite, or coke breeze without having such fuel apply on their fifty per cent quota, as defined by Fuel Administration curtailment order of April twenty-fourth, nineteen eighteen, whenever there is a surplus of such fuel which in the opinion of the State Administrator, can be spared for such purpose.

H. A. GARFIELD,

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Nov. 13, 1918, Effective 7 a. m., Nov. 14,

1918, Amending the Orders of April 13, 1918, and August 8, 1918, and Amendments Thereof, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Clay Products and Cement.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 13, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator having heretofore, after consultation with the Chairman of the War Industries Board, by orders dated April 13, 1918, relating to manufacturers of the different clay products hereinafter specified, and by order dated August 8, 1918, relating to manufacturers of cement, placed certain restrictions on the consumption of fuel during the calendar year 1918 by such manufacturers, and it appearing to said Administrator that in view of the increased supply of bituminous coal at present available such restrictions may be relaxed without prejudice to the maintenance of an adequate supply of fuel and the equitable distribution and apportionment

thereof, and it further appearing to said Administrator, from representations made by the Chairman of said War Industries Board, that such restrictions should in part be maintained,

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs (1) That every manufacturer of common building brick, paving brick or block, face brick, sanitary ware, enameled sanitary ware, roofing tile, floor and wall tile, or terra cotta, as such terms are defined in the orders of said Administrator dated April 13, 1918, restricting the consumption of fuel in connection with the manufacture of such products, may at any of his plants engaged in the manufacture of any such product, use and consume, during the calendar

year 1918, fuel or power derived from fuel for and in connection with the manufacture of such product, to an amount not exceeding 75 per cent of the average annual amount of fuel or power derived from fuel consumed at such plant for or in connection with the manufacture of such product during the period from January 31, 1917.

(2) That every manufacturer of hollow-tile or drain-tile and sewer-pipe may, at any of his plants engaged in the manufacture of either of said products, use and consume, during the calendar year 1918, for and in connection with the manufacture of such product, fuel or power derived from fuel to an amount not to exceed 871 per cent of the average annual amount of fuel consumed at such plant for or in connection with the manufacture of such product during the period from January 1, 1915, to December 31, 1917.

(3) That every manufacturer of stoneware, as the same is defined in the order of said Administrator dated April 13, 1918, restricting the consumption of fuel in connection with the manufacture of stoneware, may, at any of his plants engaged in the manufacture of such stoneware, use and consume, during the calendar year 1918, for and in connection with the manufacture of such stoneware, fuel or power derived from fuel, to an amount not exceeding 92 per cent of the average annual amount of fueconsumed at such plant for and in connection with the manufacture of such stoneware during the period from January 1, 1915, to December 31, 1917.

(4) That every manufacturer of cement, as the same is defined in the order of said Administrator, dated August 8, 1918, restricting the consumption of fuel in connection with the manufacture of cement, may, at any of his plants engaged in the manufacture of such cement, use and consume, during the calendar year 1918, fuel or power derived from fuel, for and in connection with the manufacture of such cement, to an amount sufficient to manufacture not exceeding 87} per cent of the average annual amount of such cement produced at such plant during the period from January 1, 1915, to December 31, 1917, and said Administrator further

Orders and directs that the orders of said Administrator dated April 13, 1918, establishing regulations relating to the manufacture of the various products above referred to in paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) of this order, and the order of said Administrator dated August 8, 1918, establishing a regulation relating to the manufacture of cement, be and each of said orders hereby is, modified in accordance with the provisions of this order. This order shall be effective at 7 a. m., November 14, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Nov. 30, 1918, Vacating as of Dec. 2,

1918, the Orders of Feb. 20, 1918, April 13, 1918, April 24, 1918, and Aug. 8, 1918, and all Amendments thereof Restricting Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Window Glass, Clay Products, by Florists, and by Manufacturers of Cement.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 30, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs that the order of said Administrator, dated February 20, 1918, entitled “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Common Window Glass,” the orders of said Administrator, dated April 13, 1918, entitled respectively as follows: “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by th Manufacturers of Common Building Brick," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Paving Brick or Block,” “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Face Brick," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Rest ict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Stoneware," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Sanitary Ware," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Enameled Sanitary Ware," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Roofing Tile,” “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Sewer-Pipe, Drain-Tile, and Flue Linings,” “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Floor and Wall Tile,” “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Hollow-Tile," "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by the Manufacturers of Terra Cotta," and the order of said Administrator, dated April 24, 1918, entitled "Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by Florists," and the order of said Administrator, dated August 8, 1918, entitled “Order Establishing a Regulation to Restrict Fuel Consumption by Manufacturers of Cement,” and the regulations established by said orders, and all amendments and modifications of said orders and regulations be, and the same hereby are, vacated and set aside as of the 2d day of December, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

TITLE II.

MISCELLANEOUS ORDERS AND REGULATIONS RESTRICTING

FUEL CONSUMPTION. Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Nov. 9, 1917, Issued as Publication

No. 12 of the United States Fuel Administration, Restricting the Consumption of Coal for Generating Electricity for Use in Operating Illuminated Advertisements, Notices, Signs, Etc.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 9, 1917. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator that it is essential to the national security and defense, the successful prosecution of the war, and the support and maintenance of the Army and Navy, and to lessen or prevent the waste of coal, which, at the present time is and during the continuation of the war will be, in the judgment of the United States Fuel Administrator, needed for the purposes aforesaid, and to secure an adequate supply and equitable distribution, and to prevent,

locally and generally, scarcity of coal, and to facilitate the movement of coal for the purposes aforesaid, that the use of coal in the manner and for tho purposes hereafter set forth, and that the employment for such use of the present facilities, already inadequate for the prompt and sufficient shipment, transportation, and delivery of coal needed for the purposes aforesaid, should be limited and restricted, in order that the essential purposes first hereinbefore referred to may be carried out, and that so far as possible the production, sale, shipment, distribution, and apportionment of coal among dealers and consumers, domestic and foreign, may be maintained to the extent sufficient to meet the governmental, commercial, and domestic requirements for coal,

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated August 23, 1917, appointing said administrator, and in furtherance of the purpose of said order and of the act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby adjudges that, in his opinion, the use of coal for any of the purposes hereinafter described, except to the extent hereinafter indicated, is wasteful, and that any person using any coal for such purposes, except as aforesaid, is engaging in a wasteful practice or device in handling or dealing with coal, and that the use of coal for such purposes, except as aforesaid, is prejudicial and injurious to the national security and defense and a cause of scarcity, locally and generally; and

Hereby orders and directs that until further or other order of the United States Fuel Administrator, and subject to modification hereafter from time to time and at

any time:

1. Upon and after the 15th day of November, 1917, no corporation, association, partnership, or person engaged, in whole or in part, in the business of furnishing electricity for illuminating or power purposes, and no corporation, association, partnership, or person maintaining a plant for the purpose of supplying for their own use electricity for illuminating or power purpos-, shall use any coal for the purpose of generating, producing, or supplying electricity, or supply or use electricity generated or produced, in whole or in part, by the consumption of coal, for the purpose of providing, maintaining, lighting, or operating, before the hour of 7.45 p. m. or after the hour of 11 p. m., electrically illuminated or display advertisements, notices, announcements, signs, designation of the location of an office or place of business or of the nature of any business, electric searchlights, or (external) illumination or ornamentation of any building, except in the interior of buildings, and except as in special cases hereinafter further or otherwise provided or limited, namely:

(a) This order shall not apply to the United States Government, the government of any Commonwealth or State of the United States, or to any city, county, town, or other governmental subdivision in any such Commonwealth or State;

(6) This order shall not apply to the maintenance of street lights by any city or town or within any city or town under a contract with the officials thereof for such maintenance, or to the maintenance of any lights for any purpose by, or in compliance with orders of, any public authorities;

(c) Electric signs affixed to the street fronts of buildings over the street entrances hereof or over the street entrances to stores, shops, or other places of business therein. or extending therefrom over the sidewalks, for the purpose of announcing the name or business of a retail shop or store, or the name and location of a theater or other place of amusement or of a hall or other place of public assembly, together with the name of the play or other entertainment given therein, or of the purpose of any public assembly to be held therein, as the case may be, may be lighted or illuminated or operated by electricity, generated or produced by the use of coal, during the period from one-half hour after sunset until such time, not later than 11 o'clock in the evening at which time in the case of a place of business the same is closed for the conduct of business therein in the same manner and to the extent that such business is conducted

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