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Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Nov. 18, 1918, Effective Nov. 23, 1918,

Vacating the Order of Nov. 7, 1918, Establishing a Regulation Restricting the Use in Cities, Villages, and Towns of Light Generated or Produced by the Use or Consumption of Fuel, Provided Said Order of Nov. 7, 1918, is not Continued in Effect as to Any State by the Federal Fuel Administrator for Said State.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 18, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs that the order of said Administrator, dated November 7, 1918, establishing a regulation entitled “Regulation restricting the use in cities, villages, and towns of light generated or produced by the use or consumption of fuel,” and the regulation established by said order, be, and the same hereby are, vacated and set aside as of the effective date of this order; provided, however, that if the Federal Fuel Administrator for any State shall, by an order in writing signed by him, provide for the continuance of said regulation, or of any of the restrictions thereby imposed on the use of light, then such regulation, or the restrictions specified in the order of such Federal Fuel Administrator shall remain in full force and effect within such State until other or further order in the premises of such Federal Fuel Administrator or of the United States Fuel Administrator. This order shall be effective November 23, 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Marimum Conservation Regulations which State Administrators Are Authorized to Put into Efect without Consultation with Washington."

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 9, 1918. The following list represents the maximum conservation regulations which State Fuel Administrators are authorized to put in force without first consulting Washington. Please understand that it is not recommended that any of the following be put in force, unless the State Administrator deems it necessary on account of acute local emergency. In brief, he may direct less drastic restrictions, or none at all, but they must not be more drastic without previous consultation with Washington.

1. No fuel shall be burned for the purpose of supplying heat for office, banking and similar business buildings on Sundays and Holidays, or on Saturdays after 12 noon, or on other days after 5 p. m., except sufficient to prevent freezing. No elevator service shall be given on Sundays, Holidays, or between 6 p. m. and 7 a. m., on other days.

(a) Exceptions should be made for banks open in evenings and for the printing of newspapers.

2. Wholesale, retail, and other business houses and stores may be heated only from 9 a. m..to 5 p. m., excepting that:

(a) Stores formerly remaining open after 6.15 p. m. may be heated until their usual time of closing but not later than 10 p. m.

(b) Pharmacies may be heated after 10 p. m. for the sale of drugs and medical supplies, but shall not use electric lights exceeding a total of 100 watts after 10 p. m.

(c) For the sale of food not eaten on the premises, stores may be heated between the hours of 7 a. m. and 6 p. m., and on three evenings a week until 10 p. m.

1 This list of maximum conservation regulations was sent out to all State Fuel Administrators from the Bureau of Conservation under date of Feb. 9, 1918.

(d) Restaurants and eating places may sell food as usual, but shall not engage in any other line of trade outside of the hours permitted to such trade.

(e) Coal dealers and wholesalers of perishable foods are exempted from these orders as far as commodities are concerned.

3. Moving picture houses, bowling alleys, billiard halls, public and private dance halls, and all places of amusement may be heated until 10 p. m.

(a) It is requested that where "4 minute men" speak at public performances, additional allowance be made for same.

(b) Places for the sale of liquor shall not be heated before 9 a. m, nor later than one hour previous to the time of closing specified by their license.

4. “Lightless Nights” may be established for every night except Saturday. A “Lightless Night” is defined by the United States Fuel Administrator's order of December 15th, which order in brief states that business organizations are forbidden to use interior electric lights after closing, and all outside electric lights except when necessary for the public safety or required by law. It also forbids so-called whiteway cluster, or decorative street lighting.

5. Clubs, clubrooms and lodges shall not be heated after 10 p. m. except for the service of bedrooms.

These orders shall not apply to Government work needed immediately and further exceptions to them may be granted in cases of public necessity.

The following are in the nature of general recommendations:
1. The business of the day end at 5 p. m.
2. Evening activities end at 10 p. m.

3. Many public institutions desirable under ordinary conditions should be closed, and others curtailed.

4. Schools be put on a one-session basis if practicable.

5. Churches be kept closed except on Sunday, and churches, clubs and other religious, educational, or social organizations consolidate their activities.

6. All inside and outside lighting and all heating not covered by specific order be reduced to the minimum so that more drastic orders may not be necessary.

7. Factories should arrange their hours to save daylight and to relieve the peak load.

8. Salaries and wages should not be reduced on account of these orders and recommendations.

Order of the United States Fuel 'Administrator of May 29, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Private Yachts.

WASHINGTON, D. C., May 29, 1918. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator, after consultation with the Chairman of the War Industries Board, in view of the necessity for conserving the country's resources for the prosecution of the War, the increased demand for fuel for industries engaged in the production of munitions and commodities required in the conduct of the War, and the fact that owing to the limitations upon transportation facilities and other causes resulting from the War, there is an insufficient supply of fuel for those purposes and also for all the other purposes for which it was used in normal times, that it is essential to the national security and defense, for the efficient and successful prosecution of the War, and for the support and maintenance of the Army and Navy, to restrict the consumption of fuel in certain of its uses, and that among such uses is that of furnishing power for private yachts, and the United States Fuel Administrator hereby finding that it is reasonable and just to deny the use of fuel on private yachts and that such order will contribute to the successful outcome of the War through the release of fuel for war purposes, and will result, with other limitations upon the use of fuel in various lines of industry, in an equitable distribution and appor. tionment of fuel among consumers, in accordance with the relatively essential nature of their products to the prosecution of the War;

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby makes and establishes the following regulation, effective until further or other order and subject to general or specific modification hereafter from time to time and at any time:

REGULATION RESTRICTING FUEL CONSUMPTION BY PRIVATE YACHTS.

During the period from June 1, 1918, to May 31, 1919, no coal or fuel oil shall be consumed, burned, used on, or furnished to a private yacht for any purpose whatsoever except for galley fuel; provided, however, that this order shall not be construed to, nor shall it, restrict or regulate in any way the use of coal or fuel oil by any craft operated or employed in the service of the government of the United States; nor shall it be construed to, nor shall it, prevent the use of coal or fuel oil on a private yacht which on the 1st day of June, 1918, is away from its home port to enable such private yacht to reach its home port by the shortest course which safe navigation will permit.

The term “private yacht” shall for the purposes of this regulation mean any nautical craft not operated for profit which derives its motive power, either wholly or in part, through the use of coal or fuel oil.

Any person, firm, or corporation violating this regulation is subject to the penalty prescribed in the aforesaid Act of Congress approved August 10, 1917.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of July 15, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Private Country Clubs.

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 15, 1918. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator in view of the necessity for conserving the country's resources for the prosecution of the War, the increased demand for fuel for industries engaged in the production of munitions and commodities required in the conduct of the War, and the fact that owing to the limitations upon transportation facilities and other causes resulting from the War, there is an insufficient supply of fuel for those purposes and also for all the other purposes for which it was used in normal times, that it is essential to the national security and defense, for the efficient and successful prosecution of the War, and for the suppo and maintenance of the Army and Navy, to restrict the consumption of fuel in certain of its uses and among such uses is that of furnishing heat for private country clubs, and the United States Fuel Administrator hereby finding that it is reasonable and just to deny the use of fuel to private country clubs and that such order will contribute to the successful outcome of the War through the release of fuel for war purposes, and will result, with other limitations upon the use of fuel in various lines of industry, in an equitable distribution and apportionment of fuel among consumers, in accordance with the relatively essential nature of their products in the prosecution of the war:

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United States dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders, and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby makes and establishes the following regulation effective until further or other order and subject to general or specific modification hereafter from time to time and at any time:

REGULATION RESTRICTING FUEL CONSUMPTION BY PRIVATE COUNTRY CLUBS.

The term "private country club” in this regulation shall be construed to include any club or association organized wholly or in part for participation in out-door sports and depending for its maintenance upon dues of individual members.

During the period from December 1, 1918, to April 1, 1919, no private country club shall burn or use fuel of any description, including coal, coke, natural gas, fuel oil or other petroleum products, or use power derived from any such fuel, for purposes of heating or cooking, excepting:

First: This regulation shall not be construed to prevent or restrict the use of wood or peat for heating or cooking purposes by any country club when such wood or peat is available without the use of railroad transportation.

Second: Any private country club may use or burn fuel other than wood or peat for heating or cooking purposes on receiving a permit for such use from the United States Fuel Administration. Such permit may be granted upon receipt of a certificate from the Fuel Administrator for the state within which the country club applying therefor is located, that the fuel to be used can be spared for such purpose and that it is not against the public interest to grant such permit, or that the use of fuel for heating or cooking purposes is necessary for the maintenance of the regular employes of such club, provided that in case a permit shall be granted for the reason last above mentioned such a permit shall authorize the use of only so much fuel as shall be necessary to furnish heat and cook food for the regular employes of the club.

Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate or refuse to conform to this regulation will be liable to the penalties prescribed in the aforesaid Act of Congress approved August 10, 1917.

H. A. GARFIELD,

United States Fuel Administrator. Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Oct. 26, 1918, Amending the Order of

July 15, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Country Clubs by Authorizing State Fuel Administrators to Permit Country Clubs to Burn Bituminous or Steam Anthracite Coal.

WASHINGTON, D. C., October 26, 1918. All State Administrators are hereby authorized to give country clubs the necessary permits to receive and burn, during the winter, bituminous or steam anthracite coal, whenever, in the opinion of the State Administrator, there is a surplus of such fuel which can be spared for this purpose. Under no condition should country clubs be permitted to burn domestic sizes of anthracite.

H. À. Garfield,

United States Fuel Administrator. Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Dec. 31, 1918. Vacating, as of Dec.

31, 1918, the Orders of May 29, 1918, July 3, 1918, and July 15, 1918, Restricting Fuel Consumption by Private Yachts, Brewers, and Private Country Clubs, respectively.

WASHINGTON, D. C., December 31, 1918. The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive Order of the President of the United tates, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and of subsequent Executive Orders, and in furtherance of the purpose of said orders and of the Act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs that the orders of said Administrator restricting the consumption of fuel, dated respectively May 29, 1918, July 3, 1918, and July 15, 1918 be, and each of said orders hereby is, vacated and set aside as of the 31st day of December 1918.

H. A. GARFIELD, United States Fuel Administrator.

CHAPTER VI.

ORDERS AND REGULATIONS

REGULATIONS RELATING TO COKE, CHARCOAL, AND FUEL WOOD.

TITLE I.

COKE.

Section 1.-Orders Relating to the Price of Coke.? Order of the United States Fuel Administrator of Nov. 9, 1917, effective 7 a. m., Nov. 10,

1917, Fixing Prices of Beehive Coke at the Ovens and Establishing a Regulation Relative to the Permissible Charge for Wagon Deliveries.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 9, 1917. It appearing to the United States Fuel Administrator that various regulations should be put in force at once for the better regulation of the distribution of coke and of the prices at which the same may be sold,

The United States Fuel Administrator, acting under authority of an Executive order of the President of the United States, dated 23 August, 1917, appointing said Administrator, and in furtherance of the purpose of said order and of the act of Congress therein referred to and approved August 10, 1917,

Hereby orders and directs that the price of coke shall be understood as the price per ton of 2,000 pounds f. o. b. cars at the plant where the coke is manufactured.

All the maximum prices mentioned herein shall apply to car lots sold to consumers or to dealers for wagon delivery; any commissions paid to selling agencies, or margins allowed to jobbers, shall be paid by the vendors, and shall not be added to the prices established hereby.

In all cases where wagon deliveries are made, either by the coke producer or by dealers, a reasonable charge for such handling and delivery may be made; such charge shall be subject to approval of the State Fuel Administrator.

Beehive coke.— The maximum prices for coke made in ovens, without by-product recovery, east of the Mississippi River, shall be as follows: Blast-furnace coke.....

$6.00 Foundry coke, 72-hour selected.

7.00 Crushed coke, over 1-inch size..

7. 30 The maximum prices for various grades of beehive coke made in districts other than that described heretofore shall bear the same ratio to the established price of the coal from which the coke is made as the average contract prices of the same grades of coke has to the average contract prices of coal during the years 1912 and 1913.

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1 Chapter VI deals with and includes all orders directly relating to coke, charcoal and fuel wood. The orders dealing with contracts have not, however, been reprinted in this chapter and reference is made to Chapter II, Title V, for such orders and regulations.

: The orders fixing prices of coke are arranged in chronological order according to the effective date and without regard to the kind of coke referred to in the order. They have been indexed under the names of the states in which the operations affected are located. To find a particular order, therefore, it is necessary only to refer to the index under the name of the state in which the operation is located. By-product prices being dependent on freight rates, a tabulation of each individual operation would be necessary. Such a compilation might almost immediately become obsolete and has therefore been omitted. Compilations are, however, published from time to time by the Coke Burean

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