The Law of Obligations: Roman Foundations of the Civilian Tradition

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Oxford University Press, 1996 - 1241페이지
This book is widely regarded as one of the most remarkable achievements in Roman Law and Comparative Law scholarship this century - a fact attested to by the universal acclaim with which it has been received throughout Europe, America, and beyond. As a work of Roman Law scholarship it fusesthe vast volume of 20th century scholarship on the Roman law of obligations into a clear and very readable (and in many ways original) account of the law. As a work of comparative law it traces the transformation of the Roman law of obligations over the centuries into what is now modern German,English and South African law, presenting the reader with a contrast between these legal systems which is unique both in its scope and its depth. As a whole the book is written with a deep understanding of human nature and of many social, economic, and other forces that determine the face of thelaw.
 

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List of Abbreviations
li
Principal Works Cited
lix
OBLIGATIO
1
Part I
2
Divisio Obligationum
10
The Place of Obligations within the System
24
Plan of Treatment
32
Chapter
34
ErrorMistake
583
Common mistake
596
Iuris ignorantia nocet facti ignorantia non nocet
604
Interpretation of Contracts
621
From verba to voluntas
622
Postreception Developments
635
Special Problem Situations
643
Metus and DolusDuress and Fraud
651

Agency
45
b The paterfamilias acting through his dependants
51
Cession
58
Part II
68
utile per inutile non vitiatur
75
The importance of form and formality
82
Stipulatio poenae Conventional penalties
95
Range of application
103
Semel commissa poena non evanescit
110
Suretyship
114
Sponsio Fidepromissio and Fideiussio
117
Idem Debitum
125
actionum
134
The Impact of Fideiussio on Modern Legal
142
Part III
153
The History of the Interest Rates and Usury
166
Special Types of Loan
177
Commodatum Depositum PignusLoan for Use
188
Depositum
205
The gratuitous nature of depositum
213
Conventional sequestration
219
PART IV
230
c Culpa in contrahendo
244
The Purchase Price
250
Emptio venditio IISale Main Effects
271
The Duties of the Parties
277
The Passing of the Risk
281
Emptio venditio IIISale Warranty of Title and
293
The position under Justinian
300
8 The actio quanti minoris the sale sub corona
318
c The scope of application of the actio redhibitoria
325
Si vas Pomp D 19 1 6 4
334
Locatio conductio 1Mainly Lease
338
The Social and Economic Framework of Lease
342
Locatio Conductio Rei
351
LOCATIO CONDUCTIO II
384
Locatio Conductio Operis
393
The problem of risk allocation
401
MandatumMandate
413
The range of application of mandatum
420
The liability of the mandatarius
426
Chapter Page
433
Requirements of the actio negotiorum gestorum
440
Negotiorum gestio in modern law
447
Justinian Ius Commune and Modern
466
PART V
477
The prohibition of donationes inter virum et uxorem
484
The law of donation under Constantine
490
Donation under the ius commune and in modern law
498
Pacta and Innominate Real Contracts
508
Compromissum as Example
526
Innominate Real Contracts
532
Part VI
546
Consensus
559
Pacta Sunt Servanda
576
Dolus
662
Invalidity and Reasons for Invalidity
678
Illegality
697
Immorality
706
Condicio and DiesConditions and Time Clauses
716
Resolutive Conditions
731
Dies
741
Termination of Obligations
748
Release
754
Compensatio
760
The Problem of Specific Performance
770
Breach of Contract
783
Mora Debitoris
790
Rescission as a Remedy for Breach of Contract
800
Impossibility of Performance and Breach
806
Mora Creditoris
817
Quod Interest Damages and Breach of Contract
824
navigarunt
833
PART VII
834
The Subsequent Fate of the Condictiones
857
sententia Papiniani
868
Enrichment Remedies in Modern Law
887
The Measure of Enrichment Liability
895
Part VIII
902
The development of the law of torts
908
The origins of delict in Roman law
914
Plan of treatment
921
Furtum Theft
922
Complicity in theft
930
Furtum in the lus Commune
943
Lex Aquilia I
953
The Assessment of the Sum of Condemnation
961
The Nature of the Actio Legis Aquiliae
969
Harmful
975
Some Additional Reflections
988
Lex Aquilia II
998
The relationship between iniuria and culpa
1004
The Protection of a Freemans Bodily Integrity
1014
Towards the Modern Generalized Law of Delict
1031
Liability for omissions
1043
Actio iniuriarumInfringements of Personality Rights
1050
The Usus Modernus of the Actio Iniuriarum
1062
Remedies
1070
South African Usus Modernus of the Actio
1078
The Fate of the Actio Iniuriarum in Germany
1085
Strict Liability
1095
The edictum de feris in Roman law
1104
Vicarious Liability
1118
Quasidelictual Liability
1126
Strict Liability in English Law
1135
Origin and Application of Art 1384 Code Civil
1141
Index of Main Sources including Table of Cases
1143
Subject Index
1207
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Reinhard Zimmermann, Professor of Private Law, Roman Law and Comparative Legal History, University of Regensburg, Germany

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