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LIST OF CONVENTIONS, (Continued.)

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LIST OF CONVENTIONS, (Continued.)

NAMES.

DATE OP ASSEMBLING.

DATE OF ADJOURN

MENT

REMARKS.

57. North Carolina,

58.

59. Vermont,

60.

61.

62.

-, 1791.

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May 20, 1861.

1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247-249. October 2, 1865. Oct. 19, 1865. Not sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $$ 250-
259. May 24, 1866,
Convention reassem-
bled, and proposed
amendments to the
Constitution, which
were submitted to the
people and rejected.

See $ 478, note 1.
July 2, 1777. Dec. 2, 1777. Not sub. $S 153, 154,

171, 172.
1st Wed. June, 1785. 1st Thurs. Feb. Council of Censors. Sub.

1786.

$$ 155, 220. 1st Thurs. June, 1786. 1786. Called to ratify a State

Constitution220. January

Jan. 10, 1791. Called to ratify the Fed

eral Const. § 167. 1792.

179- Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220. July 3, 1793.

Called to ratify a State

Constitution. § 220. 1799.

Council of Censors.

Abortive. $ 220. 1806.

Council of Censors.

Abortive. $ 220. 1813.

Council of Censors.

Abortive. $ 220.
June 7, 1820. March 26, 1821. Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220.
February 21, 1822. Feb. 23, 1822. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $ 220. June 6, 1827. Dec. 1, 1827. Council of Censors. Sub.

§ 220. June 26, 1828.

Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $220. 1834. June 15, 1835. Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220. January 6, 1836. Jan. 14, 1836. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $ 220. June 2, 1841. Feb. 15, 1842. Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220. January 4, 1843. Jan. 12, 1843. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $ 220. June 7, 1848. Feb. 28, 1849. Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220. January 2, 1850. Jan. 14, 1850. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. § 220. June 6, 1855.

1856. Council of Censors. Sub.

$ 220. January 7, 1857. Jan. 12, 1857. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $ 220. June 4, 1862

Oct. 25, 1862. Council of Censors.

Abortive. $220. January, 1778. Feb. 28, 1778. Sub. and rejected. $ 156. September 1, 1779. June 16, 1780. Sub. $$ 157, 158. January 9, 1788. Feb. 7, 1788. Called to ratify the Fed

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Feb. 26,

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eral Const. $ 167. November 15, 1820. Jan. 9, 1821. Sub. $ 219. Noveniber 4, 1853. Aug. 1, 1853. Sub. and rejected. $ 219.

84. 85.

LIST OF CONVENTIONS, (Continued.)

NAMES.

DATE OP ASSEMBLIXG.

DATE OF ADJOURN

MENT.

REMARKS.

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66

86. Federal Convention, May 14, 1787. Sept. 17, 1787. Sub. $$ 163–166,502, 503. 87. Connecticut, January 4, 1788. Jan. 9, 1788. Called to ratify the Fed

eral Const. § 167. 88.

August 26, 1818. Sept. 16, 1818. Sub. $ 219. 89. Rhode Island,

1790. May 29, 1790. Called to ratify the Fed

eral Const. § 167. 90.

1824.

Sub. and rejected. $ 219. 91.

1834.

Abortive. $ 219. 92. October, 1841.

1842. Sub. SS 226–246. “Peo

ple's Convention." 93. November, 1841. Feb. 1842. Sub.and rejected. $ 219.

Convention called by the Charter govern.

ment. 94. September, 1842.

1842. Sub. $$ 219, 508, 509.

Convention called by the Charter govem

ment. 95. Kentucky,

1st Mond. April, 1792. April 19, 1792. Sub. $$ 173, 174. 96.

July 22, 1799. Aug. 17, 1799. Not sub $$ 217, 218. 97.

October 1, 1849. June 11, 1850. Sub. § 218. 98. Tennessee,

January 11, 1796. Feb. 6, 1796. Sub. $$ 175-182. 99. May 19, 1834. Aug. 80, 1834, Sub. $$ 217, 218, 509,

note. 100.

1861.

1861. Sub. Secession Con

vention - the State legislature. $8247

249. 101. January 9, 1865. Jan. 13, 1865. Sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $$ 250

259. 102. Ohio,

November 1, 1802. Nov. 29, 1802. Sub. $$ 195, 217, 218. 103.

May 6, 1850.

March 10, 1851. Sub. $$ 217, 218. 104. Louisiana,

1st Mond. Nov. 1811. Jan. 22, 1812. Sub. 195. 105.

Aug. 5, 1844.

May 16, 1845. Sub. $$ 217, 218. 106.

July 5, 1852. July 31, 1852. Sub. $$ 217, 218. 107. January 23, 1861. March 7, 1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247-249. 108. April 6, 1864. July 25, 1864. Sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $S250259. Adjourned at the call of its president. 2d session, called for July 30, 1866, dispersed by a mob.

$$ 473-478. 109. Indiana,

2d Mond. June, 1816. June 29, 1816. Sub. $ 195. 110.

October 7, 1850. Feb. 10, 1851. Sub. 219. 111. Mississippi,

1st Mond. July, 1817. Aug. 15, 1817. Sub. 195. 112.

September 10, 1832. Oct. 26, 1832 Not sub. $$ 217, 218. 113. January 7, 1861.

1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247-249. 114. August 14, 1865. Aug. 26, 1865. Not sub. Reconstruction

66

66

Convention. $$ 250–

259. 115. Illinois,

1st Mond. Aug. 1818. Aug. 26, 1818. Sub. $195. 116.

June 7, 1847.

Aug. 31, 1847. Sub. $$ 217, 218. 117. January 7, 1862. March 22, 1862. Sub. and rejected. $$ 217,

218. 118. Alabama,

July 5, 1819. Aug. 2, 1819. Sub. § 195. 119. January 7, 1861. March 20, 1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247-249.

66

LIST OF CONVENTIONS, (Continued.)

XAXES.

DATE OF ASSEMBLING.

DATE OF ADJOURN

MENT.

REMARKS.

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September 12, 1865. Sept. 30, 1865. Not sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $$ 250

259.
October 11, 1819. Oct. 29, 1819. Sub. $$ 183-185.
June 12, 1820.

July 19, 1820. Sub. 195.
November 17, 1845. Jan. 14, 1846. Sub. $ 219.
February 28, 1861.

July 1, 1863. Not sub. $ 219.
January 6, 1865.

April 10, 1865. Sub. $ 219.
May 11, 1835. June 24, 1836. Sub. $$ 196–209.
September 26, 1836.

1836. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. 167,

196–209. December 14, 1836. Dec. 1836. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $$ 167,

196-209.
June 3, 1850. Aug. 15, 1850. Sub. $8 217, 218.
January 4, 1836. Jan. 30, 1836. Sub. $$ 196, 197, 210.
March 1, 1861.

1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247–249. January 8, 1864.

1864. Not sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $S 250

259. December 3, 1838. Jan. 11, 1839. Sub. $$ 196, 197, 210. January 3, 1861.

1861. Not sub. Secession Con

vention. $$ 247-249. October 25, 1865. Nov. 13, 1865. Not sub. Reconstruction

Convention. $$ 250

259. October 7, 1844. Nov. 1, 1844. Sub. $$ 196, 197, 210. 1846. May 18, 1846. Called to ratify a State

Constitution. $$ 167,

196.
January 19, 1857. March 5, 1857. Sub. $$ 217, 218.

1815.

Aug. 27, 1845. Sub. $ 195.
January 28, 1861.

1861. Sub. Secession Conven

tion. $S 247-249. March, 1866.

April 2, 1866. Reconstruction Conven

tion. $$ 250–259. October 5, 1846. Dec. 16, 1846. Sub. and rejected. $ 195,

210.
December 15, 1847. Feb. 1, 1848. Sub. $$ 196, 210.
September 1, 1849. Oct. 13, 1849. Sub. $$ 196, 197, 210.
October 23, 1855.

1855. Sub. $$ 196, 197, 211,

212. Topeka Conven

tion. September 5, 1857. Nov. 7, 1857. Sub. $$ 196, 213-216.

Lecompton Convention. July 5, 1859. July 29, 1859. Sub. $$ 195, 216. Wy

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andotte Convention.
July 13, 1857. Aug. 29, 1857. Sub. $195.
August 17, 1857. Sept. 18, 1857. Sub. $$ 196, 210
November 26, 1861. Feb. 19, 1863. Sub. $$ 167, 186–193,

508, 509.
1863.

Sub. and rejected.

S$ 196, 197, 210. 1st Mond. July, 1864.

1864. Sub. $$ 195, 197, 210.

147.

148. Minnesota,
149. Oregon,
150. West Virginia,

151. Nevada,

152.

B.

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At the extra session of the New York legislature, in November, 1820, a bill passed both houses, by the provisions of which a Convention was to be called, without referring the question to the people in the first instance. Delegates were to be chosen in February, 1821, and the Convention was to assemble in June following. This bill was sent to the Council of Revision, who returned it with the following objections, drawn up by Chancellor Kent, and concurred in by his Excellency Governor Clinton, and Chief Justice Spencer, and dissented from by Justices Yates and Woodworth, Justices Van Ness and Platt being absent.

IN ASSEMBLY, November 20, 1820. Objections of the Council to the bill calling a Convention. In Council of Revision, November 20, 1820,

Resolved, That it appears improper to the Council that the bill, entitled “ An Act recommending a Convention of the people of this State,” should become a law of this State.

1. Because the bill recommends to the citizens of this State to choose by ballot, on the second Tuesday of February next, delegates to meet in Convention, for the purpose of making such alterations in the Constitution of this State as they may deem proper, without having first taken the sense of the people whether such a Convention, for such a general and unlimited revisal and alteration of the Constitution, be, in their judgment, necessary and expedient.

There can be no doubt of the great and fundamental truth, that all free governments are founded on the authority of the people; and that they have at all times an indefeasible right to alter or reform the same, as to their wisdom shall seem meet. The Constitution is the will of the people, expressed in their original character and intended for the permanent protection and happiness of them and their posterity; and it is perfectly consonant to the republican theory and to the declared sense and practice of this country that it cannot be altered or changed, in any degree, without the expression of the same original will. It is worthy, therefore, of great consideration, and may well be doubted, whether it belongs to the ordinary legislature, chosen only to make laws in pursuance of the provisions of the existing Constitution, to call a Convention in the first instance, to revise, alter, and perhaps remodel the whole fabric of the government, and before they have received a legitimate and full expression of the will of the people that such changes should be made.

The difficulty of acceding to such a measure of reform, without the previous approbation of the constituents of the government, presses with peculiar force and with painful anxiety upon the Council of Revision, which was instituted for the express purpose of guarding the Constitution against the passage of laws “inconsistent with its spirit."

The Constitution of this State has been in operation upwards of forty years, and we have but one precedent on this subject, and that is the case of the Convention of 1801. But it is to be observed that the Convention in that year was called for two specific objects only, and with no other power or authority whatsoever. One of these objects was merely to determine the true construc

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