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Paust. If it like your grace, the year is divided into two circles over the whole world, that, when it is here winter with us, in the contrary circle it is summer with them, as in India, Saba,* and farther countries in the east; and by means of a swift spirit that I have, I had them brought hither, as you see.—How do you like them, madam ? be they good ?

Duchess. Believe me, Master Doctor, they be the best grapes that e'er I tasted in my life before.

Faust. I am glad they content you so, madam.

Duke. Come, madam, let us in, where you must well reward this learned man for the great kindness he hath shewed to you.

Duchess. And so I will, my lord ; and, whilst I live, rest beholding+ for this courtesy.

Paust. I humbly thank your grace.

Duke. Come, Master Doctor, follow us, and receive your reward.

[Exeunt. Se xiii

Enter WAGNER. Wag. I think my mastermeans to die shortly, For he hath given to me all his goods : $ And yet, metbinks, if that death were near, He would not banquet, and carouse, and swill Amongst the students, as even now he doth, Who are at supper with such belly-cheer As Wagner ne'er beheld in all his life. See, where they come ! belike the feast is ended.


You shall behold that peerless dame of Greece,
No otherways for pomp and majesty
Than when Sir Paris cross'd the seas with her,
And brought the spoils to rich Dardania.
Be silent, then, for danger is in words.

(Music sounds, and HELEN passeth over the stage.* Sec. Schol. Too simple is my wit to tell her

praise, Whom all the world admires for majesty. Third Schol. No marvel though the angry

Greeks pursu'd With ten years' war the rape of such a queen, Whose heavenly beauty passeth all compare. First Schol. Since we have seen the pride of

Nature's works, And only paragon of excellence, Let us depart; and for this glorious deed Happy and blest be Faustus evermore ! Faust. Gentlemen, farewell : the same I wish

[Exeunt Scholars.

to you.

Enter an Old Man.

Old Man. Ah, Doctor Faustus, that I might

To guide thy steps unto the way of life,
By which sweet path thou mayst attain the goal
That shall conduct thee to celestial rest!
Break heart, drop blood, and mingle it with

Tears falling from repentant heaviness
Of thy most vile I and loathsome filthiness,
The stench whereof corrupts the inward soul
With such flagitious crimes of heinous sing
As no commiseration may expel,

Enter Faustus with two or three Scholars, and


First Schol. Master Doctor Faustus, since our conference about fair ladies, which was the beau. tifulest in all the world, we have determined with ourselves that Helen of Greece was the admirablest lady that ever lived: therefore, Master Doctor, if you will do us that favour, as to let us see that peerless dame of Greece, whom all the world admires for majesty, we should think ourselves much beholding unto you.

Faust. Gentlemen, For that I know your friendship is unfeign'd, And Faustus' custom is not to deny The just requests of those that wish him well,

* Helen passeth over the stage) In The History of Doctor Faustus we have the following description of Helen. “ This lady appeared before them in a most rich gowne of purple velvet, costly imbrodered; her haire hanged downe loose, as faire as the beaten gold, and of such length that it reached downe to her hammes; having most amorous cole-black eyes, a sweet and pleasant round face, with lips as red as a cherry; her cheekes of a rose colour, her mouth small, her neck white like a swan ; tall and slender of personage; in summe, there was no imperfect place in her: sho looked round about with a rolling hawkes eye, a smiling and wanton countenance, which neere-hand inflamed the hearts of all the students; but that they perswaded themselves she was i spirit, which made them lightly passe* away such fancies." Sig. H 4, ed. 1618.

+ Enter an Old Man) See chap. xlviii of The History of Dortor Faustus, -" How an old man, the neighbour of Faustus, sought to perswade him to amend his ovill life and to fall into repentance,"--according to which history, the Old Man's exhortation is delivered at his own house, whither he had invited Faustus to supper.

vild) Old ed. "vild." See note !), p. 68. $ sin] Old ed. "sinnes" (This is not in the later 4tos)

Saba) i. e. Sabæa. beholding) i. e. beholden.

Enter Wagnet] Scene, a room in the house of Faustus.

$ he hath given to me all his goods] Compare chap. lvi. of The History of Doctor Faustus, — " How Doctor Faustus made his will, in which he named his servant Wagner to be his heire."

conne; ”

But mercy, Faustus, of thy Saviour sweet,

Faust. One thing, good servant,* let me crave Whose blood alone must wash away thy guilt.

of thee, Fuust. Where art thou, Faustus ? wretch, what To glut the longing of my heart's desire, hast thou done?

That I might have unto my paramour Damn'd art thou, Faustus, damn'd; despair and That heavenly Helen which I saw of late, die !

Whose sweet embracings may extinguish clean Hell calls for right, and with a roaring voice Thoset thoughts that do dissuade me from my Says, "Faustus, come; thine hour is almost *


And keep mine oath I made to Lucifer. And Faustus now t will come to do thee right.

Meph. Faustus, this, I or what else thou shalt [MEPHISTOPHILIS gives him a dagger.

desire, Old Man. Ah, stay, good Faustus, stay thy Shall be perform'd in twinkling of an eye.

desperate steps ! I see an angel hovers o'er thy head,

Re-enter HELEX. And, with a vial full of precious grace,

Faust. Was this the face that launch'd a Offers to pour the same into thy soul :

thousand ships, Then call for mercy, and avoid despair.

And burnt the topless § towers of Ilium ?Faust. Ah, my sweet friend, I feel

Sweet Helen, make me immortal with a kiss.Thy words to comfort my distressed soul !

(K i88c8 her. Leave me a while to ponder on my sins.

Her lips suck forth my soul: see, where it Old Man. I go, sweet Faustus; but with heavy

flies !cbeer,

Come, Helen, come, give me my soul again. Fearing the ruin of thy hopeless soul. [Exit. Here will I dwell, for heaven is || in these lips,

Faust. Accursèd Faustus, where is mercy now? And all dross that is not Helena. I do repeut; and yet I do despair :

I will be Paris, and for love of thee, Hell strives with grace for conquest in my Instead of Troy, shall Werteuberg be sack'd; breast:

And I will combat with weak Menelaus,
What shall I do to shun the shares of death ?

And wear thy colours on my plumèd crest;
Meph. Thou traitor, Faustus, I arrest thy soul Yea, I will wound Achilles in the heel,
For disobedience to my sovereign lord :

And then return to Helen for a kiss.
Revolt, or I'll in piece-meal tear thy flesh. O, thou art fairer than the evening air

Faust. Sweet Mephistophilis, entreat thy lord Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars ; To pardon my unjust presumption,

Brighter art thou than Alaming Jupiter
And with my blood again I will confirm

When he appear'd to hapless Semele;
My former vow I made to Lucifer.
Meph. Do it, then, quickly, # with unfeigned

* One thing, good servant, &c.) “To the end that this heart,

miserable Faustus might fill the lust of his flesh and live Lest greater danger do attend thy drift.

in all manner of voluptuous pleašure, it came in his

Lind, after he had slept his first sleepe, and in the 23 Faust. Torment, sweet friend, that base and

year past of his time, that he had a great desire to lye

with faire Helena of Greece, especially her whom he had That durst dissuade me from thy Lucifer,

seen and shewed unto the students at Wittenberg :

wherefore he called unto his spirit Mephostophiles, comWith greatest torments that our hell affords.

manding him to bring to him the faire Helena; which Meph. His faith is great; I cannot touch his

ho also did. Whereupon he fell in love with her, and soul;

made her his common concubine and bed-fellow; for she But what I may afflict his body with

was so beautifull and delightfull a peece, that he could

not be one houre from her, if he should therefore have I will attempt, which is but little worth.

suffered death, she bad so stoln away his heart: aud, to his seeming, in time she was with childe, whom Faustus

named Justus Faustus. The childe told Doctor Faustus almost) So the later 4tos.--Not in 4to 1604.

many things which were don in forraign countrys; but t now] So the later 4tos. -Not in 4to 1604.

in the end, when Faustus lost his life, the mother and Meph. Do it, then, quickly, &c.) After this speech, the childe vanished away both together." The llistory of most probably, there ought to be a stage-direction, Doctor Faustur, Sig. I 4, ed. 1643. " Faustis labs his arm, and writes on a paper with his Those) So the later 4tos.--2to 1604 “These." blood. Compare The Ilixtory of Doctor Faustus, chap. xlix, * Foust us, this] Qy. “This, Faustus"? -"How Doctor Faustus wrote the second time with his & topless] i. e. not exceeded in height by any. owne blood, and gave it to the Devill."

|| is) So the later 4tos.-2to 1804 "be."

crooked age,

my tears.

More lovely than the monarch of the sky

pardoned: the serpent that tempted Eve may be In wanton Arethusa's azur'd arms;

saved, but not Faustus. Ah, gentlemen, hear me And none but thou shalt * be my paramour! with patience, and tremble not at my speeches !

i Exeunt. Though my heart pants and quivers to remember

that I have been a student here these thirty Enter the Old Man.

years, 0, would I had never seen Wertenberg, Old Man. Accursed Faustus, miserable man, never read book! and what wonders I have done, That from thy soul exclud'st the grace of heaven, all Germany can witness, yea, all the world; for And Ay'st the throne of his tribunal-seat! which Faustus hath lost both Germany and the

world, yea, heaven itself, heaven, the seat of Enter Devils.

God, the throne of the blessed, the kingdom of Satan begins to sift me with his pride:

joy; and must remain in hell for ever, hell, ah, As in this furnace God shall try my faith,

hell, for ever! Sweet friends, what shall become My faith, vile hell, shall triumph over thee.

of Faustus, being in hell for ever?

Third Schol. Yet, Faustus, call on God. Ambitious fiends, see how the heavens smile

Faust. On God, whom Faustus bath abjured ! At your repulse, and laugh your state to scorn!

on God, whom Faustus hath blasphemed! Ali, Hence, hell! for hence I fly unto my God.

my God, I would weep ! but the devil draws in (Exeunt, -on one side, Devils, on the other, Old Man.

Gush forth blood, instead of tears! XIU

yea, life and soul! O, he stays my tongue! I Enter Faustus, with Scholars.

would lift up my hands; but see, they hold Paust. Ah, gentlemen!

them, tbey hold them! Pirst Schol. What ails Faustus?

All. Who, Faustus? Faust. Ah, my sweet chamber-fellow, had I

Paust. Lucifer and Mephistophilis. Ah, lived with thee, then had I lived still! but now gentlemen, I gave them my soul for my I die eternally. Look, comes he not ? comes be cunning!* not?

All. God forbid ! Sec. Schol. What means Faustus?

Faust. God forbade it, indeed; but Faustus Third Schol. Belike he is grown into some

bath done it: for vain pleasure of twenty-four sickness by being over-solitary.

years bath Faustus lost eternal joy and felicity. First Schol. If it be so, we'll have physicians to

I writ them a bill with mine own blood : the cure him.--'Tis but a surfeit; never fear, man. date is expired; ino time will come, and he will Paust. A surfeit of deadly sin, that hath

fetch me. damned both body and soul.

Pirst Schol. Why did not Faustus tell us of Sec. Schol. Yet, Faustus, look up to heaven; this before, + that divines might have prayed for remember God's mercies are infinite.


1 Paust. But Faustus' offence can ne'er be Paust. Oft have I thought to have done so;

but the devil threatened to tear me in pieces, if

shalt] So all the 4tos; and so I believe Marlowe wrote, though the grammar requires “shall."

* cunning) i. e. knowledge, skill. + Enter the Old Man) Scene, a room in the Old Man's + Why did not Faustus tell w of this before, &c. ) house.--In The History of Doctor Faustus the Old Man “Wherefore one of them said unto him, Ah, friend makes himself very merry with the attempts of the evil Faustus, what have you done to concoale this matter so powers to hurt him. About two dayes after that he long from us? We would, by tbe belpe of good divines had exhorted Faustus, as the poore man lay in bis bed, and the grace of God, have brought you out of this net, suddenly there was a mighty rumbling in the chamber, and have torne you out of the bondage and chaines of the which he was never wont to heare, and he heard as Satan; whereas now we are it is too late, to the utter it had beene the groaning of a sow, which lasted long : ruine both of your body and soule. Doctor Faustus whereupon the good old man began to jest and mocke, answered, I durst never doe it, although I often niindud and said, Oh, what barbarian cry is this? Oh faire to settle my life (myself?) to godly people to desire bird, what foul musicke is this? A (h), faire angell, counsell and helpe; and once mine old neighbour coudthat could not tarry two dayes in his place! beginnest selled me that I should follow his lear:ning and leave all thou now to runne into a poore mans house, where thou my conjurations : yet, when I was minded to amend hast no power, and wert not able to keepe thy owne two and to follow that good mans counsell, then came the dayes? With these and such like words the spirit de Devill and would have had me away, as this night he is parted,” &c. Sig. I 2, ed. 1648.

like to doe, and said, so soone as I turned againe to God, | Enter Faustus, &c.) Scene, a room in the house of he would dispatch me altogether." The Hulory of Doctor Faustus.

Faustus, Sig. K 3, ed. 1648.


I named God, to fetch both body and soul, if I Where is it now? 'tis gone: and see, where God once gave ear to divinity: and now 'tis too late.

Stretcheth out his arm, and bends his ireful brows! Gentlemen, away, lest you perish with me. Mountains and hills, come, come, and fall on me, Sec. Schol. O, what shall we do to

And hide me from the heavy wrath of God ! Faustus?

No, no! Paust. Talk not of me, but save yourselves, Then will I headlong run into the earth : and depart.

Earth, gape! O, no, it will not harbour me! Third Schol. God will strengthen me; I will You stars that reign'd at my nativity, stay with Faustus.

Whose influence hath allotted death and hell, First Schol. Tempt not God, sweet friend ; Now draw up Faustus, like a fogyy mist, but let us into the next room, and there pray Into the entrails of yon labouring cloud(s), for him.

That, when you* vomit forth into the air, Paust. Ay, pray for me, pray for me; and what My limbs may issue from your smoky mouths, noise soever ye hear,t come not unto me, for So that my soul may but asceud to heaven ! nothing can rescue me.

[The clock strikes the half-hour. Sec. Schol. Pray thou, and we will pray that Ah, half the hour is past! 'twill all be past anon God may have mercy upon thee.

O God, Faust. Gentlemen, farewell: if I live till If thou wilt not have mercy on my soul, morning, I'll visit you; if not, Faustus is gone Yet for Christ's sake, whose blood hath ransom'd to hell.

me, All. Faustus, farewell.

Impose some end to my incessant pain; (Eseunt Scholars.— The clock strikes eleven. Let Faustus live in hell a thousand years, Paust. Ah, Faustus,

A hundred thousand, and at last be sav'd! Now hast thou but one bare hour to live,

0, no end is limited to damned souls ! And then thou must be damn'd perpetually! Why wert thou not a creature wanting soul? Stand still, you ever-moving spheres of heaven, Or why is this immortal that thou hast? That time may cease, and midnight never come; Ah, Pythagoras' metempsychosis, were that true, Fair Nature's eye, rise, rise again, and make This soul should fly from me, and I be chang'd Perpetual day; or let this hour be but

Unto some brutish beast !+ all beasts are happy, A year, a month, a week, a natural day,

For, when they die,
That Faustus may repent and save his soul! Their souls are soon dissolv'd in elements;
O lente, # lente currite, noctis equi!

But mine must live still to be plagu'd in hell. The stars move still, time runs, the clock will Curs'd be the parents that engender'd me! strike,

No, Faustus, curae thyself, curse Lucifer The devil will come, and Faustus must be That bath depriv'd thee of the joys of heaven. damn'd.

(The clock strikes (welve. 0, I'll leap up to my God !-Who pulls me 0, it strikes, it strikes ! Now, body, turn to air, down

Or Lucifer will bear thee quick to hell! See, see, where Christ's blood streams in the

(Thunder and lightning. firmament!

O soul, be chang'd into little water-drops, Oue drop would save my soul, half a drop: ab, And fall into the ocean, ne'er be found !

my Christ! Ah, rend not my heart for Daming of my Christ!

Enter Devils. Yet will I call on him: O, spare me, Lucifer!

My God, my God, look not so fierce on me! save) So the later 4tos.-Not in 4to 1604. + and what noise socver ye hear, &c.] “Lastly, to knit * That, when you, &c.] so all the old eds. ; and it is up my troubled oration, this is my friendly request, that certain that awkward changes of person are sometimes you would go to rest, and let nothing trouble you ; also, found in passages of our early poets: but qy.,if you chance hearo any noyse or rumbling about the That, when they vomit forth into the air, house, be not therewith afraid, for there shall no evill My limbs may issue from their smoky mouths," &c. ? happen unto you," &c. The History of Doctor Faustus, ubi

and I be chang'd supra.

Unto some brutish beast] “Now, thou Faustus, damned : 0 lente, &c.] "At si, quem malles, Cephalum com wretch, how happy wert thou, if, as an unreasonable plexa teneres,

beast, thou mightest dye without (a) soule! so shouldst Clamares, Lente currite, noctis equi."

thou not feele any more doubts," &c. The History of Ovid,-Amor. i. xiii. 39. Doctor Faustus, Sig. K. ed. 1648.

Enter Chorus.

Adders and serpents, let me breathe a while !
Ugly hell, gape noti come not, Lucifer !
I'll burn my books !—Ah, Mephistophiliş !

(Exeunt Devils with FAUSTUS. *

Chor. Cut is the branch that might have grown

full straight, And burnèd is Apollo's laurel-bough, That sometime grew within this learned man. Faustus is gone: regard his hellish fall, Whose fiendful fortune may exhort the wise, Only to wonder at unlawful things, Whose deepness doth entice such forward wits To practise more than heavenly power permits.

[Erit. Terminat hora diem; terminat auctor opus.

* Exeunt Devils with Faustus] In The History of Doctor Fautus, his “miserable and lamentable end" is described as follows: it took place, we are informed, at "the village called Rimlich, halfo a mile from Wittenberg."“ The students and the other that were there, when they haut prayed for hiin, they wept, and so went forth ; but Panstus tarried in the hall; and when the gentlemen were laid in bed, none of them could sleepe, for that they att nied to heare if they might be privy of his end, It happened that betweene twelve and one a clocke at midnight, there blew a mighty storme of winde against the house, as though it would bave blowne the foundation thereof ont of his place. Hereupon the studeuts began to feare and goe out of their beds, comforting one another; but they would not stirre out of the chamber; and the host of the house ran ou' of doores, thinking the house would full. The students lay neore unto the hull wherein Doctor Faustus lay, and they heard a mighty noyse and hissing, as if the hall had beene full of snakes and adders. With that, the hall-dooru flew open, wherein Doctor Faustus was, that he began to cry for helpe, saying, Murther, murther! but it came forth with halle a voyce, hollowly: shortly after, they heard him no more. But when it was day, the students, that had taken no rest that night, arose and went into the hall, in the which they left Doctor Faustus; where notwithstanding they found not Faustus, but all the hall lay sprinkled with b cod, his braines cleaving to the wall, for the devill had beaten him from one wall against another; in one corner lay his eves, in another his teeth; a pittifull and fearefull sight to behold. Then be zau the students to waile and weepe for him, and sought for his body in many places Lastly, they came into the yard, where they found his body lying on the horse-dung, most monstrously torne and fearefuli to

behold, for his head and all his joynts were dashed in peeces. The fore-named students and masters that were at his death, have obtained so much, that they buried him in the village where he was so grievously tormented. After the which they returned to Wittenberg; and comming into the house of Faustus, they found the servant of Faustus very sad, upto whom they opened all the matter, who tooke it exceeding heavily. There found they also this history of Doctor Faustus noted and of him written, as is before declared, all save only his end, the which was after by the students thereto annexel; further, what his servant had noted thereof, was made in another booke. And you have heard that ho held by him in his life the spirit of faire Helena, the which had by him one sonne, the which he named Justus Faustus : even the same day of his death they vanished awav, both mother and sonne. The house before was so darke that scarce any body could abide therein The same night Doctor Faustus appeared unto his servant lively, and shewed unto him many secret things, the which he had done and hidden in his lifetime. Likewise there were certaine which saw Doctor Faustus looke out of the window by night, as they passed by the house." Sig. K 3, ed. 1648.

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