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The face and personage of a wondrous man : Bnter COSROR, MENAPHON, ORTYOI09, and CENEUB,

Nature doth strive with Fortune * and his stars with Soldiers.

To make him famous in accomplish'd worth; Cos. Thus far are we towards Theridamas, And well his merits shew him to be made And valiant Tamburlaine, the man of fame,

His fortune's master and the king of men, The man that in the forehead of his fortune That could persuade, at such a sudden pinch, Bears figures of renown and miracle.

With reasons of his valour and his life, But tell me, that hast seen him, Menaphon,

A thousand sworn and overmatching foes. What stature wields he, and what personage ? Then, when our powers in points of swords are

Men. Of stature tall, and straightly fashioned, join'd, Like his desire, lift upwards and divine;

And clos'd in compass of the killing bullet, So large of limbs, his joints 80 strongly knit, Though strait the passage and the port t be made Such breadth of shoulders as might mainly bear That leads to palace of my brother's life, Old Atlas' burden; 'twixt his manly pitch, * Proud is I his fortune if we pierce it not; A pearl more worth than all the world is plac'd, And, when the princely Persian diadem Wherein by, curious sovereignty of art

Shall overweigh his weary witless head,
Are fix'd his piercing instruments of sight, And fall, like mellow'd fruit, with shakes of
Whose fiery circles bear encompassed

A heaven of heavenly bodies in their spheres, In fair & Persia noble Tamburlaine
That guides his steps and actions to the throne Shall be my regent, and remain as king.
Where honour sits invested royally;

Orty. In happy hour we have set the crown Pale of complexion, wrought in bim with passion, Upon your kingly head, that seeks our honour Thirsting with sovereignty and + love of arms; In joining with the man ordain'd by heaven His lofty brows in folds do figure death,

To further every action to the best. And in their smoothness amity and life;

Cen. He that with shepherds and a little spoil About them hangs a knot of amber hair,

Durst, in disdain of wrong and tyranny, Wrapped in curls, as fierce Achilles' was, Defend his freedom 'gainst a monarchy, On which the breath of heaven delights to play, What will he do supported by a king, Making it dance with wanton majesty ;

Leading a troop of gentlemen and lords, His arms and fingers long and sidewy, I

And stuffd with treasure for his highest thoughts! Betokening valour and excess of strength ;

Cos. And such shall wait on worthy TamburIn every part proportion'd like the man

laine. Should make the world subdu'd 8 to Tamburlaine. Our army will be forty thousand strong, Cos. Well hast thou pourtray'd in thy terms

When Tamburlaine and brave Theridamas of life

Have met us by the river Araris ;

And all conjoin'd to meet the witless king, * pitch) Is generally equivalent to-stature. (“I would

That now is marching near to Parthia, have you tell me what pitch he was of, Velim mihi dicas qud staturi fuerit." Coles's Dict.) But here it means

And, with unwilling soldiers faintly arm'd, the highest part of the body,--the shoulders (see the 10th sign. of Pitch in Halliwell's Dict. of Arch. and Prov. Words),--the "pearl" being, of course, his head.

* Nature doth strive with Fortune, &c.] Qy did Shakeand) 80 the 4to.—The 8vo “ with."

speare recollect this passage when he wrote,--
His arms and fingers long and sincroy] So the 8vo, ex-
cept that, by a misprint, it has "snowy

," for "sinewy."
“Nature and Fortune join'd to make thee great":

King John, act iii. sc. 1.
--The 4to gives tho line thus,-

port] i. e. gate. is) So the 8vo.—The 4to “in." "His armes long, his fingers snowy-white." !!

§ In fair, &c.] Here “fair " is to be considered as a (and so the line used to stand in Lamb's Spec. of Dram. dissyllable : com pare, in the Fourth Act of our author's Poets, till I made the necessary alteration iu Mr. Moxon's Jew of Malta, recent ed. of that selection.)

“I'll feast you, lodge you, give you fair words, i nibdu'd) So the 8vo.-The 4to " subdue."

And, after that," &c.

To seek revenge on me and Tamburlaine ;
To whom, sweet Menaphon, direct me straight.
Men. I will, my lord.


Enter MYCETES, MEANDER, with other Lords ;

and Soldiers.
Myc. Come, my Meander, let us to this gear.
I tell you true, my heart is swoln with wrath
On this same thievish villain Tamburlaine,
And of * that false Cosroe, my traitorous brother.
Would it not grieve a king to be so abus'd,
And have a thousand horsemen ta'en away?
And, which is worse, t to have his diadem
Sought for by such scald knaves as love him

not? I think it would : well, then, by heavens I swear, Aurora shall not peep out of her doors, But I will have Cosroe by the head, And kill proud Tamburlaine with point of sword. Tell you the rest, Meander : I have said.

Mean. Then, having pass'd Armenian deserts

His highness' pleasure is that he should live,
And be reclaim'd with princely lenity.

Enter a Spy.
Spy. An hundred horsemen of my company,
Scouting abroad upon these champion* plains,
Have view'd the army of the Scythians ;
Which make report it far exceeds the king's.

Mean. Suppose they be in number infinite, Yet being void of martial discipline, All running headlong, greedy after + spoils, And more regarding gain than victory. Like to the cruel brothers of the earth, Sprung # of the teeth of g dragons venomous, Their careless swords shall lance ll their fellows'

throats, And make us triumph in their overthrow. Myc. Was there such brethren, sweet Meander,

say, That sprung of teeth of dragons venomous ?

Mean. So poets say, my lord.

Myc. And 'tis a pretty toy to be a poet. Well, well, Meander, thou art deeply read; And having thee, I have a jewel sure. Go on, my lord, and give your charge, I say; Tby wit will make us conquerors to-day. Mean. Then, noble soldiers, to entrap theso

thieves That live confounded in disorder'd troops, If wealth or riches may prevail with them, We have our camels laden all with gold, Which you that be but common soldiers Shall Aling in every corner of the field; And, while the base-born Tartars take it up, You, fighting more for honour than for gold, Shall massacre those greedy-minded slaves ; And, when their scatter'd army is subdu'd, And you march on their slaughter'd carcasses, Share equally the gold that bought their lives, And live like gentlemen in Persia. Strike the | drum, and march courageously : Fortune herself doth sit upon our crests. Myc. He tells you true, my masters ; so he

does.Drums, why sound ye not when Meander speaks!

[Exeunt, drums founding.


And pitch'd our tents under the Georgian hills,
Whose tops are cover'd with Tartarian thieves,
That lie in ambush, waiting for a prey,
What should we do but bid them battle straight,
And rid the world of those detested troops ?
Lest, if we let them linger here a while,
They gather strength by power of fresh supplies.
This country swarms with vile outragious men
That live by rapine and by lawless spoil,
Fit soldiers for the I wicked Tamburlaine ;
And he that could with gifts and promises
Inveigle him that led a thousand horse,
And make him false his faith unto his & king,
Will quickly win such as be || like himself.
Therefore cheer up your minds ; prepare to fight :
He that can take or slaughter Tamburlaine,
Shall rule the province of Albania ;
Who brings that traitor's head, Theridamas,
Shall have a government in Media,
Beside the spo of him and all his train :
But, if Cosroe (as our spials say,
And as we know) remains with Tamburlaine,


of) i. e.

e. on. roorse] So the 8vo. - The 4to "worst."

the) So the 8vo.-The 4to“ that." f his] So the Svo.-The 4to“ the.' Il be) So the 8vo.-The 4to are.

Beside) So the 8vo.-The 4to “Besides."

* champion) i. e. champaign.
greedy after] Old eds. "after greedie."

I Sprung) Here, and in the next speech, both the old eds. “Sprong": but in p. 18. 1. 3, first col., tho ito ne

sprung", and in the Sec. Part of the play, act iv, sc. S. they both give "sprung from a tyrants loynor."

§ teeth of ] So the 8vo. -Omitted in the 4to.

| lance] Here both the old eds. "lanch": but som note ll, p. 11.

the) So the 8vo.-Omitted in the 4to.



And makes a passage for all prosperous arms,

Shall make me solely emperor of Asia, Enter COSROE, TAMBURLAINE, THERIDAMAS, TECHELLES,

Then shall your meeds * and valours be advanc'd USUMCASANE, and ORTYGIOS, with others.

To rooms of honour and nobility. Cos. Now, worthy Tamburlaine, have I repos'd

Tamb. Then haste, Cosroe, to be king alone, In thy approved fortunes all my hope.

That I with these my friends and all my men What think'st thou, man, shall come of our

May triumph in our long-expected fate. attempts ?

The king, your brother, is now hard at hand : For, even as from assured oracle,

Meet with the fool, and rid your royal shoulders I take thy doom for satisfaction.

Of such a burden as outweighs the sands
Tamb. And so mistake you not a whit, my lord ;

And all the craggy rocks of Caspia.
For fates and oracles [of] heaven have sworn
To royalize the deeds of Tamburlaine,

Enter a Messenger.
And make them blest that share in his attempts :

Mes. My lord, And doubt you not but, if you favour me,

We have discovered the enemy And let my fortunes and my valour sway

Ready to charge you with a mighty army. To some * direction in your martial deeds,

Cos. Come, Tamburlaine ; now whet thy winged The world will + strive with hosts of men-at-arms

sword, To swarm unto the ensign I support.

And lift thy lofty arm into + the clouds, The host of Xerxes, which by fame is said

That it may reach the king of Persia's crown, To drink the mighty Parthian Araris,

And set it safe on my victorious head. Was but a handful to that we will have :

Tamb. See where it is, the keenest curtleOur quivering lances, shaking in the air, And bullets, like Jove's dreadful thunderbolts,

That e'er made passage thorough Persian arms ! Enroll'd in flames and fiery smouldering mists,

These are the wings shall make it fly as swift Shall threat the gods more than Cyclopian wars ;

As doth the lightning or the breath of heaven, And with our sub-bright armour, as we march,

And kill as sure as it swiftly flies. We'll chase the stars from heaven, and dim their

Cos. Thy words assure me of kind success : eyes

Go, valiant soldier, go before, and charge That stand and muse at our admired arms.

The fainting army of that foolish king. Ther. You see, my lord, what working words

Tamb. Usumcasane and Techelles, come: he hath;

We are enow to scare the enemy, But, when you see his actions top #his speech,

And more than needs to make an emperor. Your speech will stay, or so extol his worth

[Exeunt to the battle. As I shall be commended and excus'd For turning my poor charge to his direction : And these his two renowmèd & friends, my lord, Would make one thirst || and strive to be retain'd

SCENE IV. In such a great degree of amity.

Enter MYCETES with his crown in his hand. Tech. With duty and I with amity we yield

Myc. Accurs'd be he that first invented war! Our utmost service to the fair ** Cosroe. Cos. Which I esteem as portion of my crown.

They knew not, ah, they knew not, simple

men, Usumcasane and Techelles both, When she++ that rules in Rhamnus' ++ golden Stand staggering I like a quivering aspen-leaf

How those were || hit by pelting cannon-shot gates,

Fearing the force of Boreas' boisterous blasts !

some) So the 4to.-The Svo“ scorne.' # will] So the 8vo.—The 4to “shall.” 1 top) i. e. rise above, surpass.-Old eds. "stop."

renowned) Seo note Il. p. 11. So the 8vo.-The 4to “ renowned." !! thirrt) The 8vo “thrust”: the 4to "thrist."

and] So the 4to.-The 8vo "not." * the fair) So the 8vo. - The 4to "thee faire." it shd i. e. Nemesis. 11 Rhannus'] Old eds. "Rhamnis."

* meeds) So the 8vo.-The 4to “deeds."

+ into] Used here (as the word was formerly often used) for unto.

sure] A dissyllable here. In the next line "assure" is a trisyllable.

$ with his crown in his hand] The old eds, add“ "offering to hide it;" but that he does presently after.

( those were) i. e. those who were, who have been.

I Stand staggering) So the 8v0.-The 4to Stand those staggering."


the camp,

In what a lamentable case were I,

SCENE V. If nature had not given me wisdom's lore !


with others. Our crown the pin* that thousands seek to cleave : Therefore in policy I think it good

Tamb. Hold thee, Cosroe ; wear two imperial To hide it close ; a goodly stratagem,

crowns ; And far from any man that is a fool :

Think thee invested now as royally, So shall not I be known; or if I be,

Even by the mighty hand of Tamburlaine, They cannot take away my crown from me. As if as many kings as could encompass thee Here will I bide it in this simple hole.

With greatest pomp had crown'd thee emperor.

Cos. So do I, thrice-renowned man-at-arms; *

And none shall keep the crown but Tamburlaine: Tamb. What, fearful coward, straggling from Thee do I make my regent of Persia,

And general-lieutenant of my armies.When kings themselves are present in the field ? | Meander, you, that were our brother's guide, Myc. Thou liest.

And chiefest + counsellor in all his acts, Tamb. Base villain, darest thou give me + the Since he is yielded to the stroke of war, lie?

On your submission we with thanks excuse, Myc. Away! I am the king; go; touch me And give you equal place in our affairs. not

Mean. Most happy I emperor, in humblest Thou break'st the law of arms, unless thou

terms kneel,

I vow my service to your majesty, And cry me "mercy, noble king!”

With utmost virtue of my faith and duty. Tamb. Are you the witty king of Persia ?

Cos. Thanks, good Meander.—Then, Cosrve, Myc. Ay, marry,I am I: have you any suit to reign,

And govern Persia in her former pomp. Tamb. I would entreat you to speak but three Now send embassage to thy neighbour kings, wise words.

And let them know the Persian king is cbang d, Myc. So I can when I see my time.

From one that knew not what a king should do, Tamb. Is this your crown?

To one that can command what 'longs thereto. Myc. Ay: didst thou ever see a fairer ! And now we will to fair Persepolis Tamb. You will not sell it, will you?

With twenty thousand expert soldiers. Myc. Such another word, and I will have thee The lords and captains of my brother's camp executed. Come, give it me.

With little slaughter take Meander's course, Tamb. No; I took it prisoner.

And gladly yield them to my gracious rule.Myc. You lie ; I gave it you.

Ortygius and Menaphon, my trusty friends, Tamb. Then 'tis mine.

Now will I gratify your former good, Myc. No; I mean I let you keep it.

And grace your calling with a greater sway. Tamb. Well, I mean you shall have it again. Orty. And as we ever aim'd g at your behoof, Here, take it for a while : I lend it thee,

And sought your state all honour it || deservd, Till I may see thee hemm'd with armed men; So will we with our powers and our lives Then shalt thou see me pull it from thy head : Endeavour to preserve and prosper it. Thou art no match for mighty Tamburlaine. Cos. I will not thank thee, sweet Ortygius;

[Exit. Better replies shall prove my purposes. Myc. O gods, is this Tamburlaine the thief ? And now, Lord Tamburlaine, my brother's camp I marvel much he stole it not away.

I leave to thee and to Theridamas, [Trushpets within sound to the battle : he runs out. To follow me to fair Persepolis ;

me ?

So tho

Por kings are clouts that every man shoots at,

Our crown the pin, &c.] Clout means the white mark in the butts ; pin, the peg in the centre, which fastened it.

† me) So the 4to.-Omitted in the 8vo.

1 Myc. Ay, marry, &c.) From this to “ Tamb. Well, I mean you shall have it again " inclusive, the dialogue is prose : compare act iv. sc. 4, p. 29.

* renowned man-at-arıs] See note II, p. 11. 8vo.—The 4to“ renowned men at armes."

chiefest) So the 4to.-The 8vo " chiefe."

happy) So the 800.-The 4to "happiest."
§ aim'd) So the 4to.—The 8vo " and."
ll it) So the 4to.-- The 8vo " is."
Tour) So the 4to. -Omitted in the 8vo.

Tamb. Why, then, Theridamas, I'll first assay To get the Persian kingdom to myself; Then thou for Parthia; they for Scythia and

Media; And, if I prosper, all shall be as sure As if the Turk, the Pope, Afric, and Greece, Came creeping to us with their crowns a-piece.* Tech. Then shall we send to this triùmphing

king, And bid him battle for his novel crown? Usum. Nay, quickly, then, before his room be

hot. Tamb. 'Twill prove a pretty jest, in faith, my

friends. Ther. A jest to charge on twenty thousand

men !

Then will we * march to all those Indian mines
My witless brother to the Christians lost,
And ransom them with fame and usury:
And, till thou overtake


Tamburlaine, (Staying to order all the scatter'd troops,) Farewell, lord regent and his happy friends. I long to sit upon my brother's throne. Mean. Your majesty shall shortly have your

wish, And ride in triumph through Persepolis.

(Eseunt all except Tame., THER., TECH., and Usum. Tamb. And ride in triumph through Perse

polis ! -
Is it not brave to be a king, Techelles ?
Usurncabane and Theridamas,
Is it not passing brave to be a king,
And ride in triumph through Persepolis ?

Tech. O, my lord, it is sweet and full of pomp!
Usum. To be a king is half to be a god.

Ther. A god is not so glorious as a king :
I think the pleasure they enjoy in heaven,
Cannot compare with kingly joys in t earth ;-
To wear a crown enchas'd with pearl and gold,
Wiose virtues carry with it life and death;
To ask and have, command and be obey'd;
When looks breed love, with looks to gain the

prize,Such power attractive shines in princes' eyes. Tamb. Why, say, Theridamas, wilt thou be a

king ? Ther. Nay, though I praise it, I can live with

out it. Tamb. What say my other friends ? will you

be kings? Tech. I, if I could, with all my heart, my lord. Tamb. Why, that's well said, Techelles : 80

would 1 ; And so would you, my masters, would you not?

Usum. What, then, my lord ?
Tamb. Why, then, Casane,I shall we wish for

The world affords in greatest novelty,
And rest attemptless, faint, and destitute ?
Methinks we should not. I am strongly mov'd,
That if I should desire the Persian crown,
I could attain it with a wondrous ease :
And would not all our soldiers soon consent,
If we should aim at such a dignity?

Ther. I know they would with our persuasions.

I judge the purchase + more important far.

Tamb. Judge by thyself, Theridamas, not me; For presently Techelles here shall haste To bid him battle ere he pass too far, And lose more labour than the gain will quite : Then shalt thou see this § Scythian Tamburlaine Make but a jest to win the Persian crown.Techelles, take a thousand horse with thee, And bid him turn him || back to war with us, That only made him king to make us sport: We will not steal upon him cowardly, But give him warning and s more warriors : Haste thee, Techelles; we will follow thee.

(Erit TECHELLES. What saith Theridamas? Ther. Go on, for me.




with Soldiers.

Cos. What means this devilish shepherd, to

With such a giantly presumption,
To cast up hills against the face of heaven,
And dare the force of angry Jupiter ?
But, as he thrust them underneath the hills,
And press'd out fire from their burning jaws,
So will I send this monstrous slave to hell,
Where flames shall ever feed upon his soul.

206) So the 8vo.—The 4to "I." + in earth) i. e. on earth. So in the Lord's Prayer, " Thy will be done in earth."

Casanc] Both the old eds. here "Casanes."

a-piece) So the 4to.-The 8vo “apace." I purchose) i. e. booty, gain, I quite) i. e. requito. & this) So (Sezeizās) the 8vo.—The 4to "the." II him) Old cds.“his."

and] So the 8vo.-The 4to “with."

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