« 이전계속 »
Will be the ruin of the realm and you,
K. Edw. Art thou an enemy to my Gaveston?
K. Edw. Traitor, be gone! whine thou with
Kent. So will I, rather than with Gaveston.
K. Edw. Out of my sight, and trouble me no
K. Edw. Tell me, where wast thou born? what is thine arms?
Bald. My name is Baldock, and my gentry
I fetch from Oxford, not from heraldry.
K. Edw. The fitter art thou, Baldock, for my
Wait on me, and I'll see thou shalt not want.
K. Edw. Knowest thou him, Gaveston?
His name is Spenser; he is well allied:
Kent. No marvel though thou scorn thy noble For my sake let him wait upon your grace;
When I thy brother am rejected thus.
K. Edw. Away!
Enter QUEEN ISABELLA, with EDWARD's Niece, two Ladies,
Q. Isab. My lord, 'tis thought the earls are up
K. Edw. Ay, and 'tis likewise thought you favour 'em.*
Scarce shall you find a man of more desert.
K. Edw. Then, Spenser, wait upon me for his
I'll grace thee with a higher style ere long.
K. Edw. Cousin, this day shall be your mar-
And, Gaveston, think that I love thee well,
Gav. I know, my lord, many will stomach me;*
K. Edw. The headstrong barons shall not limit
He that I list to favour shall be great.
Q. Isab. Thus do you still suspect me without Come, let's away; and, when the marriage ends,
Niece. Sweet uncle, speak more kindly to the queen.
Gav. My lord, dissemble with her; speak her
K. Edw. Pardon me, sweet; I forgot myself.
That to my face he threatens civil wars.
Have at the rebels and their complices! [Exeunt.
Enter KENT, LANCASTER, the younger MORTIMER, WAR-
Kent. My lords, of love to this our native
I come to join with you, and leave the king;
Gav. Why do you not commit him to the To undermine us with a show of love.
Kent. I have inform'd the Earl of Lancaster. Lan. And it sufficeth. Now, my lords, know this,
That Gaveston is secretly arriv'd,
And here in Tynmouth frolics with the king.
Y. Mor. I'll give the onset.
Y. Mor. This tatter'd* ensign of my ancestors,
And ring aloud the knell of Gaveston !
Lan. None be so hardy as tot touch the king; But neither spare you Gaveston nor his friends. [Exeunt.
Enter, severally, KING EDWARD and the younger
K. Edw. O, tell me, Spenser, where is Gaveston?
Y. Spen. I fear me he is slain, my gracious lord.
K. Edw. No, here he comes: now let them spoil and kill.
Enter QUEEN ISABELLA, KING EDWARD's Niece, GAVE-
Fly, fly, my lords; the earls have got the hold;
Gav. O, stay, my lord! they will not injure
K. Edw. I will not trust them. Gaveston, away!
Gav. Farewell, my lord.
K. Edw. Lady, farewell.
Niece. Farewell, sweet uncle, till we meet again.
K. Edw. Farewell, sweet Gaveston; and farewell, niece.
Q. Isab. No farewell to poor Isabel thy queen? K. Edw. Yes, yes, for Mortimer your lover's sake.
Q. Isab. Heavens can witness, I love none but
[Exeunt all except QUEEN ISABELLA,
Enter LANCASTER, WARWICK, the younger MORTIMER, and others. Alarums within.
Lan. I wonder how he scap'd.
Q. Isab. Ay, Mortimer, the miserable queen,
Y. Mor. Cease to lament, and tell us where's the king?
Q. Isab. What would you with the king? is't him seek? you Lan. No, madam, but that cursed Gaveston: Far be it from the thought of Lancaster
To offer violence to his sovereign !
Q. Isab. He's gone by water unto Scarborough:
Y. Mor. How comes it that the king and he is parted?
Q. Isab. That thust your army, going several
Y. Mor. Here in the river rides a Flemish hoy : Let's all aboard, and follow him amain.
Lan. The wind that bears him hence will fill our sails:
Come, come, aboard! 'tis but an hour's sailing. Y. Mor. Madam, stay you within this castle here.
Isab. No, Mortimer; I'll to my lord the king.
And, though divorced from King Edward's eyes,
Y. Mor. Nay, rather sail with us to Scar- Breathing in hope (malgrado* all your beards,
Q. Isab. You know the king is so suspicious As, if he hear I have but talk'd with you, Mine honour will be call'd in question; And therefore, gentle Mortimer, be gone.
Y. Mor. Madam, I cannot stay to answer you: But think of Mortimer as he deserves.
[Exeunt all except QUEEN ISABELLA.
Q. Isab. So well hast thou deserv'd, sweet
As Isabel could live with thee for ever.
Enter GAVESTON," pursued,
Gav. Yet, lusty lords, I have escap'd your hands,
Your threats, your 'larums, and your hot pursuits;
*Enter Gaveston, &c] There is such uncertainty about the location of this scene, that I can only mark it-an open country.
It may not be amiss to state the real circumstances which attended the close of Gaveston's career.-The king and Gaveston fled by sea from Tynmouth to Scarborough; the king then repaired to York, while Gaveston remained in Scarborough Castle, to which the Earls of Surrey and Pembroke, commissioned by the Earl of Lancaster, laid siege. "It was in vain that Edward sent them a mandate to retire. The unfortunate Gaveston finding the place untenable, surrendered with the king's consent to the Earl of Pembroke, on condition, that if no accommodation were effected before the first of August, he should be reinstated in the possession of Scarborough. It had been agreed that the prisoner should be confined in his own castle of Wallingford: and the earl and the lord Henry Percy bound themselves for his safety to the king, under the forfeiture of their lands, limbs, and lives. From Scarborough Gaveston proceeded under their protection towards Wallingford; at Dedington, Pembroke left him in the custody of his servants, and departed to spend the night with his countess in the neighbourhood. The captive retired to rest without any suspicion of danger: but the Black Dog [Warwick] had sworn that the favourite should feel his teeth'; and before dawn he received a peremptory order to dress himself and leave his chamber. At the gate, instead of his former guards, he found, to his astonishment, his enemy the earl of Warwick, with a numerous force. He was immediately placed on a mule,
That muster rebels thus against your king) To seet his royal sovereign once again.
and conducted to the castle of Warwick, where his arrival was announced by martial music and shouts of triumph. There the chiefs of the party sat in council over the fate of their prisoner. To a proposal to save his life, a voice replied, 'You have caught the fox: if you let him go, you will have to hunt him again': and it was ultimately resolved to disregard the capitulation, and to put him to death in conformity with one of the ordinances. When his doom was announced, Gavestou threw himself at the feat of the earl of Lancaster; and implored, but in vain, the pity and protection of his 'gentle lord.' He was hurried to Blacklow-hill (now Gaversike), and beheaded in the presence of the earls of Laucaster, Hereford, and Surrey." Lingard's Hist. of England, vol. iii. 15, ed. 1849. * malgrado] i. e. in spite of (Ital.).
† see] So 4tos 1612, 1622.-2to 1598 "these."
our hands] After these words, a line in which Warwick said something about Gaveston's being beheaded, has dropt out.
And drives his nobles to these exigents
Lan. How now, my Lord of Arundel !
Arun. My lords, King Edward greets you all
War. Arundel, say your message.
For Gaveston, will, if he seize him once,
Arun. Then, if you will not trust his grace in
Arun. His majesty, hearing that you had My lords, I will be pledge for his return.
Entreateth you by me, yet but he may
See him before he dies; for why, he says,
And sends you word, he knows that die he shall;
And, if you gratify his grace so far,
He will be mindful of the courtesy.
War. How now !
Gav. Renowmèd‡ Edward, how thy name Revives poor Gaveston !
War. No, it needeth not: Arundel, we will gratify the king
In other matters; he must pardon us in this.— Soldiers, away with him!
Gav. Why, my Lord of Warwick,
Will now these short delays beget my hopes? §
Y. Mor. Shalt thou appoint
What we shall grant-Soldiers, away with him!
Thus we'll gratify the king;
We'll send his head by thee: let him bestow
Lan. Not so, my lord, lest he bestow more cost In burying him than he hath ever earn'd.
Arun. My lords, it is his majesty's request, And in the honour of a king he swears, He will but talk with him, and send him back. War. When, can you tell? Arundel, no; we wot,
He that the care of his realm remits, T
hearing that you had taken Gaveston] Qy. either "hearing you had taken Gaveston"? or "hearing that you had ta'en Gaveston"?
t for why] i.e. because, for this reason that. Renowmed] See note 1, p 11. So 4to 1598.-2tos 1612, 1622,"Renowned."
§ Will now these short delays beget my hopes] Old eds., "Will not these delaies beget my hopes?"
The modern editors print,
"Will these delays beget me any hopes?"
in] i, e. on. See note t, p. 17.
He that the care of his realm remits] Here "care" is
a dissyllable, -as in a later line of the play.
"My lord, be going: care not for these ".
(So, too, we presently have "spare" as a dissyllable,— "And, Spenser, spare them not, lay it on.") 2to 1598,
Y. Mor. "Tis honourable in thee to offer this;
But, for we know thou art a noble gentle
We will not wrong thee so,
To make away a true* man for a thief.
Gav. How mean'st thou, Mortimer? that is over-base.
Y. Mor. Away, base groom, robber of king's
Question with thy companions and mates.
Pem. My Lord Mortimer, and you, my lords, each one,
To gratify the king's request therein,
I will upon mine honour undertake
To carry him, and bring him back again;
War. Pembroke, what wilt thou do?
Pem. My lords, I will not over-woo your
Pem. My lord, you+ shall go with me:
Your honour hath an adamant of power
Pem. So, my lord.-Come hither, James:
Be thou this night his keeper; in the morning
[Exit with JAMES and other Attendants of PEM
Horse-boy. My lord, we'll quickly be at Cobham.
Touching my friend, my dearest Gaveston.
Enter GAVESTON mourning, JAMES and other Attendants My lovely Pierce of Gaveston again :
Gav. O treacherous Warwick, thus to wrong
My lord, you] Qy. "My Lord of Arundel, you"? Enter Gaveston, &c.] Scene, another part of the country. See note*, p. 200.
§ it is your life these arms pursue] The words "arms" and "aims" are very frequently confounded by our old printers; but that "arms" is the right reading here is proved by a later passage of this play,
"And all the land, I know, is up in arms,
Arms that pursue our lives with deadly hate." [all] So 4to 1598.-Not in 4tos 1612, 1622.
The barons overbear me with their pride.
Y. Spen. Were I King Edward, England's
Son to the lovely Eleanor of Spain,
Did you retain your father's magnanimity,
Strike off their heads, and let them preach on
No doubt, such lessons they will teach the rest,
K. Edw. Yea, gentle Spenser, we have been
▪ booted] So 4to 1598.-2tos 1612, 1622, “booteth." Enter King Edward, &c.] Edward had retired to Berwick when he first heard the news of Gaveston's death, which is announced to him at p. 204, first col.: but, as the great defeat of the barons, which presently takes place, p. 205, sec. col., was at Borowbridge, this scene may be supposed to pass in Yorkshire. The reader must have already perceived how little Marlowe thought about the location of the scenes.