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K. of Treb. May never day give virtue to his Rather than yield to his detested suit, eyes,
Whose drift is only to dishonour thee; Whose sight, compos'd of fury and of fire, And, since this earth, dew'd with thy brinish Doth send such stern affections to his heart!
tears, K. of Sor. May never spirit, vein, or artier,* feed Affords no herbs whose taste may poison thee, The cursed substance of that cruel heart ; Nor yet this air, beat often with thy sighs, But, wanting moisture and remorseful + blood, Contagious smells and vapours to infect thee, Dry up with anger, and consume with heat ! Nor thy close cave a sword to murder thee, Tamb. Well, bark, ye dogs: I'll bridle all your Let this invention be the instrument.
tongues, And bind them close with bits of burnish'd steel,
Enter THERIDAMAS. Down to the channels of your hateful throats;
Ther. Well met, Olympia : I sought thee in my And, with the pains my rigour shall inflict,
tent, I'll make ye roar, that earth may echo forth
But, when I saw the place obscure and dark, The far-resounding torments ye sustain ;
Which with thy beauty thou wast wont to light, As when an herd of lusty Cimbrian bulls
Enrag'd, I ran about the fields for thee, Run mourning round about the females' miss, I
Supposing amorous Jove had sent his son, And, stung with fury of their following,
The winged Hermes, to convey thee hence ; Fill all the air with troublous bellowing.
But now I find thee, and that fear is past, I will, with engines never exercis'd,
Tell me, Olympia, wilt thou grant my suit ? Conquer, sack, and utterly consume
Olym. My lord and husband's death, with my Your cities and your golden palaces,
sweet son's, And, with the flames that beat against the clouds, ! (With whom I buried all affections Incense the heavens, and make the stars to melt, Save grief and sorrow, which torment my heart,) As if they were the tears of Mahomet
Forbids my mind to entertain a thought For hot consumption of his country's pride ;
That tends to love, but meditate on death, And, till by vision or by speech I hear
A fitter subject for a pensive soul. Immortal Jove say “ Cease, my Tamburlaine,"
Ther. Olympia, pity him in whom thy looks I will persist a terror to the world,
Have greater operation and more force Making the meteors (that, like armed men, Than Cynthia's in the watery wilderness ; Are seen to march upon the towers of heaven)
For with thy view my joys are at the full, Run tilting round about the firmament,
And ebb again as thou depart'st from me. And break their burning lances in the air,
Olym. Ah, pity me, my lord, and draw your For honour of my wondrous victories. —
Wbich beats against this prison to get out,
Leave this, my love, and listen more to me: SCENE II.
Thou shalt be stately queen of fair Argier; Enter OLYMPIA.
And, cloth'd in costly cloth of massy gold,
Sit like to Venus in her chair of state,
Spending my life in sweet discourse of love. Devise some means to rid thee of thy life,
Olym. No such discourse is pleasant in t mine
ears, * artier) See note * p. 18.
But that where every period ends with death, tremorcefulj i.e. compassionate. I miss] i.e. loss, want. The construction is-Run round
And every line begins with death again : about, mourning the miss of the females.
I cannot love, to be an emperess. $ behold] Qy "beheld"? lla) So the 4to.-The Svo "the."
* to] So the 8vo.-The 4to "and." 1 lavej Old eds. "Hath."
7 in) So the 8vo.-The 4to“ to."
Ther. Nay, lady, then, if nothing will prevail, What, have I slaini ber? Villain, stab thyself ! I'll use some other means to make you yield : Cut off this arm that murdered my* love, Such is the sudden fury of my love,
In whom the learned Rabbis of this age I must and will be pleas'd, and you shall yield : Might find as many wondrous miracles Come to the tent again.
As in the theoria of the world! Olym. Stay now, my lord; and, will you Now hell is fairer than Elysium;t
A greater lamp than that bright eye of heaven, I'll give your grace a present of such price From whence the stars do borrow all their As all the world can not afford the like.
light, Ther. What is it?
Wanders about the black circumference; Olym. An ointment which a cunning alchymist And now the damned souls are free from pain, Distilled from the purest balsamum
For every Fury gazeth on her looks;
Infernal Dis is courting of my love,
Opening the doors of his rich treasury And spells of magic from the mouths t of To entertain this queen of chastity; spirits,
Whose body shall be tomb'd with all the pomp With which if you but ’noint your tender skin, The treasure of my & kingdom may afford. Nor pistol, sword, nor lance, can pierce your
(Eril with the body. flesh. Ther. Why, madam, think you to mock me
thus palpably? Olym. To prove it, I will 'noint my naked throat,
SCENE III. Which when you stab, look on your weapon's
Enter TAMBURLAINE, drawn in his chariot by the Kings of point,
TREBizon and Soria, ll with bits in their mouths, reins in And you shall see't rebated I with the blow.
his left hand, and in his right hand a whip with which Ther. Why gave you not your husband some
he scourgeth Them ; AMYRAS, CELEBINUS, TECHELLES,
THERIDAMAS, USUMCASANE ; ORCANES king of Naloof it,
lia, and the KING OF JERUSALEM, led by five ** or six If you lov'd him, and it so precious ?
common Soldiers; and other Soldiers. Olym. My purpose was, my lord, to spend it
Tamb. Holla, ye pamper'd jades of Asia !++ 80,
What, can ye draw but twenty miles a-day, But was prevented by his sudden end;
And have so proud a chariot at your beels, And for a present easy proof thereof, $
And such a coachman as great Tamburlaine, That I dissemble not, try it on me.
But from Asphaltis, where I conquer'd you, Ther. I will, Olympia, and will || keep it for
To Byron here, where thus I honour you? The richest present of this eastern world.
The horse that guide the golden eye of heaven, [She anoints her throat. I
And blow the morning from their nostrils, I I Olym. Now stab, my lord, and mark your weapon's point,
my) Altered by the modern editors to “thy,"
unnecessarily. That will be blunted if the blow be great.
| Elysium) Old eds. "Elisian " and " Elizian." Ther. Here, then, Olympia. — (Stabs her. 1 do borror] So the 4to.—The 8vo “borow doo."
ß my) So the 4to (Theridamas is King of Argier).—The now, my lord ; and, zoill you) So the 8vo -The 4to 8vo "thy." good my Lord, if you will."
|| Soria) See note t, p. 44. † mout) So the 4to.-The 8vo “mother."
This] So the 4to.-The 8vo "their." I rebated) i.e. blunted.
** led by five] So the 4to.-The 8vo "led by with fiue" $ thereof } So the 8vo.—The 4to "heereof."
# Holla, ye pamper'd jades of Asia, &c.) The ridicule and will] So the 4to.—The Svo "and I wil."
showered on this passage by a long series of poets, will be She anoints her throat) This incident, as Mr. Collier found noticed in the Account of Marlore and his Writings. observes (Hist. of Eng. Dram. Poet., iii. 119) is borrowed 11 And blow the morning from their nostrils) Here from Ariosto's Orlando Furioso, B. xxix, "where Isabella, "nostrils " is to be read as a trisyllable,-and indeed is to save herself from the lawless passion of Rodomont, spelt in the 4to "posterils."- Mr. Collier (Hist, of Bng. anoints her neck with a decoction of herbs, which she
Dram. Poet., iii. 124) remarks that this has been borrowed pretends will render it invulnernble: she then presents from Marlowe by the anonymous author of the tragedy her throat to the Pagan, who, believing her assertion, of Casar and Pompey, 1607 (and he might have compared aims a blow and strikes off her head."
also Chapman's llymnus in Cynthiam,—The Shadow of
Making their fiery gait above the clouds,
Break through the hedges of their hateful Are not so honour'd in * their governor
mouths, As you, ye slaves, in mighty Tamburlaine. And pass their fixed bounds exceedingly. The headstrong jades of Thrace Alcides tam'd, Tech. Nay, we will break the hedges of their That King Ægeus fed with human flesh,
mouths, And made so wanton that they knew their And pull their kicking colts * out of their pastures. strengths,
Usum. Your majesty already bath devis'd Were not subdu'd with valour more divine A mean, as fit as may be, to restrain Than you by this unconquer'd arm of mine. These coltish coach-horse' tongues from blasTo make you fierce, and fit my appetite,
phemy. You shall be fed with flesh as raw as blood,
Cel. How like you that, sir king? why speak And drink in pails the strongest muscadel : If you can live with it, then live, and draw
K. of Jer. Ah, cruel brat, sprung from a My chariot swifter than the racking † clouds ;
tyrant's loins ! If not, then die like beasts, and fit for naught
How like his cursed father he begins But perches for the black and fatal ravens. To practice taunts and bitter tyrannies ! Thus am I right the scourge of highest Jove; Tamb. Ay, Turk, I tell thee, this same + boy And see the figure of my dignity,
is he By which I hold my name and majesty!
That must advanc'd in higher pomp than this) Amy. Let me bave coach., my lord, that I
Rifle the kingdoms I shall leave unsack'd, may ride,
If Jove, esteeming me too good for earth, And thus be drawn by these two idle kings.
Raise me, to match I the fair Aldeboran, Tamb. Thy youth forbids such ease, my kingly Above $ the threefold astracism of heaven, boy:
Before I conquer all the triple world. -They shall to-morrow draw my chariot,
Now fetch me out the Turkish concubines : While these their fellow-kings may be re
I will prefer them for the funeral fresh'd.
They have bestow'd on my abortive son. Orc. O thou that sway'st the region under
[The Concubines are brought in. earth,
Where are my common soldiers now, that fought And art a king as absolute as Jove,
So lion-like upon Asphaltis' plains ? Come as thou didst in fruitful Sicily,
Soldiers. Here, my lord. Surveying all the glories of the land,
Tamb. Hold ye, tall || soldiers, take ye queens And as thou took'st the fair Proserpina,
a-piece, Joying the fruit of Ceres' garden-plot II,
I mean such queens as were kings' concubines ; For love, for honour, and to make her queen,
Take them; divide them, and their I jewels too, So, for just hate, for shame, and to subdue
And let them equally serve all your turns. This proud contemner of thy dreadful power,
Soldiers. We thank your majesty. Come once in fury, and survey his pride,
Tamb. Brawl not, I warn you, for your lechery; Haling him headlong to the lowest bell !
For every man that so offends shall die. Ther. Your majesty must get some bits for
Orc. Injurious tyrant, wilt thou so defame these,
The hateful fortunes of thy victory, To bridle their contemptuous cursing tongues,
To exercise upon such guiltless dames
The violence of thy common soldiers' lust?
meet not me Night, &c. 1594, sig. D 3): but, after all, it is only a
With troops of harlots at your slothful heels. translation; cum primum alto se gurgite tollunt
Concubines. O, pity us, my lord, and save our
• colts) i.e. (with a quibble) colts'-teeth. * in) So the 8vo.-The 4to "As."
same] So the 8vo.-Omitted in the 41 tracking) i.e. moving like smoke or vapour: see
* match] So the 8vo.—The 4to "maut repeatedly Richardson's Dict. iu v.
§ Above) So the 8vo.—The 4to “A more than once I have coach) So the 8vo.-The 4to "haue a coach."
11 tall) i.e. bold, brave. by] So the 4to.- The 8vo "with."
(their) So the 4to.-Omitts King of Jerusalem, led Il garden-plot) So the 4to.-The 8vo "garded plot."
# continent] Old ods. “Ce here a very imperfe
Tamb. Are ye not gone, ye villains, with your To note me emperor of the three-fold world; spoils ?
Like to an almond-tree* y-mountedt high
With blooms more white than Erycina'ss brows,|| indeed,
Whose tender blossoms tremble every one Lost long before ye knew what honour meant. At every little breath that thorough heaven is Ther. It seems they meant to conquer us, my
Then in my coach, like Saturn's royal son And make us jesting pageants for their trulle.
Mounted his shining chariot** gilt with fire, Tamb. And now themselves shall make our
And drawn with princely eagles through the pageant,
path And common soldiers jest with all their Pav'd with bright crystal and enchas'd with stars, trulls.
When all the gods stand gazing at his pomp, Let them take pleasure soundly in their spoils, So will I ride through Samarcanda-streets, Till we prepare our march to Babylon,
Until my soul, dissever'd from this flesh, Whither we next make expedition.
Shall mount the milk-white way, and meet him Tech. Let us not be idle, then, my lord,
there. But presently be prestt to conquer it.
To Babylon, my lords, to Babylon ! [E.ceunt. Tamb. We will, Techelles.--Forward, then, ye jades !
* Like to an almond-tree, &c.] This simile is borrowed Now crouch, ye kings of greatest Asia,
from Spenser's Faerie Queene, B. I. C. vii, st. 32; And tremble, when ye hear this scourge will Upon the top of all his loftie crest,
A bounch of heares discolourd diversly, come
With sprincled pearle and gold full richly drest, That whips down cities and controlleth crowns, Did shake, and seemd to daunce for iollity; Adding their wealth and treasure to my store.
Like to an almond tree ymounted hye The Euxine sea, north to Natolia ;
On top of greene Selinis all alone,
With blossoms brave bedecked daintily ; The Terrene, I west; the Caspian, north north
Whose tender locks do tremble every one east;
At everie little breath that under heaven is blowne." And on the south, Sinus Arabicus;
The first three books of The Farrie Queere were originally Shall all be loaden with the martial spoils
printed in 1590, the year in which the present play was We will convey with us to Persia.
first given to the press : but Spenser's poem, according
to the fashion of the times, had doubtloss been circulated Then shall my native city Samarcanda,
in manuscript, and had obtained many readers, before its And crystal waves of fresh Jaertis'|| stream, publication. In Abraham Fraunce's Arcadian Rheorike, The pride and beauty of her princely seat,
1588, some lines of the Second Book of The Farrie Queene
are accurately cited. And see my Acc. of Poele and his Be famous through the furthests continents;
Writings, p. xxxiv, Works, ed. 1829. For there my palace royal shall be plac'd,
ty-mounted) So both the old eds.—The modern editors Whose shining turrets shall dismay the heavens,
print "mounted"; and the Editor of 1826 even remarks
in a note, that the dramatist, "finding in the fifth line And cast the fame of Ilion's tower to hell :
of Spenser's stanza the word 'y-mounted,' and, probably Thorough** the streets, with troops of conquer'd considering it to be too obsolete for the stage, dropped kings,
the initial letter, leaving only nine syllables and an I'll ride in golden armour like the sun;
unrythmical line"!!! In the First Part of this play
(p. 23, first col.) we have,And in my helm a triple plume shall spring,
“Their limbs more large and of a bigger size Spangled with diamonds, dancing in the air,
Than all the brats y-sprung from Typhon's loins :". but we need not wonder that the Editor just cited did not recollect the passage, for he had printed, like his
predecessor, “ero sprung." 11 . * jest] A quibble-which will be understood by those
I ever-green Selinus) Old eds. "
euery greene Selinu" shers who recollect the duuble sense of jape (jest) in and "euerie greene," &c.-I may notice that one of the observes liest writers.
modern editors silently alters “ Selinus" to (Spenser's) from Ariost'i.e. ready.
“Selinis ;” but, in fact, the former is the correct to save hersel i.e. Mediterranean.
spelling. anoints her neck 8vo.-Omitted in the 4to.
§ Brycina's] Old eds. “Hericinas." pretends will rende, note **, p. 62. So the 8vo.-The 4to
I brows] So the 4to.- The 8vo “bowes." her throat to the Pag
I breath that thorough heaven] so the $70.-The 4to aims a blow and strikes 20.-The 8vo "furthiest."
" breath from heaven." 10.—The 4to “Through."
** chariot] Old eds. "chariots."
Gov. What saith Maximus ?
life Than honour of thy country or thy name? Is not my life and state as dear to me, The city and my native country's weal, As any thing off price with thy conceit? Have we not hope, for all our batter'd walls, To live secure and keep his forces out, When this our famous lake of Limnasphaltis Makes walls a-fresh with every thing that falls Into the liquid substance of his stream, More strong than are the gates of death or hell ? What faintness should dismay our courages, When we are thus defenc'd against our foe, And have no terror but his threatening looks ?
Enter, above, a Second Citizen. Sec. Cit. My lord, if ever you will win our
hearts, Yield up the town, andt save our wives and
Gov. Villains, cowards, traitors to our state !
Enter THERIDAMAS and TECHELLES, with Soldiers.
Ther. Thou desperate governor of Babylon, To save thy life, and us a little labour, Yield speedily the city to our hands, Or else be sure thou shalt be forc'd with pains More exquisite than ever traitor felt.
Gov. Tyrant, I turn the traitor in thy throat, And will defend it in despite of thee.Call up the soldiers to defend these walls.
Tech. Yield, foolish governor; we offer more Than ever yet we did to such proud slaves As durst resist us till our third day's siege. Thou seest us presti to give the last assault, And that shall bide no more regard of parle. Gov. Assault and spare not; we will never yield.
[Alarms: and they scale the walls.
Enter, above, a Citizen, who kneels to the GOVERNOR.
Cit. My lord, if ever you did deed of ruth, And now will work a refuge to our lives, Offer submission, hang up ilags of truce, That Tamburlaine may pity our distress, And use us like a loving conqueror. Though this be held his last day's dreadful siege, Wherein he spareth neither man nor child, Yet are there Christians of Georgia here, Whose state hoş ever pitied and reliev'd, Will get his pardon, if your grace would send.
Gov. How II is my soul environèd !
Enter TAMBURLAINE, drawn in his chariot (as before) by
the KINGS OF TREBIZON and SORIA; AMYRAS, CELEBINUB, UBUMCASANE; ORCANES king of Natolia, and the King or JERUSALEM, led by Soldiers ll; and others. m'amb. The stately buildings of fair Babylon, Whose lofty pillars, higher than the clouds,
* out] Old eds. our."
+ respect'st thou] Old eds. "respects thou :" but afterwards, in this scene, the Svo has, 'Why send'st thou not," and "thou sit'st."
1 of ] So the 8vo.-The 4to "in."
* eterniz'd) So the 4to.-The 8vo "onternisde."
and] So the 4to.-Omitted in the 8vo. 1 prest) i.e. ready.
$ parle] Hero the old ods. "parlie": but repeatedly before they have “parle"(which is used more than onco by Shakespeare).
ll Orcanes, king of Natolia, and the King of Jerusalem, led by soldiers) Old eds. (which have here a very imperfe