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moves for papers in the House of Lords, of the Earl of Malmesbury, Earl Granville, Lord Kingsdown, Earl Grey, Earl of Derby, and other Peers—The Motion is withdrawn—In the Lower House the question is moved by Mr. A. W. Kinglake, who is answered by Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald—Speeches of Mr. Lowe, Mr. Bovill, the Solicitor-General, and Lord John Russell—The Debate is adjourned, but not resumed—Discussion in the House of Lords on the Right of Search—Explanation by the Earl of Malmesbury of the negotiations between England and the United States on this subject—Remarks of the Earls of Clarendon, Aberdeen, Carlisle and Derby, and of Lord Brougham. . . . . [1

cHAPTER II.

NAvy EstrMATEs—Proposed measures to repair the deficiencies in the Naval Force of the country—Statement of the First Lord of the Admiralty on moving the Estimates—Comparison between the English and French Navies—Remarks of Sir C. Wood, Sir C. Napier, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Sir F. Baring, Mr. Lindsay, and other members. The ARMY EstrMATEs— Statement of General Peel, Secretary of State for War—Remarks of Sir H. Willoughby, Sir W. Codrington, Mr. Sidney Herbert, and other members. INDIAN FINANCE—Speech of Lord Stanley, Secretary for India, on this Question—Exposition of the Debt, Revenues, and financial resources of India—Lord Stanley proposes a Loan of 7,000,000l. to the Indian Government—Discussion in Committee—Speeches of Sir C. Wood, Sir Erskine Perry, Mr. Vermon Smith, Mr. Crawford, Mr. Lowe, and other members—Bill to authorize the Indian Loan brought in—Debate on the second reading, in which Sir George Lewis, Mr. Bright, Mr. Ayrton, Mr. Wilson, Lord Stanley, Sir E. Perry, and Mr. C. Bruce take part—The second reading is carried—Observations by Lord Ellenborough on the state of the Finances of India in the House of Lords—Remarks of the Earl of Derby and other Peers—The Indian Loan Bill passed. LAw of MARRIAGE-Wiscount Bury moves for leave to bring in a Bill to legalize Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister—Mr. A. B. Hope opposes the Motion, which is carried by a large majority—The Bill is passed with little discussion in the House of Commons, the numbers on the third reading being 137 against 89–It encounters great objection in the House of Lords—Debate on the second reading moved by Lord Wodehouse— Speeches of Lord Dungannon, Lord Albemarle, Lord St. Leonards, the Bishops of Exeter, St. Asaph, Cork, St. David's, Oxford, and Carlisle, Lord Lifford, and Lord Cranworth—The Bill is rejected by 49 to 39. CHURCH RATEs—Sir John Trelawny renews his Bill for the abolition of the Rate —The second reading is deferred till the Government have stated their intentions—Mr. Walpole proposes on the 21st February a plan for the settlement of the question—Remarks of Sir John Trelawny, Sir George Grey, Sir Arthur Elton, Sir G. C. Lewis, Lord John Russell, and other members—Leave is given to bring in a Bill—On the second reading being moved, Sir J. Trelawny moves an amendment—Speeches of Mr. Sotheron Estcourt, Sir George Grey, Sir John Pakington, Sir R. Bethell, Mr. Drummond, Mr. Ball, Mr. Lowe, and Mr. Walpole–The Amendment is carried by 254 to 171, and the Bill lost—Sir Arthur Elton proposes a series of resolutions on Church Rates, which are withdrawn after some discussion—The second reading of Sir J. Trelawny's Bill is moved on the 15th March—Mr. Griffith moves a Resolution, which is afterwards withdrawn—Mr. Hope opposes the Bill—Speeches of Mr. Deedes, Mr. B. Osborne, Mr. Stuart Wortley, Mr. Sidney Herbert, and Lord John Manners—The second reading is carried by 242 to 168, but the Bill is immediately postponed. Roman CATHolic OATHs—Mr. J. Fitzgerald moves for a Committee to consider the Oaths taken under the Roman Catholic Relief Act—The motion is opposed by Mr. Adams, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Spooner, and Mr. Walpole—and supported by Mr. Chichester Fortescue, Lord John Russell, Mr. Maguire, and Mr. Vernon Smith—It is carried by a small majority and leave given to introduce a Bill, but no further proceedings are taken during the Session . [26

CHAPTER III.

PARLIAMENTARY REForM–Expectations of the promised Ministerial Measure—On the 28th of February the Chancellor of the Exchequer states the proposals of the Government with respect to the representation of the people—His speech—Remarks of Lord John Russell, Mr. Bright, Mr.

Baxter, Mr. H. Drummond, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Bentinck, and other members—Leave is given to bring in the Bill. ExPLANATIONs by Mr. Walpole and Mr. Henley of their reasons for seceding from the Ministry —Inclination of Public Opinion on the Ministerial Bill—The clause for disfranchising County Voters in Boroughs is much objected to-Warious Notices of Amendments given by Members and by the Chancellor of the Exchequer with reference to this clause—The Debate on the second reading of the Bill commences on the 20th of March, and lasts seven nights— Lord John Russell moves an adverse Amendment—Summary of the principal speeches—The Bill is supported by Lord Stanley, Mr. Horsman, Sir E. Bulwer Lytton, Sir Hugh Cairns, Sir Stafford Northcote, Mr. J. Stuart Wortley, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Roebuck, Sir John Pakington, and Mr. Gladstone—The Amendment is advocated by Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Bright, Mr. Cardwell, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Edwin James, Mr. Ellice, Sir James Graham, and other members—Upon a Division the Amendment is carried by a Majority of 39—Consequences of this Division—The Earl of Derby in the House of Lords, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the House of Commons, announce that they have advised Her Majesty to appeal to the People, and that Parliament will be dissolved—Expressions of Opinion in both Houses on this announcement—The Government abandon all Measures except those of pressing importance, Votes of Supply, and the Indian Loan Bill—Debate on the Third Reading of that

VoI. CI. b

The NEw PARLIAMENT meets on the 31st May—Mr. Evelyn Denison is

unanimously re-elected Speaker—The Business of the Session commences

with the delivery of the Royal Speech, on the 7th of June, by the Queen

in person—Her Majesty's Speech—The Address is moved in the House of

Lords by Earl Powys; seconded by Lord Lifford–Earl Granville com-

ments with great force on the conduct and policy of the Government—

Speeches of the Earls of Malmesbury, Carlisle, and Eglinton, the Mar.

quis of Normanby, Lords Howden and Brougham, the Earl of solen-

borough, Duke of Argyll, and Earl of Derby—The Address is agreed to

mem. con-In the House of Commons a Debate of three nights takes

place—On the Address moved by Mr. A. Egerton, and seconded by Sir

James Elphinstone, an Amendment is proposed by the Marquis of Har-

tington—The Debate turns on the Conduct of the Ministry, and is

regarded as a Trial of Strength—Speeches of the Chancellor of the

Exchequer, Wiscount Bury, Sir Charles Napier, Wiscount Palmerston,

Mr. Sergeant Deasy, Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald, Mr. Bright, Mr. Horsman,

Mr. Ker Seymer, Sir James Graham, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. M. Gibson, Mr.

Lindsay, Mr. Sydney Herbert, Mr. Bentinck, the Solicitor-General, Sir

George Lewis, Sir John Pakington, Lord John Russell, Mr. Roebuck, and

other Members—On a division the Ministers are placed in a minority of

13—Their Defeat is followed by the Resignation of the Earl of Derby's

Cabinet—Statement of Lord Derby in the House of Lords, and of the

Chancellor of the Exchequer in the House of Commons—An Administra-

tion is formed under Lord Palmerston as Prime Minister—Both Houses

are adjourned for some days to fix time for the re-elections of Ministers to

the vacated seats—Earl Granville, on the 30th June, states in the House

of Lords what had passed in regard to the Ministerial Arrangements, and

the Principles which would actuate the new Government—Remarks

of Lord Brougham, the Duke of Rutland, the Earl of Malmesbury

the Duke of Newcastle, and Lord Howden—Lord Palmerston makes

a similar communication to the House of Commons—STATE of THE

NATIONAL DEFENCES AND APPREHENsions of INvAsion—Sir Charles

Napier calls attention to the Deficiencies of the Navy—The Earl of

Ripon, as Under-Secretary for War, states the intention of the new

Government with respect to Volunteer Rifle Corps—Remarks of Lord

Ellenborough, Lord Howden, and Lord Brougham, the Duke of Somerset,

and the Earl of Hardwicke—Explanations of Mr. Sidney Herbert in the

House of Commons respecting Rifle Corps—Remarkable Speech of Lord

Lyndhurst in the House of Lords on the Danger to this Country in case

of Invasion, and on the Necessity for vigorous Measures of Defence—

Observations of Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, Earl Granville, the Earl of

Hardwicke, the Duke of Somerset, the Earl of Ellenborough, Lord

Brougham, and the Duke of Argyll—Debate in the House of Commons

on Volunteer Rifle Corps—Statements of General Peel, and Mr. Sidney

Herbert—A Select Committee appointed to inquire into the Organization

of the Army —THE NAvy Estimates—Statement by Lord Clarence

Paget, Secretary to the Admiralty, of our naval strength in the Channel

—Bill to establish a Reserve Volunteer Force of Seamen discussed and

carried—Important Speech of Mr. Sidney Herbert on moving the Army

Estimates—Debates on the Defence of the Country—Sir de Lacy Evans

moves for a Commission of Inquiry—Mr. Sidney Herbert intimates that

the Government had resolved to adopt a similar step, and after some

Remarks from Lord Palmerston and other Members, the Motion is with-

drawn—Mr. Horsman moves a Resolution for appropriating a specific

Fund to complete the necessary works of National Defence—Speeches of

Mr. Sidney Herbert, Sir C. Napier, Mr. Cobden, Sir John Pakington,

Lord Clarence Paget, and Lord Palmerston—The Motion is negatived on

a Division, by 167 to 70—Lord Lyndhurst vindicates his speech on the

Danger of Invasion from the Strictures of Mr. Bright—Remarks of the

Duke of Somerset—Lord Stratford de Redcliffe objects to the Suspension

of the Ballot for Militia in the present state of Foreign Relations—Lord

Kingsdown takes the same view—Answer of Lord Ripon on the part of

the Government . . . . . . . . . . [97

granted. Endowed Schools Bill.—Mr. Dilwyn moves the second reading

and explains the objects of the Bill—Sir S. Northcote moves that it be

read a second time that day three months—Speeches of the Attorney-

General, Sir Hugh Cairns, Mr. Walpole, Sir George Grey, the Chancellor

of the Exchequer, and Mr. Henley—The second reading is carried by

210 to 192—The Bill is afterwards referred to a Select Committee.

Roman Catholic Disabilities—Sir William Somerville introduces a Bill to

enable Roman Catholics to hold the office of Chancellor of Ireland—The

Bill is opposed by Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Walpole, and Mr

Disraeli; and supported by Lord Palmerston, Mr. Gladstone, Sir George

Lewis, and Mr. Cardwell—Arguments on both sides—The Adjournment

of the Debate is moved and negatived ; but afterwards agreed to, and

the Bill is not proceeded with. Revision of the Liturgy—Lord Ebury

presents a Petition from a number of the Clergy, praying for a Commis-

sion—Speeches of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London,

Earl Powys, Lord Brougham, the Duke of Newcastle, and other Peers—

The subject dropped. FINANCE—On the 18th of July the Chancellor

of the Exchequer makes his Financial Statement—His speech and pro-

posals for raising increased supplies by taxes—General discussion of his

plans—Mr. Disraeli, a few days afterwards, enters into an elaborate

review of the Financial state of the Country, embracing a survey of

Foreign Affairs—He is answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer—

Speeches of Lord John Russell, Mr. Bright, and Lord Palmerston—The

Ministerial plans of Finance are adopted, and the Bills passed. The

Indian Budget—Sir Charles Wood, on the 1st of August, makes a long

statement of the Financial condition and prospects of India—Lord

Stanley explains his views on the subject—Mr. Bright enters largely

into the subject of Indian Finance and Administration. The Indian

Loan Bill—Discussions in both Houses on the question of an Imperial

Guarantee, and on the appointment of a New Financial Minister for

India—Speeches of the Duke of Argyll, Lord Ellenborough, and Lord

Lyveden—The Loan Bill passed. Bill for firing the limit of European

Troops in India—Sir Charles Wood explains the measure, which is

criticized by General Peel—Remarks of Sir de Lacy Evans, Mr. Sidney

Herbert, Colonel North, Sir Frederick Smith, Colonel Sykes, Sir Henry

Willoughby, and other Members—The Bill is passed . . . [138

CHAPTER WI.

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