The dumb shall speak, and the deaf shall hear; or, The ryot, the zemindar, and the government, a paper

East India Association, 1883 - 48페이지

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6 페이지 - ... of their lands, under the certainty that they will enjoy exclusively the fruits of their own good management and industry, and that no demand will ever be made upon them, or their heirs or successors, by the present or any future Government, for an augmentation of the public assessment, in consequence of the improvement of their respective estates.
10 페이지 - It being the duty of the ruling power to protect all classes of people, and more particularly those who from their situation are most helpless, the Governor-General in Council, will, whenever he may deem it proper, enact such Regulations as he may think necessary for the protection and welfare of the dependent talookdars, ryots, and other cultivators of the soil...
11 페이지 - Council reserves to himself the option of resuming the whole or part of such allowances, or produce of such lands, according as he may think proper, in consequence of his having exonerated the proprietors of land from the charge of keeping the peace, and appointed officers on the part of Government to superintend the police of the country...
4 페이지 - ... of land in cultivation, of which, after deducting the expenses of collection, ten-elevenths were usually considered as the right of the public, and the remainder the share of the landholder. Refusal to pay the sum required of him was followed by his removal from the management of his lands, and the public dues were either let in farm or collected by an officer of government, and the above-mentioned share of the landholder or such sum as special custom, or the orders of Government might have fixed,...
5 페이지 - The proprietors can never consider the privileges which have been conferred upon them as secure, whilst the Revenue Officers are vested with these judicial powers.
14 페이지 - But the proverb lies, for the zemindar does not even fatten his ryot. "Who stole the goose from the common? The common man. But who stole the common...
43 페이지 - ... we expressly reserve the right which clearly belongs to us, as sovereigns, of interposing our authority in making from time to time all such regulations as may be necessary to prevent the ryots being improperly disturbed in their possession, or loaded with unwarrantable exactions.
3 페이지 - Hindoos, who form the body of the people, are compelled, by the dictates of religion, to depend solely upon the produce of the lands for subsistence; and the generality of such of the lower orders of the natives as are not of that persuasion, are, from habit or necessity, in a similar predicament. The extensive failure or destruction of the crops that occasionally arises from drought or inundation is in consequence invariably followed by famine, the ravages of which are felt chiefly by the cultivators...
9 페이지 - ... ryots, except upon proof that they have been obtained by collusion ; or that the rents paid by them within the last three years have been reduced below the rate of the nirkbundy of the pergunnah ; or that they have obtained collusive deductions ; or upon a general measurement of the pergunnah for the purpose of equalising and correcting the assessment.
5 페이지 - Judicature, and collect the public dues subject to a personal prosecution for every exaction exceeding the amount which they are authorized to demand on behalf of the public, and for every deviation from the Regulations prescribed for the collection of it. No power will then exist in the country by which the rights vested in the landholders by the Regulations tan be infringed or the value of landed property effected.

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