페이지 이미지

head was turned another way. We poured six / quest from motive, in this way Harry will be comfits into his palm. Still he did not look, but learning it from imitation. He will insist upon would not eat them, and was restless till we gave being properly washed and combed, and upon him one more. Next day, we gave him nine ; having no more than his plateful or his two and he would not touch them till he had thrust platesful—at dinner : and so on. The difficult back two upon us.

thing to manage at home is the occupation : and In all matters of number, quantity, order, and this is where lies the great superiority of schools punctuality, Harry must be humored. It is a or asylums for his class. His father may perharmless peculiarity, and there will be no peace haps get him taught basket-making, or spinning if he is crossed. If he insists upon laying his with a wheel, or cabinet-making, in a purely little brother's tricks only in rows, or only in mechanical way; but this is less easily done af diamonds or squares, he must be coaxed into home than in a school. Done it must be, in the another room, unless the little brother be capable one place or the other, if the sufferer and his of the self-denial of giving up the point and companions in life are to have any justice, and taking to some other play. It is often a hard any domestic leisure and comfort. The strong matter enough for the parents to do justice faculty of imitation usually existing among the among the little ones : but we can testify, be- class, seems (as we said just now, in reference cause we have seen, what wonders of magna- to the faculties of idiots in general) a sort of niity may be wrought among little children, miracle before the nature of the brain-organization servants, and every body, by fine sense, and sweet was truly conceived of. How many elderly and cheerful patience on the part of the govern- people now remember how aghast they were, as ing powers of the household. They may have children, at the story of the idiot youth, nat sudden occasion for patience on their own ac- being able to do without the mother, who had count too. Perhaps the father comes home very never left him while she lived: and how, when tired, needing his coffee. His coffee is made every body supposed him asleep, and the neighand ready. So they think : but lo! poor Harry, bors were themselves asleep, he went out and who has an irresistible propensity to pour into got the body, and set it up in the fireside chair, each other all things that can be poured, has and made a roaring fire, and heated some broth, turned the coffee into the brine that the hams and was found, restlessly moaning with distress, have just come out of; and then the brine and while trying to feed the corpse. And that other the coffee and the cream all back again into the story-a counterpart to which we know of our coffee-pot, and so on. Such things, happening own knowledge of the idiot boy who had lived every day, make a vast difference in the ease, close under a church steeple, and had always cheerfulness and economy of a household. They struck the hours with the clock; and who, when are, in truth, a most serious and unintermitting removed into the country, far away from church, trial. They make the discipline of the house clock, and watch, still went on striking the hold: and they indicate what must be the bless-hours, and quite correctly, without any visible ing of such institutions for the care and training means of knowing the time. What could we, of idiots as were celebrated in the paper we have in childhood, and the rest of the world, in the referred to.

| ignorance of that day, make of such facts, but As for the discipline of Harry himself, it must that they must be miraculous ? The most map be discipline; for every consideration of human- velous, to our mind, is a trait which, again, we ity, and, of course, of parental affection, points know of our own knowledge. An idiot, who out the sin of spoiling him. To humor, in the died many years ago at the age of thirty, lost sense of spoiling, an idiot, is to level him with his mother when he was under two years old. the brutes at once. One might as well do with His idiocy had been obvious from the earliest him what used to be done with such beings- time that it could be manifested ; and when the consign him to the sty, to sleep with the pigs, eldest sister took the mother's place, the child or chain him up like the dog—as indulge the appeared to find no difference. From the mode animal part of a being who does not possess the of feeling of the family, the mother was never faculties that counteract animality in other spoken of; and if she had been, such mention people. Most idiots have a remarkable tendency would have been nothing to the idiot son, who to imitation : and this is an admirable means of comprehended no conversation. He spent his domestic training—for both the defective child life in scribbling on the slate, and hopping round and the rest. The youngest will smother its the play-ground of the school kept by his sobs at the soap in its eye, if appealed to, to let brother-in-law, singing after his own fashion. poor Harry see how cheerfully every body ought He had one special piece of business besides, to be washed every morning. The youngest and one prodigious pleasure. The business was will take the hint not to ask for more pudding, -going daily, after breakfast, to speak to the because Harry must take what is given him, and birds in the wood behind the house; and the not see any body cry for more. Crying is con- supreme pleasure was turning the mangle. Most quered-self-conquered—throughout the house, of us would have reversed the business and because Harry imitates every thing; and it pleasure. When his last illness-consumption would be very sad if he got a habit of crying, -came upon him at the age of thirty, the sister because he could not be comforted like other had been long dead; and there were none of his people. As the other children learn self-con- own family, we believe, living; certainly none had for many years had any intercourse with him. / nations who believed that the gods dwelt in For some days before his death, when he ought them, more or less, and made oracles of themto have been in bed, nothing but a too distressing a perfectly natural belief in the case of beings force could keep him from going to the birds. who manifest a very few faculties in extraordinary On the last day, when his weakness was ex- perfection, in the apparent absence of all others. treme, he tried to rise, managed to sit up in Our business is, in the first place, to reduce the bed, and said he must go-the birds would won number of idiots to the utmost of our power, by der so! The brother-in-law offered to go and attending to the conditions of sound life and explain to the birds ; and this must perforce do. health, and especially by discountenancing, as a The dying man lay, with his eyes closed, and crime, the marriage of blood relations; and, in breathing his life away in slower and slower the next place, by trying to make the most and gasps, when he suddenly turned his head, looked the best of such faculties as these imperfect bright and sensible, and exclaimed in a tone | beings possess. It is not enough to repeat the never heard from him before, “Oh! my mother! | celebrated epitaph on an idiot, and to hope that how beautiful !” and sank round again—dead. his privations here will be made up to him here

There are not a few instances of that action of after. We must lessen those privations to the the brain at the moment before death by which utmost, by the careful application of science in long-buried impressions rise again like ghosts or understanding his case ; and of skill, and inexvisions; but we have known none so striking as haustible patience and love, in treating it. Hapthis, from the lapse of time, the peculiarity of pily, there are now institutions, by aiding which the case, and the unquestionable blank between any of us may do something toward raising the

There are flashes of faculty now and then in lowest, and blessing the most afflicted, members the midst of the twilight of idiot existence of our race. without waiting for the moment of death. One such, to the last degree impressive, is recorded

A SAINT'S BROTHER, by the late Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, in his ac- UE was the brother of a saint, and his friends count of the great Morayshire floods, about a 11 were rich; so they dressed him in his best, quarter of a century since. An innkeeper, who, and they put his turban on his head (for he was after a merry evening of dancing, turned out to of the old school), and they bore him to the tomb help his neighbors in the rising of the Spey, upon a bier, and coffinless, after the custom of carelessly got upon some planks which were the East. I joined the procession as it swept floated apart, and was carried down the streamchanting along the narrow street; and we all on one. He was driven against a tree, which he entered the illuminated church together. climbed, and his wife and neighbors saw him The Archbishop strode solemnly up the aisle, lodged in it before dark. As the floods rose, with the priests swinging censers before him, there began to be fears for the tree ; and the and with the ordor of sanctity exhaling from his shrill whistle which came from it, showed that splendid robes. On went the procession, making the man felt himself in danger, and wanted help. its way through a stand-up fight which was taking Every body concluded help to be out of the place in the church, on through weeping relatives, question, as no boats could get near; and they and sobered friends, till at last the Archbishop could only preach patience until morning, to the was seated on his throne, and the dead man lay poor wife, or until the flood should go down. before him stiff and stark. Then the same unctHour after hour the whistle grew wilder and uous individual whom I fancy I have observed shriller ; and at last it was almost continuous. taking a part in religious ceremonies all over the It suddenly ceased ; and those who could hardly world, being yet neither priest nor deacon, busbear it before, longed to hear it again. Dawn tles up, and he places some savory herbs on the showed that the tree was down. The body of breast of the corpse, chanting lustily as he does the innkeeper was found far away—with the so to save time. watch in his fob stopped at the hour that the Then the Archbishop takes two waxen tapers tree must have fallen. The event being talked in each hand; they are crossed and set in a over in the presence of the village idiot, he splendid hand-candlestick. He extends it toward laughed. Being noticed, he said he would have the crowd, and seems to bless it mutely, for he saved the man. Being humored, he showed does not speak. There is silence, only disturbed how a tub fastened to a long rope would have by a short sob which has broken from the overbeen floated, as the plank with the man on it burdened heart of the dead man's son. Hush' was floated, to the tree. If this poor creature it is the Archbishop giving out a psalm, and now had but spoken in time, his apparent inspiration it begins lowly, solemnly, mournfully: at first, would have gone some way to confirm the Scotch the lusty lungs of the burly priests seem to be superstition, which holds—with that of the uni-chanting a dirge ; all at once they are joined by versal ancient world of theology—that “Inno- the glad voices of children-oh! so clear and so cents are favorites of Heaven."

pure, sounding sweet and far-off, rejoicing for It is for us to act upon the medium view the bliss of the departed soul. sanctioned alike by science and morals-neither. They cease, and there comes a priest dressed to cast out our idiots, like the savages who leave in black robes ; he prostrates himself before the their helpless ones to perish; nor to worship throne of the Archbishop, and carries the dust them, as the pious Egyptians did, and other of the prelate's feet to his forehead. Then he



kisses the Archbishop's hand, and mounts the against the church wall. By-and-by this will pulpit to deliver a funeral oration. I am sorry for decay, and the bones which have swung about in this; he is evidently a beginner, and twice he the wind and rain will be shaken out one by one breaks down, and gasps hopelessly at the con- to make daylight ghastly where they lie. Years gregation; but the Archbishop prompts him and hence they may be swept into the charnel-house, gets him out of this difficulty. A rascally young or they may not, as chance directs. Greek at my elbow nudges me to laugh, but I I have said that he was the brother of a saint. pay no attention to him.

It is well, therefore, that I should also say someThen the priests begin to swing their censers thing of the saint himself. The saint was St again, and their deep voices mingle chanting | Theodore, one of the most recent martyrs of the with the fresh song of the children, and again Greek Church. St. Theodore was born about the Archbishop blesses the crowd. So now the fifty years ago, of very humble parents, who lived relatives of the dead man approach him one by at the village of Neo Chori, near Constantinople. one, crossing themselves devoutly. They take He was brought up to the trade of a house-painter, the nosegay of savory herbs from his breast, and an art of some pretension in Turkey, where it is they press it to their lips. Then they kiss the often carried to very great perfection. The lad dead man's forehead. When the son approaches, was clever, and soon attained such excellence in he sobs convulsively, and has afterward to be his craft that he was employed at the Palace of the removed by gentle force from the body.

Sultan. The splendor of the palace, and of the So the relatives continue kissing the body, gorgeous dresses of some of the Sultan's servants, fearless of contagion, and the chant of the priests fired his imagination. He desired to remain among and choristers swells through the church, and them ; so he changed his faith for that of Islam, there lies the dead man, with the sickly glare of and was immediately appointed to a petty post the lamps struggling with the daylight, and fall about the palace. ing with a ghastly gleam upon his upturned face. Three years after his apostasy and circumcisTwice I thought he moved, but it was only ion a great plague broke out at Constantinople, fancy.

sweeping away the Sultan's subjects by hundreds, The Archbishop has left the church, and the with short warning. The future saint grew relatives of the dead man are bearing him to his alarmed, a species of religious mania seized upon last home without further ceremony. It is a nar. him. He tried to escape from the palace, but was row vault just outside the church, and the Greeks brought back. At last, he got away, in the discourteously make way for me a stranger. A guise of a water-carrier, and fled to the island of man jumps briskly into the grave; it is scarcely Scio. three feet deep; be arranges a pillow for the Here he made the acquaintance of a priest, to head of the corpse, then he springs out again, whom he confided his intention of becoming a laughing at his own agility. The crowd laugh martyr. The priest is said warmly to have comtoo. Joy and grief elbow each other every where mended this view of the case ; for martyrs had in life : why not also at the gates of the tomb? | been lately growing scarce. Instead of convey

Then two stout men seize the corpse in their ing the young man, therefore, to a lunatic asylum, stalwart arms, and they lift it from the bier. he took him to the neighboring island of MityThey are lowering it now, quite dressed, but lene ; seeing, doubtless, sufficient reasons why coffinless, into the vault. They brush me as they the martyrdom should not take place at Scio; do so, and the daylight falls full on the face of where he might have been exposed to awkward the dead. It is very peaceful and composed, but remonstrances from his friends, for countenanlooking tired, weary of the world ; relieved that cing such a horror. the journey is over!

So the priest accompanied him to Mitylene, Stay ! for here comes a priest walking slowly where the first act of the tragedy commenced by from the church, with his mass-book and censer. the martyr presenting himself before the Cadi or He says a few more prayers over the body, and Turkish Judge. Before the Cadi he began to one of the deceased's kindred drops a stone into curse the Mussulman faith, and threw his turban the grave. While the priest prays, he pours at that magistrate's head. Taking from his some consecrated oil upon the body, and some bosom a green handkerchief, with which he had more upon a spadeful of earth which is brought been provided, he trampled it under foot; and to him. This is also thrown into the grave. It green is a sacred color with the Turks. The is not filled up; a stone is merely fastened with Cadi was desirous of getting rid of him quietly, clay roughly over the aperture, and at night there considering him as mad, as doubtless he was. will be a lamp placed there, which will be replen-But he continued cursing the Turks so bitterly, ished every night for a year. At the end of that that at last an angry mob of fanatics bore him time the body will be disinterred ; if the bones away to the Pasha. This functionary, a quiet, have not been thoroughly rotted away from the amiable man, tried also to get out of the disaflesh and separated, the Archbishop will be called greeable affair ; but the young man raved so again to pray over the body ; for there is a super-| violently that the Turks around began to beat stition among Greeks, that a man whose body him; and he was put into a sort of stocks till he does not decay within a year is accursed. When should be quiet. At last the Turks lost patience the bones have divided, they will be collected and with him, and his martyrdom began in earnest. tied up in a linen bag, which will hang on a nail He was subjected (say the Greek chronicles from

which this history was taken) to the cruel torture were decorated with very pretty transparencies. of having hot earthen plates bound to his temples, If you shut your eye for a minute, they seemed and his neck was then twisted by fanatic men to open on fairy land rather than reality. The till his eyes started from their sockets; they also hushed scene, the stillness of which was only drew several of his teeth. He now said that he broken by the pattering feet of some religious had returned to the Greek faith in consequence maiden approaching the shrine, shawled and mysof the advice of an Englishman; which so ap- terious, even here, had something very quaint peased the Turks, that they offered him a pipe, | and fanciful in it. I could have stopped there and wanted to dismiss him. But he soon broke all night watching them as they passed, dropping out again, and asked for the sacrament. He also buttons (substitutes for small coin given in churchasked for some soup. Both were given to him, es) into the salver of a dingy priest, who sat in the Turks offering no opposition to the adminis- the aisle, tablet in hand, to receive orders for tering of the former. When, however, he once masses to be said for the sick or the dead. I liked more began to curse and revile the prophet, some to watch the business manner in which he raised fanatic proposed that he should be shortened by his reverend hand to get the light well upon his having an inch cut from his body every time he tablet, and adjusted his spectacles as he inscribed blasphemed, beginning at his feet. The Cadi shud- each new order from the pilgrims. At last, howdered, and interposed, saying, that such a proceed-ever, he gathered up his buttons and money, tying ing would be contrary to the law ; which provid- them in a bag; and glancing round once more in ed that a renegade should be at once put to death, vain for customers, he went his way into the sacthat the faith of Islam might not be insulted. risty. I followed his waddling figure with my Then the mob got a cord to hang hím. Like eyes till the last lock of his long hair, which many other things in Turkey, this cord does not caught in the brocaded curtain, had been disenseem to have been fit for the purpose to which tangled, and he disappeared. Then, as the active it was applied; and the struggles of the maniac individual in rusty black, whom I have mentioned were so violent that it broke. But they did hang as so busy in the ceremony of the morning, seemhim at last ; thus completing the title to martyr-ed desirous of having a few minutes' conversation dom with which he has come down to us. For with me, I indulged him. It was not difficult to three days his hanging body offended the daylight, perceive, from the tenor of his discourse, that he and the simple country folk cut off bits of his was desirous of receiving some token of my clothes for relics. After a while he was carried | esteem in small change. It cost little to gratify away and buried with a great fuss; the Turks him; and then, as the church was quite deserted, having too profound a contempt for the Greeks we marched off together. to interfere with their doings in any way. Then, after a while, application was made to the Patri- | A NEWFOUNDLAND FISHERMAN. arch of Constantinople to canonize the mad house-SUOME twelve years ago, a desolate, dread, and painter; and canonized he was. His body was ominously-named locality in Newfoundland disinterred, and mummified with great care. It is had, among its other occupants, George Harvey, wrapped up in cotton, and the head is inclosed in a worthy of sixty years' standing, born and bred a silver case. Both are shown to the devout on on the spot, who may still be one of its living the anniversary of his martyrdom. The cotton tenants, as he was then a hale and hearty man. sells well, for it is said to have worked many The particular site to which we refer is toward miracles, and to be especially beneficial in cases the south-west extremity, between the settlement of epilepsy.

of La Poile and Cape Ray, where there is a clusThe anniversary of the Martyrdom of St. The- ter of small, low, rocky islets, separated from the odore occurred on the same day as his brother's main land by a narrow channel. They are called funeral. I asked if the reputation of the saint the Dead Islands, Iles aur Morts of the Frencb had any thing to do with the honors paid to his maps, but are portions of the dominions of Queen brother! “Yes," was the answer; "the rela- Victoria. The isles and the main shore are compostives of the saint are naturally anxious to keep ed of mica-slate and gneiss, the latter being interup his reputation, which is like a patent of no- sected with enormous granite veins. Their superbility to them. None dare to offer them injury ficial aspect is the most rugged and broken imor wrong, for fear of the martyr's anger." aginable, grooved in every direction by small

For the rest, the festival of St. Theodore was valleys or ravines, and covered with round humas pretty a sight as I would wish to see. mocky knobs and hills with precipitous sides.

His body was enshrined in a neat temple of Mosses, low bushes, and berry-bearing plants green leaves, and was placed in the centre of partially cover the surface; and a few dwarf the church. The pilgrims arrived at dead of night firs appear huddled together in sheltered nooks, to pray there. They were mostly women, and where sufficient soil has been lodged to form seemed earnest enough in what they were about. a support for the roots. But the majority of I did not like to see them, however, buying those the isles are bare rocks, frequently in the shape little bits of cotton which lay mouldering round of a low dome, with a tuft of bushes growing the mummy, and putting them into their bosoms. at the summit. Sometimes, when the breeze is

The church was well lighted; for Mitylene is blowing from the east, the fog which pours over an oil country. Innumerable lamps hung sus- the great bank is driven to this neighborhood, pended from the roof every where, and some and adds to its uninviting aspect. The few

inhabitants, along with those thinly distributed distress, and mitigating the calamities of shipon the adjoining main, are chiefly the descend- wreck, than George Harvey. ants of British settlers, occupied with the in- He had a large family of sons and daughters, shore fishery. They are located in the coves, in mostly grown up. On one occasion, during a the general proportion of two or three families heavy gale, the brig“ Dispatch," full of emigrants to each.

of the poorer class, struck on a rock about three Formerly, when there were no clergy or ma | miles from his house. Though the sea was rungistrates except at St. John's, they married by ning high, the old man put off in his punt to the signing papers before witnesses, binding each rescue, accompanied by a gallant girl of seventeen party to have the ceremony performed as soon and a brave lad of twelve. By dint of great exas opportunity offered—a mode of proceeding ertions, they succeeded in successively bringing equivalent to the Scotch law. They are simple, away the whole of the crew and passengers, honest, industrious, and hospitablethe virtues amounting to one hundred and sixty-three perof almost all hardy races exposed to the toils sons. This was as heroic an action as that which and dangers of an adventurous life-intensely excited such general admiration in England, when eager after news, and placing a high value upon Grace Darling adventured on the stormy deep, trilling articles of intelligence, like most people with her father, off the coast of Northumberland. in secluded positions.

Harvey hospitably entertained the shipwrecked The melancholy name of the Dead Islands is emigrants according to his means, and shared his supposed to be derived from the number and fa- provisions with them, till tidings could be sent to tality of shipwrecks in the neighborhood. George La Poile, and a vessel arrived to carry them away. Harvey was accustomed to relate, among other they remained more than a fortnight, and so incidents of his life, that he had been employed completely exhausted his stores, that the family for five days, along with some others, in digging had neither bread, flour, nor tea through the whole graves and interring dead bodies cast ashore on winter, but subsisted chiefly on salt fish. Sir T. one of these sad occasions. Two vast and differ Cochrane, then governor of the island, on hearing ently tempered sea-streams blend their waters on of his conduct, properly rewarded him with a the great bank and its vicinity—a polar current hundred pounds, and an honorary medal. A few from the cold regions of the arctic zone, and the years afterward, the ship “Rankin," of Glasgow, gulf-stream from the warm latitudes of the tropics. struck on a rock, and went to pieces, the crew It is to the meeting of these currents, charged hanging on to an iron bar or rail that went round with such different temperatures, that the fogs are the poop, when he fetched them off by six or chiefly due, while the numerous and powerful eight at a time to the number of twenty-five, eddies caused by their junction render the navi- braving a heavy sea in his punt. gation perplexing and somewhat perilous. The Harvey's knowledge of the animal kingdom danger is increased by the boundaries of the cur- was somewhat singular. He was intimately acrents being indefinite. They advance further quainted with the inhabitants of the waters, from north and south at one time than another; and the huge finned whale to the beautiful little capeof course the minor streams dependent upon them lin. He knew well enough the black bear, gray vary in power and extent, according to circum- wolf, and splendid caribou ; and was familiar with stances. Hence, along a coast unguarded by the osprey, ptarmigan, eider duck, and great northlighthouses, in dense fogs, or when a driving gale ern diver. But frogs, toads, snakes, and other has been blowing by night, the mariner has often reptiles he had never seen, there being none in found himself ashore, while thinking of ample the island, though no legend is current there how sea-room. Evidence of such casualties being fre- St. Patrick " banished all the varmint.” One of quent was in former days to be found in connec- the commonest domesticated quadrupeds also in tion with almost every dwelling, in the shape of the empire was equally unknown, except by reold rigging, spars, masts, sails, ships' bells, rud- port, till on a visit to some settlement in Fortune ders, wheels, and other articles on the outside of Bay, he for the first time encountered a horse ! the houses, with telescopes, compasses, and por- His emotions at the sight were akin to those of tions of incongruous furniture in the interior. At the Mexicans on beholding the steeds of the Spanthat period, there was obviously no nice observ- ish invaders. The people wished, he said, to perance of the distinction between thine and mine. suade him into mounting on its back, but “ he Infractions of the rights of property were com- knew better than that," though one fellow did mon on the occurrence of disasters by sea and ride it up and down several times. It was a feat fires on land, the parties loosely reasoning that too daring for the bold fisherman, who would the goods they appropriated to themselves were sooner have mounted in his boat the stormiest much better disposed of than by being left for billow that ever rolled. His description of the the flames to consume or the billows to devour. size and appearance of the wonderful creature In some cases, this reasoning was legitimate, as highly interested his family on his return. Mr. when a vessel, deserted by the crew, came ashore, Curzon has recently told the story of a Levantine and neither her name nor that of the owners could monk who had never seen a woman—a relation be ascertained. Public sentiment and feeling have strange, but true. Yet, had we not the fact on improved upon this point in Newfoundland, as equally respectable authority—that of Mr. Jukes elsewhere, and few persons have more nobly dis- -it would seem incredible, that only a few years tinguished themselves in helping the stranger in ago, there were subjects of Queen Victoria, of

« 이전계속 »