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On the cope of bright purple color which the
Pope wears on Palm Sunday is a silver plate
richly gilt, bearing, in beautiful relief, the figure
of the Almighty. This was formerly of pure
gold, surrounded by three knobs of costly ori-
ental pearls -, but the cupidity of the enemies of
Pius VI. overcame their fear of sacrilege, and
they appropriated it to other purposes. Ben-
Ten uto Cellini, who was employed by Clement
VII. to engrave this plate, says, somewhat blas-
phemously, though in true artistic spirit, that he
endeavored to represent the "Almighty Father
in a free and easy position."

His Holiness selects the cardinals, seventy in
number, who form the high senate of the Church
and the privy council of the Pope. They in
turn elect the Pope from their own number.
In costume they are a shade less brilliant
than the Holy Father, wearing, when in chapel,
red cassocks with gold tassels, red stockings,
white ermine tippets, and red skull or square
caps. On solemn occasions they add red shoes
and white damask silk mitres, with other changes
of raiment, telling with great effect in a proces-
sion, but tedious in description.

Throughout the whole edifice of the Roman
hierarchy, costume forms a very important and
conspicuous part. It is nicely graduated with
decreasing splendor and diversified cut from the
pope, cardinals, archbishops, and the inferior
clergy, who are almost lost amid richly-laced
petticoats and purple skirts, to the laughable at-
tire of the sacristans, choristers, and the dirty
and dolorous robes of the monastic orders. Each
rank has its mark and number, and it must be
confessed that no military display can compete,
in variety and brilliancy of colors and costliness
of uniform, with one got up by the church. The
nomenclature of papal costume is intelligible only
to those who pass their lives in wearing it. Each
article has its peculiar uses and degree of sanctity.

The etiquette of the papal court, whether in
its spiritual or temporal sense, is no light service.
To give an idea of tho number and variety of of-
ficers attached to it, I have given a programme of
the Procession for Easter Sunday as it appears in
Saint Peter's previous to High Mass and the
General Benediction and Excommunication. The
engravings given of several of these ecclesiastical
personages and their suites, will bear out the as-
sertion that no operatic or theatrical spectacle
can pretend to vie with the papal court when it
dons its holiday suit. Imagine the surprise of
St. Peter were he to be present, upon being told
that that sleepy-looking old gentleman, so buried
in gold and jewels as scarcely to be discernible,
and borne under a magnificent canopy on the
shoulders of twelve men clothed in the brightest
scarlet, performing the pantomime of turning
from one side to another his uplifted thumb and
two fingers as illustrative of the blessing of the
Holy Trinity, was hit Successor! I question
whether at such a sacrilegious libel the old Adam
within him would not be more signally displayed
than it even was in the garden; for the zealous
apostle would least of all forgive humbug. I

speak only of the .effect on my own mind, con-
trasted with what I conceive to be the proper dis-
play of that religion which consists in visiting
and comforting the fatherless and widows in their
affliction. There are others, as we often see, on
whom the glitter of a court, or the music and ar-
chitecture of a church have greater weight than
the humility and simplicity of gospel truth. They
would be loth to confess that the avenue to their
minds and hearts closed with their eyes and ears;
but take away the curiously wrought robes, the
cunning of the artificer, the genius of the artist,
the harmonies of musie, and the entire combina-
tion of pomp and venerable tradition by which
Rome upholds her religion, and how much of
faith and conviction would be left to them?

Beside the officers who figureln the above pro-
cession, there are a legion of others attached to
the court, which swell its bulk to a degree that
weighs heavily upon the petty temporal domin-
ions of the Popes, and is out of all proportion to
their necessities. There are private gentlemen
of tho bed-chamber, and among them a secret
treasurer, who purveys for the alms and amuse-
ment of the Pope. So little bodily exercise does
the Roman etiquette allow to the successors of
the fisherman, that his present Holiness has been
ordered by his physician to play at billiards daily,
to counteract his tendency to obesity.

There are one hundred and eight officers and val-
ets, under different titles, attached to the personal
service of the Pope; a modest number when the ex-
tent ofhis several palaces is considered. No sover-
eign pays the penalty of greatness more severely
than tho Holy Father. His sanctity dooms him
perpetually to solitary meals, except on extraor-
dinary occasions, there being no one on earth
sufficiently elevated to sit as an equal at table
with him. This is the rule, but a spiritual Pope
no doubt finds means occasionally to reconcile his
social instincts and rank at the same time. Then,
too, every dish must be previously tasted, for fear
of poison; an antiquated custom, which at pres-
ent no one would conceive to have any founda-
tion in necessity. His chambers are coldly splen-
did. Marbles, paintings, mosaies, and gilding
there are in abundance, but the whole arranged
with more than the usual chilling aspect of a
state palace. His privato rooms, no doubt, are
more comfortable; but the whole state and cir-
cumstance that surround a Pope, so far as the
public eye can judge, is one which makes him,
in all the relations of personal freedom and en-
joyment, a being little to be envied. Each nat-
ural instinct and generous impulse is so hedged
in with sacred etiquette or pusillanimous fear as
to be a torture rather than a pleasure to its pos-
sessor. A bad Pope can be personally free only
by being a hypocrite; a good Pope is a martyr to
a rank which in its daily duties involves a constant
contradiction of the simplest principles of Chris-
tianity, and is a standing reproach upon common
sense.

All access to the Pope is guarded with myste-
rious care. He has his private chamber-men
— not maids — private cooks, sweepers, and

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