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On the cope of bright purple color which the speak only of the effect on my own mind, conPope wears on Palm Sunday is a silver plate trasted with what I conceive to be the proper disriehly gilt, bearing, in beautiful relief, the figure play of that religion which consists in visiting of the Almighty. This was formerly of pure and comforting the fatherless and widows in their gold, surrounded by three knobs of costly ori- affliction. There are others, as we often see, on ental pearls ; but the cupidity of the enemies of whom the glitter of a court, or the music and arPius VI. overcame their fear of sacrilege, and chitecture of a church have greater weight than they appropriated it to other purposes. Ben the humility and simplicity of gospel truth. They venuto Cellini, who was employed by Clement would be loth to confess that the avenue to their VII. to engrave this plate, says, somewhat blas- minds and hearts closed with their eyes and ears ; phemously, though in true artistic spirit, that he but take away the curiously wrought robes, the endeavored to represent the “ Almighty Father cunning of the artificer, the genius of the artist, in a free and easy position.”
the harmonies of music, and the entire combinaHis Holiness selects the cardinals, seventy in tion of pomp and venerable tradition by which number, who form the high senate of the Church Rome upholds her religion, and how much of and the privy council of the Pope. They in faith and conviction would be left to them? turn elect the Pope from their own number. Beside the officers who figure in the above proIn costume they are a shade less brilliant cession, there are a legion of others attached to than the Holy Father, wearing, when in chapel, the court, which swell its bulk to a degree that red cassocks with gold tassels, red stockings, weighs heavily upon the petty temporal dominwhite ermine tippets, and red skull or square ions of the Popes, and is out of all proportion to caps. On solemn occasions they add red shoes their necessities. There are private gentlemen and white damask silk mitres, with other changes of the bed-chamber, and among them a secret of raiment, telling with great effect in a proces- treasurer, who purveys for the alms and amusesion, but tedious in description.
ment of the Pope. So little bodily exercise does Throughout the whole edifice of the Roman the Roman etiquette allow to the successors of hierarchy, costume forms a very important and the fisherman, that his present Holiness has been conspicuous part. It is nicely graduated with ordered by his physician to play at billiards daily, decreasing splendor and diversified cut from the to counteract his tendency to obesity. pope, cardinals, archbishops, and the inferior. There are one hundred and eight officers and valclergy, who are almost lost amid richly-laced ets, under different titles, attached to the personal petticoats and purple skirts, to the laughable at- service ofthe Pope; a modest number when the extire of the sacristans, choristers, and the dirty tent ofhis several palaces is considered. No soverand dolorous robes of the monastic orders. Each eign pays the penalty of greatness more severely rank has its mark and number, and it must be than the Holy Father. His sanctity dooms him confessed that no military display can compete, perpetually to solitary meals, except on extraorin variety and brilliancy of colors and costliness dinary occasions, there being no one on earth of uniform, with one got up by the church. The sufficiently elevated to sit as an equal at table nomenclature of papal costume is intelligible only with him. This is the rule, but a spiritual Pope to those who pass their lives in wearing it. Each no doubt finds means occasionally to reconcile his article has its peculiar uses and degree of sanctity, social instincts and rank at the same time. Then,
The etiquette of the papal court, whether in too, every dish must be previously tasted, for fear its spiritual or temporal sense, is no light service. of poison ; an antiquated custom, which at presTo give an idea of the number and variety of of- ent no one would conceive to have any foundaficers attached to it, I have given a programme of tion in necessity. His chambers are coldly splenthe Procession for Easter Sunday as it appears in did. Marbles, paintings, mosaics, and gilding Saint Peter's previous to High Mass and the there are in abundance, but the whole arranged General Benediction and Excommunication. The with more than the usual chilling aspect of a engravings given of several of these ecclesiastical state palace. His private rooms, no doubt, are personages and their suites, will bear out the as- more comfortable ; but the whole state and cirsertion that no operatic or theatrical spectacle cumstance that surround a Pope, so far as the can pretend to vie with the papal court when it public eye can judge, is one which makes him, dons its holiday suit. Imagine the surprise of in all the relations of personal freedom and enSt. Peter were he to be present, upon being told joyment, a being little to be envied. Each natthat that sleepy-looking old gentleman, so buried ural instinct and generous impulse is so hedged in gold and jewels as scarcely to be discernible, in with sacred etiquette or pusillanimous fear as and borne under a magnificent canopy on the to be a torture rather than a pleasure to its posshoulders of twelve men clothed in the brightest sessor. A bad Pope can be personally free only scarlet, performing the pantomime of turning by being a hypocrite; a good Pope is a martyr to from one side to another his uplifted thumb and a rank which in its daily duties involves a constant two fingers as illustrative of the blessing of the contradiction of the simplest principles of ChrisHoly Trinity, was his successor! I question tianity, and is a standing reproach upon common whether at such a sacrilegious libel the old Adam sense. within him would not be more signally displayed All access to the Pope is guarded with mystethan it even was in the garden; for the zealous rious care. He has his private chamber-men apostle would least of all forgive humbug. 1 - not maids — private cooks, sweepers, and