« 이전계속 »
down upon the shady side, these burning mornings, 1 group is a study from the Greek. There is a Greek may easily give his eye a taste of European cities temple for a barrack-room, and a Greek temple, by glancing at the range of the Prescott House, the with high steps, for an opera-house, and another block at the opposite corner of Spring Street, and kind of Greek temple for a palace, and still anthe fine façade of the St. Nicholas. Compare this other for a university. We have fortunately passed with the line of low houses just beyond, and you the Greek temple epoch; occasionally, indeed, some will have a type of old New York (twenty years rural lover of ’igh art, persuaded that his town is ago) and the New York of to-day. Broadway is nothing if not Grecian, cuts his pine trees, planes now full of such lofty and imposing buildings. Anthem, nails them together into a column, and enjoys Englishman arrived the other day, and was struck his triumph over taste and elegance. Columns are by the French aspect of the city. It was so gay, not elegance, nor porticoes propriety, nor a pointed so bustling, so bright-no heavy cloud of London pediment high taste. New England is not Greece, fog impended, and men and women in light summer nor is the Hudson the Ilissus nor the Ægean. Bet. costume whisked briskly by. A few years ago, ter river, and better water, if you choose, undoubtwhen a man returned from Europe, his eye being edly. But there are many buildings in Broadway full of the lofty buildings of the Continent, our cities which are beautiful and effective because they are seemed insignificant and mean. His first impulse bizarre. Stewart's is finely adapted to its exposed was to sit upon the low roofs and dangle his feet situation. It can be seen from a distance, and is over the street. He felt that the city had no char-built accordingly. But many of the others, which acter, but he could not see what was wanting. But can only be seen across the street, are well adorned the moment Stewart's fine building was erected, and varied in a thousand ways. The palace winthe difficulty appeared. That tyrannized over the dows of Tiffany & Co. show the most cursory obrest of the street-that was a key-note", a model. server the new spirit of a new country, and tell him There had been other high buildings, but none so who make palaces and live in them here. The stately and simple. And even now there is, in its equal oplendor of other edifices is not only the perway, no finer street effect than the view of Stewart's petual pæan of a marvelous mercantile success, but building seen on a clear, blue, brilliant day, from a the cheerful indication that the claims of the eye point as low in Broadway as the sidewalk in front are gradually getting recognized and considered of Trinity Church. It rises out of the sea of green that we mean to have a city which shall not yield foliage in the Park, a white marble cliff, sharply in external charm to any other. It may not be posdrawn against the sky.
sible to link legends to their noble piles. We may The white marble, now so generally used, is a not be able to gaze at them with terrified memories singular ornament to the city. It relieves the and half-breathed execrations, as we recall Cenci, streets of that solemn dusk which is not the most Borgia, or a Bourbon. We shall not, perhaps, see agreeable characteristic of the famous foreign thor- | smiling from their windows the fair and fated faces oughfares. There is, also, a traditional and poetic which smile sadly through all history. But if they splendor in white marble. The poets and ro- lack the sweet romance of history, they will also mancers always build such palaces for their heroes want its tragical reality. If no Lady Jane Grey, and heroines, and the chief success of Aladdin's no Anne Boleyn, no Beatrice ever looks at uspalace was the impression of the wonderful power there will be still Janes, Annes, and Beatrices as which in a night perfected, to the most delicate de lovely, if less historical. And in our own private tail of elaboration, so huge a mass of white marble. I history who shall compare the two ? Even we, as For what trustful reader of the story ever doubted we totter to our Easy-Chair, will look up at the that it was white marble? If the new marble beautiful buildings in Broadway, and not long for buildings will only stand up, they may last for Italy and an Italian beauty, but be gratefully conmany more years than those which they replace. tented for what we see, and for what long lines of But the fatal enemy of the picturesqueness of New illustrious nobles, knights, and heroes would give York is the constant demolition and erection of all their coronets to see. important structures. No house remains long enough to become hallowed and interesting from We all dread the coming of the Fourth of July association. Half of the charm of the other great now; but there was a time when the very name cities of the world is the identification of famous was melodious with sweet promise, and when the persons with famous places. In this house Milton year had its two poles-Christmas Day and Inlived. Here was Shakspeare born. This was dependence Day. That enthusiasm is long since Mozart's home, or Dante's, or Goethe's. To see flown away in villainous saltpetre, exploded in firewhat they saw, to surround ourselves with the outcrackers, and whizzed to the empyrean in skyward influences to which they were subject, is to rockets. But, to-day-far removed in imagination come as near to them as possible, and to have new from the realities of the terrible day, from popping light thrown upon what they did. But it is doubt- pistols and bottles, from weary ears and aching heads ful if there is any building in New York, ex -let us recall the boy's Fourth of July, before the cept perhaps some church, more than fifty years man's sad glance had sobered its sunshine. old. It is constantly a new city with new inhabit. It is late midnight of the third, and we can not ants. The household gods are brought hither, and sleep for thinking of the morrow. We toss in restthey can be as easily removed. They are not less beds, and our hearts assist with all their ardor worshiped upon the altars where our ancestors at the universal and ubiquitous explosion of gunworshiped them. What a cluster of rich, various, powder. Or let it be a country town, where the and inspiring memories hangs in imagination around third, even the night of the third, has a solemn sievery great city! Dante is known as the Floren- lence, preceding the dawn of the Fourth. Chanti. tine.
cleer crows unheeded this morn. He is a belated The style of street architecture should be rather bird. He has no spark of patriotic fire to kindle at rich than classical. Berlin is famous for its one the very thought of day, but waits till day appears. fine street, Unterd en Linden; and that street is A British bird is that miserable chanticleer, hencefine by reason of one group of buildings. That forward fallen from favor!
Day breaks, and we are up. The brass cannon, forget the smiles of Amanda for a brief moment, and is ready; the nursery regiment drawn up in full dedicate ourselves to more than Amanda dreams uniform; expectation rises with the heralded sun; of. We pour out bountiful libations of youth and the sun peeps, astonished, over the hill; clang go hope to the gods the orator invokes. But Bob the bells, bang go the guns, and pop goes our pri. Stiles looks up sideways from the pews reserved vate and peculiar brass cannon, amid the shouts of for the military below. The miscreant dares to the whole regiment; viz., a small brother in petti glance at Amanda! Fine resolves are scattered coate, and sister, ditto.
like the Spanish armada! Bob Stiles had best reThe day advances, and excitement destroys ap- quire the whole Columbian Guard as his body. petite. In early life patriots do not eat upon the Fourth of July--an omission which later life recti- Life does not flag as the day declines. With a fies. The animated dullness of a country town upon sigh we remember that the Fourth must end. Be. a holiday gives the streets an air of second-hand | yond lies a long and dreary waste of unnamed days gayety. But to our young imaginations, no festal |-hot days that are no festival. There are walks pomps of Venetian Doges and Senators proceeding and drives—there are excursions of many kinds to wed the Adriatic, is so imposing as the proces. pic-nics. But the inexorable sun recedes. It dips sion that forms on the village-green, and marches slowly into the west, and the day is over. Such with the escort of the Columbian Guards toward the days are long since over forever. They are weary church. Cannon roar; bells ring; bursts of mar and noisy days now; we hope they will end withtial music ring along the town, and rise, until lost out Freddy's being blown up by his rockets and fire. in the placid, shining green woods upon the hill crackers. We stay within doors to escape the roar sides beyond.
and the row; or we slip away to some kind friend Within the church, what clouds of white muslin! in the country who will promise to protect us from what waving and flashing of fans! what constant ginger-pop and pistols. murmur and happy hum of expectation and pleased But, gentle friends, let us hope that, even out of excitement! what floods of sunshine pouring through hearing of ginger-pop and pistols, we do not forget open windows into the homely wooden interior the day; and that we are sometimes induced by · smelling of pine!
the thought of it, even as by the oration of the "tal. The Pastor rises--the old, white-headed man, he ented and promising young man," to cherish a warmer who saw Lexington and Concord fight-and with love of freedom, and a holy resolution to maintain it. trembling words commends us all, our hopes, our families, our country, to the Supreme paternal care.
OUR FOREIGN GOSSIP. The roar in air is silent-the red lips of the coun. It would be pleasant in these days of war-talk try girls do not move-in our heavy woolen coats to get a look at the Emperor of Russia: no matter we country boys stand in the gallery and stare, whether we reckon him a great criminal or a great and mark Bob Stiles, in the pew below, who is 80 hero; curiosity is none the less to know how he grand in his new regimentals, as ensign of the Co- really looks, and with what air he wears the enmity lumbian Guards.
of all Western Europe. The prayer is over, and the band begins" Hail, Texier, a ready Frenchmen, who spends his pen Columbia!" is the patriotic strain. We can not upon the columns of the Paris newspaper called help keeping time with our feet. The whole con the Siècle, has undertaken a sort of sketch of Nichgregation beat the measure. In vain the brass in- olas and of his family, which, though meagre enough, struments and the bass-drum try to drown that un- has yet a point or two which may be worth our musical accompaniment. Patriotism, unheeding, singling out and writing down. stamps on, until it seems to be a kind of dumb Every body knows that the Emperor is a "grand hymn, an inarticulate anthem. Under cover of man," of majestic presence, well preserved by his that music what things are said in the old gallery! | health-discipline, and showing, under his military what glances exchanged! what flowers change costume, the thews and sinews of a stout and full. hands! Louis XVI. and his Marie Antoinette, limbed soldier. His voice is as sonorous and farand all the flattering court of Versailles, going reaching as that of the best-winded orderly-sergeant, down to the farm of the Petit Trianon to play peas. and he has an eye for soldierly trimmings, and coatant, or sitting in the gilded apartments of Versailles cuffs, and collars, which has made his household holding sumptuous state, are not so gay as we. corps faultless to a button. He loves to excite Not all the money of all national treasuries could awe, not so much by the trappings of sovereignty buy the youth, the health, the hope, the careless as by his simple presence. He delights in the hush ness, that make our festival so fair.
and the measured words which mark his appear. Behold! the horns are dumb, and the orator ance in the winter fêtes at the palaces of his nobles, arises. O happy orator! nascent lawyer! Fortes and he loves the pitiable ignorance of the street vivere ante Agamemnona. But is it not better to-day people, which greets his unexpected presence beto be “that talented and promising young man," fore the Admiralty as if he were a deity. than any old Cicero or Demosthenes of the histor. It was not long after his accession to power, and ical days! All eyes regard; all hands applaud ; his street slaughter of those who conspired in favor there are smiles, murmurs, even tears in remote of his brother Constantine, that the cholera made its corners, of happy mothers, shy sisters, and of the first terrible inroads upon the population of St. Pegirl who grows pallid and crimson by turns, and tersburg. Ignorance and fear together drove the who shall hear, to-night, from the eloquent orator wretched inhabitants into a state of frenzy ; wild a history of each moment's experience. What sen- suspicions were current of poisoned wells, and the timents are these! What heroisms! Millennium mad, fury of the populace directed itself against dawns! The golden age returns! Ah! young ora- strangers; it was believed that they had brought tor, if you and we would only hold fast forever, in the new disease which desolated their habitations ; our hearts and lives, these principles you preach, threats were followed with violence ; thousands then what a country, what a people, what a future! thronged the quays of the capital, demanding the
In the galleries we do believe. Some of us even instant expulsion of every foreigner; for once the
police and soldiery were powerless; and the storm, thousand roubles with which the bribe might be gaining force as it swept toward the palace, threat. made and discovered by an agent of Orloff upon ened to engulf all authority, and the Imperial Ma. the person of the venal judge. jesty itself.
The Count Orloff supplied the roubles ; the proNicholas, disregarding the counsel of his house. prietor invited the judge to dine. At dessert he hold, mounted a simple drosky at the palace-gate, draws the money from his pocket, and counts it ordered the coachman to drive into the middle of into the hands of his complaisant guest, who places the throng, and rising upon the seat, so that his fig. it in his bat beside him. ure might be plainly observed by the thousands The nephew of the judge shortly makes his ap. surging around, commanded “ Silence! Down pearance, and after a private whisper in the uncle's upon your knees, my children, and cry for God to ear, withdraws. The proprietor gives an arranged help you ; for it is He who afflicts you !"
signal, and the officers of police present themselves, In a moment a hush spread through the multitude, and propose to examine the person of the judge. and the people kneeled, and, smiting their bosoms, “It's not worth while," said the host, rubbing his prayed, as Nicholas had ordered.
hands with glee; “you will find the money, I think, In 1837 the great Winter Palace of St. Petersburg in the judge's hat." was burned to the ground. The Emperor assem- The officer lifts the hat, which is-empty. The bled his officers of Public Works, and said, "My nephew, in retiring, had done his uncle the service palace is burned; I give you a year to build it of making a change. again.”
The virtuous magistrate was astounded by the “Nothing is easier," said one, "provided we charge against him. The poor proprietor had no have materials and men.”
proof for his accusation. He lost his case as well “ Collect them,” said Nicholas.
as his ten thousand roubles; and the functionaries “But,” interposed an architect, “there must be of Orloff, there is reason to believe, divided spoils time for the cement to dry; and the winter in this with the quick-witted judge. region lasts more than half the year.”
But though the police and the judges may con« Keep it warm," said Nicholas.
spire together for the pleasant bait of a few thou. And the men were collected, and the stores ; and sand roubles, the police, removed from the judge, vast fires around the rising walls, and great braziers are not to be bought. Indeed, so secret are their of burning charcoal, kept the atmosphere at a sum- actions, and so uncertain their presence, that the mer temperature, as the works were pushed for victim of their toils knows not whom to buy. They ward. Men, indeed, died at their places by. tens appear in the midst of family groups, and snatch a and by twenties, suffocated by the fumes of the man from his fireside without a reason or any sign burning coal; but still there was no delay; and the to the world. A member of a family is missed; imperial command drafted every day new soldiers none know whither he has gone : his intimate or artisans to fill the places of the dead ones. Win- friends alone may be cognisant of the seizure; but ter passed and summer came; the vast edifice drew it is a thing dangerous to speak of; it is safer to near to completion, but it had proved the funeral say he has retired to his country estates, or has pyre to hundreds of families: the imperial com- made a voyage to Holland or to France. mand, however, was made good, and in a year after Upon a certain evening, not two years gone, an the date when his orders were issued, Nicholas sat officer of the Russian gendarmerie presented himupon his throne, in a palace which had grown into self in the saloon of a gentleman of Petersburg, proportions larger than those of Naples or of Vienna. Monsieur X (That gentleman is now living
Honesty is rare in those who are governed by in Paris, and himself tells the story.) fear; and there is scarce a public functionary of The officer invited Monsieur X- to follow him Russia who is not accessible to bribes. Even high to the Minister of Police. At the sight of the wellofficers of the Crown are, it would seem, not whol. known pale-blue uniform of the officers of police, ly guiltless ; and Texier tells us of a general com- the household and friends of Monsieur X- were missariat, who being ordered to purchase horses for astounded and dismayed. The gentleman obeyed service upon the island of Cronstadt, quietly placed the command, and passed out of his saloon. The the purchase-money in his pocket. The Emperor, family waited him in vain. The night passed, and he upon a visit, made inquiries concerning the supply did not return. The next day dragged wearily on, of the mounted guard. An innocent official stated and still there was no sign and no tidings of their that no new horses had been furnished for months. missing relative. Day after day it was the same The Emperor ordered investigation; and the morn tedious and anxious waiting. Weeks followed, and ing after, the chief commissariat, despoiled of his still there were no tidings. Six months of bitter rank and estates, stood sentry at the door-way of misery ensued, and the family had given him up for his successor. For a similar error of default a lost; when one morning he reappeared-thin, feeRussian admiral was compelled to serve as simple ble, worn out with suffering and anxiety. It was sailor upon his own flag-ship.
hard to believe, indeed, that he was the same who Nor is Russian justice without its color of venal. had left his saloon strong and healthful. Yet it was ity, as a signal instance will show. A rich propri- none other; and this was the account he gave of etor in the neighborhood of Petersburg was in his absence: volved in a suit of the largest importance. A hint "After my leaving my home, the officers, in place was conveyed to him, that the only hope of a favor of conducting me to the ministry of police, placed able decision rested upon the private transfer of ten me in a low, narrow chamber, where I remained thousand silver roubles to the hand of the judge. for some time in entire darkness. In the middle
The proprietor was eager to gain his suit, but he of the night, I was compelled to descend blindfolded was also anxious to save his roubles. So he goes a long stairway, and to enter one of those dark to the Count Orloff, the head of the imperial police, boxes in which prisoners are conveyed from dunreputed one of the few honest functionaries belong. geon to dungeon. A feeble ray of light entering ing to the court, and acquainted him with the offer from above, seemed to me to show a reflection of that had been made, and begged the loan of the ten the snow; by nothing else could I jadge of the direction in which I was dragged rapidly forward by undoubtedly one of the handsomest young men that two horses at full gallop.
can be seen. The Princess Olga, the youngest of “In the morning the dark wagon stopped; an two sisters, was in the background; she appeared officer blinded my eyes, and conducted me to a about fourteen or fifteen, fair and delicate, but tall, narrow prison-room, where I was left in entire with very brilliant, large sparkling eyes. darkness. After sufficient rest, and eating a morsel "Her elder sister, we understood afterward, was of the coarse bread furnished to prisoners, my jour. ill and not able to appear; but at a subsequent peney was renewed, in the same mysterious manner. riod, I often saw her; and although, perhaps, she is The officers never answered a word to my ques. not at first so striking as the Grand Duchess Olga, tions. I knew nothing of the reason for my seizshe has an extraordinary resemblance to the Emure. I could learn nothing of the probable extent peror; and her countenance has all that ingenuous. of my punishment.
ness and intelligence which characterizes her Im“I gave up all thought of again meeting my fam- perial father. She is, I believe, two years older ily or friends; and overcome by this conviction, I than her sister. After half an hour's conversation, yielded languidly to the terrors of my position. Life the Empress proceeded to the general receptionand all its aims seemed suddenly to have passed room; and making her tournée to the ladies, the min. away from me ; and like a corpse, more than like isters, the gentlemen, the officers, &c., that were a living creature, I was removed from wagon to assembled, she went into the dinner-room: the dungeon, and again from my dungeon to the travel- ladies following her successively according to their ing prison van.
rank, and then the gentlemen. I was directed to "On a certain day the horses were removed sit on the left of the Grand Chamberlain, opposite sooner than was the custom. In the middle of the the Empress, the American embassador sitting on night, officers entered my prison with torches. his right. The Empress sat next her son and her Among them I recognized those who had seized daughter; the other ladies ranging in a line on each me at my home. I fancied that I had arrived at the side.. termination of my dreadful journey.
"At the conclusion of the repast, we returned “ An officer came forward, and bade me follow to the end division of the apartment I have dehim.
scribed, while a numerous band of servants swept «• And where do you lead me?' said I.
away the dinner tables, and cleared the middle "To your home,' said he.
space. In about an hour we were dismissed, after “ There seemed to me a terrible irony in this, the Empress had gone round the circle saying somea home in Siberia!
thing kind and agreeable to every one; and we "He opened the window shutters, and bade me were then informed that we should be expected to look out.
return at eight o'clock for a ball; the ladies in an " It was indeed St. Petersburg! We have re- entire new dress : indeed the essential business of turned,' said I.
la toilette seemed to be at its meridian. The Em"We have never left it,' said he, every night | press sets an example by bestowing every possible you have gone over the same road; every day you pains on her appearance, which, aided by her matchhave passed in the sanie dungeon. It was never less jewels, and the precious appendages of the intended to carry you into exile, but simply to give crown, displayed on so fine a person, makes her you a warning:
shine forth as a perfect paragon. On returning It appeared that he had talked too freely of the for the ball, we found the Emperor's younger chil. action of the government, in regard to the organi. dren, the two Grand Dukes Michael and Nicholas, zation of secret societies.
with their governesses and preceptors, assembled
in the outer room; where a large montagne Russe By way of pendant to this touch of tyranny, we had been erected for their amusement ; in using will follow Lord Londonderry into the presence of which they often got the Emperor and ladies of the the Imperial family, and note with what amiable Court to join. The two boys are fair, but strong fondness he speaks of them all.
and healthy. They were dressed en Cossaque, spoke Lord Londonderry, it may be premised, traveled English, and had a Scotch lady in charge of them, in Russia some years ago, and published memorials who was very conversable and agreeable. She had of his trip, which, we believe, never appeared upon been nineteen years in the Imperial family, and this side of the water; nor indeed would they have gave me the most interesting account of the perfecinterest for American readers, except at the present tion of its interior, and of the qualities of the Emjuncture.
peror as a father, husband, and master; which could Speaking the Empress, he says, “She entered only be surpassed by those of the Empress as a the apartment with the Grand Duke Hereditary, | mother and a wife. Having noticed and communi. and in the most gracious manner accosted me as cated with all the nursery department, we went to an old acquaintance; remembering me, she was the ball-room, and shortly afterward the Empress pleased to say, in 1813, in Silesia. The indescrib. appeared. She led off the dance with her son; and able majesty of deportment and fascinating grace it was kept up with spirit until twelve. Her majes. that mark this illustrious personage are very pecu- ty really danced as if she were fifteen, and looked liar. Celebrated as are all the females connected much more like the sister than the mother of the with the lamented and beautiful Queen of Prussia, Hereditary Prince. It is useless to enumerate all there is none of them more bewitching in manners the company that graced this splendid ball; the than the Empress of Russia; nor is there existing, élite of Petersburg are well known; all were pres. according to all reports, so excellent and perfect a ent." being.
The same amiable Marquis describes a banquet “After a kind and gracious conversation with with the Emperor, and its attending ceremonies, me, she turned to my companions, and while talk thus: “We sat down about four hundred. The ing to them, the Hereditary Prince approached me. / salle was lighted by four thousand wax candles. He is eighteen, remarkably tall and handsome, has | The dinner was served à la Russe ; but was hot and a benign countenance and a princely air, and is excellent. The wines were of every description; the ormolu ornaments and confectionary which dec-, our first travelers went into Russia, before yet the orated the table were not only splendidly hand- voyaging Stephens had made his books or his some, but the latter in great perfection; and the name, there were brought back from the Muscovite dessert was laid out on a Russian porcelain serv. country terrible details of the knout execution, ice, on which were painted the devices and uni- which we remember reading over with a strange forms of every regiment in the Russian army. The sensation of nausea. The descriptions have gone Empress sat in the middle of the centre table, hav. by, but the punishment is fresh as ever; and may ing the Crown Prince on her right, the Prince of be we shall be doing a service to humanity in call. Oldenburg on her left, and the other branches of ing up again its harrowing details, which belong to the Imperial family next her. The Emperor, as is the execution of a criminal sentence of Russia. usual on these occasions, was opposite to her Im-We copy the grapbic account of a late French perial Majesty, with the two oldest officers of the writer : regiment on his right and left. At a particular mo “At a given signal the sufferer has to advance, ment of the repast, the Emperor rose and said, “Je with a slow step, between the rows of soldiers, porte a la santé des officiers du regiment ! Every each of whom, in turn, must apply a vigorous blow body stands; they then reseat themselves in si- on his back : the pain he endures might, perhaps, lence, and there are no further speeches or demon- suggest to him the idea of passing as quickly as strations of any kind.
possible through the double row of executioners, in “After coffee is handed round, the Imperial circle order to lessen the number and the force of the rise and proceed to the rooms of the Empress. On blows which hack his flesh to pieces; but he cal. this occasion there was a peculiarly interesting culates without Russian justice. The two non-comspectacle. As the regiment was one in which the missioned officers retreat slowly, step by step, in Imperial family had all served, and as the young order to afford every one time to perform his task. Grand Dukes will be first placed in it, the Em They drag the unhappy wretch forward, or push peror, to show his respect and attachment to this him back, by driving the points of the bayonets corps, had arranged the following exhibition: into his breast. Every blow must tell; it must
"In the interior of the Salle Blanche, on each side enter his back and cause the blood to gush ont. No of the door, were placed two of the finest grenadiers | pity; every one must do his duty. The Muscovite of the regiment, measuring at least six feet two or soldier is a machine which is not allowed to posthree inches; when we had passed these in the sess any individual feeling; and woe betide his outer hall, to our amazement we beheld the two own shoulders if he manifests the least hesitation, little Grand Dukes standing as sentinels, and dress. for he will, on the spot, receive from twenty-five ed with minute exactness as privates of the regi- to a hundred blows, according to the caprice of the ment, with knapsacks, great-coats, haversacks, all general who has the honor of commanding the 6000 in marching order. To the inexpressible amuse-executioners. The Russian Government is scrupu. ment of every body, the Emperor himself then put lous in the most trifling details. It insists on every the little princes through the manual and platoon thing being done with precision. But with such exercise, which they both did incomparably. The men as it has at its disposal it can not trust to universal delight, from the oldest general to the chance, and, therefore, it has rehearsals to execute lowest subaltern of the guards, was something I a human being, just as it exercises its troops precan not describe.”
vious to a review. A few hours before the time On another occasion the Marquis thus describes appointed for the punishment, a truss of hay or (it will please our lady readers) the appearance of straw, placed upon a chariot, is driven along the the Empress : “ She came forth from her boudoir, ranks. The sufferer advanced up to the nine hundcovered with jewels, surrounded by the Grand redth and third stroke; he did not utter a single cry, Duchess, the dames, and demoiselles d'honneur. The or prefer a single complaint; the only thing which largest brilliants decorated her head; her robe was betrayed his agony from time to time was a con. of light-blue velvet trimmed with costly ermine; it vulsive shudder. The foam then began to form was scarcely possible for the eye to rest on any upon his lips, and the blood to start from his nose. thing but diamonds and pearls in this dress of | After fourteen hundred strokes, his face, which had matchless splendor; so well suited to the grace and long before begun to turn blue, assumed suddenly dignity of deportment of this noble woman, whose a greenish hue; his eyes became haggard and al. matchless person, added to the action of her arms, most started out of their sockets, from which large and the display of her beautiful hands, render her blood-colored tears trickled down and stained his an object the contemplation of which one could cheeks. He was gasping and gradually sinking. hardly leave. Her two lovely daughters followed | The officer who accompanied me ordered the ranks her like two attendant angels. They were clothed to open, and I approached the body. The skin in the palest pink velvet, trimmed, as was the robe was literally plowed up, and had, so to say, disapof the Empress, with ermine ; on their heads they peared. The flesh was hacked to pieces, and alwore caps with long vails; they equaled, but never most reduced to a state of jelly ; long strips hung can surpass, their mother in feminine attraction.” down the prisoner's sides like so many thongs,
In view of such descriptive generosity, so genial | while other pieces remained fastened and glued to and so honest, it is hard to believe that the Impe. the sticks of the executioners. The muscles, too, rial Court still recognizes and sanctions the direst were torn to shreds. No mortal tongue can ever cruelty and the most vigilant despotism of the convey a just idea of the sight. The commandant world. The surveillance of an omnipresent police, caused the cart which had brought the prisoner to and the seizure of suspected state-criminals, from be driven up. He was laid in it on his stomach, their own firesides, without accusation, without and, although he was completely insensible, the warning, without time or means for exculpation, punishment was continued upon the corpse, until form but a small part of the real barbarism which the surgeon appointed by the Government, who had overshadows that ice-land of the North. Their followed the execution step by step, gave orders for very judicial punishments savor of savage life, and it to be suspended. He did not do this, however, the knout' has become a symbol of cruelty. When until there was hardly the slightest breath of life Vol. IX.-No 50.-S