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idence sent only four. Even the present chron- | memory of Norton, their worthy companion. And icler can recall
as the patriotic pilgrim watches from the Point “Eheu, eheu! Posthume ! Posthume !" the waters on which British power was first humfine old Newport figures, gentlemen and scholars, bled by American freedom, and returns, pensive, worthy to call Hunter, Hazard, Randolph, King, through the streets that Washington walked, and Ellery, and others, ancestors.
by the house of Perry, he will be glad that our From about the year 1840, and the erection of heroes shall not die unsung, and remember Banthe “ Ocean House" and the “ Atlantic House,'' | croft, our great historian. may be dated the renaissance of Newport. There Newport is pre-eminently our Watering-place, is an immortal excellence in the air and the island nor is there any in the world superior in variety which will not suffer it to fall into forgetfulness of charm. In Europe, the great German Baths or complete decay. It will not cease to call its are only other names for gaming-houses; the roll of famous names. If its traditions love to Italian resorts are lovely; Lucca and Castellaremember Berkeley and Stiles and Channing mare, of which Willis gossips airily, are delightwalking along its shores and fields, so will its ful. But the Baths of Lucca are shut in by mountfuture annalists associate with its history the ains, and Castellamare, although upon the Bay
of Naples, is oppressed by Monte San Angelo, and wants the breadth and variety of Newport. In France and England the summer resorts are pleasant, but the peculiarity of a watering-place is too much lost in the extent of the towns. Töplitz, in Bohemia, is inland ; Heliogoland is a small island in the North Sea, more curious than agreeable; the Tyrolean Baths at Ischl are romantic, and surrounded by magnificent mountains; and the Swiss Baths and those of the Pyrenees lie in narrow valleys, and want a refreshing horizon. At Baden Baden, the great Continental resort, you may see Rachel lose and win piles of Napoleons, and try your own fortune with Louis d'ors or sovereigns. But Newport has more natural advantages than any of
liest youth, at which time tradition did not reach to its first construction—and catch, for baking with wine-sauce, the tautog, famed fish of Rhode Island waters, which the unfortunate Abbé Robin ignorantly called tew-tag. Or, in more romantic and less fiercely piscatory moods, you will draw perch from Lily Pond, and saunter to the Spouting Horn, where, in storms, the sea dashes high in crumbling, glittering spires of foam-building in air a vast, blinding, momentary wall of unimaginable splendor of
device and detail-a palace of exLILY POND.
quisite faery heaved suddenly upthem. Nor does it want similar seductions | ward from the volcanic emerald mine of ocean Superfluous money may be lost even in Newport -wavering, flashing, and gone. Or you go down -land of John Callender and Roger Williams. the Forty-steps to Conrad's Cave, and babble Its casinos do not blaze with colored lamps among | Byron; or to the Point, and recall revolutionary orange trees upon the highway, as at Baden; but in tradition. But still, a watering-place is a thequiet little streets, hiding in houses of a rusty dig- atre where the audience are also the actors. nity, lurk the fascinating spells: and there the They play to themselves for their own amuseyouths-fondly supposed by mothers, aunts, and ment, and it sometimes happens that they do sisters, to be innocently polking with Clotilda, or amuse themselves more than others. It has its discreetly flirting with Amanda—are toying with a legends, like other theatres—its tragedies and commore terrible mistress, and perfecting the jaded edies. And if the portraits of our grandmothers, and insolent swagger which is supposed to indi- | in their favorite parts of admired belles, are not cate the man of the world. Sometimes the con | hung up in its offices and parlors, it is because science, and not the stomach, is responsible for they are so vividly depicted by fond tradition. that morning headache.
The grandchildren succeed to those parts, and Saratoga is our only rival of Newport, and play them quite as well. They sing the old songs Saratoga is always sure of a certain homage to different tunes; they bowl with other beaux; But its unique hotels, its throng, its music, its they flirt with younger lovers; they dance with dancing, its bowling, its smoking, its drinking, partners not yet gouty; they roam on the cliffs, its flirting, its drives to dinners, and sunsets at and drive upon the beach, and ride at the Fort; the Lake, are not enough to equal the claim of they are not ante-revolutionary, nor are the lovers Newport, which has inost of these and more. called De Lauzun, Viosmenil, De Broglie, or De Saratoga is a hotel, Newport is a realm. Sara- Segur; but the plot is the same, and the play is toga will always be sure of its friends, for it has not different, and the summer moon of this year an actual and tangible value in its mineral waters sees as fair a spectacle as that of a century ago. and its fine hotels. Newport has no mineral springs, and its hotels are bad.
THE HOLY WEEK AT ROME. But the chief charm of a watering-place is
THIRD ARTICLE. not the beauty nor the fame of the spot. It has THE ceremonies and labors of the Holy Week, less to do with the place than with the people. I one would suppose, were sufficient for the You profess, perhaps, to love scenery, and you wants of any clergy for the entire year. Not so go to Newport to walk on the cliff, and see sun- with the Roman Church. She proclaims and ensets ; or upon the beach where Berkeley mused, forces the observance of some seventy distinct and where fishermen are now drawing seines ; festas, or sacred days, besides Sundays. Nearly or to the lonely Purgatory Rock, of which the le- a third of the year is consecrated to idleness, gend is, that a lover was dared by his mistress to which vice is exalted to the rank of a virtue. I leap the yawning mouth of the chasm for her glove, would exempt from this waste of time the periods and throw it in her face as he leaped back again, properly belonging to divine worship, which of while with King Francis
course are comprised within the duties of all men. Not love, quoth he, but vanity,
But the Pope absolutely inculcates doing nothing Sets love a task like that."
on holidays, and denounces heavy penalties on You stroll along the cliff to the Bass Rocks, and the disobedient. The laboring classes, consethrow your line for sea or striped bass, or blue- quently, whose average daily gains are between fish; or from Bateman's shore look across to a quarter and a half of a dollar, are coinpelled to Gooseberry Island, whither Colonel John Malbone abstain from all work, and take part in religious was wont to repair, and with his friends fish, and processions, or in witnessing superstitious rites, drink, and swim three times a day; or you go of a character to confirm their own vain predilecout in tossing sail-boats with a grim old Newport tions. Without the physical labors which the captain—who remembers the Boat-house from ear- observance of these holidays forces upon the clergy, they would be almost as idle as the pop- occupations, and to interest themselves in the suculace themselves. But the dressings and un-cess of all their pursuits—good, bad, or indifferdressings, the genuflexions, and swinging of ent. When an accident occurs to man, beast, or censers, the marching and counter-marching, the vehicle, they do not hesitate to rate their patron collection of alms, bearing of images, carrying of saint, roundly and profanely, for his negligence. candles, ringing of bells, and all the complicated If, on the contrary, they escape an evil, they and ingenious inventions of ecclesiastical brains, hasten to offer a candle, or some gift in propor. to keep their hands from being in the service of tion to their means, to his or her shrine, as the the devil-all these find the clergy in some degree sex may be. of employment, while their flocks are left to idly Among the many ceremonies my curiosity has gape over their stereotyped displays, or find such prompted me to witness, none more wearisome amusements as they can; in short, to do any ever fell to my lot than the midnight mass of thing but conform to the Divine injunction of Christmas-eve. Prompted by the expectation of “Six days shalt thou labor.” The Church, how- good music, I went to the church of the “ Anever, discountenances irregular pleasures, and nunciata” at Florence, at the usual hour, about does its best, consistently with its own example, ten o'clock. The body of the church was crammed to keep the people in a moral vein. It endeavors with the unwashed multitude. Behind the choir to reconcile idleness with goodness, and supersti- were admitted the strangers and fashionables. tion with religion ; unions, like all unnatural During the dark and dismal service, gay conversaones, prolific only in imbecility and disorder. | tion, flirting, and promenading were going on.
The weightiest objection to the absurd specta- It was more like the saloon of a theatre than the cles of the church, sanctioned by the Pope and house of God. At midnight a gaudily-dressed high clergy, is, that they cultivate credulity and doll was held up for the devotion of the congregaignorance among the people, and teach them to tion, and the ceremony was concluded. • rely more upon the blessings and supernatural The Roman clergy assemble five times a year care of deceased saints than upon their own ex- in general processions. The different orders of ertions or enterprise in providing against the or- monks, being very properly of the least considerdinary contingencies of life. Hence human pru- ation in the church, march first. Thirty-seven dence is superseded by a puerile fatalism, equally communities appear under the banners of their remote from the dignified practice and sublime several saints, twenty march under the flag of the doctrine of Islamism. The Roman people, in Holy Sacrament, and eight others appear under particular, believe that the special business of the different ensigns, of which one is the banner of saints in Paradise is to watch over their daily Death. They turn out to the number of five or
ITALIAN MONKS. six thousand, when in full ranks, of priests, constitutes a congregation of relics, composed of monks, and clerks.
six cardinals and four prelates, whose functions The most splendid of these processions is that are to examine and classify the remains of ancient of Corpus Domini,” or the Fête of God. In martyrs found in the catacombs of Rome and elsethis, the Pope and all the civil and ecclesiastical where. Their quarry is a large one, for already dignitaries of Rome, and the military, take part. there have been taken from this necropolis the reEmbassadors, governors, senators, princes, and mains of one hundred and seventy thousand vicnobles of every degree, humbly carrying candles, tims-of death surely, if not of martyrdom--most appear in this colossal cortège. The Pope is borne of which have passed muster as genuine relics, comon his pontifical litter, high above the heads of all, forting to the faith of the living and profitable to the surrounded by his court, and carrying in his hands treasury of the Church. Unfortunately the science the holy sacrament, in vessels radiant with gold of the priestly inspectors has not always been equal and jewels, before which the spectators prostrate to their zeal, and the remains of animals have themselves humbly and uncovered, as the proces | been sometimes confounded with those of the early sion slowly passes through the different quarters Christians. But as a close inspection of relics is of Rome, on its way to and from St. Peter's. seldom allowed, distance would lend as much spir
The doctrine and abuses of relics are among itual efficacy to the bone of an ass as of a martyr, the worst corruptions of the Roman Church. As provided faith was equal to the sacred recognition. they are sources of incalculable pecuniary profit, St. Peter's boasts the possession of the most they will be among the slowest and most difficult precious of the sacred relics. These consist of a of reformation. Doubtless the Church of Rome piece of the true cross, a portion of the spearpossesses, among its hordes of false relics, some head which pierced the side of Christ, a bit of the true memorials of departed saints. It is even sponge, and the true imprint of the Saviour's face possible, though not probable, that St. Helena did | upon the handkerchief of St. Veronica, which, put her in possession of some of the genuine im according to Roman Catholic tradition, she lent to plements used at the crucifixion. Grant this Christ to wipe the sweat from his brow while much, even, but hold her to her own doctrine in staggering under the weight of the cross. No regard to them, viz., " That in religion relics are good Catholic presumes to doubt the authenticity to be held in veneration corresponding to that in of these relics. They are exhibited to the people which tokens of affection and memorials of endear- during Holy Week, all incased in gold and prement are preserved in well-regulated and virtuous cious stones, from one of the raised galleries above families.” This is right and proper. . the tomb of St. Peter, nearly one hundred feet
But what use does the Church of Rome make of above their heads, at which distance it is imposthem? That she considers them of primary import- sible to distinguish one object from another. Beance in her service is evident from the fact that she sides these, there are eleven columns from the temple of Jerusalem, and the one against which admitted to kiss the silver railing of the altar, for Jesus leaned when disputing with the doctors. the purpose of devoutly leaving a sum of money This is carefully concealed from general sight in with the priest for the edifying privilege. Ghastly one of the chapels, but I contrived to get in and heads and remains of martyrs, in silver or gold lean against the same spot-I must confess it, cases, are periodically exposed to similar adoration not without experiencing a sensation of pious in the principal churches, or brought out in solgratification altogether remote from skepticism- emn procession on the occasion of drought or 80 far as the iron grating with which it is jealous- some public calamity, to induce the defunct posly encircled would permit.
sessor to intercede with God, or more generally St. Peter's has also a chapel specially devoted the Virgin Mary, to arrest the evil. Who can to the arms, legs, fingers, heads, and other por- view these imbecilities and not hold the Roman tions of saints, the list of which hangs on the clergy accountable for withholding the bread of outside, and is not a very attractive invitation to life, and substituting pageantry and superstitions enter to sensitive stomachs.
not one whit superior to the classical paganism There is scarcely a Roman Catholic church in they supplanted ? It is true that the early popes, Europe that does not possess a Golgotha of relics despairing to abolish altogether the heathen cus- disgusting objects, mostly defeating their own toms of Rome, engrafted many of the ceremonies claims to authenticity by their impossible preten- of the expiring ritual into their own. But their sions and absurd traditions, the belief in which is successors have allowed fifteen centuries to pass far more diligently inculcated than in the saving without a single endeavor to purify their religion doctrines of Scripture. The latter would put an from the corrupting influences which their predeend to these stupid impostures, but the former ex- cessors deplored, and submitted to only from unalt the reputation of the several churches, and avoidable necessity. Forms and names have been bring much treasure into their coffers. In fact, changed, but Rome of the nineteenth century, they are ecclesiastical museums, for which heretics under a Christian pontiff and a learned clergy, in pay to gratify their curiosity, and the faithful to point of superstition and credulity, is as essentialadore, and gain the promised indulgences at the ex- ly pagan as in the days of Augustus. The mirapense of their gifts left upon the altars. I have seen cles of ancient Rome, so prolific in the pages of thousands flock around a miserable old Byzantine Livy, are every whit as credible as those which painting of the Virgin, of the twelfth century, scru- figure in the annals of the Church. When devopulously vailed in order to increase the mystery, tion flags, or money fails to pour abundantly in at except on certain holidays when the public are a certain shrine, a miracle is sure to ensue. Cu