« 이전계속 »
A Rib of St. Peter.
Two of the Stones used at the martyrdom of A Rib of St. Paul.
St. Stephen. A portion of the Skull of St. John the Baptist. The most remarkable appeal to public credulity -(The entire head is preserved at Geneva; but is to be found at Cologne, in the well-known colduplicates of saintly remains are no more mirac-lection of the relics of St. Ursula and her eleven ulous than their preservation at all, and do not thousand virgin companions, all of whom, the appear to weaken faith in their authenticity.) | Church teaches her disciples to believe, were
ADORATION OF THE STATUE OF ST. PETER. wanton!v massacred by a horde of barbarians, / No. 32.—" Florentia, Queen.. somewhere between the years 237 and 451 of the No. 36.—" Florentia, a Princess of Negroes. Christian era, for refusing to submit to their em- / No. 50.-—"A small silver shrine, containing braces. “He must have an iron head," says our parts of Christ's rod."- What rod ? high authority, “who will maintain that this sub- Nos. 55 and 57.— The right Arm and Foot lime old tradition of Cologne does not merit be- of St. Ursula-her hair-net," etc. lief."
No. 60.-(The naïvete of the printed descripBe that as it may, the church of St. Ursula tion of this is particularly funny.)—“ A Waterexhibits, to this day, in the su-called “Golden cruet used at the wedding meal at Cana, brought Chamber, admission fixed at thirty cents, for the to Cologne by St. Bruno. An eye-witness, who benefit of the church," one hundred and seventy has been in Cana, assures us that there are only skulls, inclosed in velvet cases, overlaid with sil- five of these water-pots, and that the sixth he has ver and precious stones. These are arranged on seen in our Golden Chamber is perfectly like the shelves, and grin ghastly upon the spectator from five other pots." Can we wonder at the simplic. their richly-decorated cases, which contrast hor ity of the flocks, when such is the erudition of the ribly in their mock splendor with the empty eye- shepherds? sockets and high cheek-bones of death. On the Besides these relics there are six hundred and head of St. Ursula there is a crown of great value. twelve heads, adorned with golden embroidery, in The attendant monk, as he relates the legend of gilded glass chests. their death, calls upon the visitor, with great unc- This church is a Golgotha on a large scale. tion, to admire the glossy flaxen hair of the virgin The walls inclose a solid mass of hones, symmetsaint, which he is allowed to handle, besides rically piled for the space of eighty feet in length placing his fingers in the cleft skulls of those who by ten in height and two in width, which the came to their deaths by sabre strokes. Most of monks joyfully point out as confirmatory of their these skulls bear names, and are thus catalogued : legend. As late as the year 1642, some fourteen
No. 2.- The Head of St. Etherius, bridegroom hundred years after the martyrdom, the liquid of St. Ursula, with the teeth well preserved. blood of St. Ursula was discovered, as fresh as if
No. 14.—“ Aurelius, King of Sardinia”—and just shed; but the monks, probably from fear of a large number of bishops, dukos, priests, and another discovery, immediately reburied it. soldiers, all numbered, in reckless disregard of It is a dismal church, full of bones, and skulls, their unvirginlike association of sex and employ- and coffins, and all sorts of quaint pictures of ment.
| monkish legends, and gloomy architecture. When No. 23.—“St. Benedicta, Duchess, who led a I left it, darkness had overshadowed all, and my cohort of the holy legion.
shaven and cowled guide was obliged to light a
candle to pilot me out. As we passed a confes- | brazen toe, and then touching the foot with their sional-box, a woman suddenly arose from her chins and foreheads in a most devout manner, knees, and a priest stepped from that silent wit- greatly to the edification of a countless multitude, ness of the heart's burden of grief and sin, and who, in their zeal of imitation, rush toward it disappeared in the recesses of the tomb-like with a fury that threatens to endanger the stabilchurch. She had just finished her confession; ity of the statue itself. At all hours worshipers and, with a rapid step and bowed head, passed are seen before this image. The rich and poor, rapidly by. But what an hour and what a place the noble and peasant, infancy and age, kneel to select for penitence and absolution! The grim and pray before it, never leaving without bestowrelics of death above, below, and on all sides. ing the adoring kiss, and pressing the forehead Each step disturbed the ashes and repose of a against the consecrated heel. So numerous are grave. Night lent additional ghastliness to the their embraces, that it has been found necessary scene. A lady was with me. She pressed closely to protect the toe by an additional covering from to my side, and drew a long breath of relief as we being entirely worn away. For centuries has stepped over the gloomy threshold and found our- this idolatrous worship been performed, not only selves once more breathing the pure air of heaven. unrebuked, but sanctioned and ordered by the Ro
The most conspicuous object of adoration at man clergy as a means of salvation. Rome is a venerable bronze statue of St. Peter; The degree of devotion which this image exa sitting figure, sɔ ancient that it is generally as- cites is very various. It would be amusing, were serted to be an old pagan deity, perhaps Jupiter it not mournful, to witness the daily scenes enacted himself, or at all events, some eminent heathen before it. I have seen an old woman, tottering character, a consul or magistrate, but now trans- with age, seize the foot in her hands, and kiss the formed by modern cunning into the sacred image toe twenty times in rapid succession with all the of the fisherman saint.
impetuosity and warmth of a young lover, and This is the particular idol which the Pope loves leave with an unmistakable expression of pious to venerate in public; consequently all good joy. Mothers press the unwilling lips of babes Catholics follow his example for their souls' sake. to the cold metal; ignorant of its efficacy, they The motives of His Holiness possibly are pure cry and shrink from the embrace. Their older and orthodox; but the act itself is idolatry, and brothers and sisters kneel, and lift their tiny hands as such, becomes not only a license but an ex- toward it, as we are taught to do when we say, ample to the multitude. On certain festivals the “Our Father who art in heaven.” Young girls Pope and high dignitaries go to St. Peter's for and fashionable mothers in squads approach, bow, this purpose, pressing their lips fervently to the take out their laced handkerchiefs, polish the top
clean, and then apply their lips—some devoutly, Christian head of the Church and State, as then and others with a hidden laugh, as if nature re- was permitted by a Claudius or Titus, sovereigns pudiated the mockery. Old men prostrate them- and pontiffs of universal Heathendom! The selves before the silent mass of metal as if it were Protestants of the first century, in the fourth sucthe tabernacle of the “Most High.” There is no ceeded to the throne and power. Jupiter was mistaking their sincerity. The worship, however cast aside forever. The Roman Church banished mistaken, gives them spiritual satisfaction, doubt from the earth the grosser crimes and practices of less far more acceptable before Heaven than the paganism. Mankind owe her much. But she is scoffs and jibes of the cold reasoner, who, seeing now in her decrepitude; she is dying out. The no religion in this, denies the existence of a Deity worship of St. Peter will be cast aside in its turn a together.
as an obsolete idea. On its ruins there will arise The spirit of the age extorts, even from the a purer faith, which, in presenting to man a “FaRoman Church in Italy, some concessions to ther in heaven," shall stimulate him to progress Protestantism. She does not permit, but she in virtue and knowledge. shuts her eyes to the fact, that Protestants in In the mean time, Popery is busy, preaching Rome, Naples, Florence, and other capitals gather and proselytizing. The ignorant preacher seeks together on Sundays, in “upper chambers' or in to excite the passions, and not to awaken the humble chapels-tó which bells are forbidden-to understanding of his hearers. The Roman is worship. These isolated meetings, in which re- theatrical even in his church. He does not hesligion is reduced to the standard of apostolic sim- itate to recall the crowd from Punch and Judy to plicity, carry one back to its early history, when, the crucifix by exclaiming, as he points to the under the more enlightened pagan emperors, all bleeding Saviour, “Ecco il vero pulcinella !" Christians were tacitly allowed thus to meet for Behold the true Punch!” He knows how to prayer and exhortation. Is it not strange that, touch the chord of their hearts, for he has made after eighteen centuries, upon a nominally Chris- them what they are. tian soil, the same limited privilege only is con- One of her writers spoke thus of souls in Purceded to Christians, by the Sovereign Pontiff, the gatory :
“ Imagine that the poor soul has his eyes upon strangers would have supposed it a tuneral, and you, and looks with anxiety to see whether you fewer still that that lovely corpse was not a waxen give or refuse. If it perceives that you have your image. But it was unmistakable death on one hands in your pocket, it experiences a delight, of its saddest errands. which augments in proportion as your offering approaches the contribution-box; when the money
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. is held over it, the soul jumps from the flames,
BY JOHN S. C. ABBOTT. and when the gift falls, the soul springs with pleisure. Oh! to procure to those that you love THE scenes described in the conclusion of the a moment so sweet, to make them taste these I last chapter occurred in the evening of the delights, if you have not money yourselt, borrow 6th of April. The next morning, at sunrise, of your neighbor, who, if he refuses, will be more Caulaincourt again set out for Paris, with the culpable than you."
unconditional abdication. In the course of the A small sum will buy, at almost any of the day the important document was presented to the churches of Rome, sufficient masses to free a soul council of the Allies. The entire overthrow of from purgatory for from 3000 to 30,000 years ; one whose renown had so filled the world moved and it needs but more money to extend the time their sympathies. The march of their troops indefinitely. Hell-fire is not, however, to be upon Fontainebleau was suspended, and an anxbought off. The rich have no difficulty in com- ious conference was held, to determine what pounding in this life for any peccadilloes, or doc- should be done with the fallen Emperor and his trines that do not affect the supremacy of the family. Church. The Pope issues, for a consideration, The Bourbon partisans were anxious that he absolution in full for all past or future sins. The should be sent as far as possible from France, poor would be badly off, were it not that every and mentioned St. Helena. Others spoke of Corwhere friars in sackcloth, or greasy-looking in- fu and of Corsica. Elba was mentioned, and its dividuals in long white night-gowns, piously beg fine climate highly eulogized. Caulaincourt imthrough the principal streets-rattling a tin box mediately seized upon this opening, and urmed in the ears of the passers-by-alms for the poor the u ption of Elba. The Bourbonists were in purgatory.
alarmeu. They well know the love of the people of Of all the processions of the Roman Church, France for Napoleon, and trembled at the thought the final one, which bears its member to his last of having him so near. Earnestly they objected. home, is the most curious and lugubrious. None Alexander, however, generously came to the but the rich can afford this display. The corpso support of Caulaincourt. After an animated deis decked in its most brilliant attire, with its face bate, his influence prevailed, and it was decided painted to resemble lise, and placed upon an open that the principality of the island of Elba should bier, which is borne through the streets of Rome, be conceded to the Emperor Napoleon, to enjoy followed by as miny deputations of friars and for life, with the title of sovereignty and propriemonks from the several convents as the family of torship. the deceased can afford to hire. These fall into | Napoleon, finding that the Allies were not disranks like so many military companies, bearing posed to treat with him, but were simply decidcrosses and candles, and chanting most dismally ing his fate, according to their good pleasure, was at the top of their voices, so that they can be stung to the quick. He immediately dispatched heard long before they are seen. The effect at a courier to Caulaincourt, with the order, “ Bring night from the glare of the torches in the face of me back my abdication. I am conquered. I the corpse, and the monotonous and mournful yield to the fortune of arms. A simple cartel notes of the hired mourners, is unequaled by any will be sufficient.” spectacle I have ever seen of this nature, except In the evening he dispatched another letter, the funeral cortéges of the South Sea Islanders, saying, “Why do you speak to me of the conwhen a whole tribe lift up their voices and wail ventions of a treaty? I want none. Since they for a dead chief. There is no cry equal to that will not treat with me, and only employ themfor sadness and filling the soul with melancholy, selves about the disposal of my person, to what Among the savages every act is consonant with purpose is a treaty? This diplomatic negotiation the sad office. The tears fall to earth, but the dipleases me. Let it cease." wail rises to heaven. In Rome, the mingling of Al five o'clock the next morning Caulaincourt the vanities of life with the realities of death is was awakened by another courier. He brought shocking. I have seen a young female, on an the following message : “I order you to bring open bier, her cheeks blooming with color, flow. back my abdication. I will sign no treaty. And ers on her head, while she was dressed as it were in all cases I forbid you to make any stipulations for a ball, and looking as fresh and rosy as if life for money. That is disgusting.” still animated her rigid limbs, borne through the In twenty-four hours Caulaincourt received streets at night, the torches lighting up with a seven couriers. He was utterly bewildered. He ghastly hue her beautiful countenance, which had given in the abdication. The Allies were seemed as if it only slumbered, while the rain drawing up the terms of the settlement, which poured in torrents on her lifeless form. The were to be presented to Napoleon for his acceptwetted priests had ceased their chant, and hurried ance. The power was entirely in their hands. along at a rapid pace to finish their job. Few Caulaincourt, whose solicitude amounted to an