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side ; and we mark together the company and the ingly to cling to him as a counselor and comprogress of the game. As usual, ladies are here, forter. But it is in vain. The tide is still against and one of them--can it be? Yes, it is the same him, and he seems destined to drink deeply and who first arrested my attention at the gambling. I justly of the cup of bitterness which his own table of W- !. I am now informed that she is folly has mingled. And that dark-whiskered Ena French countess. And here is her husband be- glish attaché, who has lately come here from the side her, polished and elegant in his aspect, and court of B- , has also lost a large sum. Alas! calm and cool in his mien. Every night they are these are but specimens of innumerable victims. here, until one morning I see a carriage laden How true it is in this, and all kindred matters, with baggage at the door of one of the large ho- that “the beginning of sin is like the letting out tels, and the gambling pair take their departure, of water!" How well is this enforced in the picpossibly to some other scene where their ruling ture drawn by a writer already quoted, who, after passion can be gratified, and with the hope that close personal observation, writes thus: “To * better luck” awaits them. French only is spoken watch the first casual glance of a new comer; to at this table. See that veteran croupier in the see how by degrees his careless air becomes fixed; centre, who, with impassive face, shuffles the the gaze darkens; the eye sharpens; the whole cards, crying out, as he prepares to expose their man becomes engrossed with the view. To see black or red faces, as it may be, on the table, him make his first hesitating deposit, by degrees « Faites le jeu, Messieurs !" (Play, gentlemen!) go deeper and deeper, and then plunge in, heart, And those who are disposed, put down their mon and life, and soul, borne on to conquest or to ruin ey. Here are two gentlemen who are bold play- by the great torrent of excitement. To see here ers. They never stake silver. A pile of Napo-, and there one leaving, now something draw off, leons lies at the side of each. One of them is then yield to the potent fascination, and reseat about sixty years of age, tall and robust, with red himself. To see a timid and amiable-looking face and close-cropped white hair; the other is a woman stand behind, hiddenly draw forth her little black-haired, dark-eyed man; and both ap- purse as she watches the progress of the play, pear to be habitués of the place. Three gold hand the stake to the gentleman of the party who pieces form the first stake, and the player win- stands before her, till, fired by the alternations of ning, the sum is doubled. One of the six Napo- loss and gain, she pushes by degrees to the front, leons now on the cloth is withdrawn, five remain, takes a seat, and from that moment becomes a and a second favorable turn of the cards causes prey to the worst writhings and spurrings of the the bank to pay over five more. And now will human soul." not this suffice? or, at least, will not the players Before this overmastering passion for play, begin again with a low stake, as before? At this the barriers of religion and morality are speedily moment is pointed out one of the “ brothers Le-swept away. It is a significant fact, that, at the noir," who seems to be doing nothing in the back- German watering-places, the gambling-rooms are ground but nodding and chatting, with perfect open in the afternoon and evening of the day nonchalance, to some acquaintances; but watch which has been divinely set apart for sacred rest, him narrowly, and he is peering stealthily at the and that the tables are then as crowded as usual. table, and beginning to be somewhat discomposed, One Sunday afternoon I was at the English servfor the game to-night has hitherto gone against ice in the Lutheran church. The first lesson the bank. But caution on the part of the players was being read, when a man rushed into the is gone, and golden visions beckon onward. And church in breathless excitement, and, repairing to so that ruby-faced gentleman leaves his ten gold the desk, whispered something to the minister, pieces on the cloth; another turn of the cards, and then, with eager haste, ran rapidly up the and all is gone! But now mark that young Aus- stone stairs which led to the steeple. Immetrian count, with the English military officer in diately the great bell began to ring violently. It undress, and wearing an imperial, sitting beside was the alarm of fire in the town! The congrehim. The young count is of Irish extraction. gation was at once dismissed, and, on repairing He is always seen at the wells drinking daily; to the opposite end of the town, we found exbut, although so gay at night and so gallant by cited crowds of people ranged in lines, passing day, as he walks with the leading belles on the buckets of water from the river to the scene of public promenade, there is a deadly paleness on the fire, which had seized on a large house in his cheek at all times. It appears that, on pa- the rear of one of the hotels. To catch a more rade at Vienna, he was struck with a musket-ball distinct view of the scene, I climbed the rocks (whether by accident or otherwise was not stated), immediately behind the burning house, and there, which is still unextracted; his health is evidently too, I found men, women, and young girls all feeble and failing. But every night he is here ; banded together in passing water down from a his stakes are modest in their amount, for its public fountain, that it might be poured from the funds are not ample. And that English officer, cliff above on the flames. The houses near to who came here a few days ago, has already lost the burning building were gutted of all their fur£180; and has told my young Indian friend that niture, which was scattered about over the street, he is determined to win it back again or to lose and it wanted but the darkness of night to make every thing. To-night he looks nervous, humil- the scene appalling. As it was, the “phlegmatiated, and miserable ; and, as the young count ic Germans” were thoroughly roused, and the speaks the English tongue, he seems half-despair- | whole town was in uproar. At length the flames. were subdued ; and, in returning to my lodgings, I and although he was attired in worn leather garI suddenly said to myself, “This is the hour ments, covered with a sheepskin cloak, the wool when the gambling-tables are open. Can it be of which looked rather dirty, any one who had possible that they are not deserted! At all events seen him reclining beneath a temporary tent I shall go and see." I entered the open doors, made of a couple of blankets, supported by two and passed through the outer saal into the mag- uprights and a cross stick, a little apart from the nificent ball-room, and there, to my horror and rest, near the banks of the Dimbouritza, in its disgust, I saw a crowd of gamblers pursuing with lower course, would have at once guessed him intense eagerness their wonted indulgence, and to be a man of respectability. It was near the this within two hundred yards of the spot where eventide. The sun was setting over the vast the fire had just been raging! That one inci. plain, covered partially with forest beyond the dent impressed me more deeply than any other river. The land around, as far as the eye could hitherto witnessed, with the fearfully absorbing reach, was dotted by small groups of men, driving and demoralizing nature of the passion for play; in the cattle that had strayed toward a kind of and I hope I shall be excused if, for the moment, field inclosed on two sides by the winding stream, I wished that it had been that gorgeous temple and on the other by the straggling camps. Tents. of vice itself, under whose roof I now stood, if such they could be called, were scattered here which had been burnt to the ground.
and there. Piles of luggage formed pillows for
weary men who had supped, and were smoking THE LITTLE FLOWER.
their pipes. Fires, fed by half-dried shrubs TALF the legends of wild countries refer to hastily collected, smouldered rather than blazed: Il the exploits, good or evil, of brigands. In at intervals sending up columns, as it were, to general, the tone of such narratives is rather support the canopy that was gathering overhead favorable to the lawless than otherwise ; and it The Mokan looked with pride at certain vast is easy to understand why this should be. The bulls that hustled unwieldily by, some raising up ranks of Outlawry, when power is in the hands their horns as if to avoid doing damage, others of the violent or the corrupt, are recruited from going head down, and goring right and left in those very classes which in better times become their hurry to avoid the goad—the kindly and the warmest friends of society. There is no rea- the egotistical of the herd. He knew that those son why the Mokan, of whose exploits we are splendid animals bore his marks; and from much about to speak, should not under more favorable association with Turks, could not repress the circumstances have become an ornament to his self-congratulatory exclamation of “Mashallah!" name and country.
The word was scarcely out of his mouth, when The Mokans are wandering shepherds from a sharp cry of pain or fear came across the river. Transylvania, who come down to the plains of He turned somewhat listlessly in that direction, Bulgaria and Wallachia, on permission, to pas- and beheld upon a slip of level land on the oppoture their flocks and herds. They are not neces- site side, a number of forms moving rapidly. sarily of one tribe, or race, and are indeed joined | They were horsemen galloping; but the sound by many free spirits from the surrounding un- which had attracted his attention must have come settled countries, who see in that vagabond kind from a nearer point than that at which they had of life a means of escaping the tyranny to which arrived when he first saw them. A lad who had all stationary citizens are liable. Michal the Mo. drawn nigh to give an account of the bulls, now kan, as he was generally called after he became directed his attention to something that was strug. famous, was a native of Bulgaria, and was born gling in the water just in front. It was a swimin the environs of Sophia. Some tyrannical Pa- mer vainly endeavoring to make head against the sha, when he was very young, endeavored to current. The light was down, but Michal, who seize and make a servant of him, but he escaped, had good eyes, exclaimed, “By my saint, 'tis a and, after wandering as a beggar through Servia, child hunted by some robbers--or perhaps an at length crossed the Danube, and proceeding escaped serf! I have been hunted, too, before still northward, met a company of Mokans on now." So away went the sheepskin cloak, and their way, with herds of cattle, to the lower plains a portion of the other garments, and out plunged of Wallachia. He at once enlisted himself among Michal into the stream-hand-over-hand-nor them, and having been used to the care of cattle, rising to look about him-making obliquely to soon was regarded as a valuable acquisition. In the place where the current would probably carry process of time he became a chief herdsman, and the weak swimmer. Before long he saw a face prosperously continued his annual voyages in glance upward not far from his ; but it went search of pasture, sometimes as far as the levels down, and then the arm only was cast into the of Dobritza.
air. He caught the wrist of the swimming child, He had reached the age of nearly thirty with and raised its head above the water. “Holy out having suffered further vicissitudes in his Virgin !” he muttered, “'tis a girl.” Though new state than are commonly incident to it, confused with her plunge, the girl had not lost when one autumn he was returning to his elect- her consciousness, and assented, if she heard ed country with many companions and vast what he said, with a wild smile. Michal was herds. By engaging in the peddlery trade across swimming powerfully back, when something the Austrian frontier, in addition to his ordinary struck the water sharply close by, making a duties, he had now acquired comparative wealth; sound like a pebble on a window-pane. Again and again the same sound was repeated. “As I not have taken effect. Michal rose, and taking live," said Michal to himself, “I heard that be- Floriora by the hand, led her cautiously along the fore. The villains are shooting at us. If I make water's edge, round the end of the point. the bank, then I shall be riddled to a certainty. “Now," said he, “the plain behind is full of Girl, are you afraid to dive ?" glen ; and his keen eye discovered that they , an hour afterward found himself safe in a distant were the weapons of soldiers. He at once sus- retreat, where he sat down and wept all the repected that his retreat had been discovered, and mainder of the day, even until the going down withdrawing the bridge, announced the fact to of the sun, for the loss of his Floriora. Michal, who was standing in smiling happiness It was after this incident that Michal became waiting until his little wife should succeed in known in Wallachia as the Mokan. Under that unfastening the grasp by which his boy had got name he committed many ruthless deeds, prinhold of his black beard. The two banditti made cipally against the Boyards ; because he soon ready their arms, and waited for the near ap- learned that the attacking party which had deproach of the soldiery. There were about a prived him of his happiness had been directed dozen ; but they halted at a respectful distance, by the steward of the Lord Bibiano, who, by and a man moved toward the entrance of the some means not explained, had discovered that care, and exhorted the inmates to surrender. A the fugitive slave was living, and had learned the scornful laugh was the answer; but the defend- secret of the double entrance. The Mokan tried ers of the cave did not fire on the herald, because to ascertain what took place after he effected his they saw that he was a peasant. Soon after, the escape. He found the body of Lenk, from which soldiers began to pour volley after volley into the the soldiers had cut the head as a trophy ; but cave; they were answered with effect. There there was no trace of Floriora. Perhaps the cerwas very little danger for Lenk and Michal, but tainty of her doom would have left him less missome of the balls rebounded into the chamber erable. He tortured his mind with reflections on where Floriora sat. She was therefore obliged what might have happened to her. Jealous pas to take refuge in the crevice; and which had, by sion sometimes nearly drove him mad. He inthis time, been completely opened.
people, and we can not cross it without being The girl whispered that she was not. So, just seen. Some of my friends would let us escape; as several shots were fired at once, they both others, more selfish, would delay us. Can you went under water, to rise many yards down the swim again, down stream, with your hand on my stream. As it was now nearly dark, this was shoulder ?" quite sufficient; but to make matters sure, they She answered that she could, submitting herdived once more, and at length came up under the self implicitly to the faith of the stranger who had shadow of a Wallachian willow that drooped from saved her, and tacitly accepting his sacrifices, the bank. Michal caught one of the long, strong perhaps because she knew she could reward them. branches, and soon got ashore.
They dipped noiselessly into the stream, and in a « Now," said he, sitting down, and not heed leisurely manner began to cross. The passage ing the shouts that were passing to and fro across was effected without difficulty, and on emerging, the lines, between the pursuing party and the they found themselves many hundred yards beMokan herdsmen, who, in great alarm, were ask- low the extreme limit of the camp, the position ing what this attack meant, “now tell me, child, I of which could only be distinguished by a mass the story of thy misfortunes. Hast thou done of smoke, reflecting a dull red glow. Their difany thing wrong? I will protect thee all the ficulties were, however, not yet over; the estates same."
of the Lord Bibiano stretched all along that part His heart was overflowing with the recollection of the river, “far, far away,” said Floriora, and of his own escape, and he made as if he would it would be impossible to traverse them during embrace the child; but the gesture with which the night. She knew, however, a village of her she repelled him and moved a little further off on own people, where she might perhaps hide in the grass—while, in sign of friendship, she still safety. But Michal, who probably knew that the left her hand upon his arm-showed that he was Zigans were not always faithful one to the other, mistaken as to her age.
said that he preferred hiding in the woods. They “My name is Floriora (the Little Flower),” accordingly proceeded for some distance-ail she replied. “My father's name is Lagir. My night long, indeed—and, as the dawn began to mother is dead. I am the slave of the Lord Bibi- whiten the east, hid themselves in a thick mass ano. He has sold me to the Pasha, and I have of trees to pass the day. run away. Is this wrong?"
When the sun had risen, Floriora saw with It was not necessary in that country to relate some terror that they were not far from the counany further incidents. Michal understood the try villa of her lord; but Michal told her this was story at once; it is one of the singular parts of the place where their pursuers would be least his character, and one of the incidents of his life likely to look for them. And in truth they spent which made him a hero among the people, that the day on the edge of a little glade in the forest, immediately, without any fatal delays, he deter- without seeing any living thing, save a few birds, mined to abandon the property he had spent ar- a squirrel on the tree, and some bright green lizduous years in amassing, in order to be enabled | ards. Michal, as soon as it was light, contemto save this young girl who already owed her plated Floriora with amazement. Her beauty life to him—from misery and shame. He knew seemed to increase as the morning broke more that if he returned with her to the camp, all his cheerily through the trees ; and when the sun companions, however much their feelings might suddenly darted a sheaf of golden beams through prompt otherwise, would insist that the fugitive a cleft in the branchy canopy, upon this maiden slave should be returned to her owners; other companion of his, he could scarcely refrain from wise they were in danger, not only of the loss of uttering a cry of wonder. She was small indeed their permission to graze, but of confiscation of as a child, and delicately formed, but had evi. all their property. He did not wish to involve a dently attained the age when young girls, as they tribe by whose kindness alone he had grown rich, go down to the springs, look furtively over their in a dangerous dispute with the authorities of the shoulders to know if they are followed from afar country; and the idea of giving up the Little off. Michal computed the rolative value of the Flower never occurred to him.
treasure he had lost and the treasure he had gainThere was no time to lose. The pursuers, who ed, and found that he was a richer man than on had lighted torches, were going up the river to a the previous eve. Some will wonder that he spot where was a ferry-boat, and they would soon should thus at once assume a right of property be down to search for the girl, alive or dead. Be- over the maiden whose life he had saved; but he 'sides, probably in obedience to orders or threats knew the power of gratitude by the experience
from the other side, a number of the herdsmen of his own heart; and, besides, was there not were coming along the great hedge of bushes and something in the artless look of admiration which trees that lined the river at that place, calling for Floriora now and then cast up at his countenance, Michal, and telling him to bring out the slave. that told what form her thoughts were taking ? They knew his powers of swimming, and guessed One question he asked, to satisfy himself, in a that in the gloom the shots from the enemy could low voice, as he sat looking down attentively at
a blade of grass that was shining in a speck of a bed, rude cupboards, and other comforts, and sunlight: “ Has Floriora left any one behind in lighted by an oil lamp swinging from the roof. the village whom she regrets ?"
In every respect this dwelling-place was superior “My father," she replied with emphasis, “is to the hut to which Floriora had been accustomed. grieving over my loss, and will rejoice to hear of “It is almost as fine as my lord Bibiano's palmy safety."
ace," said she. This was enough ; and though all was doubt Lenk, whose life Michal had saved, some and uncertainty for the morrow, their happy hearts years past, was a jovial host enough. He, too, throbbed all day long in the embowered recesses had been driven to that wild mode of life by an of the forest.
act of tyranny; and, though he did subsist by Floriora did not remain inactive all the time; levying tribute on the surrounding country, was but moved here and there gathering nutritious in every other respect a good sort of character. berries, and digging up cool, fresh roots from the The peasantry whom he always spared-partly, earth. Michal did not like the look of these at perhaps, because they had nothing worth taking, first; but she bit pieces off them, and said laugh- partly, no doubt, from prudential motives--bad ing, in allusion to " the cup of black coffee,” never a bad word to say against him; and inwhich sends so many great men out of the world, stead of assisting the police, always gave him “ I will be your taster.” Thus the day wore on; due warning of any movement against his liberty. and, when night came, the fugitives continued This is the reason of the long impunity which their journey, taking a northerly direction. Mi- the brigands of Wallachia enjoy. It is not unchal had formed a plan for his future life. common for them to live to a green old age, and
On the morning of the fourth day, they reached when they do close their career young, it is gena mountainous country, and soon entered a deep erally in some skirmish. They are rarely taken and gloomy glen with which Michal seemed well and tried. acquainted. Advancing a little in front of Flori- / Lenk soon made his guests quite at home; ora, he came to a cave, where, standing on one and showed them, as an especial mark of his side with the girl pressed close to him, he cried : confidence, a crevice in the rock, which had for- Lenk! Lenk! Come out and surrender.” merly been open, but had gradually been filled
A bullet whistled past ; and a roar, as if a can- with earth, and through which he was making a non had been fired within, rolled forth.
| back entrance to his retreat. “I know where it “ Ha! Lenk,” again cried Michal, looking comes out,” said he. "It is right on the top of shrewd. “If this had been the patrol, what the rock, at a place inaccessible except to birds. would have been the use of firing before your Then I will place a rope-ladder, by which I can eyes were open ?"
swing down when I please to the glen on the “ I have three more charges ready," replied a other side, which I could not reach except by an gruf voice from the interior; " and though you hour's walk any other way. So if I am ever have caught me napping, it would be a hard mat- hard-pressed, I flit ; and 'twill be a hard matter ter to take me. But I think I know that voice. to catch me. The earth all goes down the hole Is it Michal, playing his foolish jokes?"
you have crossed, and there is no trace of it." “No other."
Micbal, on the first opportunity, employed “ Stand out in the light and let me see you." Lenk to go and bring a priest from a village
"I shall make a good mark,” said Michal, ad- down in the plain, and his marriage with Floriora vancing fearlessly from his cover, while Floriora, was duly celebrated at the entrance of the glen. trembling with terror, endeavored to restrain him. He now began to join Lenk in his excursions ;
Presently the voice from within expressed sat- and they lived as comfortably as freebooters may. isfaction, but wanted to know who the woman It would be a mistake to suppose that Floriora was.
pined in this state of existence. She thought “My wife!" said Michal, boldly; and Floriora, her husband's calling justifiable, and, indeed, though trembling with surprise and pleasure, re. noble; and proudly compared her own independmained silent.
ent condition with that to which she was to have Presently they entered the cavern, and the been condemned. When Michal remained many newly-betrothed maiden saw indeed that the robo days absent, she felt keen misery, and regretted ber Lenk's boast that he could not easily be taken that a more quiet lot had not been vouchsafed to was well founded. When they had advanced a her. But, when she saw him from the entrance few paces, and her eyes had become accustomed of the cave, coming back with a lamb on his to the half-light, she saw a dark chasm about three shoulder, and Lenk following, driving a bullock paces wide, stretching across the entrance, and laden with spoil, her eyes glistened, and she heard a murmur of water far below. Never was leaped with as much joy and exultation to the there a better moat to a castle. The opposite neck of her lore, as if he had been a chieftain of side of the chasm was several feet above the place many men, returning covered with laurels, from where the new-comers stood; and they soon dis. the wars. cerned a form engaged in thrusting down a kind In due time a son was born to her, and her of bridge, made of a couple of beams lashed to-cup of happiness was full. It had been decreed gether. Over this they passed; having turned that bitters should be again mixed with it. One round a huge mass of rock, they found themselves morning Lenk was about to go forth when he in a cave of considerable size, fitted with a table, descried bright objects flashing far down the
quired of the peasantry. Some said that she When the combat had continued some hours, had been killed; others that she had been taken the besiegers, who knew that their firing had away to a prison ; others that she had escaped. produced no effect, as the guns still answered The last supposition the Mokan treated with from within, drew off, and seemed to consult. contempt, because he believed that if Floriora The new plan they hit upon has often been were at liberty she would soon find her way to adopted in that kind of warfare. Some of them his side. Thus time passed, and by degrees climbed the face of the hill, armed with sharp Michal hardened and hardened, and the terror of axes, and began cutting away the brushwood, his name filled the whole country. and throwing down the vast mass of dried wood Nearly ten years afterward, when his son had which had been accumulating there for years. grown to a tall lithe boy, who looked much older They had resolved to smoke out their enemies. than he was, Michal, at his request, took him to Lenk now applauded himself on the idea of a a fair, annually held at a village on the Transylback entrance; and when the bonfire was lighted, vanian frontier, at the foot of the Krapacks. A the whole party made preparations for an escape. convent of women stands at no great distance Being perfectly confident that there was no dan- from the village, and the Mokan, disguised as a ger, they went up the steep passage laughing, Bulgarian merchant, asked permission to sleep in reached the summit of the rock, joked about the the Hall of Strangers. This was readily granted, foolish police who were roasting themselves that and the father and son lay down upon a mat, and scorching day at the entrance of the cave, cough- reposed after the fatigues of the day. The ined a little in the smoke which filled the air, dis- habitants of the convent had all come out, curiplaced the ladder, and prepared to descend into ous to look at him ; many had chatted with him the valley. Lenk went down first, and sat pa- while he ate his supper. In the dead of night a tiently at the bottom, steadying the ladder; woman, a nun by her dress, bearing a lamp, cauFloriora followed; then came Michael, with his tiously entered the room, and approaching the boy strapped firmly on his back. He was only sleepers, stood over them and gazed in wonder half way down when a shot was fired; Lenk fell at their faces-in wonder and love ; for, a modead; Floriora was seized by a man who rushed ment afterward, his wife was on her knees emforward; and a volley was aimed at her unhappy bracing the rough face of the bandit, who awoke. husband. The missiles clattered in the rock He gazed on the pale suffering face before him ; around ; but he was only slightly wounded, and and, as he gazed, a vision of youth and beauty the child escaped unhurt; he looked down, and took its place. “Floriora, O my Floriora ! saw a whole group of enemies waiting. His first Thou art not so changed as I am !” Then they impulse was to cast himself among them; for he fell into each other's arms, and wept bitterly. thought that Floriora too had been murdered as She had contrived to escape from her captors; well as Lenk. But the love of life was strong but, believing that her husband and child were: within him; and he had revenge within him. killed, repaired to that convent and asked for hos He saw a ledge of rock at no great distance, and pitality. She had not taken the vail—the pious by a desperate leap, in spite of his burden, gained Wallachian story-tellers particularly insist on this it. The men below stood awe-struck. Another point-because only unmarried and free women desperate leap. A shot or two was fired without were received ; but she had remained for ten effect. Another gigantic spring, and he reached years as a kind of lay sister, doing menial serva place from which he could scramble back toward ices for the others. They had even acquired a the summit of the hill. In brief, he escaped, and claim over her something like that which a lord
VOL. IX.-No. 51.-Co