페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

has over his serf. "I shall not be allowed to go! Thus they went on and on in good old storywith my lord," said she, faintly smiling, “if the book style, until they came to the Banat of Temorning finds me here."

meswar, in the capital of which the late bandit's Michal arose ; and, shaking the boy who still son contrived to open a shop, and to settle down sept, bade him follow. They went forth into the as a peaceable citizen. The lovers of the marnight together. For the second time, the Mokan velous took the Mokan up at a much later period abandoned the wealth he had amassed, and of life, and made him a guerrilla hero in one of thought only of preserving the Little Flower the wars between the Turks and the Russians, Many were the dangers and sufferings they en- during which he espoused neither side, but incountered in the passage of the Carpathian ficted injury on both. There is no reason, howMountains; for Michal had resolved to try his ever, for supposing that he ever left Temeswar fortune in another land. The pilgrims traveled again. He had enough to do to make the Little on foot, but Floriora never complained of fatigue. Flower happy after her long period of misfortune. On the contrary, she every day seemed to grow We do not understand him, if he did not think younger and younger ; and when they at length her as beautiful ever afterward, as when the crossed the frontier, she romped with her son, dawn first revealed her countenance to him in who was as tall as herself, in a field by the mar- the forest hiding-place. Michal the younger gin of a stream, while Michal sat on a fallen soon grew up, and had brothers and sisters, some tree, and looked gravely on through tears of of whose children may be in Temeswar to this

joy.

| day.

[ocr errors][merged small]

THE UNITED STATES.

Senator voted for it. The South wished to do no SINCE the passage of the Nebraska Bill the pro. wrong to the North; it asked only the preservation W ceedings of Congress have not been of very of the Constitution and an equality of rights. He special importance. The exasperation consequent spoke in terms of severe condamnation of those upon that measure has manifested itself in subse- / who had presented petitions for the abolition of the quent debates and" explanations." The members Fugitive Slave Law. This, he said, was equivaof Congress opposed to the Nebraska Bill issued a lent to petitioning for the dissolution of the Union, protest against that measure, setting forth the rea which could not be preserved for a day after the resons for their opposition to it. They declare that it peal of that law. Mr. Rockwell, of Massachusetts, was carried unnecessarily and wantonly, there be replied, defending the petitioners. They asked ing no present reason for the establishment of a merely for the repeal of an act of Congress but four government in the Territories of Nebraska and years old, which was in addition to one which had Kansas. They say that by this bill the free States been in force for more than fifty years. Public sen“have lost all guarantee for freedom in the Terri.timent, he said, was against the law, and demanded tories contained in former compromises, while all its repeal; and the time had gone by when threats the States, both slave and free, have lost the guar- of the dissolution of the Union would deter the free antees of harmony and union which those com- States from doing what they believed to be right. promises afforded." They further affirm that this The dissolution of the Union, moreover, he bemeasure looks to the wider extension of slavery in lieved to be impossible. Mr. Sumner, of Massathe future-to the annexation of Cuba and portions chusetts, also replied to Mr. Jones. He said of Mexico, at any cost whether of money or blood that if the Union could not exist after the repeal

to a war' with England, France, and Spain, and of the Fugitive Slave Law, it ought to come to an an alliance with Russia-to the immediate annexa. end." In the course of his remarks, Mr. Sumner tion of the eastern portion of St. Domingo, with a declared that he disavowed any personal obliga. .view to the ultimate conquest of the whole of that tion to assist in the return of a fugitive slave. island-to an alliance with Brazil and the extension This called forth severe replies from Senators of slavery in the valley of the Amazon-and finally Butler and Pettit, who charged Mr. Sumner with to the withdrawal of the slaveholding States from the repudiating the oath he had taken to support the Union, and the establishment of a separate empire Constitution. Mr. Sumner subsequently made in the central regions of the Continent. Against a set speech in reply, in which he said, that in this measure the signers of the address appeal to taking the oath to support the Constitution, he the people of both sections, announcing their readi- swore to support it as he understood it, not as it ness to de all in their power to restore the Missouri was understood by others. He said that the charge Compromise, and to execute such measures as may against him came with an ill grace from Virginia seem advisable" for the recovery of the ground lost and South Carolina, of which States the former, in to freedom, and to prevent the further aggression of its resolutions of 1798, had undertaken to define its slavery."-In the Senate this address was animad. constitutional obligations to the extent of nullifying verted upon in very severe terms by Mr. Jones, of an act of Congress; and the latter of which, in exTennessee, who declared that he had “never seen pelling an eminent citizen of Massachusetts, who a production which contained in so few words so had been sent to protect the rights of her colored much fiction and pure imagination" as did this ad. citizens, had committed an act which one of the dress. He prnnounced the charge that the South Judges of the Supreme Court, a citizen of South had urged the passage of the Nebraska Bill, with Carolina, had characterized as trampling upon the the designs alleged, to be wickedly and maliciously Constitution. He asked how many Senators there false. The bill would have passed had no Southern were who would assist in surrendering a fugitive

slave; he did not believe there was one. To this, and along the Colorado river. The authorization question, Mr. Clay, of Alabama, replied, that, lest of the construction of a plank road and railway it should be heralded to the world that no one Sen. across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec is confirmed, ator had the moral courage to say that he would and neither government is to throw any obstacles assist in restoring a slave to his owner, he would in the way of the free transit of persons and mersay that he himself would do so. Mr. Butler re-chandise of both nations; no higher charges to be joined, defending South Carolina from the charges made upon the transit of the persons and property brought by Mr. Sumner.-Mr. Gillette, the new of citizens of the United States than upon those ly elected Senator from Connecticut, presented the of other foreign nations; no interest in the road or resolutions of the Legislature of that State censur- in its proceeds to be transferred to any foreign gov.' ing Senator Toucey for his vote on the Nebraska ernment; and no passports or letters of secu

y to Bill. Mr. Toucey replied, vindicating his course to be required of persons merely crossing the Isthon the ground that the Missouri restriction was mus. The United States are to have the right of without any foundation in the Constitution. He transporting their mails across the Isthmus in closed spoke in strong condemnation of the recent act of bags free of all custom-house or other charges by the Connecticut Legislature in reference to the the Mexican government. Arrangements are to be claimants of alleged fugitives, which set at defiance made by which the United States may transport the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial depart. troops and munitions of war by the road. When ments of the Federal Government, and trampled the road is completed, a port of entry is to be openunder foot the Constitution of the country. He ac- ed at or near its terminus in the Gulf of Mexico. cepted the vote of censure which had been passed the United States may extend to the road such upon him as the highest eulogy that he could re- protection as shall be warranted by public or inceive.--Mr. Gillette replied, by a defense of his ternational law. After considerable debate in State in general, and of her recent law in particu-Congress, the bill making the appropriation of lar, which he believed to be entirely in accordance | $10,000,000 requisite to carry into effect the stipwith the Constitution. He denounced the Fugitive ulations of the treaty, was passed, by a vote of Slave Law, and renounced all obligations to assist 102 to 63 in the House, and 34 to 6 in the Senate. in its enforcement. - Among the important meas- A treaty has been negotiated between the ures upon which final action is not yet taken, are United States and Great Britain, providing for comthe Homestead Bill, the River and Harbor Bill, mercial reciprocity between this country and the bills establishing a telegraph to the Pacific, and British provinces. It provides that the fisheries steam communication between San Francisco and of the provinces, with the exception of those of China, and the Canadian Reciprocity and Japan Newfoundland, shall be open to American citizens; treaties.

that disputes respecting fisheries shall be settled by The “Gadsden Treaty" with Mexico, as amend. arbitration; that the British shall have a right to ed in the Senate, has been accepted by Santa Anna. participate in the American fisheries as far as the The first article, relating to the new boundary be- 36th degree of north latitude ; that there shall be tween the United States and Mexico, is as follows: free commerce between the provinces and the Uni. "The Mexican Republic agrees to designate the ted States in flour, breadstuffs, fruits, fish, animals, following as her true limits with the United States lumber, and a variety of natural productions in their for the future : retaining the same dividing line be- unmanufactured state. The St. Lawrence and the tween the two Californias as already defined and Canadian canals are to be thrown open to American established according to the 5th article of the treaty vessels; and the American government is to urge of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the limits between the two upon the States to admit British vessels Into their Republics shall be as follows: Beginning in the canals upon similar terms. The treaty is to be Gulf of Mexico, three leagues from land, opposite submitted to the provincial Legislatures of the Brit. the mouth of the Rio Grande, as provided in the ish provinces, as well as to the governments of the 5th article of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; two countries. The Japan Expedition has been thence, as defined in the said article, up the middle attended with exceedingly favorable results. A of that river to the point where the parallel of 31° treaty of amity, preparatory to a commercial treaty, 47' north latitude crosses the same; thence due has been negotiated. This treaty has been submitwest one hundred miles; thence south to the par-ted to the Senate, but its provisions had not trans. allel of 31° 20' north latitude; thence along the pired at the date when this Record closes. It is, said parallel of 31° 20° to the 11lth meridian of lon. however, understood that it contains the important gitude west of Greenwich; thence in a straight stipulations that two ports on different islands shall line to a point on the Colorado river, twenty En- be open to American vessels ; that the steamers glish miles below the junction of the Gila and Col. from California to China shall be furnished with orado rivers; thence up the middle of the said supplies of coals; and that sailors shipwrecked on river Colorado, until it intersects the present line the Japanese coasts shall receive hospitable treatbetween the United States and Mexico." A com- ment. The negotiations throughout were conducted missioner is to be appointed by each gorernment in a very friendly spirit. It is not supposed that to survey and lay down this boundary, and their de- the commerce with Japan will at present be of any cision is to be final, and to be considered as a part very considerable amount, the people having been of the treaty. The United States are released from so long secluded from intercourse with foreigners, the obligation, imposed by the treaty of Guadalupe that they produce but few articles adapted for exHidalgo, to protect the Mexican frontier against the portation. The Russians have also been endeavor. Indians. In consideration for this release, and for ing to enter into a treaty, but the Japanese declared the territory ceded by Mexico, the United States that their efforts had been unsuccessful. are to pay $10,000,000, of which $7,000,000 is to be The following appointments have been made for paid on the ratification of the treaty, and the re- the new Territories of Nebraska and Kansas : mainder as soon as the boundary line is establish- For Nebraska.-William O. Butler, of Kentucky (who ed. Vessels and citizens of the United States are declines the appointment), Governor; Thomas B. Camto have free passage through the Gulf of California ming, of lowa, Secretary; Fenner Ferguson, of Michigan.

Chief Justice; Edward R. Hardin, of Georgia, and James extremely virulent. In other sections it has as yet Bradley, of Indiana, Associate Justices; Experience Esta- assumed a comparatively mild form.- General brook, of Wisconsin, Attorney General ; Mark W. Izard, | Quitman and several other persons reputed to be of Arkansas, Marshal. For Kansas.-Andrew H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania,

engaged in an organization for the invasion of Cuba, Governor; Daniel Woodson, of Virginia, Secretary ; 1"

have been arrested and held to bail on a charge of Madison Brown, of Maryland, Chief Justice ; Sanders | violating the neutrality law. W. Johnson, of Ohio, and Rush Ellmore, of Alabama, From California we have intelligence of the disAssociate Judges; Andrew J. Isanes, of Louisiana, Arcovery of gold in new localities, and to a very large torney General; J. B. Donaldson, of Illinois, Marshal. amount. Serious difficulties have arisen in San

The Legislature of New Hampshire convened at Francisco and other places, growing out of squatter Concord, June 7. In the Senate the Democrats claims.- From New Mexico and the Rio Grande have a decided preponderancy. In the House the we receive continued accounts of Indian hostilities. Democratic candidate for Speaker was elected by A revolution has taken place in New Grenada. a vote of 156 to 153 cast for his opponent, who was General Melo suddenly rose against the governsupported by the Whigs and Free-Soilers. The ment, seized the President, Obando, and assumed most important business before the Legislature was supreme power. It is generally supposed that the the election of United States Senators. A number success of the coup d'état will be but temporary. of ballots were had, the regular Democratic candi

GREAT BRITAIN. date lacking from four to scven votes of a majority. Some changes have taken place in the Cabinet, It was finally resolved to postpone the election of consequent upon the separation of the functions of Senators till the next Legislature. A series of re-Secretary of State for the Colonies from those of solutions was passed by the House, bearing upon | Secretary of War. The Duke of Newcastle relinthe Nebraska Bill. The first reiterates the resolu quishes the former department, in which he is suction of 1850, declaring "that the people are bound ceeded by Sir George Grey, retaining the War deby no compact, express or implied, to suffer the in-partment. Much disappointment is expressed at troduction of slavery into Territory now free," and this disposition by those who wish a vigorous proexpressing an unalterable opposition to the erection secution of hostilities, they had hoped for the apof any Territory without its prohibition by law. I pointment of Lord Palmerston to the department The second resolution is directed against the pas- of War. Lord John Russell becomes Lord Presisage of the Nebraska Bill. The third and fourth dent of the Council, without, however, being raised commend the course of those members of the Con. I to the peerage. His seat in the House of Commons gressional delegation who opposed the bill, and having been vacated by his acceptance of a new ofcensure those who voted in its favor.

fice in the government, he was immediately re-electA bill has passed the Legislature of Connecticut,ed without opposition, Mr. Urquhart, who had anpunishing with a fine of $5000 and five years' im-nounced his intention of opposing him, not being prisonment any person who shall falsely and ma- able to find a man to nominate him. Lord John liciously represent any inhabitant to be a fugitive Russell made a very cautious speech to the electors, from labor, with the design of procuring his forcible in which he said that brilliant naval victories, simremoval. Every such claim is, prima facie, pre-ilar to those won in former wars, were not to be sumed to be false and malicious, and this presump-expected over an enemy who entrenched his fleet tion can be rebutted only by testimony equivalent behind stone walls. But he was confident that the to that of two credible witnesses testifying to facts navy would accomplish all that could be reasonably directly tending to establish the truth of the claim. expected. As to the terms upon which peace should

- Serious disturbances have arisen in various be made, much would depend upon the views of the parts of the country between Americans and for allies, and upon the fortunes of war; but he would eigners. In New York and Brooklyn, for several say, that no peace ought to be concluded without successive Sabbaths, encounters took place, occa. abundant security against the ambitious designs of sioned by individuals haranguing in the open air Russia. If these designs should be accomplished, against the doctrines and practices of the Catholic it would be fatal to the liberties of England. In Churoh. These difficulties have been further ag. the House of Peers, Lord Lyndhurst made a long gravated by the hostility entertained by foreigners and able speech, exposing the dangerous policy of to a secret combination designated as “Know-No- Russia, and urging the necessity of securing some things," who have operated with much success in material guarantee against it; such as the capture local elections in many of the larger places. Their of the Black Sea fleet, and the occupation of the action is mainly directed against the election to of Russian provinces adjacent to Austria and Turkey. fice of any except citizens of native birth. --The No mere treaty with Russia would be worth the Fourth of July was celebrated with unusual spirit paper upon which it was written. He was folthroughout the country. The celebration was at lowed by Lord Clarendon on behalf of the Ministended with fewer accidents than usual. A collis- try, who agreed in the main with Lord Lyndhurst. ion took place on the Susquehanna Railroad, near Lord Aberdeen made a much more moderate reply. Baltimore, between a regular and an excursion He said that there was now no necessity for train, by which about forty persons were killed on stimulating the war spirit of the country. The the spot or fatally injured. --Frauds to the amount war was essentially one of defense, and should be of between two and three millions of dollars have vigorously urged, though he denied that Europe been perpetrated by Robert Schuyler, late President was greatly endangered by the policy of Russia. and Transfer Agent of the New York and New Peace should be concluded at the first moment in Haven Railroad. The larger portion was commit which it was possible to do so on just and honor. ted by issuing spurious stock of this road, for which able terms.--In the course of a debate upon Cana. his two-fold position gave abundant facilities. The dian affairs, the Earl of Ellenborough urged that immediate result of this was a great depreciation steps should be taken toward making the North in the value of railroad stocks in general. The American colonies free from England. This view cholera has made its appearance in various parts of was concurred in by Lord Brougham, and warmly the country. In some localities at the West it is opposed by other peers. The new Crystal Pal. ace at Sydenham was opened on the 10th of June.measure. Many look upon it as highly advantageThe Queen, Prince Albert, the royal family, the ous to Russia, since the Austrian forces are interyoung King of Portugal, the foreign embassadors, posed between the retreating Russians and the and an immense concourse of the nobility and peo-Turks, covering them from an attack in one direcple, were present. The edifice is far more imposing tion, and enabling them to direct all their force to than that in Hyde Park. Appearances indicate that the defense of the Crimea and the provinces now the enterprise will prove very successful. At a threatened with attack from the Allies.. public meeting in Sheffield, held to consider the

THE EASTERN WAR. desirability of reconstituting Poland as an inde- Nothing of importance has been accomplished by pendent nation, Kossuth made a speech marked by the Baltic fleets, and the opinion is becoming prevhis usual zeal and eloquence. He said that the ulent that Cronstadt is impregnable to any naval atquestion at issue in the present war was not a new tack. A portion of the fleet which has been cruisone. He passed in review the conduct of England ing in the Gulf of Bothnia has destroyed about fifty toward Austria, which he declared to have been one vessels, and burned public property to the amount of the causes of the present alarming preponderance of some £400,000. A detachment, landed to attack of Russia. The Turks had all along seen the im Gamle Carleby, fell into an ambuscade, and lost portance of the national existence of Poland as a 50 men in killed, wounded, and missing. In the barrier against Russia, and had England been as Black Sea the allied fleets have been unable to en. wise, the present crisis would not have occurred. | tice the Russian vessels from Sevastopol, and an He deprecated all alliance with Austria as unsafe attack by sea upon that stronghold is evidently conand untrustworthy. The alliance of Poland with sidered impracticable. The British steamer Tiger Austria, in the time of John Sobieski, was an un- ran ashore near Odessa, and, with her crew, fell natural one, and sealed the fate of Poland. Poland into the hands of the Russians. A detachment of was the only point at which Russia was vulnera- the combined fleets has performed important sery. ble; and the only available course was for the ices upon the Circassian coast, driving the Russians Western powers to call Poland to arms. Napo. | from one of the three strong posts which they have leon, in undertaking to check the growing power continued to occupy since the general abandopment of Russia, was vanquished, not by frost and snow, ordered some three months since. Aid in arms and but by his alliance with Austria. The alliance of ammunition has been furnished to the Circassians, Turkey with Austria would drive Servia and the who have begun to carry on the war with increased Sclavonic provinces over to Russia. Sweden also vigor, in conjunction with the Turkish forces. The was a natural ally of the Western powers against allied troops have as yet afforded no actual assistRussia ; but no pledge could be given her which ance in the field to the Turks, though a large dewould justify her in arming, except for the Allies tachment has been dispatched in the direction of to espouse the cause of Poland. On the other the immediate scene of hostilities. Appearances in. hand, an alliance with Austria would be equally dicate that an attack is meditated upon the Crimea, embarrassing in case of victory or defeat.

whither the Russian forces are apparently concenTHE CONTINENT.

trating. Great complaints are made of the unsuitableM. Persigny has retired from the Ministry of the ness of the dress of the English troops, which is stated Interior, in France, having been replaced by M. to be far less adapted to service in a warm climate Bilault. The retiring Minister presented to the Em-than that of the French. Some essential modificaperor a very long and curious report upon his own tions have been ordered. For some weeks the chief administration. What had been required in his de interest of the war has been concentrated upon the partment, he said, was not so much a man of great siege of Silistria. The ultimate fall of this fortress administrative experience, as one personally de- seemed to be assumed on all hands, the only ques. voted to the Emperor. He prides himself especially tion being as to the time and the loss of life which it upon the change of policy adopted by the govern- would cost. The siege was regularly opened about ment in the matter of elections. Instead of endeav. the middle of May. On the 29th a furious assault was oring to secure the election of its candidates by made upon the fortress by about 30,000 men; after indirect means, the government now openly named a sanguinary conflict, the Russians were repelled. the persons whom it wished to be chosen. He On the 2d of June a mine was sprung, but by some plumes himself upon the success of his policy toward accident it did more damage to the besiegers than the press, which never manifested so much wisdom, to the besieged. In this attack Mussa Pacha, the moderation, and patriotism as at present. The Commander of the fortress, was killed by a shell. King of Prussia and the Emperor of Austria have On the 9th the Russians stormed two detached forts, had a personal interview at Teschin. Among the but were eventually repulsed. Prince Paskiewitch prominent topics considered at this meeting-in ad. was severely injured by a spent ball, and forced to dition to the general policy of the two powers-is retire from the camp. Four days later, a grand at. said to have been the resolution adopted by some tack was made, but without success, and the Turks of the minor Germanic powers at a conference held succeeded in throwing an additional detachment at Bamberg. The resolution was to the effect that into the fortress. The Russian Commander, Prince the demand to be made upon the Emperor of Rus. Gortschakoff, and General Schilders, the chief of sia to withdraw his forces from the Principalities, artillery, were both wounded. On the 15th the garshould also be accompanied by a like demand that rison, now considerably augmented, assamed the England and France should withdraw their forces offensive. The Russians, beaten at all points, were from the Turkish land and water. Austria has con. driven across the Danube, and the Turks crossing cluded a separate convention with the Porte, in an arm of the river took possession of the works virtue of which the Principalities are to be occupied from which Silistria had been bombarded. The enby Austrian forces. In case the Russians volun. tire Russian forces, both east and west of the fortarily retire, they are to be replaced by the Aus- tress, immediately recrossed the Danube, and at the trians, who are to compel them to evacuate the latest dates were in full retreat upon Moldavia, Principalities, if necessary. There is much di. while the Turks under Omer Pasha were advancing versity of opinion as to the ulterior bearing of this upon the Danube.

“UNION SAVING" has for some time past them, than is needed for those assumed occult caus

U been a by-word and a reproach. By a cer- alities on account of which they are often neglect. tain class of editors and political haranguers it hus ed and cast out of sight. been employed as a base reflection upon some of But when we speak thus of both sides being to our noblest men, as well as their noblest efforts blame, we ought, perhaps, to qualify the declarafor the perpetuation of our national strength and tion. If we have in view the great mass of the national glory. It was a taunt which barely spared people, we might rather say that both sides are the memory of Clay, and which haunted the patriot equally innocent. The bitter evils of this bitter and Webster to his grave. Their fears for the dissolu-suicidal controversy can be mainly traced in their tion of the American Union were charged with root to a few men at either extreme of the national hypocritical cant; their efforts for the aversion of and sectional scale, whose violence has been wicksuch a calamity were characterized as the acts of edly cherished, for the most corrupt purposes, by a unprincipled alarmists. But there can be no mis still smaller class in the middle. Such are the take about the matter now. That our national parties on whom the future historian must visit the union, and along with it our proud national exist. just condemnation of this sad work. They are the ence, is in the most imminent peril, the blindest Northern fanatics who, twenty-five years ago, bemust see, the most stupid must acknowledge. The gan to meddle with matters they had no right to proof of this comes not simply from turbulent Con-touch, and to form treasonable tombinations respecgressional debates, or inflammatory resolutions, or ing interests with which they were expressly forlaw-resisting riots. The most alarming evidence is bidden to interfere. We call them fanatical in the in the tone of the press. Can any one be blind to strictest sense of this much-abused term. They that attitude of fierce defiance which is now assum-mingled a malevolent feeling with the profession of ing a form so sectionally distinct? Can we shut an abstract benevolence. They preached reform, our ears to the furious invectives, the stinging re- as Christ and Paul had never preached it. We also proaches of meanness and treachery on the one side, say their designs were treasonable ; for the result and of cowardice and fanaticism on the other—the at which their combination aimed was the subvervindictive taunts expressly designed to arouse the sion, and not by legal means, of institutions which bitterest sectional animosities, and impart to them the political organization had placed exclusively in a virulence which no recollections of a common another and, to them, foreign jurisdictions. Here was cestry, of a common glorious history, can ever heal. one extreme. There were, on the other hand, The lover of peace, of union, of compromise-we Southern ultraists who, with equal fanaticism and will still use the term, although it has fallen into equal treasonableness, sought to make that national disrepute-might see nothing formidable in this, if which the Constitution, and the compromises of the regarded in itself or in its intrinsic weight of argu- Constitution, recognized as having a local existence ment. Its dread significance lies in the fact that it depending on positive local law. Herein we can is the sign of a people already divided, and whose not help observing a wondrous agreement. Both inhostile sections are beginning to hate each other sisted upon investing slavery with a national charwith an intensity that no mere outward political acter; the one for the purpose of making an unconconnection can repress. The South is saying stitutional assault upon it, the other as the ground, things of the North which no men at the North, of its perpetual maintenance. whatever be their party ties, will bear. The North It is curious, too, to trace in other respects the is hurling back upon the South vindictive taunts, striking parallel. One side commenced with false which can not be forgiven, because they imply and forced interpretations of the Scriptures, and charges of what is even worse than corruption of landed at last, after a series of struggles, in the most blood, or any form of political dishonor. He who undisguised infidelity; the other, setting out with does not see this is blind indeed. We are already a false interpretation of history and pclitical philosdivided. The evidence is as direct as that England ophy, and taking to itself a high conservative as. and Russia are now at war. In fact, we may,well pect, has terminated in that meanest of all species doubt whether there really exists between the Kos. of radical anarchy, the practice and justification of tile armies on the Danube, or the hostile fleets on filitustering. They discovered a wondrous excelthe Baltic, as sore a feeling of personal and sec- lency in what could be shown to have been the bane tional rancor as the press is now spreading between of the ancient republics. They made slavery the the Northern and Southern portions of these United corner-stone of freedom. Of course, with such a States.

dogma, they became as mad and as fanatical as Who is to blame for this most lamentable state their Northern counterparts. Each grew by the aliof things ? It may not be conducive to the great ment afforded by the other, and hence the striking pacification for which every patriot should so earn- analogies presented in the whole course of these estly strive, to examine too scrupulously the exact mischief-brooding factions. We have the spectacle balance of criminations and recriminations. Let of men everlastingly mouthing it about their higher common sense, let a knowledge of history, above law and higher morality, and yet recklessly underall, let Christian charity come in here. In all the mining that only foundation on which the religion world's annals have we ever read of a case like this and morality of this world has ever yet been able to of national strife in which one side was free from repose with any thing like a feeling of strength and blame, while the whole, or even the great preponder- security. Again, we have seen men whose only title ance, of guilt was on the other? We know that or only security for what may be called, to say the this is a very old and trite solution, but trite truths least, an anomalous species of property, rests on the are by no means of the least value. Sometimes, sacredness of constitutions, compacts, compromises, too, it requires more independence of thought to | judicial decisions and national unity, ever the first state them, and, even more research to discover to advocate nullification, secession, and resistance.

[ocr errors]
« 이전계속 »