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and of a difficult temper. She spared none of her | Ethel took up the whole heap of Clive's drawparty except her kind mother, to whom Ethel al- ings, lighted a taper, carried the drawings to the ways was kind, and her father, whom, since his fire-place, and set them in a blaze. "A very illnesses, she tended with much benevolence and pretty piece of work,” says Lady Kew, “and care. But she did battle with Lady Kew repeat- which proves satisfactorily that you don't care for edly, coming to her aunt Julia's rescue, on whom the young Clive at all. Have we arranged a corher mother as usual exercised her powers of tor-respondence? We are cousins, you know ; we turing. She made Barnes quail before her by the may write pretty cousinly letters to one another." shafts of contempt which she flashed at him; and A month before the old lady would have attacked she did not spare Lord Kew, whose good-nature her with other arms than sarcasm, but she was was no shield against her scorn. The old queen scared now, and dared to use no coarser weapons. mother was fairly afraid of her ; she even left off!” cried Ethel in a transport, “what a life beating Lady Julia when Ethel came in, of course ours is, and how you buy and sell, and haggle taking her revenge in the young girl's absence, over your children! It is not Clive I care about, but trying in her presence to soothe and please poor boy. Our ways of life are separate. I can her. Against Lord Kew the young girl's anger not break from my own family, and I know very was most unjust, and the more cruel, because the well how you would receive him in it. Had he kindly young nobleman never spoke a hard word money, it would be different. You would receive of any one mortal soul, and carrying no arms, | him, and welcome him, and hold out your hands should have been assaulted by none. But his very to him; but he is only a poor painter, and we good-nature seemed to make his young opponent | forsooth are bankers in the city; and he comes only the more wrathful; she shot because his hon among us on sufferance, like those concert-singest breast was bare ; it bled at the wounds which ers whom mamma treats with so much politeness, she inflicted. Her relatives looked at her, sur and who go down and have supper by themselves. prised at her cruelty, and the young man himself | Why should they not be as good as we are ?" was shocked in his dignity and best feelings by “M. de C- , my dear, is of a noble family," his cousin's wanton ill-humor.
interposed Lady Kew ; “when he has given up Lady Kew fancied she understood the cause singing and made his fortune, no doubt he can go of this peevishness, and remonstrated with Miss back into the world again." Ethel, “Shall we write a letter to Lucerne, and “Made his fortune, yes," "Ethel continued, order Dick Tinto back again ?" said her ladyship. “ that is the cry. There never were, since the “Are you such a fool, Ethel, as to be hankering world began, people so unblushingly sordid! We after that young scapegrace, and his yellow beard? own it, and are proud of it. We barter rank His drawings are very pretty. Why, I think he against money, and money against rank, day after might earn a couple of hundred a year as a teacher, day. Why did you marry my father to my mothand nothing would be easier than to break your er? Was it for his wit? You know he might engagement with Kew, and whistle the drawing have been an angel and you would have scorned master back again."
| him. Your daughter was bought with papa's
money as surely as ever Newcome was. Will I and Ethel the prettiest Countess in England." there be no day when this mammon worship will And the old lady, seldom exhibiting any signs of cease among us?"
affection, looked at her granddaughter very fond"Not in my time or yours, Ethel,” the elder ly. From her Ethel looked up into the glass, said, not unkindly; perhaps she thought of a day which very likely repeated on its shining face the long ago before she was old herself.
truth her elder had just uttered. Shall we quar"We are sold,” the young girl went on, "we rel with the girl for that dazzling reflection ; for are as much sold as Turkish women; the only owning that charming truth, and submitting to difference being that our masters may have but that conscious triumph? Give her her part of one Circassian at a time. No, there is no free- vanity, of youth, of desire to rule and be admired. dom for us. I wear my green ticket, and wait Meanwhile Mr. Clive's drawings have been cracktill my master comes. But every day, as I think | ling in the fire-place at her feet, and the last spark of our slavery, I revolt against it more. That of that combustion is twinkling out unheeded. poor wretch, that poor girl whom my brother is to marry, why did she not revolt and fly? I! A RUSSIAN STORY OF A CENTURY would, if I loved a man sufficiently, loved him
AGO. better than the world, than wealth, than rank, | I QUOME hundred and thirty years ago, the “Emthan fine houses and titles—and I feel I love these peror of all the Russias” was not Nicholas I. best-I would give up all to follow him. But what but Peter the Great; and Peter, with all his faults, can I be with my name and my parents ? I be-was a generous-hearted man, and loved an adlong to the world, like all the rest of my family. venture dearly. It was a cold bleak day in It is you who have bred us up; you who are an- November when our story commences, and the swerable for us. Why are there no convents to fishermen on the Gulf of Finland could easily which we can fly? You make a fine marriage foretell a coming storm from the clouds which for me; you provide me with a good husband, a were gathering on the horizon from the southkind soul, not very wise, but very kind; you east. As the clouds grew darker, the wind blew make me what you call happy, and I would rather in louder gusts, and the waves rose with whiter be at the plow like the women here."
and taller crests, and lashed the shores with an “No, you wouldn't, Ethel,” replies the grand-ever increasing vehemence. Along the beach on mother, dryly. “These are the fine speeches of the north side of the Gulf of Finland are some school girls. The showers of rain would spoil your twenty or thirty fishermen's huts, which form complexion-you would be perfectly tired in an part of the straggling town of Lachta. Hard by hour, and come back to luncheon-you belong to is the spot where a ferry-boat starts—or rather your belongings, my dear, and are not better than started a century ago-for the opposite side of the rest of the world : very good looking, as you the gulf some twice or three times a week. As know perfectly well, and not very good temper- the door of one of these cottages opened, a young ed. It is lucky that Kew is. Calm your temper, sailor came out, followed by his mother, who saw at least before marriage ; such a prize does not that he was bent upon crossing the lake for the fall to a pretty girl's lot every day. Why, you purpose of transacting some business at the little sent him away quite scared by your cruelty; and village of Liborg, and was vainly endeavoring to if he is not playing at roulette, or at billiards, I stay him by pointing out the signs of the growdare say he is thinking what a little termagant | ing storm. you are, and that he had best pause while it is “Only see, my dear son," she cried, “how yet time. Before I was married, your poor grand- rough and angry the lake is now; see what madfather never knew I had a temper; of after-days ness it is to venture out in an open boat upon its I say nothing; but trials are good for all of us, waves on such a day. If the ferry-boat must go, and he bore his like an angel.”
let it start without you, and do you stay at home, Lady Kew, too, on this occasion at least, was my Steenie, for your poor mother's sake." admirably good-humored. She also, when it was “Oh! mother,” replied the young man, “you necessary, could put a restraint on her temper, are over anxious; my business with Carl Wald and having this match very much at heart, chose compels me to go across, whether I like it or not, to coax and to soothe her granddaughter rather and I can not disappoint him if the ferry-boat than to endeavor to scold and frighten her. starts at all, and start it will directly, from the
“Why do you desire this marriage so much, quay, for I see the passengers gathering together grandmamma?” the girl asked. “My cousin is at the top of the steps. Only look now, there is not very much in love—at least I should fancy Alec and Nicholas going across, and I can not not,” she added, blushing. “I am bound to own stay behind. Then, good-by, mother, I am off Lord Kew is not in the least eager, and I think to the Katharine.” So saying he stepped briskly if you were to tell him to wait for five years, he forward. would be quite willing. Why should you be so “Well, Paul, my man, here's rather a rough very anxious ?"
passage across for us ; I suppose you will go all “Why, my dear? Because I think young la- the same, though you don't seem to like the looks dies who want to go and work in the fields, should of the weather a bit better than I do? But I make hay while the sun shines ; because I think don't see any other boats out this afternoon for it is high time that Kew should ranger himself; certain." because I am sure he will make the best husband, “Oh, Paul! oh, Steenie! it is just tempting
Vol. IX.-No. 52.-KK
Providence to think of crossing over with such a sing a portion of the coast. They had seen the sea rising, and with the wind almost dead against perilous position of old Paul and his boat, and you,” cried the distracted widow.
had borne down to their assistance, for in spite "As to that, there's always danger afloat,” of the terrible raging of the winds and waves, answered Paul, “ be it fair or foul; and Provi- the captain would not see the poor fellows swept dence takes care of us afloat as well as ever he away and drowned without making an effort at does on land. Good-by, mother. Here, Alec, least to save them. let go that rope. Now, then, to your oars. The vessel neared the sand-bank; but how She's off, boys! Helm aport now."
may she approach close enough to rescue the “Port it is," growled the steersman, who evi- unhappy fellows? A boat is lowered from the dently had no fancy for the voyage, and had all vessel, and four as gallant Russian tars as ever this time been crying out against the unpropi- | plowed the fresh waters of Ladoga or the Baltic tious aspect of the weather.
have rowed up to the spot ; but the strength of The boatmen who were on the steps and along two of the crew, added to the exertions of Stephen the beach, assured the widow that there was no and the boatmen of the Katharine, are not suffireal danger; and so having bid her son an affec- cient to move the vessel from the firm grasp with tionate farewell, and uttering many a devout which the sand held her keel. They were, thereprayer for his speedy return next week, she went fore, beginning to relax their efforts, when a back into her cottage, low and depressed in her second boat, with a crew of six stout-hearted spirits, and sat watching the boat from her win- fellows, neared the bank, and by vigorous efforts dow as it did battle with each crested surge and reached the spot in time to reinforce their comrode proudly on its course. Need we say that rades. Without the loss of a moment, one of the she watched it with a mother's eye, until a pro- crew, a fine tall muscular Russian, some six feet jecting cliff shut it wholly out of sight. The five inches high, stripped off his outer garments, storm, however, continued as before, and the leaped into the sea, and after swimming a few mother had but one resource left, to commit her sharp strokes, gained a footing on the sand. beloved son and the frail boat in which he crossed This was heavy work indeed, as the sand was the waters of the lake to the merciful goodness not hard and firm, but mixed with mud and slime; of that Providence, who is “the God of the but the giant strength of the new arrival turned fatherless and the widow."
the scale, and after a few short and sharp heaves Meanwhile the little vessel was battling with the Katharine moved once more. In a second the angry waves in a place where there was a she was afloat again and taken in tow by the narrow passage, some fifty yards broad, between other boat. two dangerous shelving sand-banks, well known And where all this time was Stephen? Worn to the master of the Katharine and his crew. out with fatigue and cold, for he had been imThe sand-banks themselves, as it happened, lay mersed some two hours in the chilly waves, and partly under the lee of one of the little islands standing in deep water and nearly exhausted by which stud the coast near Lachta; and the cur- their violence—he had lost his footing on the sliprent was bearing strong upon the bank upon the pery bank, and having got in a moment beyond leeward. At this moment the Katharine shipped his depth, was vainly attempting to keep his head a large quantity of water; as ill luck would have above water by swimming in his drenched and it, the tiller broke, and before the boat's head dripping clothes, the weight of which in a few could be righted, she had drifted upon the edge seconds more would have carried him down. of the bar of sand, and there she stuck fast. “Oh! Stecnie, Steenie,” cried the old boatman, The little bark would have been overwhelmed by Paul, with a loud voice of agony, which would . the breakers but for the shelter afforded by the make itself heard even above the roaring of the corner of the island and the shifting of the wind angry winds and waves, “can none of you save a point or two round to the north ; indeed, she my poor Stephen, the bravest lad that ever trod a was fast filling with water, in spite of the efforts deck? He's gone now, and but for his help this of the passengers to keep her afloat by bailing. day my boat would have been lost." To add to the general confusion aboard, it now “He's not lost yet!” cried the tall seaman; turned out that several of the passengers who and, plunging into the waves, he caught him by had been drinking at the village inn before start- the hair of his head, just as he was sinking a third ing from Lachta were fairly intoxicated, and the time; the next wave would have carried him fairrest were sinking down bewildered into the ly down, and his life would have been gone past apathy of despair; so that only Stephen and two recall. of the boatmen had their wits about them. But It was not the work of a moment for the strong, though they strove with all their might, they tall stranger to swim with the lad toward the boat, were unable to move the boat off from the sand- which was hovering near; and, in another second, bank. At this moment, when the waves were the gallant crew had lifted him in over the gun. breaking over the little Katharine, and had al- wale, and laid him at the bottom of the boat. As ready swept off into deep water one or two hap- soon as he showed signs of life, and began to open loss passengers, who had lost all heart and his eyes, a flask of brandy was applied to his courage, a sail was seen approaching
mouth, and he soon revived. The tall man, too, It was a rather large vessel, with a gallant got in, and leaving two of his crew to help old crew of some twenty men, who had been inspect. Paul to tow the Katharine ashore, he gave the
signal to his men, and they pulled off with all | in remembrance of this day; and when your boy their might in the direction of Lachta. Though Steenie' wakes up from the sound sleep into the waves were still running high, yet, fortunate- which he has fallen, tell him that he will always ly, the wind was astern ; so the sharp, quick find a true friend in Peter Alexiowitch." . strokes of the crew soon brought the boat to the Our readers, when they learn that the above landing-place from which, a few hours before, story is founded upon a plain historic fact-as poor Stephen had departed in such high spirits, they will find upon reading for themselves the and with such confidence in Paul's seamanship, Life of Peter the Great-will be grieved to hear and the ability of the Katharine to make the that the noble conduct of the emperor on this ocpassage.
casion cost him his life. He had for a long time As soon as the boat came to the sheltered nook suffered under a chronic internal disease, which where the steps of the landing place led up from none of his court physicians could effectually the sea, Stephen was put ashore, and, partly led combat; and in the month of November, 1724, in partly carried, he reached the cottage of his moth- which our story is laid, he went, contrary to the er. At the sight of her son, the poor widow burst advice of his physicians, to inspect the works on into a flood of tears, and began to give way to an Lake Lagoda : his exposure to the wet and cold agony of joy and grief. A warm bath was soon in rescuing the poor ferryman and his crew, on prepared for her son ; and, after the application this stormy November day, affected him so seriof some gentle restoratives, poor Stephen was able ously that he never recovered afterward. The to sit up and to thank his kind preserver, the tall emperor went home to his palace at St. Petersstranger, who, with two of his men behind him, burg without loss of time, but his malady injust now lifted up the latch of the cottage-door, creased, in spite of all the remedies which the and had entered the room.
medical skill of Russia could furnish ; and grad"Gracious Heaven," cried the grateful mother, ually he sank under the disease, till death put an “why, sir, you are in wet clothes, too! Sit down, end to his sufferings toward the close of the folsir, by the fire, and take of my humble fare, while lowing January I go and find some of my Steenie's clothes for you Such was the end of Peter I. of Russia, deservto put on, and I dry those dripping garments.” edly named “the Great;" though he was the
The tall stranger sat down ; and as the widow strangest compound of contradictions, perhaps, left the room, gave his two followers a hint not that the world has ever seen. In him the most to make known to the boy or his mother who he ludicrous undertakings were mingled with the was. In a few minutes the stranger had retired, grandest political schemes. Benevolence and huand assumed a plain old dress belonging to the manity were as conspicuous in his character as young man whose life he had saved, and was en- a total disregard of human life. He was at once gaged in eating some hot bacon, which the widow kind-hearted and severe, even to the extent of had just laid upon the table before him, with many ferocity. Without education himself, he promoted protestations of her eternal gratitude to the sa- arts, sciences, and literature. “He gave a polish,” viour of her son.
says Voltaire, “ to his people, and yet he was him"May the King of heaven, who never turns a self a savage : he taught them the art of war, of deaf ear to the widow's prayer, mercifully reward which, however, he was ignorant himself: from you for saving my Steenie's life. It is not many the sight of a small boat on the river Moskwa he a sailor, or merchant either, that would have done created a powerful fleet, and made himself an exas you have done to-day. Heaven speed you; pert and active shipwright, sailor, pilot, and comand may you never forget that the poor widow of mander: he changed the manners, customs, and Lachta is praying for you night and morning, that laws of the Russians, and lives in their memory, the Almighty may increase your store, whenever not merely as the founder of their empire, but as you are sailing over the stormy sea, or the lakes the father of his country.” of Onega and Ladoga."
Yes; the memory of Peter to this day is dear The tall stranger was about to rise and depart, among all classes of Russians, from the noblest when suddenly the door opened, and a naval of of the Boyards down to the meanest serf. But ficer entered, with a crowd of attendants. It was if among the towns and villages of his vast empire the captain and mate of the bark which Steenie there be one in which his name is cherished with and Paul had seen in the offing, and which had especial honor, it is that little fishing-town of sent her boats to the rescue of the Katharine. Lachta; and in proof of our assertion we may
“My noble master, may it please your majes- add, that the cottage in which Steenie and his ty," he said, falling on one knee, the Royal Peter mother lived and died, is still familiarly known to has come safe, and she has towed the Katharine every traveler in those parts as Peter's House. too into the little port of Lachta.”
The poor widow fell down upon her knees in | MOUNTAIN STORMS.-TRAGEDY ON astonishment, and faltered forth her apologies for
THE SENTIS. not recognizing his majesty, and for having treat MHE storms experienced in mountainous couned him with such disrespect.
I tries have often a terrific grandeur seldom “Nay, nay, my good woman," said the Czar, witnessed by the inhabitants of lowland plains. smiling, “ how could you know the Emperor thus The flash of the lightning is more vivid, and the disguised in mud and dirt. But you will know report of the thunder more tremendous, owing to him henceforth. I shall keep your son's clothes closer proximity to the centre of disturbance in
consequence of elevation. The repercussion of steeples, houses, trees, especially solitary ones, sound also, from the adjoining highlands, causes and the masts of ships, are peculiarly liable, by it to reverberate from rock to rock and crag to exposure and elevation, to the stroke of lightning. crag, while a thousand echoes repeat the intona- A melancholy example occurred in the year 1832, tion in distant glens : and hence the peal has a on the top of the Sentis in Switzerland. longer roll than on levels where there is a com- This mountain is the highest point of the canparatively free passage through the atmosphere. ton of Appenzell. Though not directly belongGenerally the danger from lightning increases to ing to the grand range of the Alps, it rises to men at high points, though such an ascent may the height of 8200 feet above the sea, overlooks be gained as to place the individual in a per- the valley of the Upper Rhine on the east, and fectly harmless region, above the focus of explo- the lake of Constance on the north. On its sumsion, calmness, and bright sunshine being aloft | mit, M. Buchwalder, a Swiss engineer, along and around, while clouds are in wild agitation, and with an assistant, passed the night of July 4, the elemental strife rages beneath. But travel- having raised a tent and established a signal for ers at considerable elevations have frequently ob-geodesical purposes. It rained abundantly toserved striking indications of electric action in ward evening, and the cold and wind became their immediate neighborhood, and found them- such that they prevented sleeping all night. At selves unawares in the very bosom of a thunder- four o'clock in the morning the mountain was cloud. Professor Forbes relates an instance covered with clouds, and some passed over their which came under his own observation in the heads; the wind also was very violent. At six Alps. He was on the track to the châlets of o'clock the rain began again, and the thunder reBreuil, at the height of 9000 feet, the atmosphere sounded in the distance. Soon the most impetbeing turbid, and some hail falling, when a curi-uous gale announced a tempest. Hail fell in ous sound was noticed, which seemed to proceed such abundance that, in a few moments, it covfrom the alpine pole with which he was walking. ered the Sentis with a frozen stratum of some He asked the guide next him what he thought it thickness. After these preliminaries, the storm was, and as the members of that fraternity have appeared calmer; but it was a silence, a repose, an answer ready for any emergency, the reply during which nature was preparing a terrible criwas coolly given, that the rustling of the pole no sis. At a quarter past eight o'clock the thunder doubt proceeded from a worm eating the wood in growled again, and, its noise approaching nearer the interior. But, holding up his hand, the fin- and nearer, was heard without interruption till gers yielded the same fizzing sound. There could ten. The engineer then went out to examine the be but one explanation—that of the party being sky, and to measure the depth of the snow at a so near a thunder-cloud as to be highly electrified few paces from the tent. Scarcely had he acby induction ; and on closely observing circum-complished this, when the lightning burst forth stances, it was soon perceived that all the angular with fury, and obliged him to take refuge in the stones were hissing around like points near a tent, together with the assistant, who brought powerful electrical machine. Prudence dictated out some food to take his repast. Both lay down the lowering of an umbrella, hoisted against the side by side on a plank. A thick cloud, dark as hail shower, whose gay brass point might become night, then enveloped the Sentis ; the rain and the paratonnerre of the travelers. Scarcely had hail fell in torrents; the wind blew with fury; this been done, when a clap of thunder, unac- and the near and confused lightnings seemed like companied by lightning, justified the precaution. a conflagration. They were in the very centre
Instances are not wanting of thunder-clouds of the storm; and the lightning showed the scene having been traversed with impunity while the in all its grandeur or in all its horror. The asfell lightning was in process of elaboration. In sistant could not free himself from a sensation August, 1778, the Abbé Richard was in this posi- of fear, and he asked if they were not running tion on the small mountain called Boyer, between some danger. Mention was made, in order to Chalons and Tournus. Before he entered the remove his fears, that, at the time when MM. cloud, the thunder rolled as it is wont to do. Biot and Arago were making geodesical experiWhen he was enveloped in it, he heard only singlements in Spain, the lightning had fallen on their claps, with intervals of silence, without roll or re- tent, but had only passed over the roof without verberation. After he passed above the cloud, touching them. The inquiry, however, brought the thunder rolled below him as before, and the to the mind of M. Buchwalder the idea of danlightning flashed. The sister of M. Arago wit-ger, and he fully understood it. nessed similar phenomena between the village of “At this moment," he relates, “ a globe of fire Estagel and Limoux; and the officers of engi- appeared at the feet of my companion, and I felt neers engaged in the trigonometrical survey re- my right leg struck with a violent commotion, peatedly experienced the same occurrences on which was an electric shock. He uttered a dolethe Pyrenees. Still the risk of damage must ob- ful cry: “Ah! I turned round to him. I saw viously be augmented as the cause of danger is on his face the effect of the lightning-stroke. approached ; and hence the fear instinctively en- The left side was covered with brown or reddish gendered by the proximity of a thunder-cloud is spots. His hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes, were founded upon intelligible principles. It is well frizzled and burned ; his lips and nostrils were known that objects raised above the surface in a of a brownish violet : his chest scemed still to storm, whether good or bad conductors, as church- heave at intervals; but soon the sound of respira