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comes of all this accumulation of matter? Where where they would have been subjected to the shall we look for the compensating agency to enormous pressure of a column of water twelve counteract this tendency to change?
thousand feet in height. They doubtless while This inquiry conducts us to another of those alive inhabited.the upper waters; and when dead marvelous relations between the different king their bodies sank slowly down to the bottom in doms of nature, which show that all are parts of one continuous shower, like the snow-flakes that one vast whole, so ordered that each portion is fall in a still winter day. For thousands of years essential to the existence of every other.
-how many thousands no man knows-this While the rivers of the earth are thus pouring ceaseless shower has been pouring down. How their accumulations of saline and calcareous mat- thickly the ocean floor is paved with these remains, ter into the ocean, innumerable myriads of beings, who shall dare to conjecture? But this much is many of them so minute that we can discern them certain that the remains of these animalcules inonly by the microscope, are engaged in elaborat- definitely exceed in bulk those of larger animals. ing this matter from the water, and building it And all these remains have been abstracted from up again beneath the waves into mountains and the waters of the ocean, where the materials of continents. The coral insects of the South Seas which they have been formed have been brought are evermore erecting their mounds and dykes, from the land by the ceaseless action of the wareaching in some instances farther down than ters originally raised from the surface of the ocean. plummet has ever sounded into the calm waters Thus it is that we are beginning to get glimpses of the ocean, and stretching in an unbroken line of the harmonies and compensations of nature. for a thousand miles. Against these apparently Every element exists not for its own sake alone, frail barriers the long swell of the Pacific breaks but for that of every other. The air and the with a force which would wear away a granite ocean, the dry land, all work together. The heat promontory; but the tiny architects seize upon showered down upon the coasts of Brazil nourthe water, and by their own vital power extract ishes the vines and olives of Sicily ; that genefrom it, particle by particle, the substance from rated in the Gulf of Mexico makes green the which they construct their impregnable walls. corn-fields of merry England, and the vineyards Every unmoving shell-fish aids in the work. The of France, and mitigates the terrors of an Iceland pearl oyster of Ceylon perhaps constructs its par- winter. The cold from the north pole, borne far ti-colored shell from the lime swept by the tribu-below the surface of the ocean, and transferred taries of the Missouri from the cañons of the to the Gulf of Mexico, transforms what would Rocky Mountains, or worn away by the torrent otherwise be an uninhabitable desert into the garthat dashes down the precipice of Niagara. Every den of the earth; wbile that from around the marine plant that grows upon the shore or the south pole cools the waters that girdle the palmbottom of the ocean, or that floats in the great shaded islands of the tropical Pacific. The hidden silent “Sargasso Sea" or Sea of Weeds, that fountains of the Mississippi and the St. Lawrence occupies the mid-Atlantic, impeding the course lie in the Indian Ocean. The dense foliage in of the few vessels that wander so far out of the the jungles of Hindostan and Farther Africa disordinary routes of commerce, has also its appro- tills oxygen to vitalize the blood of the inhabitants priate function in abstracting from the water of of New York and London, who in turn give torth the ocean the soda and other saline matter borne the carbonic acid which adds to the stature of the into it evermore.
date-trees by the cataracts of the Nile and the The deep sea soundings so successfully exe-spice-groves of Ceylon. These are but a part cuted by our naval officers, have thrown new of the functions that the atmosphere and the light upon these exquisite systems of compensa- ocean perform in the wide economy of nature. tions by means of which nature is evermore When science has fathomed all of their manifold “seeking by ceaseless change eternal rest." By uses, we shall have made one more step toward an ingenious aparatus invented by Passed Mid- the full significance of the term by which the anshipman Brooke, matter has been brought up cient Greeks, poetical in their wisdom, designated from the bottom of the sea at a depth of more collective nature : Kosmos—“Beauty-Orderly than two and a quarter miles. This matter brought Arrangement. up from such a depth, and far out at sea, beyond the influence of the ceaseless wash of rivers and
THE FIDDLER. B other local causes, may be assumed to be a fair go my poem is damned, and immortal fame is sample of the bottom of the entire ocean.
not for me! I am nobody forever and ever. To the naked eye the matter thus brought up | Intolerable fate! seemed mere clay or mud. But when it was Snatching my hat, I dashed down the criticism, placed under the microscope, the startling fact and rushed out into Broadway, where enthusiwas brought to light that it was composed wholly astic throngs were crowding to a circus in a sideof minute shells, the skeletons of animals so street near by, very recently started, and famous small that no unaided human eye could distin- for a capital clown. guish them. Not a particle of sand or gravel, Presently my old friend Standard rather boisnot the remotest trace of mineral or inorganic terously accosted me.' ; matter was there. There was nothing but the “Well met, Helmstone, my boy! Ah! what's relics of animal life. These animals could not the matter! Haven't been committing murder! have lived and died at the bottom of the sea, Ain't flying justice! You look wild!".
" You have seen it, then?" said I, of course you seek admiration from the admirers of a bufreferring to the criticism.
foon? Call to mind the saying of the Athenian, "Oh yes; I was there at the morning per who, when the people vociferously applauded in formance. Great clown, I assure you. But here the forum, asked his friend in a whisper, what comes Hautboy. Hautboy--Helmstone." foolish thing had he said?
Without having time or inclination to resent Again my eye swept the circus, and fell on the so mortifying a mistake, I was instantly soothed ruddy radiance of the countenance of Hautboy. as I gazed on the face of the new acquaintance But its clear honest cheeriness disdained my dis80 unceremoniously introduced. His person was dain. My intolerant pride was rebuked. And short and full, with a juvenile, animated cast to yet Hautboy dreamed not what magic reproof to it. His complexion rurally ruddy; his eye sin- a soul like mine sat on his laughing brow. At cere, cheery, and gray. His hair alone betrayed the very instant I felt the dart of the censure, his that he was not an overgrown boy. From his eye twinkled, his hand waved, his voice was hair I set him down as forty or more.
lifted in jubilant delight at another joke of the “Come, Standard," he gleefully cried to my inexhaustible clown. friend, "are you not going to the circus? The Circus over, we went to Taylor's. Among clown is inimitable, they say. Come ; Mr. Helm- crowds of others, we sat down to our stews and stone, too—come both; and circus over, we'll punches at one of the small marble tables. Hauttake a nice stew and punch at Taylor's.” boy sat opposite to me. Though greatly sub
The sterling content, good-humor, and extra- dued from its former hilarity, his face still shone ordinary ruddy, sincere expression of this most with gladness. But added to this was a quality singular new acquaintance acted upon me like not 80 prominent before; a certain serene exmagic. It seemed mere loyalty to human nature pression of leisurely, deep good sense. Good to accept an invitation from so unmistakably kind sense and good humor in him joined hands. As and honest a heart.
the conversation proceeded between the brisk During the circus performance I kept my eye Standard and him--for I said little or nothingmore on Hautboy than on the celebrated clown. I was more and more struck with the excellent Hautboy was the sight for me. Such genuine judgment he evinced. In most of his remarks enjoyment as his struck me to the soul with a upon a variety of topics Hautboy seemed intuisense of the reality of the thing called happiness. tively to hit the exact line between enthusiasm The jokes of the clown he seemed to roll under and apathy. It was plain that while Hautboy his tongue as ripe magnum-bonums. Now the saw the world pretty much as it was, yet he did foot, now the hand, was employed to attest his not theoretically espouse its bright side nor its grateful applause. At any hit more than ordi- dark side. Rejecting all solutions, he but acnary, he turned upon Standard and me to see if knowled facts. What was sad in the world he his rare pleasure was shared. In a man of forty did not superficially gainsay; what was glad in I saw a boy of twelve ; and this too without the it he did not cynically slur; and all which was slightest abatement of my respect. Because all to him personally enjoyable, he gratefully took was so honest and natural, every expression and to his heart. It was plain, then--so it seemed attitude so graceful with genuine good-nature, at that mument, at least—that his extraordinary that the marvelous juvenility of Hautboy assumed cheerfulness did not arise either from deficiency a sort of divine and immortal air, like that of some of feeling or thought. forever youthful god of Greece.
Suddenly remembering an engagement, he took But much as I gazed upon Hautboy, and much / up his hat, bowed pleasantly, and left us. as I admired his air, yet that desperate mood in “Well, Helmstone,” said Standard, inaudibly which I had first rushed from the house had not drumming on the slab, “what do you think of so entirely departed as not to molest me with your new acquaintance ?" momentary returns. But from these relapses I The two last words tingled with a peculiar and would rouse myself, and swiftly glance round the novel significance. broad amphitheatre of eagerly interested and all. “New acquaintance indeed," echoed I. “Stanapplauding human faces. Hark! claps, thumps, dard, I owe you a thousand thanks for introducing deafening huzzas; the vast assembly seemed me to one of the most singular men I have ever frantic with acclamation; and what, mused I, seen. It needed the optical sight of such a man has caused all this? Why, the clown only com- to believe in the possibility of his existence. ically grinned with one of his extra grins.
“You rather like him, then," said Standard, Then I repeated in my mind that sublime pas- with ironical dryness. sage in my poem, in which Cleothemes the Ar- ' “I hugely love and admire him, Standard. I give vindicates the justice of the war. Ay, ay, wish I were Hautboy." thought I to myself, did I now leap into the ring “Ah? That's a pity now, There's only one there, and repeat that identical passage, nay, Hautboy in the world." enact the whole tragic poem before them, would! This last remark set me to pondering again, they applaud the poet as they applaud the clown?) and somehow it revived my dark mood. No! They would hoot me, and call me doting or “His wonderful cheerfulness, I suppose," said mad. Then what does this prove? Your in-1, sneering with spleen, “ originates not less in fatuation or their insensibility? Perhaps both; I a felicitous fortune than in a felicitous temper. but indubitably the first. But why wail? Do His great good sense is apparent; but great good
sense may exist without sublime endowments. sad that your very cheerfulness should, by a by-
A sudden noise at my side attracted my ear. " Ah? You would not think him an extraor- Turning, I saw Hautboy again, who very blithely dinary genius then ?"
rescated himself on the chair he had left. “Genius? What! such a short, fat fellow al “I was behind time with my engagement," genius! Genius, like Cassius, is lank.”
said Hautboy, " so thought I would run back and « Ah? But could you not fancy that Hautboy rejoin you. But come, you have sat long enough might formerly have had genius, but luckily get here. Let us go to my rooms. It is only a five ting rid of it, at last fatted up?"
minutes' walk." "For a genius to get rid of his genius is as im- “ If you will promise to fiddle for us, we will," possible as for a man in the galloping consump- said Standard. tion to get rid of that."
| Fiddle! thought I-he's a jigembob fiddler “Ah? You speak very decidedly."
1.then? No wonder genius declines to measure “Yes, Standard," cried I, increasing in spleen, | its pace to a fiddler's bow. My spleen was very “ your cheery Hautboy, after all, is no pattern, no strong on me now lesson for you and me. With average abilities; “I will gladly fiddle you your fill," replied opinions clear, because circumscribed ; passions Hautboy to Standard. “Come on." docile, because they are feeble; a temper hilarious, In a few minutes we found ourselves in the because he was born to it-how can your Haut- fifth story of a sort of storehouse, in a lateral boy be made a reasonable example to a heady street to Broadway. It was curiously furnished fellow like you, or an ambitious dreamer like me with all sorts of odd furniture which seemed to Nothing tempts him beyond common limit; in have been obtained, piece by piece, at auctions himself he has nothing to restrain. By constitu- of old-fashioned household stuff. But all was tion he is exempted from all moral harm. Could charmingly clean and cosy. ambition but prick him; had he but once heard Pressed by Standard, Hautboy forthwith got applause, or endured contempt, a very different out bis dented old fiddle, and sitting down on a man would your Hautboy be. Acquiescent and tall rickety stool, played away right merrily at calm from the cradle to the grave, he obviously Yankee Doodle and other off-handed, dashing, slides through the crowd.
and disdainfully care-free airs. But common as "Ah?"
were the tunes, I was transfixed by something “ Why do you say ah to me so strangely when- miraculously superior in the style. Sitting there ever I speak ?"
on the old stool, his rusty hat sideways cocked • Did you ever hear of Master Betty ?” on his head, one foot dangling adrift, he plied the
The great English prodigy, who long ago bow of an enchanter. All my moody discontent, ousted the Siddons and the Kembles from Drury every vestige of peevishness fled. My whole Lane, and made the whole town run mad with splenetic soul capitulated to the magical fiddle. acclamation ?'
“Something of an Orpheus, ah ?" said Stand" The same,” said Standard, once more inau- ard, archly nudging me beneath the left rib. dibly drumming on the slab,
“ And I, the charmed Bruin," murmured I. I looked at him perplexed. He seemed to be The fiddle ceased. Once more, with redoubled holding the master-key of our theme in mysterious curiosity, I gazed upon the easy, indifferent Hautreserve; seemed to be throwing out his Master boy. But he entirely baffled inquisition. Betty too, to puzzle me only the more.
When, leaving him, Standard and I were in “What under heaven can Master Betty, the the street once more, I earnestly conjured him great genius and prodigy, an English boy twelve to tell me who, in sober truth, this marvelous years old, have to do with the poor common-place Hautboy was. plodder Hautboy, an American of forty.”
“Why, haven't you seen him? And didn't "Oh, nothing in the least. I don't imagine you yourself lay his whole anatomy open on the that they ever saw each other. Besides, Master marble slab at Taylor's. What more can you Betty must be dead and buried long ere this." possibly learn? Doubtless your own masterly
“ Then why cross the ocean, and rifle the insight has already put you in possession of all." grave to drag bis remains into this living discus- "You mock me, Standard. There is some sion ?"
mystery here. Tell me, I entreat you, who is " Absent-mindedness, I suppose. I humbly | Hautboy ?” beg pardon. Proceed with your observations on “An extraordinary genius, Helmstone," said Hautboy. You think he never had genius, quite Standard, with sudden ardor, “who in boyhood too contented and happy, and fat for that--ah? | drained the whole flagon of glory; whose going You think him no pattern for men in general ? from city to city was a going from triumph to affording no lesson of value to neglected merit, triumph. One who has been an object of wonder genius ignored, or impotent presumption rebuked ? to the wisest, been caressed by the loveliest, re-all of which three amount to much the same ceived the open homage of thousands on thouthing. You admire his cheerfulness, while scorn- sands of the rabble. But to-day he walks Broad ing his common-place soul. Poor Hautboy, how way and no man knows him. With you and
me, the elbow of the hurrying clerk, and the pole the beggars, and other sons of sorrow, to dip his of the remorseless omnibus, shove him. He who fingers in the great wooden bowls that are put has a hundred times been crowned with laurels, out at the doors on such festive or mournful ocnow wears, as you see, a bunged beaver. Once casions. He found that in the scramble of the fortune poured showers of gold into his lap, as hungry, it was rarely possible for him to approach showers of laurel leaves upon his brow. To-day, the dish more than once; but an old beggar of exfrom house to house he hies, teaching fiddling perience had taught him the art of scooping out, for a living. Crammed once with fame, he is with one single plunge of his hand, the substance now hilarious without it. With genius and with-of a meal. In this way he managed to keep soul out fame, he is happier than a king. More a and body together; but as he was a man respectprodigy now than ever.
able in his ideas, he never asked for alms with “ His true name?
the others, when the wants of the moment were “Let me whisper it in your ear.
satisfied, but repaired at once to his shop, and sat “What! Oh Standard, myself, as a child, waiting for custom until the going down of the have shouted myself hoarse applauding that very | sun. name in the theatre.”
From time to time, when he could get a little "I have heard your poem was not very hand- leather, he had actually fabricated some fine red somely received," said Standard, now suddenly shoes-half a dozen pair, which he had arranged shifting the subject.
in a row in front of his shop; but at first he had "Not a word of that, for heaven's sake!” cried asked too much for them, and would not lower I. “ If Cicero, traveling in the East, found sym- his price until their lustre became tarnished, and pathetic solace for his grief in beholding the then every body passed by, and went to bargain arid overthrow of a once gorgeous city, shall with other dealers. Poor Abu Daood in vain innot my petty affair be as nothing, when I behold vited the fastidious to come and buy, going 60 in Hautboy the vine and the rose climbing the far, sometimes, as to offer his wares as a present. shattered shafts of his tumbled temple of Fame?" | Nobody paid any attention to him. Destiny had
Next day I tore all my manuscripts, bought decreed that he should not make his fortune as a me a fiddle, and went to take regular lessons of shoemaker. Hautboy.
One day a very old man, whose dress and ap
pearance revealed him to be a Maggrebby, or THE STOLEN SHOES,
Man from the West, came down the street, eviA DORADO, where gold may be had for the dently looking for a pair of shoes, or for a cobbler; h gathering, has formed the subject of the for he carried a tattered baboosh in his hand. traditions, or exercised the fancies, of most peo- Abu Daood espied him afar off, and felt inclined ples. The Arabs have never had an opportunity to rush toward him, and seizing the skirts of his of experiencing what such a place really is; but garment, to drag him by main force to his shop. their story-tellers make use of the idea in the But the Shah Bomdar of the merchants had marfollowing manner :
ried his daughter that morning, and the cobbler In very ancient times, there lived, say they, in had not only succeeded in -getting two handfuls Cairo, in one of the streets near the foot of the of rice, but had snatched a rag of mutton from a citadel, a man named Abu Daood, whose poverty greedy blind beggar, who was making off with it and misery were great. By trade he was a after having had his fill. Thus fortified, he was cobbler; but destiny did not permit him to gain enabled to repress the undignified suggestion of a living by the labor of his hands. Sometimes his misery, and to wait in breathless expectation he remained for whole days without having a for the result. To his extreme surprise, the single pair of babooshes to mend; and when work Maggrebby passed all his rivals, and coming was brought to him, he was very frequently so straight up to him, saluted him by his name, and beaten down in the price he asked, or cheated by said : dishonest people, that he found it absolutely im- "I charge thee to mend this excellent pair of possible to earn even the expenses of his shop. babooshes with the utmost care, and in the mean
Fortunately for him he had no wife or relation time, I will take of thy stock for my immediate of any kind; yet he considered this solitude as use." So saying, he slipped on two of the tarthe greatest curse that had befallen him, and, nished shoes, promised to return in the evening, strange to say, when he went home in hunger, and went away, leaving his own rags in pledge he regretted he did not hear, as he opened the for the payment. Abu Daood was so delighted, crazy door of his house, the voice of children, that he ran immediately to three or four neigheven though they should be crying for food. As bors, and shouted with glistening eyes : “I have he scarcely ever spent any money, or was seen to sold a pair of shoes! I have sold a pair of shoes !" bring home provisions, the neighbors used to say He set to work immediately to cobble the babooshthat he was a magician, or that he lived upon air; es of the Maggrebby, but he found them in such but it was evident that this kind of nourishment a wretched state, that it was impossible to do was not favorable to him, for he was as thin and any thing with them. In vain did he put a patch dry as a nail. The truth was, that he passed a here and a patch there, first renewing the heels, great part of his time wandering up and down then the toes—it would have been far easier and the streets, seeking for the news of some mar- cheaper to make a new pair. “I must persuade riage or of some death; and then he went with this foolish Maggrebby," said he to himself, “to throw those miserable things into the street, and Maggrebby ; and going to meet him at the place to buy new ones instead, if what he has already appointed at sunset, found him already arrived, taken be not sufficient."
and took him to his house. Evening came, and no Maggrebby. Abu Daood The supper was magnificent, according to the had counted on a good supper, and kept his shop ideas of the cobbler, and had been prepared at a open until long after dark. All his neighbors neighboring cook-shop. The Maggrebby ate put up their shutters, and went away one by one, heartily, as did Abu Daood likewise. When but he remained obstinately at his post, until the they had washed their hands, coffee was brought fear of robbers-superfluous fear! - overcame and pipes; and the Maggrebby began to talk of him, and he returned sorrowfully to his dismal travel, and foreign lands, and strange countries, dwelling. He lulled himself to sleep that night while his host listened with eager ears, for a long by curses on the Maggrebby, but was up before time not venturing to speak. At length, howdawn, and on his way to his shop, still hoping ever, he mustered up courage to say what he had that the owner of the ragged babooshes might upon his mind. It was this : “I pray thee, O come and clear up his character for honesty and honored master, if it be not impertinent-in fair-dealing. He could not refrain from relating which case forgive me—tell me wherefore thou his misadventure to his neighbors, who affected didst not return last year and pay me for my to pity him, but smiled maliciously one to the shoes. I knew that thou wast an honest man, other, saying: “Abu Daood has sold a pair of and waited for thee in patience, until all the shoes !” and it became the joke in the quarter, neighbors mocked me.” when they observed the poor cobbler dozing over “My son," replied the Maggrebby, “I would his hunger, to cry out : “ Here comes the Mag- have refrained from telling thee this secret, lest grebby!” But a whole year passed away, and it might introduce into thy mind covetousness he did not reappear.
and uneasiness; but since thou askest me, and At length one day the cry of “ Here comes since equivocal conduct requireth an explanation, the Maggrebby!” startled Abu Daood as usual; I will state the whole truth; and may God parand looking forth to cast a reproachful glance at don me if the consequence be the troubling of the wags, he actually beheld the same old man thy thoughts! Know, then, that I am an inadvancing toward him. His first impulse was to habitant of the city of Taroor, in Fezzan, and snatch up the pair of shoes, which he had cobbled that my poverty and misery were great. But one during his interminable moments of leisure into day I learned from a pilgrim who rested in my something like shape, and thrust them down the house, on his way to Gebel Tor, that in the south throat of the dishonest customer; but he re- was reported a land, the ribs of whose mountstrained himself, and when the Maggrebby had ains, and the sands of whose rivers, were of gold, saluted him, as if nothing had happened, he said: so that whosoever reached it might collect, in one “ The job thou gavest me was very troublesome. day, wealth sufficient to make him envied of It would have been better to take a new pair." princes. I eagerly desired further information Upon this, the Maggrebby laughed, and said : of this land ; but he told me that its access was • Verily, thou art a wise man, and a circumspect. most difficult, and that, according to an ancient I came expecting thy reproaches! but, lo! thou tradition, none of the sons of Adam could penesparest me. This shall be counted unto thee.” | trate to it but he who should wear the stolen shoes So saying, he took out a piece of gold, and placed of the cobbler Abu Daood. So I began to seek it in the hand of the cobbler, who well-nigh fainted for a cobbler of this name, and traveled into many with joy.
countries until age came upon me. I arrived at “Now, Abu Daood," said the stranger, “it length in the city of Cairo, and heard of thy will be fitting for thee to invite me to supper this story; and stole the shoes in the manner which evening. Take these two other pieces of gold, thou knowest. Then I set forth, and passed and buy what is necessary. I will come and join rapidly toward the regions of the south, until I thee at sunset ; and thou shall conduct me to thy reached a valley in the midst of great mountains. house."
Here I found gold lying about like pebbles, and When the Maggrebby was gone, Abu Daood gathered together twice as much as I thought related his good fortune to his neighbors, who would be sufficient to support me in comfort to shook their heads incredulously, and suggested the end of my days. But the means of transport that the pieces of gold were merely leaves of yel-were wanting, and I looked round in despair until low paper ; but the cobbler went and changed his I saw a man with a yellow skin approaching me, money, and came back triumphant. Then the and leading a camel. Stranger,' said he, it is neighbors, who began to be jealous, warned him decreed that if any of the sons of Adam enter this to take care lest he should fall into the hands of valley, and collect gold sufficient to load one a magician. But Abu Daood replied : “ What camel, he shall be suffered to depart, but if he can a magician do to me? He can not slay me, collect more, he shall be kept as a slave.' On unless it be the will of God: all he can do is to hearing this, I thanked Him who had inspired turn me into an ass, a buffalo, or an ape; and me with moderation ; and having placed ny verily, this would be no great misfortune, for the wealth in two small panniers, prepared to reasses and the buffaloes and the apes of this turn. Then the yellow man said: Remember world have a more happy existence than I.” So that half what thou hast taken be!ongeth to Abu Abu Daood went to prepare the supper of the Daood. Farewell !' and he went away. I trav