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THE UNITED STATES.
cester on the 7th, at which Senator Sumner made MHE summer season, as usual, has suspended a speech strongly urging the duty of resisting the
1 activity in almost every department of public encroachments of slavery, and of securing the relife; and our Record of Events must lack incidents peal of the Fugitive Slave Law. Henry Wilson was accordingly. Neither Congress nor the State Legis. nominated for Governor. The diplomatic corre. latures have been in session, and political move. spondence in regard to the rights of neutrals, bements have been mainly confined to party conven tween the United States and the European bel. tions held in preparation for the approaching Fall ligerents, has recently been published. Under date elections. In one or two of the States those elec. of April 28, Mr. Marcy, in a letter to the British tions have been already held. In Vermont it rea Ministry, acknowledges the receipt of the Queen's sulted in the election of Judge Royce, Whig, for declaration, that, during the present war, the prinGovernor, by a majority of over 10,000, three Whig ciple will be recognized that free ships make free Members of Congress, and a Legislature strongly goods; and adds the expression of the wish, on the opposed to the National Administration. The result part of our Government, that the principle might be was sensibly affected by a union of the Whigs and unconditionally sanctioned by France and Great the Free Soil party, on the basis of hostility to the Britain-as such a step would cause it to be recogrepeal of the Missouri Compromise.-In North Car. nized throughout the civilized world as a general olina the Democratic candidate for Governor, Mr. principle of international law. Our Government, Bragg, was elected by a majority of 2085.-In from its very commencement, has labored for its Maine the election has resulted in the triumph of recognition as a neutral right, and has incorporated the coalition of Whig and Free Soil parties, by a lit in several of its treatie's with foreign powers. very large majority; but official returns have not Mr. Marcy states that the United States, during the been received.
present war, while claiming the full enjoyment of A Convention of delegates representing those of their rights as a neutral power, will observe the all parties opposed to the repeal of the Missouri strictest neutrality toward each of the belligerents. Compromise, met at Saratoga on the 16th of Au-The laws already forbid the equipping of privateers, gust. Hon. N. T. M'Coun was chosen President. or the enlistment of troops within our territories A series of resolutions was adopted, declaring the against powers with whom we are at peace; and purpose of the Convention to resist the admis- those laws will be strictly enforced. Under date sion into the Union of any new Slave States, of February 24 and March 17, Mr. Buchanan, Amerand to secure the prohibition of slavery within | ican Minister in England, reports to Mr. Marcy vaall Territories over which the Federal Govern. rious conversations in which Lord Clarendon had ment has jurisdiction. No State ticket was nom discussed the subject of neutral rights; and on the inated, but the Convention adjourned to meet 24th of March he reports a similar conversation on again at Auburn on the 26th of September, after the subject of privateering, indirectly urging a treaty the several political parties shall have made their for its abolition. Mr. Buchanan urged that, in case nominations. The Democratic State Conven- of a war between the United States and Great tion, representing that section of the party friend. Britain, the naval superiority of the latter would ly to the National Administration, was held at Sy- I give her an advantage which could only be offset racuse on the 6th of September. Resolutions were by the employment of American merchant vessels adopted declaring the adhesion of the party to the as privateers; and that the United States could not, Baltimore platform of 1852, approving of the Na. I therefore, safely consent to the suppression of the tional and State Administrations, and opposing any system, unless the naval powers would go one step agitation in regard to the Missouri Compromise, al. further, and consent to the abolition of all war upon though its repeal is considered inexpedient and un- private property on the ocean. On the 13th of April, necessary. Resolutions were offered and warmly Mr. Marcy replies to Mr. Buchanan, informing him pressed, unqualifiedly disapproving of that repeal ; that our Government is not prepared to listen to but they were rejected by a decisive vote. Governor | any proposition for the total suppression of privaSeymour was nominated for re-election, although he teering; and that it would not enter into any conhad sent a letter to the Convention peremptorily de vention whereby it would preclude itself from reclining to be a candidate. W. H. Ludlow was nom. sorting to the merchant marine of the eountry, in inated for Lieutenant-Governor.-Hon. Greene case it should become a belligerent party. The inC. Bronson has accepted the nomination of the Anti terdiction to neutrals of the coasting and colonial Administration section of the Democratic party in trade with the belligerents, if not enjoyed by them New York for Governor. In his letter of accept. previous to the war, would be likely to be controance he declares his conviction that, unless we wish verted by the United States if applied to our comto dissolve the Union, we must deliver up fugitives merce. The law of blockade is deemed unnecesfrom service, and expresses himself in favor of al. sarily rigorous toward neutrals, and the right of lowing the people of every State and Territory to search, if exercised against us harshly in the apregulate their domestic institutions for themselves. proaching war, would excite deep and wide-spread He declines to give pledges, or to answer inquiries / indignation.- Mr. Mason, our Minister in France, concerning various topics not strictly of a political / under date of March 22, advised Mr. Marcy of the character, referring to his past life as a guarantee steps he had taken to secure from the French Gov. for his official conduct.- A State Convention of ernment a recognition of the rights and interests the Whigs of Massachusetts was held at Boston on of the United States; and on the 9th of May, Mr. the 16th of August. Strong resolutions were passed Marcy directs Mr. Seymour, our Minister at St. in opposition to the repeal of the Missouri Compro. Petersburg, to ascertain the views of the Russian mise and on the general subject of slavery. Govern-Government in regard to neutral rights-feeling conor Washburn was nominated for re-election. A fident that Russia would adhere to the position she Convention of Free Democrats was held at Wor. has held heretofore, that free ships make free goods. From California we have intelligence to the 16th repulsed with a loss of forty killed and over a hunof August. Mining reports continued favorable, dred prisoners. It was rumored that the Count was though in some localities operations had been sus among those captured, and that he had been shot, pended by a scarcity of water. A Whig State Con- but the report lacks confirmation. In the South it vention was held at Sacramento on the 25th of July. I is said that further engagements have taken place Resolutions were adopted affirming, among other between the rebels and the government forces, in things, the right of the people of the Territories of which the latter were successful.-- On the Rio the United States to legislate for themselves, and, Grande frontier a fresh rebellion has broken out, and whenever their population shall entitle them to ad- a pitched battle between the opposing forces was mission into the Union, to frame such a State Con- fought on the 13th of August, not far from Matamostitution as they may prefer. The Democratic State ras. The insurgents, numbering 250, under General Convention was held on the 18th. A division speed. Capistran, were successful against 180 government ily took place in the Convention which produced a troops, under General Cruz. A proclamation has rupture, and led to the organization of two. The been issued, declaring that a Republican government differences were mainly personal. In Trinity has always been desired by the Mexican people, and County a very violent feud has broken out among that the object of this revolution is to secure for the the Chinese who are settled there, growing out of people such form as they may prefer. Committees are differences which they brought with them from the to be elected in all the towns favorable to the moveCelestial kingdom. The opposing parties, one num- ment, to have charge of the funds provided for it, so bering 140, and the other 400, recently had a severe appoint officers, &c. After the capital shall have fight, in which the former were victorious-two of joined in the movement, a National Assembly is to their number and eight of their opponents being be summoned, composed of one delegate for every killed, and many more wounded.—Lieutenant Beck- 25,000, to lay the basis of a new government; and with, of the Overland Surveying Party, had arrived three months after the meeting of the Assembly a in Sacramento with his party, consisting of about President shall be chosen. As yet the movement sixty persons, from his exploring tour from Salt does not seem formidable. Lake City. He reports having found a very feasi-1
GREAT BRITAIN. ble route for a railroad from Salt Lake to California, An interesting debate was had in the House of through a country abounding in water and grass for Commons, on the 4th of August, upon a bill to entheir cattle, and offering very few obstacles to the able the Legislature of Canada to alter the consticonstruction of a road.
tution of one of its branches. The bill was opposed From Oregon our dates are to the 5th of August. | by Sir John Pakington, on the ground of its exGovernor Davis has resigned his office, in conse- tremely democratic character; it was advocated by quence of protracted sickness in his family in Indi- ministerial members and others on the ground that ana. There was a great scarcity of laborers in Or- no measure less democratic would be suited to the egon, and wages of mechanics had risen very con- tendencies of the age or the progress of the Canadian siderably. The wheat harvest was in progress, and people. The second reading was carried without a promised abundant returns. Two or three vessels division.—A question of a good deal of interest and were loading in Oregon for Hong Kong, intending importance, touching the right of foreign authors to to establish direct communication between Oregon hold a copyright of their books in Great Britain, bas and China. Several parties of overland emigrants recently been decided in the House of Lords. The had arrived, and reported the season to be very fa- case grew out of an alleged violation of the copyvorable for crossing. The gold mines in the vicinity right of an Italian publisher in a piece of music of Port Orford were yielding rich returns.
which he had published in England. The Lord From the Sandwich Islands we have advices to Chancellor, in his opinion, held that the object of the the 22d of July. A squadron of three English and statute which granted to an author the sole liberty four French vessels of war arrived there on the 17th, of printing and publishing his works for a limited but its destination was not known. In reply to in- time was national that the privilege it conferred quiries from the British and French Consuls, Ms. on authors was intended for the benefit of the counWyllie, the Minister of Foreign Relations, had com. try, and that it was applicable to all persons residmunicated a resolution adopted by the King and ing within the Queen's dominions and owing alPrivy Council, which declares that the privilege of legiance to her. The decision of the Chancellor, asylum in the ports of that kingdom is not to be ex- in which the House concurred, was, that none but tended to vessels armed, on private account, or to subjects or residents of Great Britain could avail the prizes made by them, whatever may be the flag themselves of the privileges of the copyright law ; under which such vessels may sail: so that all pri- and that foreigners could not acquire any claim to vateers, and prizes made by them, are prohibited those privileges by the mere act of first publishing from entering the ports of that kingdom, unless in their works in Great Britain. The decision will such circumstances of distress that their exclusion affect injuriously the rights of American authors who would involve a sacrifice of life, and then only under have first issued their works in England, and obspecial permission from the King, after proof to His tained copyright for them on that ground.-Mr. Majesty's satisfaction, of such circumstances of dis. Hume, in the House of Commons, has again called tress. - The Fourth of July was celebrated at Ho. attention to the necessity of taking still more enernolulu with great éclat. Rumors were circulated that getic measures to suppress the Slave trade in Cuba. the Government had finally decided on opening de- All the steps hitherto taken had been frustrated by gotiations with the United States for the annexa- the venality and treachery of the Cuban officials. tion of the islands to the Union ; but nothing defin. Not less than ten thousand slaves, he said, had been ite or reliable was known on the subject.' landed in Cuba through their connivance within the
From Mexico we have additional reports of rev- last six months. The recent revolution in Spain, olutionary movements in various quarters. In So he thought, had created a favorable opportunity nora, Count Raousset Boulbon had effected a land for taking more efficient action on the subject. ing, induced the foreign garrison of Guyamas to Lord John Russell said it was certainly to be derevolt, and attacked the government troops; but was plored that after Britain, France, the United States, and Brazil had rigidly put down the Slave- complete freedom and security in every sea, while trade, it should still be carried on under the protec- that of Russia was extinguished. These results tion of the Spanish authorities in Cuba. With might not appear very heroic, but they had brought reference to the measures of suppression recently the war home in its utmost severity to Russia. taken, the intelligence was of a more satisfactory She had been compelled to increase her armaments, nature. In February, 1854, prohibitive orders of a already so excessive, and the charge weighed most stringent nature were issued, and Mr. Crawford, heavily on her resources. All these operations had the British representative, expressed himself satis only tended to increase the mutual respect, and to fied of the sincerity of those orders. Further in- strengthen the alliance of the two great nations, on structions to the same effect were issued in March, whose jealousy the Emperor of Russia had counted. and under them 600 negroes were released. Other He thought these no insignificant ends to have ar. regulations imposed the penalty of dismissal of any rived at in five months ; he could not state the conof the authorities who should fail to report the ar- ditions on which he would conclude a peace, but rival of fresh slaves, and under this regulation none would be just, honorable, or lasting, which did several district officers had been dismissed. In not make the Ottoman Empire a part of the general May, also, 600 more negroes were released. It was system of European policy. To gain this great requite obvious that if such measures were rigorously sult they would endeavor to obtain the co-operation carried into effect the importation of slaves into of other governments, but would rely on the reCuba must soon cease. It was true that the venal. sources of France and England alone. ity of officers had to a very large extent frustrated Mazzini has issued a new and stirring appeal to the efforts made to suppress the trade, but as the the masses of Europe to hold themselves ready for Queen-Mother of Spain, who had been the chief instant insurrection whenever the vicissitudes of promoter of the trade, was now removed, and a new the pending war shall offer a favorable opportunity. Government had been instituted, he doubted not it He reviews the whole subject of European politics would give energetic aid to suppress the traffic: at to show that the Italians especially ought at once all events the British Government would keep a to throw off the yoke of Austria, and that there is watchful eye on the matter, and do all in its power no need to await the organization of great conspirto secure the complete suppression of the traffic. acies, but that the insurrection ought instantly to - In the House of Lords the Marquis of Clan- commence in every village. The day for great ricarde elicited an explanation from the Earl of conspiracies, he says, is past. The friends of free. Clarendon, by some sharp strictures on the conduct dom must no longer trust the cause to the issue of of the war. He said that the blockade had not a single battle. Nor need they wait the signal of been so effectual as might have been expected political leaders. Wherever five of them can meet from the great force at the disposal of the Govern- | together, they should form a nucleus, collect arms. ment, and complained especially that they had no and stand ready to aid any movement that may be adequate force of gun-boats of small draught in made. The document is very able, elaborate, and the Baltic, or any vessels carrying mortars from eloquent. Garibaldi, in a brief note, has disavowed which a bombardment, in the proper sense of the all share in these sentiments, and expressed the term, could be carried on. He condemned the opinion that a revolutionary movement under prepolicy which had induced England to permit an sent circumstances would be hopeless.--Kossuth, Austrian occupation of the Principalities, as a high on the 20th, made a long and able address to the price paid for a co-operation which was not even yet people of Staffordshire, seeking mainly to prove forthcoming, and which was always to be distrust that the substantial interests of the English people ed, as prompted by the purest selfishness. He, would be injuriously affected by an alliance with however, highly approved the expedition to the Austria. He said that the Allies had deterred the Crimea, as one really worthy of the two great na- | Turkish army from following up its successes by tions by which it was undertaken, and hoped that, pursuing the Russians across the Danube, and that before Parliament next met, they would have cheer the prearranged occupation of the Principalities by ing news of its success. Lord Clarendon, in reply, Austria, would be a severe blow to the integrity of explained and vindicated the perfect loyalty with Turkey and to the general welfare of Europe. He which Austria had acted to Turkey in the long ridiculed the project of the Allies to restrict the series of negotiations which had ended in the treaty power of the Czar by obtaining from him pledges, by which she had engaged to enter the Principali and said this could only be done by reconstituting ties. Her threatening attitude had done much to the Polish nation. produce the retreat of the Russian army, but he de
SPAIN nied that France and England had ever allowed. The revolutionary movement in Spain seems to their policy to become dependent on that of Aus- have subsided. Espartero is at the head of the new tria. That power had great financial and political Government; and the Ministry, in an exposition to difficulties to encounter, but she had given the most the Queen, state that it has been decided to conconvincing proofs, even within the last few hours, voke the Constituent Cortes, which it is hoped will that she would not be content with the results prove a new bond between the throne and the peowhich had already been obtained. He insisted ple—between liberty and the dynasty, interests also that there was no reason to be dissatisfied with concerning which no debate can be allowed. In the conduct of the campaign. The Russians had discussing the composition of the Cortes, the Min. been foiled in every attack by the Turkish troops isters admit the services hitherto rendered by the under Omar Pasha, encouraged by the presence of Senate, but fear that difficulties would arise from a the allied armies; their siege of Silistria had been conflict between two legislative bodies. They proignominiously raised: they had recrossed the Dan- pose, therefore, the convocation of the Deputies ube, and were now so entirely discomfited that no alone for the formation of a new constitution, further offensive operations were to be apprehended though they decline to express any opinion as to from them. In the Baltic the allied fleets had shut whether the permanent legislative power should be up those of Russia behind their granite fortifica- vested in one assembly or in two. In considering tions, and had insured for British trade the most the mode of electing deputies the Ministers have
followed mainly the precedent of 1837, amended in A diplomatic correspondence of considerable insome particulars by the electoral laws of 1846. At terest between the various parties to the pending their recommendation the Queen has issued a de- war has been published. Count Nesselrode, on the cree convoking the Cortes, to be composed of the part of Russia, replies, June 29, to the demand for Congress of Deputies alone, to meet at Madrid on the evacuation of the Principalities made by Aus. the 9th of November-a deputy to be elected for tria and supported by Prussia. After rehearsing each 35,000 souls; the voting to last three days; the history of the war, he assents to the three princiand the suffrage to be limited by a property quali. ples laid down in the protocol of April 9th, embracfication. This step has given satisfaction generally, ing the integrity of Turkey, the evacuation of the but deputations have waited upon Espartero solic-Principalities on proper securities being given, and iting universal suffrage and a withdrawal of the the consolidation of the rights of Christians in Tur. statement that the question of dynasty is not to key under a European guarantee. He thinks nebe discussed. Their applications, however, have gotiations for a peace on this basis may be prepared been unsuccessful. There is a general demand that by means of an armistice. The securities desired Queen Christina shall be tried by the Cortes for as a condition of evacuating the Principalities are, her peculations, but it is strongly resisted.
that she shall not be molested on the evacuated terGREECE.
ritory, and that the allied troops relieved by that The new Greek Ministry has been constituted, movement shall not be employed against her.and has issued a programme of principles and pro The Austrian Government, in a reply dated July 9, mises. The first duty of the new Government is expresses its regret that Russia should have atassumed to be to conform to the Constitution, tached to the evacuation conditions which do not which is the germ of the future progress of the depend on the will of Austria. But as her deGreek nation. Every effort will be made to pre-mand is not, under the circumstances, without an serve friendly relations with foreign powers. Spe appearance of equity, and as Austria deems it cial attention is promised to the moral and material very important to exhaust every possible means interests of the people, and especially to the sub- of restoring peace, she promises to exert herself to ject of education, the benefits of which will be ex. secure the acquiescence of the maritime powers in tended to all classes of society. Every thing will this arrangement. In case of failure, however, she be done to strengthen religion, to appease dissen- will be compelled to maintain her demand in its full sion and party spirit, to promote agriculture, com- extent.-- The French Minister, M. Drouyn de merce, and industry, to reduce the expenses of the L'Huys, has also replied under date of July 22, to government, to build up the navy and to increase Count Nesselrode's argument, saying that France the numbers, perfect the discipline and increase and England can not consent to a suspension of the efficiency of the army.
arms on the vague assurances of the Russian court; THE EASTERN WAR.
and laying down as the sole basis of peace the abanWithout any brilliant or decisive actions, the donment by Russia of the protectorate over the Eastern war has made some progress during the Provinces, the free navigation of the Danube, the month. In the Baltic the event of interest has revision of the treaty of 1841, for the purpose of been the capture of Bomarsund by the allied forces. limiting Russian power in the Black Sea, and that The first disembarkation of French troops took Christian rights in Turkey shall be guaranteed by place on the 8th of August, and operations were all the European powers, and not by any one of immediately commenced and prosecuted for sev. them. eral days against the Russian forts, which were it is stated that the Austrian Government has isfinally taken on the 16th. The loss of life on either sued a circular to all its diplomatic agents, intended side was not great. The land forces of the Allies to apprise them of the present position of affairs in numbered 11,000, those of the Russians 3000. The the East. After alluding to the proposition made Aland Islands have thus fallen into the hands of by Russia on the 29th of June, and by France on the Allies. On the Danube, the only movement the 22d of July, the Austrian Minister observes, of importance is the occupation of the Principalities that although the position of Austria is consideraby the Austrians : they entered between the 18th and bly changed by the evacuation of the Principalities, 25th of August. Count Coronini is Commander of the war continues between Russia on the one side, the Austrian army of occupation. The Russians and England, France, and the Porte on the other. still remain on the lines of the Sereth and Pruth. Secondly, that all treaties between Russia and the
- Alarming accounts are received of the ravages Porte have been abrogated by the present war, and of cholera in the allied camp at Varna. Letters have not regained validity by the evacuation of the from authentic sources state that the losses in the Principalties. The Austrian Government, in prinFrench regiments are frightfully severe, and that ciple, approves the conditions of peace proposed by the prevalence of the disease has exercised a most the Western Powers, and conditionally agrees to dispiriting effect on both armies.
es. The ravages of them.
The ravages of them. The Austro-Prussian treaty of April 20, is cholera are attributed to the fact that the wells nearly in spirit in accord with the stipulations in question, all contain more or less dead bodies of Turks and though not exactly in word. A hope is expressed Russians.- In Asia, it is said that the Turkish that the Court of Berlin will not be of another army has met with a decided defeat. A Vienna dis opinion ; but should such unfortunately be the case, patch states, but without date, that Gen. Bebutoff it will lead to no change in the foreign policy of had attacked and signally routed the main body of the Austria. For the present Austria will maintain Turks under the walls of Kars. The Russians say an armed neutrality. It is announced that a for. they killed 3000 Turks, took 2000 prisoners, includ. midable movement is on foot against Sebastoing 84 staff and other officers, and captured 15 guns, | pol, and that an invasion of the Crimea is prowith an immense amount of military stores. The posed as the next movement of the Allies against shattered remains of the Turkish force had dispersed. Russia.
A RE WE ONE OR MANY? The very ques. I the depressing assumption of superior and inferior A tion, we have said, involves a solecism. The races of men.” Again says his noble brother_“If personal pronoun, implying, as it does, unity in we would indicate an idea which throughout the plurality, rebels against being used in any such whole course of history has ever more and more query. There are tomes of morality, as well as widely extended its empire, or which more than psychology in this significant we, thus embracing any other testifies to the much contested and still the whole supposed brotherhood of man, and sepa. more decidedly misunderstood perfectibility of the rating it from every thing else in nature or creation, whole human race, it is that of establishing our com whether of a higher or a lower kind. We can, per | mon humanity-of striving to treat all mankind, haps, only fully learn the value of the idea by its without reference to nation or color, as one frateractual or supposed loss. Complaints are often nity fitted for the attainment of one object, the unmade of the little influence the pulpit and the Bible restrained development of its highest powers. Thus seem to be exercising on mankind. But let the deeply rooted in the innermost nature of man, and world try and do without them for a generation or even enjoined upon him by his highest tendencies, two, and we should then have the most unerring the recognition of the bond of humanity becomes one data, the most positive and deplorable statistics, of the noblest leading principles in the history of by which to estimate the ruinous deficit in all true mankind.” temporal as well as spiritual progress. And so of Following this train of thought we may see how the question before us. We may treat it now as much we are indebted to the Scriptures for a truth only a matter of curious scientific interest. It ex. so purely a matter of revelation, whether traditional cites no great alarm, because old associations yet or written, and which instead of being dependent govern our thinking. Scientific men, so called, are on a few texts, like the question in geology, enters mostly incapable of reasoning about it out of their into the core of all revealed religion, and into the own exceedingly narrow range; and such is the su. very heart of Christianity. Instead of being a matperficialness of the general mind in respect to all ter with which the Bible has nothing to do, as some the deeper questions of ethics and theology, that it say, it forms the very foundation of its most imis liable to be imposed upon by almost any thing portant teachings. Next to the sublime annunciathat assumes this name of the scientific, while stu- tion-"Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one Jeho. pidly ignoring all that can possibly impart to science vah," is the declaration of the old Scriptures so emany real dignity, or any true interest for a moral phatically repeated by Paul on Mars-hill-"God hath and immortal being.
made of one blood all nations (Trâv tovos-every But let the opposing opinion become general ethnos or tribe) of men to dwell on all the face of let it be transferred from the head to the heart—let the earth, having before determined their times and it be supposed to enter into the common and prac. | the bounds of their habitations." tical thinking of the age. We might, in that case, And here, by the way, we can not help remarkin have some grounds for calculating the moral value that the language of the inspired Apostle has a very of this now assailed tenet of a common blood and peculiar significance from the region and circumuniversal fraternity. It would be found that it has stances in which he was placed. There had come had a power-a negative or restraining power per down from the primeval times the tradition of the haps-but still a power which has made earth less human unity. In its wanderings from the old home. of a slaughter-house, and held back the human race, stead each immigration had carried with it the myth bad as it is, from that still lower depravity to which of the first pair-either the first pair created, or the it would have descended, had it been universally only pair saved from a flood. It was the common known or thought that the different tribes which idea, with such mythological modifications, perhaps, bore some resemblance to a common form had, in as might cherish in each early isolated tribe its own truth, no more of a common life and common na fond claim of primogeniture. As exceptions, howture, than the various species of animals that roam- ever, to this wide fact, there was here and there a ed around them. It would be found that, amidst all people who asserted for themselves a different oriferocities, the traditional belief, obscure and faint gin from the rest of mankind. Such claim has no as it may have been, has still cherished a respect historical value, for it always stands alone, out of for man, as man and brother-that it had converted the grand stream of human development, and ever evil into good, or made it the means of preventing connected with some absurd feeling of national still greater evils—that it had softened the horrors pride, like that of our modern Anglo-Saxonism. A of war, and when it could not wholly remedy, had striking example of this is furnished by the Atheintroduced servitude and subjugation instead of that nians. They claimed to be aúróxooves, indigene, utter extermination which it is thought right to wage the pure genuine “natives," or Anglo-Saxons of against the hostile and untamable beasts of the their day. They were the Aborigines. No other forest.
blood had ever mingled with their own. Now there This alone would be enough for our argument; can be no doubt that Paul meant to rebuke this but the sentiment and the doctrine have had a posi- spirit, and that God through Paul condemned their tive influence. It might be shown that civilization, doctrine of diversity of origin, as strongly and as: Christianity, philosophy, philanthropy, in a word, sternly as that endlessly diversified polytheism of humanity, have grown with the increasing recogni- which Athens was so noted an example. One God, tion of this principle of the essential oneness and one humanity, one common redemption, one resurbrotherhood of the whole human race. We can not rection, one judgment, through one man Christ Jebetter express the thought than in the language of sus, who had entered into the peculiar physical and two of the most gifted minds of the present age: forensic relations through which alone the mighty “While we maintain the unity of the human spe. work of human salvation could be accomplished cies," says Alexander von Humboldt, “we repel such is the substance of Paul's ever-memorable ser-.