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Furnished by Mr. G. Brodie, 51 Canal-street, New York, and drawn by Voigt

from actual articles of Costume.

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THE Dress is of shot Poult

1 de Soie. The corsage is closed, to the neck, but exposes the chemisette through the graduated lozenge-shaped spaces, which are cut away. There are similar openings in the sleeves; these are divided into three large puffs. Ruches à la vielle trim the edges of these open spaces, which are further ornamented with a neat button at the points where the opposite sides are connected. The front of the skirt is simi. larly ornamented with echelons of ribbon. When the skirt is not lined these bouillonées may be supported by a lining of stift muslín. They are graduated from six inches at the top to four times that length at the bottom. The Head Dress is of Valenciennes.

The Girl's Dress is composed of a striped poult de soie skirt. The basquin, of dark taffetta, is slashed at the sides and cross-laced. The sleeves are cut in a double rank of leafshaped lappets. Bows of satin ribbon trim the shoulders and the lower portion of the jacket. Lace under-sleeves and pantalettes. Gaiters, buttoned, matching in color the skirt, or of glazed leather.

The Boy's Dress is of vel. vet, of a dark color. The fly is of the same material as the blouse, and is lined with silk to match. The blouse is short, and confined by a belt. Breeches à la Louis XIII. Mousquetaire collar, which, as well as the wristbands, should be confined with gold buttons. Shoes of patent leather.

Froin the variety of CLOAKS. presented for the present season, we select the two follow. ing as especially worthy of illustration.

FIGURE 4 is composed of vel. vet, of a dark color, ornamented with heavy needle-work and a massive fringe. In form it is very simple, being merely a plain skirt set with a trifling fullness upon a yoke, which is hidden by a pelerine. It is lined throughout with plush, so that it may be worn with either side out; thus constituting in effect two garments, as the weather or fancy may dictate.

FIGURE 5 is composed of cloth. It forms a circle, taken in at the neck, the gores being covered by the collar. It is cut up, as far as to the level of the bend of the arm, leaving tabs in front. The slit is curved somewhat backward, which allows the cloth to be apparently turned over, forming what appears like a sleeve. The cloak is buttoned up in front. The trimming is of galoon. It is quilted, with a silk lining to match.

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FIGURE 5.-Cloth Cloak.

NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. LIV.—NOVEMBER, 1854.—VOL. IX.

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. 1" to repel these locust legions. The Allies make
BY JOHN S. C. ABBOTT.

war upon Napoleon alone. If we give him up,

we shall appease them, save France from the THE SECOND ABDICATION.

horrors of an invasion, and then we can estabMHE Emperor, after communing a short time lish a republic, or choose another Eniperor, as

I with his own thoughts in the solitude of his we please.” This language was plausible. The cabinet, took a bath, and then threw himself upon Bourbon party hoped, in the overthrow of Napohis bed for a few moments of repose. But the leon, to replace, by the aid of the Allies, Louis interests at stake were too momentous, and the Stanislas Xavier. The republicans of all shades perils of the hour too terrible, to allow of any hoped for the establishment of republican instituslumber. He soon rose, called for Caulaincourt, tions. The more moderate and judicious of this and, in tones of indescribable calmness and sad-party, like Lafayette, thought that France could ness, spoke of the calamity with which France sustain a healthy and law-abiding republic. The was overwhelmed. His pallid cheek and sunken Jacobin party were ripe for any changes which eye proclaimed the anguish of his mind. might bring the lowest democracy into power.

"I feel,” said the Emperor, in low tones of These factions in the Chambers all combined utter exhaustion, “ that I have received my death against the Emperor. The peril was so immiwound. The blow that has fallen upon me at nent, while hostile squadrons were every hour Waterloo is mortal. The enemies' force quad- rushing nearer to Paris, that there was no time rupled ours. But I had combined a bold mancu- for cool deliberation. All was tumult, excitevre, with the view of preventing the junction of ment, feverish haste. The treacherous Fouché the two hostile armies. The infamous desertion was already in communication with the enemy, of Bourmont forced me to change all my arrange- and plotting, with the most detestable hypocrisy ments. To pass over to the enemy on the eve of and perfidy, for the restoration of the Bourbons. a battle! Atrocious! The blood of his country. He knew that successful intrigue in their behalf men be on his head! The maledictions of France would bring him a rich reward.. will pursue him."

The Chamber of Peers and the Chamber of "Sire!” said Caulaincourt, “you at first re- Deputies, two bodies somewhat corresponding jected that man. How unfortunate that you did to the Senate and the House of Representanot follow your own impulse.”

tives in the United States, were now in session. “Oh! this baseness is incredible," exclaimed The Deputies consisted of five hundred members. the Emperor, bitterly. “The annals of the French Many of them were ardent and ultra democrats, army offer no precedent for such a crime. Jo- young and inexperienced men from the provinces, mini was not a Frenchman. The consequences who had never before sat in a legislative assemof this defection have been most disastrous. It bly. They were easily duped by those wily leadcreated despondency. Grouchy was too late. ers, who were familiar with all the forms of legNey was carried away by enthusiasm. Our army | islative halls, courts, and cabinets, and with all performed prodigies of valor, and yet we have the arts of intrigue. In the confusion and anlost the battle. Generals, marshals, all fought archy which ensued, the Peers were almost lost gloriously."

sight of, while the more numerous body of DepAfter a moment's pause he added, “I must uties grasped the reins of power. unite the two Chambers in an imperial sitting. I Lucien and Joseph, informed of the return of will faithfully describe to them the misfortunes their brother, hastened to the Elysée. Soon the of the army, and appeal to them for the means apartments were filled with all the great funcof saving the country. After that I will again tionaries of the Empire. Some advised one thing, return to the seat of war."

and some another. At seven o'clock in the mornBut Paris was now in a state of terrific excite-ing the Emperor assembled the Council of State. ment. An army of a million of men, from va- He saw clearly that in that awful crisis it was in rious quarters, were marching upon the doomed vain to rely upon the antagonistic councils and and unarmed Empire. In eight days the con- tardy measures of deliberative assemblies. He joined forces of Blucher and Wellington could knew that the salvation of France depended upon be in Paris. The political adversaries of Napo- the investment of the Emperor with dictatorial leon took advantage of this panic. “France power. Prompt and decisive measures alone must pass through seas of blood,” they exclaimed, could save the nation. But he was resolved not

VOL. IX.-No. 54.-Z z

to assume that power unless it was conferred mense resources, if we know how to profit by upon him by the two Chambers.

them." The dreadful bulletin of Waterloo was read to The Emperor then, with his extraordinary the Council, and then Napoleon, with calmness power of lucid argument, developed an admirable and dignity, thus addressed them :

plan for repairing the disasters of Waterloo. The « The army is covered with glory. Desertions, whole measure, in its minutest details, was all misunderstandings, and an inexplicable fatality distinctly mapped out in his mind. His cheek have rendered unavailing the heroic exertions of glowed with animation. His voice was strong

our troops. Our disasters are great ; but they with hope. Every eye was riveted upon him. · are still reparable, if my efforts are seconded. I The attention of every mind was absorbed in conreturned to Paris to stimulate a noble impulse. templating the workings of that stupendous intelIf the French people rise, the enemy will be sub | lect, which, with renewed vigor, was rising from dued. If instead of resorting to prompt meas the most awful reverses and disasters. The plans ures, and making extraordinary sacrifices, time is of the Emperor were so profound, so maturely wasted in disputes and discussions, all is lost. considered in all their details, so manifestly and The enemy is in France. In eight days he will so eminently the wisest which could be adopted, be at the gates of the capital. To save the coun- that “the various shades of opinion," says Cautry, it is necessary that I should be invested with laincourt, who was present, “which had prevailvast power; with a temporary dictatorship. For ed among the members of the Council, at length the interests of all I ought to possess this power. blended into one. All united in approving the But it will be more proper, more national, that it plans of the Emperor." should be conferred upon me by the Chambers." In the midst of these scenes the Council was

Carnot rose and said, with deep emotion, “I interrupted by the entrance of a messenger from declare that I consider it indispensable that, dur- the Chamber of Deputies, presenting some resoing the present crisis, the sovereign should be in- lutions which had passed that body, and which, vested with absolute power.”

in their spirit, were very decidedly unfriendly to Many others warmly advocated this view, while the Emperor. Lafayette, whom Napoleon bad even the traitor Fouché, who was now the agent released from the dungeons of Olmutz, and reof the Duke of Wellington, and in correspond stored to liberty and his family, introduced, and, ence with him, did not venture openly to oppose by his strong personal influence, carried these it. It was, however, cautiously suggested that a resolutions. His intentions were unquestionably strong opposition to the Emperor had arisen in good, but he erred sadly in judgment. He lived the Chambers, and that it would be probably im- to be convinced of his error, and bitterly to depossible to get a vote in favor of the dictatorship. plore it.

"What is it they wish ?" exclaimed Napoleon. Lafayette, a man of sincere patriotism and of “Speak candidly. Is it my abdication they de- warm and generous impulses, thought that since sire?

the nation had so decisively rejected the Bour"I fear that it is, Sire !" Regnault answered bons, if Napoleon would abdicate, the Allies sadly. “And though it is deeply repugnant to would sheathe the sword, and allow France to my feelings to tell your Majesty a painful truth, establish a republic. He led the Republican yet it is my belief that were you not to abdicate party. These were weak dreams for a sensible voluntarily, the Chamber of Deputies would re-man to indulge in. Those inclining toward the quire your abdication."

Bourbons believed that if Napoleon would abdiTo this declaration, the truth of which all seem- cate, nothing could stand in the way of the resed to apprehend, there was the response on the toration of Louis. The Orleanists had their par. part of others, “ If the Deputies will not unite tisans, who were sanguine in the hope that the with the Emperor to save France, he must save vacant throne, from which Napoleon had been the Empire by his single efforts. He must de- driven by the Allies, and the Bourbons by France, clare himself a dictator. He must pronounce the would receive the Duke of Orleans. All these whole of France in a state of siege; and he must parties consequently united to overthrow Naposummon all true Frenchmen to arms."

leon, each hoping, by that event, to attain its “The nation,” exclaimed the Emperor, in tones own end. The friends of the Emperor, discourwhich thrilled in every heart, “ did not elect the aged by this combined opposition, and trembling Deputies to overthrow me, but to support me. before the rapid approach of a million of hostile Woe to them, if the presence of the enemy on bayonets, lost heart, and bowed to the storm. the French soil do not arouse their energy and! On the 23d of September, 1824, Lafayette, their patriotism! Whatever course they may then on his triumphal tour through the United adopt, I shall be supported by the people and the States, visited Joseph Bonaparte, at his mansion army. The fate of the Chamber, its very exist- at Point Breeze, in New Jersey. The remains ence, depends on my will. Were I to pronounce of the Emperor were then mouldering in the their doom, they would all be sacrificed. They tomb at St. Helena. All popular rights had are playing an artful game. No matter; I have been struck down in France by the despotic no need to resort to stratagem. I have right on sceptre of the Bourbons. In a secret conversamy side. The patriotism of the people, their an-sation with Joseph Bonaparte, Lafayette magtipathy to the Bourbons, their attachment to my nanimously acknowledged his regret at the course person, all these circumstances still afford im- he had pursued in the overthrow of the Emperor.

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