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body in the room, with one single exception, is old gentleman gives a very knowing nod as he charmed and delighted ; and that little Miss Cann speaks). “When I am gone, keep the lad from herself creeps up the stairs, and stands with Mrs. harm's way, Pendennis. Meanwhile Mr. Sherrick Ridley at the door to listen to the music. has been a very good and obliging landlord ; and

Miss Sherrick looks doubly handsome as she a man who sells wine may certainly give a friend sings. Clive Newcome is in a rapture; so is good- a bottle. I am glad you had a pleasant evening, natured Miss Rosey, whose little heart beats with boys. Ladies! I hope you have had a pleasant pleasure, and who says quite unaffectedly to Miss afternoon. Miss Rosey, you are come back to Sherrick, with delight and gratitude beaming from make tea for the old gentlemen? James begins her blue eyes, “Why did you ask me to sing, to get about briskly now. He walked to Hanover when you sing so wonderfully, so beautifully Square, Mrs. Mackenzie, without hurting his ankle yourself? Do not leave the piano, please; do sing in the least." again.” And she puts out a kind little hand to- “ I'm almost sorry that he is getting well," says ward the superior artist, and, blushing, leads her Mrs. Mackenzie, sincerely. “He won't want us back to the instrument. “I'in sure me and Emily when he is quite cured.” will sing for you as much as you like, dear," says “Indeed, my dear creature !" cries the Colonel, Mrs. Sherrick, nodding to Rosey good-naturedly. taking her pretty hand and kissing it. "He will Mrs. Mackenzie, who has been biting her lips and want you, and he shall want you, James no more drumming the time on a side-table, forgets at last knows the world than Miss Rosey here; and if I the pain of being vanquished, in admiration of the had not been with him, would have been perfectly conquerors. “It was cruel of you not to tell us, unable to take care of himself. When I am gone Mr. Honeyman,” she says, “of the-of the treat to India, somebody must stay with him; and you had in store for us. I had no idea we were and my boy must have a home to go to," says the going to meet professional people; Mrs. Sherrick's kind soldier, his voice dropping. “I had been in singing is indeed beautiful.”

hopes that his own relatives would have received If you come up to our place in the Regent's him more; but never mind about that," he cried Park, Mr. Newcome,” Mr. Sherrick says, "Mrs. more cheerfully. « Why, I may not be absent a S. and Emily will give you as many songs as you year! perhaps need not go at all-I am second like. How do you like the house in Fitzroy for promotion. A couple of our old generals may Square! Any thing wanting doing there? I'm drop any day; and when I get my regiment I a good landlord to a good tenant. Don't care come back to stay, to live at home. Meantime, what I spend on my houses. Lose by 'em some while I am gone, my dear lady, you will take care times. Name a day when you'll come to us; and of James; and you will be kind to my boy!" I'll ask some good fellows to meet you, Your "That I will !” said the widow, radiant with father and Mr. Binnie came once. That was pleasure, and she took one of Clive's hands and when you were a young chap. They didn't have pressed it for an instant; and from Clive's father's a bad evening, I believe. You just come and try kind face there beamed out that benediction, which us—I can give you as good a glass of wine as always made his countenance appear to me among most, I think,” and he smiles, perhaps thinking the most beautiful of human faces. of the champagne which Mr. Warrington had slighted. “I've ad the close carriage for my wife · SHARPENING THE SCYTHE. this evening," he continues, looking out of win- / TN the heart of a high table-land that overlooks dow at a very handsome brougham which has just I many square leagues of the rich scenery of drawn up there." That little pair of horses steps Devonshire, the best scythe-stone is found. The prettily together, don't they? Fond of horses? whole face of the enormous cliff in which it is I know you are. See you in the park; and going contained is honeycombed with minute quarries ; by our house sometimes. The Colonel sits a half-way down there is a wagon road, entirely horse uncommonly well: so do you, Mr. New- formed of the sand cast out from them. To walk come. I've often said, "Why don't they get off along that vast soft terrace on a July evening is their horses and say, Sherrick, we're come for to enjoy one of the most delightful scenes in a bit of lunch and a glass of sherry?' Name a England. Forests of fir rise overhead like cloud day, Sir. Mr. P., will you be in it?"

on cloud; through openings of these there peeps Clive Newcome named a day, and told his father the purple moorland stretching far southward to of the circumstance in the evening. The Colonel the Roman Camp, and barrows from which looked grave. “There was something which I spears and skulls are dug continually. Whatdid not quite like about Mr. Sherrick," said that ever may be underground, it is all soft and bright acute observer of human nature. “It was easy above, with heath and wild flowers, about which to see that the man is not quite a gentleman. I a breeze will linger in the hottest noon. Down don't care what a man's trade is, Clive. Indeed, to the sand road the breeze does not come; there who are we, to give ourselves airs upon that sub- we may walk in calm, and only see that it is ject? But when I am gone, my boy, and there quivering among the topmost trees. From the is nobody near you who knows the world as I do, camp the Atlantic can be seen, but from the sand you may fall into designing hands, and rogues road the view is more limited, though many a may lead you into mischief: keep a sharp look bay and headland far beneath show where the out, Clive. Mr. Pendennis, here, knows that ocean of a past age rolled. Fossils and shells there are designing fellows abroad" (and the dear are almost as plentiful within the cliff as the

scythe-stone itself, and wondrous bones of ex- this scythe-stone trade. The few agricultural tinct animals are often brought to light.

| laborers there to be met with may be distinguished All day long, summer and winter, in the som- at a glance from their brethren of the pits; the bre fir-groves may be heard the stroke of the bronzed checks from the hectic, the muscular spade and the click of the hammer; á hundred frames from the bodies which disease has weakmen are at work like bees upon the cliff, each in ened, and which dissipation helps to a more swift his own cell of the great honeycomb, his private decay. The cottages are not ill-built, and genpassage. The right to dig in his own burrowerally 'stand detached in a small garden; their each of these men has purchased for a trifling little porches may be seen of an evening thronged sum, and he toils in it daily. Though it is a with dirty pretty children, helping father outside narrow space, in which he is not able to stand his cavern by carrying the stone away in little upright, and can scarcely turn-though the air baskets, as he brings it out to them. in it that he breathes is damp and deadly—though. Beside the Luta rivulet, which has pleasanter the color in his cheek is commonly the hectic of nooks, more flowery banks, and falls more musical consumption, and he has a cough that never than any stream in Devon ; beside this brook, leaves him night or day—though he will himself and parted by a little wood of beeches and wild remark that he does not know among his neigh- laurel from the village, is a very pearl of cottages. bors one old man and though, all marrying Honeysuckle, red-rose, and sweet-briar hold it early, few ever see a father with his grown-up entangled in a fragrant net-work ; they fall over son, yet, for all this, the scythe-stone cutter the little windows, making twilight at midnoon, works in his accustomed way, and lives his short yet nobody has ever thought of cutting them life merrily, that is to say, he drinks down any away or tying up a single tendril. Grandfather sense or care that he might have. These poor Markham and his daughter Alice, with John men are almost without exception sickly drunk- Drewit, her husband and master of the house, ards. The women of this community are not used to live there, and they had three little chilmuch healthier. It is their task to cut and shape dren, Jane, Henry, and Joe. the rough-hewn stone into those pieces where- A little room over the porch was especially with “the mower whets his scythe.” The thin neat. It was the best room in the cottage, and particles of dust that escape during this process therein was lodged old Markham, who had, so are very pernicious to the lungs; but, as usual, far as the means of his children went, the best it is found impossible to help the ignorant sufferers of board as well. He was not a very old man, by any thing in the form of an idea from without ; but looked ten years older than he was, and his a number of masks and respirators have been more hand shook through an infirmity more grievous than once provided for them by the charity of the than age. He was a gin-drinker. John Drewit neighboring gentry, but scarcely one woman has had to work very hard to keep not only his own given them her countenance.

household in food and clothing, but also his poor · The short life of the scythe-stone cutter is also old father-in-law in drink. always liable to be abruptly ended. Safety re- John was a hale young man when first I knew quires that fir-poles from the neighboring wood him, but he soon began to 'alter. As soon as it should be driven in one by one on either side of was light he was away to the sand-cliff by a him, and a third flat stake be laid across to make pleasant winding path through the beechwood the walls and roof safe, as the digger pushes his and up the steps which his own spade had cut. long burrow forward. Cheap' as these fir-poles One or two of them he had made broader than are, they are too often dispensed with. There is the rest, at intervals, where one might willingly scarcely one of the hundred mined entrances of sit down to survey the glory spread beneath ; the disused caverns here to be seen, through which low, white, straw-thatched farms gleaming like some crushed or suffocated workman has not light among the pasture-lands, the little towns been brought out dead. The case is common. each with its shining river, and the great old city A man can not pay the trifle that is necessary in the hazy distance; the high beacon hills, the to buy fir-poles for the support of his cell walls ; woods, and far as eye could see, the mist that the consequence is, that sooner or later, it must hung over the immense Atlantic. This resting almost inevitably happen that one stroke of the on the upward path, at first a pleasure, became pickax shall produce a fall of sand behind him, soon a matter of necessity, and that, too, long and set an impassable barrier between him and before the cough had settled down upon him; the world without. It will then be to little pur- few men in Whiteknights have their lungs so pose that another may be working near him, whole that they can climb up to their pits without prompt to give the alarm and get assistance ; a halt or two. tons upon tons of heavy sand divide the victim The old man helped his son-in-law sometimes; from the rescuers, and they must prop and roof he was a good sort of old man by nature, and their way at every step, lest they too perish. not a bit more selfish than a drunkard always Such accidents are therefore mostly fatal, if the must be. He ground the rough stones into shape man was not at once crushed by a fall of sand at home, minded the children in his daughter's upon him, he has been cut off from the outer air, absence, and even used the pick himself when he and suffocated in his narrow worm-hole. White-was sober. John, too, was for his wife's sake knights is a small village at the foot of this cliff, tolerant of the old man's infirmity, though half inhabited almost entirely by persons following his little earnings went to gratify the old man's appetite. At last necessity compelled him to be, there was no light from candle or from sun as he thought, undutiful. Print after print van before and behind was utter blackness, and there ished from the cottage walls, every little orna- was a noise like thunder in his ears. The whole ment, not actually necessary furniture, was sold : hill seemed to have fallen upon them both, and absolute want threatened the household, when many tons of earth parted the father from his John at last stated firmly, though tenderly, that child. The sand about the boy did not press on grandfather must give up the gin-bottle or find him closely. A heavy piece of cliff that held tosome other dwelling. Alice was overcome with gether was supported by the narrow walls of the tears, but when appealed to by the old man, passage, and his fate was undetermined. He pointed to her dear husband, and bowed her head attended only to the muffled sounds within the to his wise words."

rock, from which he knew that his father, though For two months after this time, there were no they might be the sounds of his death struggle, more drunken words nor angry tongues to be still lived. heard within John's pleasant cottage. Nothing! To the people outside the alarm had instantly was said by daughter or by son-in-law of the long been given by the other child, and in an incredibly score at the public-house that was being paid off short space of time the laborers from field and by instalments; the daughter looked no longer cave came hurrying up to the rescue. Two only at her father with reproachful eyes, and the could dig together, two more propped the way children never again had to be taken to bed behind them foot by foot, relays eagerly waited before their time-hurried away from the sight at the entrance; and not an instant was lost in of their grandfather's shame. At last, however, replacing the exhausted workmen. Every thing on one Sunday evening in July, the ruling passion was done as quickly, and, at the same time, as had again the mastery ; Markham came home in judiciously as possible; the surgeon had at the a worse state than ever ; and in addition to the first been ridden for, at full speed, to the neighusual debasement, it was evident that he was boring town; brandy and other stimulants, a rude possessed also by some maudlin terror, that he lancet--with which many of the men were but had no power to express.

too well practiced operators—bandages and blankLeaving him on his bed in a lethargic sleep, ets were all placed ready at hand: for the disJohn sallied forth as usual at dawn; his boys, I aster was so common at Whiteknights that every Harry and Joe, carrying up for him his miner's man at once knew what was proper to be done. spade and basket. Heavy-hearted as he was, he Those who were not actively engaged about the could not help being gladdened by the wonderful cave, were busy in the construction of a litterbeauty of the landscape. His daughter told me perhaps a bier--for the unhappy victims. that she never saw him stand so long looking at How this could have happened? was the whisthe country-he seemed unwillingly to leave the pered wonder. John was known to be far too sunlight for his dark, far-winding burrow. His prudent a man to have been working without burrow he had no reason to dread. Poverty never props, and yet fresh ones had to be supplied to had pressed so hard upon John Drewit as to in the rescuers, for they found none as they adduce him to sell away the fir-props that assured vanced. The poor widow-every moment made the safety of his life. Often and often had his more sure of her bereavement-stood a little way voice been loud against those men, who, knowing aside; having begged for å spade and been reof the mortal danger to which they exposed their fused, she stood with her two children hanging neighbors, gave drink or money in exchange for to her apron, staring fixedly at the pit's mouth. them to the foolhardy and vicious. Great, there- Down at the cottage there was an old man infore, was his horror when he went into his cave voking Heaven's vengeance on his own gray that morning, and found that his own props had head and reproaching himself fiercely with the been removed. They had not been taken from consequences of his brutal vice; he had stolen the entrance, where a passer-by might have ob- the poles from his son's pit on the previous mornserved their absence; all was right for the first ing, to provide himself with drink; and on that twenty yards, but beyond that distance down to very day, even before he was quite recovered from the end of his long toil-worn labyrinth every pole his yesterday's debauch, he was to see the victim was stripped away. Surely he knew at once of his recklessness brought home a lifeless heap. that it was not an enemy who had done this; he He saw John so brought in, but with the eyes of knew that the wretched old man who lay stupefied a madman; his brain, weakened by drunkenness, at home, had stolen and sold his life defense for never recovered from that shock. drink. All that the poor fellow told his boys! Basket and barrow had been brought full out was that they should keep within the safe part of the pit a hundred times; and it was almost of the digging while he himself worked on into noon before, from the bowels of the very mountthe rock as usual. Three or four times he brought ain as it seemed, there came up a low moaning out a heap of scythe-stones in his basket, and cry. “My child, my child," murmured the then he was seen alive no more.

mother: and the digging became straightway Harry, his eldest son, was nearest to the un- even get more earnest, almost frantic in its speed propped passage when the sand cliff fell. When and violence. Presently into the arms of Alice he heard his father call out suddenly, he ran at little Harry was delivered, pale and corpse-like, once eagerly, running toward the candle by which but alive ; and then a shout as of an army was the miner worked, but on a sudden all was dark; set up by all the men.

They dug on until after sunset-long after (moderately sane) would prefer a woman who they had lost all hope of finding John alive. His had been a sea captain ten or twelve years, to the body was at last found. It was placed upon the most ordinary of piano-playing and flower-paintlitter, and taken, under the soft evening sky, ing young ladies? Mindless as the one might down through the beech wood home. Alice be, the rough practicality of the other would be walked by its side, holding its hand in hers, worse; and helpless as fashionable education speechless, and with dry eyes. She never knew makes young ladies, Heaven defend us from the until after her father's death, how her dear John virile energy of a race of Betsy Millars! Yet one was murdered. She used to wonder why the philosopher has actually been found, who has had old man shrank from her when she visited him, the moral courage to quote this lady's career as as she often did, in his confinement. The poor a proof that women are fitted by nature for offiwidow is living now, though she has suffered ces which men have always assumed to themgrief and want. Her daughter Jane has married selves, and that it would be a wise, and healthful, a field laborer, and her sons, by whom she is now and a natural state of society which should man well supported, have never set foot in a pit since brigs with boarding-school girls, and appoint they lost their father.

emancipated females as their commanders. We

wish Mr. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, the RIGHTS AND WRONGS OF WOMEN. heroic champion of Betsy Millar, no worse fate No one denies the fact that women have than to marry one of his favorite sea captainI wrongs; we wrangle only over the alphabet esses. of amelioration. Some advocate her being un- In the Utopia that is to come, women are to sexed as the best means of doing her justice ; | be voters, barristers, members of congress, and others propose her intellectual annihilation, and judges. They are to rush to the polling-booth, the further suppression of her individuality, on and mount the hustings, defiant of brickbats and the homeopathic principle of giving as a cure the careless of eggs and cabbages. They are to cause of the disease.

| mingle with the passions and violences of men How few open the golden gates which lead to by way of asserting their equality, and to take the middle Sacred Way, whose stillness offends part in their vices by way of gaining their rights. the noisy, and whose retirement disgusts the They are to be barristers, too, with real blue bags, restless ; the middle path of a noble, unpretend- pleading for murderers and sifting the evidence ing, redeeming, domestic, usefulness: stretching of divorce cases ; offices, no doubt, highly conout from Home, like the rays of a beautiful star, ducive to their moral advancement and the mainall over the world! Yet here have walked the tenance of their purity, but such as we, being of holy women of all ages; a long line of saints and the old-fashioned and eminently unenlightened heroines; whose virtues have influenced count school, would rather not see our wives or daughless generations, and who have done more for ters engaged in. Of doctoresses we will say nothe advancement of humanity than all the Pub-thing. The care and the cure of the sick belong lic Functionists together. Not that the compar to women, as do all things gentle and loving. ison bespeaks much, or is worthy of the sacred And though we can scarcely reconcile it with our Truth. ,

present notions of the fitness of things, that a A word with ye, O Public Functionists—ye gentlewoman of refinement and delicacy should damagers of a good cause by loading it with frequent dissecting-rooms among the crowd of ridicule-ye assassins of truth by burying it be- young students, and cut up dead bodies and livneath exaggeration! A woman such as ye ing ones as her mother cut out baby-clothes, yet would make her---teaching, preaching, voting, the care of the sick is so holy a duty, that if these judging, commanding a man-of-war, and charg- terrible means are necessary, they are sanctified ing at the head of a battalion—would be simply by the end, and God prosper those who underan amorphous monster, not worth the little finger take them! But they are not necessary. Womof the wife we would all secure if we could, the en are better as medical assistants than as intacens et placens uxor, the gentle helpmeet of dependent practitioners; their services are more our burdens, the soother of our sorrows, and the valuable when obeying than when originating enhancer of our joys! Imagine a follower of a orders; and as nurses they do more good than certain Miss Betsy Millar, who for twelve years as doctors. Besides, it would be rather an incommanded the Scotch brig, Cloetus-imagine convenient profession at times. A handsome such an one at the head of one's table, with horny woman, under forty-or over it-would be a hands covered with fiery red scars and blackened dangerous doctor for most men ; and as specialwith tar, her voice hoårse and cracked, her skin ities in medicine are quackeries, it would be tanned and hardened, her language seasoned with humbug and affectation to shrink from any cases. nautical allusions and quarter-deck imagery, and For, admitting the principle that woman's misher gait and step the rollicking roll of a bluff sion--at least one of them—is to doctor, it must Jack-tar. She might be very estimable as a hu- be extended in practice to all alike. And we man being, honorable, brave, and generous, but may imagine various circumstances in which a she would not be a woman: she would not fulfill young doctress would be somewhat embarrassing, one condition of womanhood, and therefore she if not embarrassed; yet what are we to do when would be unfit and imperfect, unsuited to her all the doctors are driven out of the field, and we place and unequal to her functions. What man have no choice left us? And if women are to be our doctors, will they be only old women, and to them alone. Yes, by nature; in spite of the ugly ones—will there never be bright eyes or denial of the Public Functionists. Her flaccid dimpled cheeks among them? It might be very muscles, tender skin, highly nervous organizadelightful to be cured by a beautiful young wo- tion, and aptitude for internal injury, decide the man, instead of by a crabbed old man, yet for question of offices involving hard bodily labor; prudence sake we should recommend most wives while the predominance of instinct over reason, and mothers to send for the crabbed old man and of feeling over intellect, as a rule, unfits her when their sons and husbands are ill, and to be for judicial or legislative command. Her power is particularly cautious of feminine M. D.'s in gen- essentially a silent and unseen moral influence ; eral

her functions are those of a wife and mother. One or two points of human nature the Public The emancipatists rate these functions very lightFunctionists and emancipated women either sink, ly, compared with the duty and delight of hauling or pervert. The instincts above all. The in- in main-top-sails or speechifying at an election. stinct of protection in man and the instinct of They seem to regard the maternal race as a race dependence in woman they decline to know any apart, a kind of necessary cattle, just to keep up thing about; they see nothing sacred in the fact the stock; and even of these natural drudges the of maternity, no fulfillment of natural destiny in most gifted souls may give up their children to marriage, and they find no sanctifying power in the care of others, as queen-bees give their young the grace of self-sacrifice. These are in their eyes to the workers. Yet no woman who does her the causes of woman's degradation. To be equal duty faithfully to her husband and children, will with man, she must join in the strife with him, find her time unemployed, or her life incomplete. wrestle for the distinctions, and scramble for the The education of her children alone would suffigood places. She must no longer stand in the ciently employ any true-hearted woman; for edshade apart, shedding the blessing of peace and ucation is not a matter of school-hours, but of and calmness on the combatants, when they re- that subtle influence of example which makes turn home heated and weary, but she must be every moment a seed-time of future good or ill. out in the blazing sun, toiling and fighting too, And the woman who is too gifted, too intellectual, and marking every victory by the grave-stone of to find scope for her mind and heart in the edusome dear virtue, canonized since the world be- cation of her child, who pants for a more imporgan. Homes deserted, children—the most sol- tant work than the training of an immortal soul, emn responsibility of all-given to a stranger's who prefers quarter-decks and pulpits to a still hand, modesty, unselfishness, patience, obedi- | home and a school-desk, is not a sea-captain, nor ence, endurance, all that has made angels of hu- a preacher by mission-she is simply not a womanity must be trampled under foot, while the man. She is a natural blunder, a mere unfinished Emancipated Woman walks proudly forward to sketch; fit neither for quarter-decks nor for home, the goal of the glittering honors of public life, able neither to command men nor to educate her true honors lying crushed beneath her, un-children. noticed. This these noisy gentry think will ele- ! But the true Woman, for whose ambition a vate woman.

| husband's love and her children's adoration are Women have grave legal and social wrongs, sufficient, who applies her military instincts to but will this absurd advocacy of exaggeration the discipline of her household, and whose legisremedy them? The laws which deny the indi- lative faculties exercise themselves in making viduality of a wife, under the shallow pretense laws for her nursery; whose intellect has field of a legal lie; which award different punish-enough for her in communion with her husband, ments for the same vice; the laws which class and whose heart asks no other honors than his women with infants and idiots, and which re- love and admiration; a woman who does not cognize principles they neither extend nor act think it a weakness to attend to her toilette, and on; these are the real and substantial Wrongs who does not disdain to be beautiful; who beof Women, which will not, however, be amended lieves in the virtue of glossy hair and well-fitting by making them commanders in the navy or gowns, and who eschews rents and raveled judges on the bench. To fling them into the edges, slipshod shoes, and audacious make-ups; a thick of the strife would be but to teach them the woman who speaks low and who does not speak egotism and hardness, the grasping selfishness, much; who is patient and gentle, and intellectual and the vain-glory of men, which it has been and industrious; who loves more than she reatheir mission, since the world began, to repress, sons, and yet does not love blindly; who never to elevate, to soften, and to purify. Give woman scolds, and rarely argues, but who rebukes with public functions, and you destroy the very springs a caress, and adjusts with a smile: a woman of her influence. For her influence is, and must who is the wife we all have dreamt of once in be, moral more than intellectual-intellectual only our lives, and who is the mother we still worship as filtering through the moral nature; and if you in the backward distance of the past : such a destroy the moral nature, if you weaken its vir- woman as this does more for human nature, and tues and sully its holiness, what of power or in- more for woman's cause, than all the sea-captains, fluence remains ? She will gain place and lose judges, barristers, and members of parliament power; she will gain honors and lose virtues, put together-God-given and God blessed as she when she has pushed her father or her son to the is! If such a wife as this has leisure which she wall, and usurped the seats consecrated by nature wishes to employ actively, he will always find

Vol. IX.-No. 49.-F

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