« 이전계속 »
reply to such an act of magnanimity? It pre-safety, take Napoleon into any harbor in Entended to hold out a hospitable hand to the ene-gland. The wind was high and the sea rough, my, and on giving himself up with confidence he but the Bellerophon weighed anchor and pushed was immolated.
NAPOLEON. Tout into the stormy waves. Here the ship re“Bellerophon, at Sea, August 4, 1815.”
mained for several days, to the great discomfort
of all on board, pitching and rolling on the restIn the evening of the next day, as the Emperor less billows.* was slowly pacing the deck conversing with Las The Emperor chose as his companions the Cases, he quietly drew from under his waistcoat Grand-Marshal Bertrand, Count Montholon, and the valuable diamond necklace which Queen Hor- Count Las Cases. General Gourgaud was in tense had pressed upon him, and, without slacken- such despair at being left, and pleaded so earning his pace, placed it in the hands of Las Cases, estly to be taken, that, notwithstanding the insaying, " Take care of that for me.” He then con- structions allowed Napoleon to take but three tinued his conversation, upon a totally different officers, it was consented that Las Cases should subject, as if there had been no interruption. be considered, not as an officer, but as private
Two plans were formed, by legal gentlemen in secretary. Thus Gourgaud was included. London, to rescue the Emperor from the despotic On the evening of the 7th, the Northumberland, grasp of the Ministers, and to place him under with two frigates, arrived at Torbay. Admiral the protection of British law. One effort was, to | Keith and Admiral Cockburn came on board demand the person of Napoleon, through a writ the Bellerophon. Both seemed embarrassed and of habeas corpus. An attempt was also made to ashamed of the ignominious business they were cite him, as a witness, in an important trial, to called upon to perform. Admiral Keith was a prove the condition of the French navy. When gentleman of highly polished manners. He seemthe officer arrived to serve the writ on Lord Keith, the Admiral contrived to keep the boat off until * « The friends of Napoleon in England, meanwhilehe had leaped into his twelve-oared barge. Then
for notwithstanding the odium which had been uniformly
cast upon him by authority, his real character had gradthere ensued a race in which the Admiral was of
ually become known, and the revulsion, consequent upon course a victor, but which provoked the mirth of the detection of falsehood, had naturally converted many, all England, and also roused the indignation of who had been unwitting dupes, into admiring friends, to
say nothing of the number of intelligent persons who had many generous hearts.
never been deceived-used all their influence to soften the The government, alarmed by these determined
rigor of his sentence; and failing in their appeals to the efforts to rescue their victim from a life-long im clemency of the government, they had recourse to other, prisonment and a lingering death, ordered the
though certainly as inadequate means, to effect their purBellerophon immediately to put to sea, and to re
pose. It was first sought to procure his removal on shore
by a writ of habeas corpus ; but this process was found main cruising off Torbay till she could be joined
to be inapplicable to an alien ; upon which a subpena by the squadron from Portsmouth destined for was issued, citing him to appear as witness in an action St. Helena. It is greatly to the honor of the
brought by a naval officer for libel. This proceeding seems British nation, that the Ministers, while perpe
to have alarmed and confounded both the Admiralty Board
and its officer, Lord Keith."- History of Napoleon by trating this high-handed crime, could not, with | George M. Bussey. London, 1840.
ed to feel keenly the insults which his govern- search. The business was faithfully executed ment was heaping upon the Emperor. With Every article was examined, not even excepting crimson cheeks and faltering speech he informed the Emperor's body linen. About twenty thouNapoleon that he was ordered to search his lug- sand dollars was taken, in gold, from the trunks. gage and that of his suite, and to take away all Twenty-five hundred dollars, in gold, were left in the money that could be found. He, however, the hands of Marchand, the Emperor's valet-degave the kind assurance that the English govern- chambre, for his master's present use in remunerment did not intend to rob General Bonaparte ; ating his servants. The Admiral was, however, but that they would act as guardians, and keep not willing to thrust his hand into the pockets of his money safely, that he might not squander it the Emperor, or to order him to take off his shirt. in attempts to escape. “When General Bona- | Thus some eight or nine hundred thousand dolparte dies," the government authorized the Ad-lars, in diamonds and letters of credit, were remiral to say, “ he can dispose of his property by tained.* Will, and he may be assured that his Will shall The two Admirals now came into the cabin be faithfully executed.” The Emperor and his where the Emperor, calm and sorrowful, was friends were also ordered to surrender their swords. standing by the stern windows. Las Cases, General Bonaparte was also informed, that, if he Count Montholon, General Bertrand, and Genshould make any effort to escape, he would expose eral Gourgaud, burning with unavailing indig. himself to close confinement. A few months af-nation, were at his side. Lord Keith-in obeterward an act of Parliament was passed, subject-dience to a command from which his soul reing to the penalty of death any of his suite who volted—in a voice tremulous with embarrassshould attempt to facilitate his escape.
ment and shame, said, “ England demands your Admiral Cockburn attended to this humiliating sword !" task. The French gentlemen refused to be pres. The strange demand seemed to rouse the Ement at an outrage so ignominious. The Emper
e Emper- | * See Memoirs of Duke of Rovigo, vol. iv. p. 176; also or's valet, Marchand, opened the trunks for the Montholon and Las Cases.
peror from a painful reverie. He looked up with almost inevitable death. Their subsequent perils a convulsive movement, placed his hand upon the and sufferings—while the victims of poverty, perhilt of his sword, and fixed upon the Admiral one secution, and exile—were awful. Piontkouski of those withering glances which few men had —a Polish officer who had been raised from the been able to withstand. Lord Keith could go no ranks—with tears implored Lord Keith to allow further. His head, silvered with gray hairs, fell him to follow his beloved Emperor, even in the upon his breast. His generous heart refused to most menial character. inflict another pang upon the illustrious victim Mr. O'Meara was the surgeon of the Beller. before him. Bowing profoundly and with deep ophon. He with enthusiasm attached himself emotion to the Emperor, without uttering a word to Napoleon, and accepted the appointment of he withdrew. The secretary of the Admiral ven- his physician. About 11 o'clock the barge aptured to remind him that the command of the Min peared to convey the Emperor to the Northumisters was explicit—that the sword of Napoleon berland. As Napoleon crossed the quarter-deck should be surrendered. Lord Keith, turning upon of the ship the men presented arms, and three his heel, indignantly replied, "Mind your own ruffles of the drum were beat, such as are used business !"
in a salute to a general officer. He uncovered Napoleon then sent for Captain Maitland, and his head, and said: “Captain Maitland, I take said: “I have requested this visit in order to re- this last opportunity of thanking you for the manturn my thanks for your kindness and attention ner in which you have treated me while on board while I have been on board the Bellerophon, and the Bellerophon.” Then turning to the officers also to beg that you will convey them to the offi- who were standing by, he added : “ Gentlemen, I cers and to the ship's company under your com- have requested your Captain to express my gratmand. My reception in England has been far itude for your attentions to me, and to those who different from what I had anticipated. I have, have followed my fortunes." He then advanced however, no longer to learn that it is not fair to to the gangway, but, before descending, bowed judge of the character of a people by the conduct two or three times to the crew, who were all asof their government. It gives me great satisfac- sembled in the waist and on the forecastle. He tion to assure you that I feel your conduct to me was followed by the French officers with their throughout has been that of a gentleman and a ladies, and by Lord Keith. After the boat had man of honor.”
shoved off and was a few yards from the ship, he Napoleon took an affecting leave of his friends rose, took off his hat and bowed, first to the offiwho were forbidden to accompany him. Their cers and then to the men. He then sat down, anguish was very great, and many of them wept and, with perfect composure and politeness, enbitterly. Las Cases—who left both wife and tered into conversation with Lord Keith. children to devote himself to the Emperor-said The household of the Emperor, as now comto Lord Keith, “ You see, my lord, that the only posed, consisted of Count and Countess Monthopersons who shed tears are those who remain lon and child, Count and Countess Bertrand and behind." The Emperor affectionately embraced three children, Baron Gourgaud, Count Las CasGeneral Lallemand and the Duke of Rovigo after es, and Dr. Barry O'Meara. There were also the French manner, clasping them in his arms thirteen individuals in the various grades of servand pressing his cheek to theirs. He had nerved ants—making in all twenty-four persons. One himself to composure, but tears streamed copi- man, in his anxiety to follow the Emperor, sucously from their eyes.
ceeded in concealing himself on board the ship. The French government had excluded Savary | When discovered, he was held as a prisoner and Lallemand from the amnesty; and now the during the voyage, and was not permitted to British Ministry prohibited them from accompany- | land. ing Napoleon to St. Helena. Thus these distin- The orders given by the government to Sir guished men—whose only crime was their gener- George Cockburn were very explicit—that Napoous devotion to their sovereign-were consigned to leon should not be recognized as Emperor, but sim
ply as General. They persisted to the last in the rolled. After addressing a few words, with an assumption that he was an usurper, and that the air of the most affable politeness, to those near people of France who placed him upon the throne him, he retired to his cabin. were rebels. When the Emperor was informed It is indeed whimsical to see the British Minof this decree, he simply remarked, “ They may isters attach so much importance to withholding call me what they please; they can not prevent the title of Emperor from one who had governed me from being myself."
so large a portion of Europe—who had been the The Northumberland was manned by more than creator of kings—and whose imperial title had been a thousand sailors. As the barge approached, recognized by every Continental nation.' Napoevery eye, of officers and seamen, was riveted leon was so far superior to any similar weakness, upon the man whom the world has pronounced that he intended to assume the name of Colonel to be the most extraordinary recorded in the an- Durocor Muiron. The assumption, however, nals of time. Universal silence, adding almost that the French nation were rebels, and had no religious awe to the solemnity of the ceremonial, right to elect him their Emperor, roused his indigprevailed, as the Emperor, with a slow step, as- nation and incited him to an honorable resistance. cended the gangway and stood upon the deck. It can never be sufficiently deplored that England The officers of the Northumberland stood in a lost so glorious an opportunity of dignifying hisgroup uncovered. The Emperor raised his hat, tory by the record of a noble deed. Had the apwhen the guard presented arms and the drums peal of Napoleon met with a magnanimous re
MAP OF FRANCE.
sponse, it would have consigned much of the Blucher, with savage barbarity, plundered and wrongs the English government had previously in- ravaged the country through which he marched. flicted to oblivion. But now no friend of England, The French soldiers, disheartened by the loss of who is not lost to all sense of honor, can ever their Emperor, would not fight for the provisionhear the words Napoleon or St. Helena without | al government. A few despairing and bloody feeling the cheek tingle with the blush of shame. battles ensued, when Paris again capitulated, and
Two frigates and seven sloops of war-all with the English and Prussians triumphantly encamptroops on board—were prepared for the voyage, ed in the garden of the Tuileries and in the Elyand the next day, the 9th of August, the whole sian Fields. France was humiliated. Her crime, squadron, guarding one man, set sail for St. in choosing her own Emperor, was unpardonable. Helena. What a comment upon the grandeur Blucher, drunk with exultation and wine, was with of his character, and the powerful influence be the utmost difficulty restrained from blowing up had obtained over the hearts of the people of Ea- the beautiful bridge of Jena, which spans the rope, that it was deemed necessary to send hiin Seine, and the magnificent monument in the Place to a lonely rock two thousand miles from France, Vendome. The allied sovereigns soon arrived, to place an army of bayoncts around his solitary with their countless hosts. France was dismemhut, and to girdle the island with a squadron of bered without mercy, her strong fortresses were armed ships ! Surely Napoleon stands alone surrendered to the Allies, t'e Louvre was stripand unrivaled in his glory.
ped of all those treasures of art which had been While these scenes were transpiring, Blucher surrendered to France by hostile nations, in recand Wellington marched vigorously to Paris. I ompense for perfidious attacks. The enormous