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His frail judging creatures, had, it is to be hoped, , ing, and laughing has become general; and, as pity on her wrath and rash madness. The laud- far as the eye can reach, the uncouth revel is anum-bottle was half empty-she had swallowed going on, while the same large black bottle is beenough to kill two or three strong men. * * * * ing handed about every where. She was buried in the churchyard through which, About this time, if you look away yonder, to a few weeks before, she had been led to become ward the brow of the hill, you may begin to see a bride. Lady Leverglen, the dowager, did not bands of gayly-dressed women and children watchlive long after her. The uncouth, poor, ignoranting the scene below. By-and-by they come nearer, countess became a great devotee, under the guid- always timidly, however, and they never join in ance of the Reverend Jonas Carnaby, who had the games or dances of the men. converted her foster-mother. She brought him I am standing at this moment on one of the up to town, and built for him a chapel, which yet most magnificent sites in the world. Beneath exists under her name. I have seen a picture of lies the Gulf of Adramiti, to the right I can see her, an old engraving, in which she is represented almost to the plains of Troy, and to the left nearas standing by a tomb, under a funeral cypress, Iy to Cape Baba. Before me there is neither with gloom and more cypresses in the distance. tree nor shrub visible; nothing but one grand
I can safely say a more ugly or revolting look- amphitheatre formed of sea and mountains ; but ing woman it never fell to my lot to behold, though, behind lie the rich woods and emerald meads, the of course, poor soul, she could not help that; but gentle hills and picturesque valleys of beautiful I greatly doubt if a more cheerful religion would Lesbos. Along the winding shore stretch the not have made her look to the general eye more pretty houses of the rich citizens; a lofty Turkcomely. As it was, her favorite views were typi. ish mosque from whence the hoia is calling; two fied in that dark and gloomy picture.
light-houses, and the harbor crowded with vessels
waiting for corn to take to England. As my eyes A GREEK CARNIVAL.
fall musingly on the ground, I see a little oblong * W ELL, Demetraki, what do you want?” piece of metal; and, stooping to examine it, I
W Demetraki is a paunchy man, and the find that it is a coin, at least two thousand years Carnival appears to have had a rubifying effect old. upon his nose. He is a shuffler, as all the Greeks, But there is no time for musing. About, I think, are. He could not say twice two are four around, touching me, pushing me, the Greek in a plain manner ; but, at last, as I am turning Palicaria hold on their revel; and magnificent to my newspaper again, in despair of being able as the scene is, I am bound to confess that to get any thing out of him, he hitches up his the quaint pictures which every where meet my clothes, and tells me that there are great doings eye, of another life than ours, are no mean adgoing on upon the other side of the mountain. dition to it. Presently we find a band of To-day, the Greeks must make the most of their Greeks sufficiently busy. They take a block of time, he thinks; for to-morrow begins a fifty days' wood, and they dress it in some old clothes which fast, and a fast among the Greeks is a serious they tie on with cords. It has neither head, nor business. It is their idea indeed of fulfilling the hands, nor feet; but one can see that it is meant duties of religion in an exemplary manner; and for a very fat man. No wonder indeed that he is all who will not eat meat in Lent have a passport fat, for I find on inquiry that he is intended to refor heaven.
present the Greek Carnival : a glutton, if ever It is a fine breezy morning. I clamber over there was one. The busy group I have described the rocks, in front of my house, and follow Dem-now take two stout poles, and fastening them toetraki, as he waddles toilsomely up the hill ; at gether with some cross sticks, they make a sort last, after a moderate number of falls, and one or of bier. On this they place the Carnival, who is two dashing leaps, we get into the tide of the just dead : and some six or eight Palicaria supholiday-makers. It is pleasant to see them go porting the bier set off to bear him to the tomb. trooping along, hand in hand, and singing in They are preceded by a company of others who chorus. It is pleasant to notice their homely, dance in line, hand in hand. There may be some decent dresses, and the joy which God has given ten abreast of them. They are soon joined by them reflected even on the faces of rayahs and all the other revelers, and away they go dancing slaves. After a little time they begin to form and singing ribald songs in the same manner as into close companies of six or seven each; and the priest chaunt the “ De Profundis." they huddle together any where to be at once in I watch them as they wind over hill and valley the shade and out of the wind, which is still blow- toward the town; and almost fancy I am witnessing freshly. Yet five minutes more, and the ing some pagan saturnalia ; for it is wonderful enormous black bottles which are circulating so how old games have been always kept up by popfreely will begin to do their work. First, there ular traditions. On they go, performing all sorts is a loud solitary laugh, which goes off from the of uncouth buffooneries; but they are not the midst of one of the furthest groups like a shot. It less picturesque and interesting : at last they disis soon answered, and one of the parties, which appear in the dirty narrow little streets of the has been drinking stoutly for the last ten min- distant town, and I know that they are going utes, opens the festivity of the day with some about from house to house begging; as I can not rude music. The Palicaria (young men) begin very well follow them in such an expedition, I now to rise in all directions; the dancing, sing- am afraid I shall lose the burial of the carnival, and I am sorry to add that my fears have been! The afternoon has stolen on while I have been verified.
wandering about, yet I can not make up my mind I enter the town by a street distant from my to go home: and I halt once more before some own house, and pick my way daintily amidst foul young men at play. I think they are all among gutters, where fever always sits brooding, and the most powerful lads I ever saw; and I watch over slippery stones, rendered dirty and danger-them with the natural pleasure one has in seeing ous by all sorts of garbage thrown into the street. health, and strength, and beauty. They are playI am lightly shod, and I do not make much noise, ing at a species of leap-frog, but the back” is nor am I a very fearful apparition; for I have too made by three youths, instead of one; they form much to do to take care of myself to meditate a triangle as they stoop down, and they do not harm to others; but I have no sooner entered the stuck in their twopennies" by any means in sportstreet than a change comes over it. When I ing style. However, the runners charge them first turned the corner, young women were gos- gallantly; they bump their heads with great force siping and laughing every where in the door- into the back of the first boy, whose hind-quarters ways, and from the windows: now I hear the are turned toward them, and they turn a complete click of many doors closing stealthily; and the somerset over the other two. The first who lattices are shut every where. A Frank is a rare falls makes a “back," and relieves one of the sight in this obscure quarter, and the women are others. It is rough sport and dangerous; but it wild as young fawns. They are watching me is the first time in my life that I have ever seen from all sorts of places; but if I staid there for Greeks in violent exercise; and I notice now, hours, not one would come out till I was gone. that the players are the lowest of the low. WhenI know why the Greek girls are as shy as young ever there is any dispute, I also notice that they fawns, and it pains me to think of it. A thou- toss a slipper to decide it, and“ sole” or “uppersand tales are fresh in my memory of harmless leather” wins the day, as the case may be. It is young women who caught the eye of some ter- | needless to add, that they are all playing barerible Turk, by chance, and soon after disappeared foot. mysteriously, or were torn shrieking from their By-and-by, they grow tired of leap-frog; and homes by armed men, and were never heard of the game by which it is succeeded is as severe a afterward. I hope such times are gone by now, trial of strength as I ever witnessed. One of the but I am not quite sure of it; and, therefore, Il young giants takes another in his arms. The have no right to wonder that Greek maidens man carried has his head downward and his legs should tremble at the step of a stranger. | gripping the other tightly about the neck. Two
Gradually I emerge into a more frequented young men now go down on all fours, and place quarter, and every where the sound of nasal sing-themselves close together, while the two other ing, the clapping of hands, and the jingling of players, twined together as I have said, turn a glasses, comes from open doors and lattices; somerset backward over them, and the man while here and there a Turk smokes his nargil- whose head was downward before is now upward, leh, sitting cross-legged upon a stone, apart and and the other has of course taken his position. disdainfully. A long string of mules tied to- So they go backward and forward, and if they gether are lading with oil-skins for a journey. come apart or fall, they have to kneel down and They are standing in a perfect quagmire of filth, make a "back” for others to tumble over in the for we have had heavy rains of late ; and I can same way. I remarked two young men clinging almost see the noxious exhalations steaming out together in this way who turned a somerset of it in the noonday sun. I hasten my pace, and twenty-three times in succession. At last they light a cigar, for such a neighborhood is danger- fell from a feint of one of the “ backs," who beous; and the best antidote for this kind of poison gan to grow tired of the sport. They went on I know of, is tobacco. Further along the street playing till evening gradually crept over us, and come a troop of broad-backed hamals (porters); the sun was quite lost behind the snow-capped each carries a slain lamb upon his shoulders, to mountains. Then, as the dews fell heavily, and be sent off by the Austrian boat to Constantino- the chill air grew keener, they tied up their trowple this evening. Other people are also carrying sers, and, shuffling on their slippers, returned to pretty baskets full of the white sheep's milk our little town, bawling rude, monotonous chocheeses, made in the Levant. They are eaten ruses, and dancing as they went, if hopping with honey, and form, perhaps, the most exquisite would not be a better term for their uncouth dish in the world.
maneuvres. But here come a band of mummurs, with masks I have returned home. A wood fire burns and music. They are begging, and they will stop cheerfully in the hearth, and a lamp sheds a pretme, for I am not supposed to know them. There ty tempered light on the desk I am to use presis one cub drunk with unaccustomed eating, whom ently. The books and maps, the dumpy pens, I should know from his stified guffaw in a minute, and the well-worn penknife, the cigar-case, the and from a thousand. I know also that he would broken tea-cups on a side-table, and the milk in follow me about all day if I did not buy him off. a glass, all made ready by kind hands, seem to I take a handful of small coin, therefore, from a smile a silent welcome to me, like old friends, pocket where it has been reposing gingerly many Five minutes at the window, a few cups of tea, days, and as I pass on they are all rolling and a short game with pen and ink, and then to squabbling in the mud about it.
| bed. Vol. IX.-No. 54.-3G*
THE UNITED STATES.
at Syracuse on the 20th of September, and adopted QUR Record for the month is saddened by a resolutions denouncing the repeal of the Missouri U dreadful disaster. The steamer Arctic, of the Compromise, and assuming that this act, on the Collins line, during her return voyage from Liver- part of the South, releases the North from any pool, was struck by the Vesta, an iron propeller, on obligation to admit any new Slave States into the the 27th of September, about sixty-five miles from Union. No resolution concerning the Fugitive Cape Race, a few feet forward of her paddle-boxes, Slave Law was adopted. Myron H. Clark was and so seriously injured that in about three hours she nominated for Governor, and Henry J. Raymond filled with water and went down stern foremost- for Lieutenant-Governor. On the 26th, the Antiengulfing in her ruin, so far as known, all her pas- Nebraska Convention assembled at Auburn, acsengers but about twenty-five, and a number of her cording to adjournment at Saratoga, and adopted crew. She was running through a dense fog at the the Whig ticket, as did also the State Temperance time, and when the collision first occurred, the shock Convention, which met at the same place on the was so slight that any serious injury to her hull was 27th. On the 29th, Governor Seymour, at an innot apprehended. It was soon found that two large terview with the State Democratic Committee, sigholes had been made in her, through which the wa- nified his willingness to accept the nomination for ter poured at a rapid rate, and which it was found a re-election-feeling bound to do so, since the impossible to close. Captain Luce evinced great Whig party had taken ground against the principles coolness and self-possession, and a steady determ- of his Message vetoing the law of last session proination to share the fate of his ship; but he seems hibiting the sale of intoxicating drinks. Judge to have lost all command over his crew, most of Bronson, since his nomination, has written two or whom indeed abandoned their duty, seized the boats, three letters, in which he declares himself opposed and sought to save themselves, regardless of others. to the passage of a prohibitory law.- In MassaAn attempt was made to construct a rast, but before chusetts a Democratic State Convention met at it was completed nearly eighty persons, mostly sea- Lowell on the 26th of September, at which resolu. men, firemen, waiters, and others employed upon tions were adopted re-affirming their adherence to the ship, leaped upon it and perished. The ship the Baltimore platforin of 1852, recognizing conhad six boats: in four of them some seventy of the formity to its principles in the administration of crew, officers and men, with about twenty passen- President Pierce, and supporting the Bill to organgers, made their escape; the other two have not, at ize the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, as emthe date of our writing, been heard from--the hope bodying the great principle of self-government in is cherished that some of the passengers may have its application to Territories as well as to States. been rescued by them. Captain Luce's young son Henry W. Bishop was nominated for Governor, went down with the wreck. Among the lost were and Caleb Stetson for Lieutenant-Governor. the wife, son, and daughter of E. K. Collins, Esq., Agricultural Fairs have been held in New York, the projector and principal proprietor of the line; Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and other States, during Mrs. Allen, the daughter of Mr. James Brown, an- | the past month, which have attracted general atather of the owners of the vessel, who also lost a tention, and been attended with a good deal of inson, daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, and two terest. Premiums were distributed, addresses de. grandchildren; Edward Sandford, Esq., a distin- livered, and a stimulus given to the agricultural inguished member of the New York bar; the Duc de terest which will undoubtedly be felt in the inGrammont, an attaché of the French Embassy at creased production of the several States. Washington ; Abner Benedict, Esq., and wise, of The Rev. Dr. Wainwright, Provisional Bishop New York; R. S. Williams and wife, of Natchez, of the Episcopal Church in the Diocese of New Miss.; Professor Henry Reed, of the University York, died at his residence in that city on the 21st of Pennsylvania, F. Catherwood, Esq., the dis. of September. The Diocesan Convention, which tinguished artist, Mr. and Mrs. Mahlon Day, of met on the 28th, elected Rev. Horatio Potter, D.D., New York, and a large number of others who were of Albany, to be his successor. This result was Iess generally known. Intelligence of the calamity reached after eight ballots, Dr. Potter on the last first reached New York on the night of October ballot receiving 97 out of 173 clerical, and 75 out of 10, by the ship Lebanon, which had picked up a boat 147 lay, votes cast. Dr. Wainwright was widely load of the survivors. The propeller which struck known and universally esteemed as a learned schol. the Arctic reached St. Johns on the 12th with thirty- ar, an able divine, a laborious and faithful bishop, two of the Arctic's crew. This dreadful calamity, I and a gentleman of most excellent personal and the first that has befallen the Collins line of ocean social qualities. His successor is admirably qualisteamers, created the most intense interest through fied to fulfill his duties, and his election has given out the country.
general satisfaction throughout the diocese. The Political movements during the month have been Right Rev. Dr. Gartland, Roman Catholic Bishop of considerable interest. Elections were held in of Georgia, died at Savannah on the 21st Septemseveral States on the 10th of October, of which ber. He was a native of Dublin, and widely es. the general results alone are known. In Penn- teemed for his learning and piety. sylvania, Hon. James Pollock, Whig, has been From California our intelligence is to the 16th of elected Governor by a majority probably of over ten September. The State election, which had just thousand; and in that State, as well as in Indiana taken place, had probably resulted in the triumph and Ohio, a decided majority of the Congressmen of that section of the Democratic party which was elected are opponents of the Federal Adminis- opposed to the election of a United States Senato tration. In none of these cases have full or re- at the last Session of the Legislature. Full reliable returns been received. In other States turns had not been received, but enough was known the political movements have been preliminary to indicate this result. The anniversary of the adto the elections which are yet to take place. In mission of California into the Union was celebrated New York the Whig State Convention was held on the 9th. The mining operations are generally
successful, though difficulty is experienced in some conquered, the nation alone will have the right of localities from a lack of water. During the first deciding on the form of government she will adopt, six months of the present year, no less than 10,000 and will spontaneously feel the propriety of taking Chinese left the port of Hong Kong for California. into account the advice of friendly powers. He ad. They are becoming an important portion of the vises the Poles to remain tranquil until some one population, and one which in some respects is un- of the contending powers shall declare in favor of desirable. The grain crops and fruit in California Polish independence, and form a Polish army under promise to yield abundantly.
Polish chiefs. Such a course will preserve them From Merico we have intelligence of the entire from intestine divisions, and do more than can be suppression of the revolutionary movement on the done in any other way to secure the accomplishRio Grande, to which allusion was made in our ment of their highest hopes. last, and also further details of the defeat of the hos
SPAIN. tile force at Guyamas. The Mexican troops were No important changes have occurred in the as. commanded by General Yanez, who had contrived pect of Spanish affairs. Queen Christina, whose to make himself popular even among the French trial on charges of peculation was universally decommanded by Count Raousset de Boulbon. In manded, left Madrid on the 28th of August, accomthe engagement, which took place early in Septem- panied by her husband and children, for Portugal. ber, Yanez was completely successful, and imme. There was a riotous popular demonstration against diately liberated 187 whom he had taken prisoners, her departure when it first became known, but it and whom he sent with $15 each to San Blas. The subsided without any serious results. A squadron Mexican Government refused to sanction this len- of cavalry was provided as an escort for the Queen, ity, and not only threw the Frenchmen into prison, and the garrisons on the route were notified in adbut disgraced General Yanez. On the 9th of Sep-vance to see her safely from one post to another. tember Count Raousset de Boulbon was tried by The Ministry, soon after she had left the city, pubcourt-martial, and on the 12th was shot in accord- lished a decree suspending the payment of the pen. ance with its sentence.-Santa Anna, on the Ilth, sion allotted to her in 1845, detaining all her private issued an address to the soldiers, exhorting them to property to answer for any charges that may be es. renewed devotion to the independence of their coun- tablished against her, and ordering her to quit the try, and to the union by which alone it can be pre-kingdom, and await the decision of the Cortes in served. It is said that financial difficulties again regard to her future residence. Serious charges begin to embarass the Government. General Cruz, have been brought by public rumor against Mr. in an official dispatch, gives an account of an action Soulé, the American Minister at Madrid. It is al. which he fought at Mogotes on the 12th of August, leged that he was directly concerned in instigating in which he claims to have defeated a rebel force of the outbreaks which attended the departure of the 300. The British Minister has issued a circular, Queen Mother on the 28th, and that he has distribwarning British subjects in Mexico from contributed among disaffected persons sums of money, uting to the Russian loan.
which have been raised among the European liberFRANCE.
erals, for the purpose of exciting an insurrection in Public attention has been in a great degree ab Spain. The Spanish Ministry took measures to sorbed by the grand military display at Boulogne, investigate these charges, but it is not known that prepared by the Emperor for the purpose of enter they succeeded in obtaining any evidence that could taining Prince Albert, the King of Belgium, Pedro, implicate him directly. Mr. Soulé left Madrid, the young King of Portugal, and other distinguished after taking formal leave of the Court, on the 30th visitors. About one hundred thousand troops were of August. He had given great offense by a letter, collected at Boulogne. The Emperor on the 3d of written on the 13th, in reply to an invitation to atSeptember addressed a proclamation to his Army tend a banquet of the Liberal Press, in which he of the North-of which he takes command in person highly praised the invincible constancy of the -explaining to them the necessity, in all military friends of Spanish liberty, and assured them that operations, of so disposing the troops that they they had only to unite their party in order to achieve might procure subsistence without exhausting the a complete and final triumph over the shameful desresources of the country, and at the same time be potism which has so long crushed freedom of ble to reunite itself promptly on the field of battle. thought, and stifled its most legitimate aspirations. The reviews which took place on the 7th were char. He said he hailed with delight the revolution which acterized by great magnificence. The troops now had succeeded thus far, and only hoped that those in camp are to be drafted for service in the Eastern who had originated it would carry it forward to still war as they may be required.
more complete success. Spain may, if she chooses, Prince Czartoryski, the recognized representative peacefully consolidate in a few months the liberties of the banished aristocracy of Poland, has issued which England had only secured by two revolu. from Paris an address to his countrymen on their tions. The heart of Young America, he said, would relation to the events which have again involved welcome the news of the complete enfranchisement Europe in war. He says that some of the powers of the Spanish people. which aided the partition of Poland are now forced A letter from Ledru Rollin, written at London to acknowledge the fatal results of that step to Eu- on the 1st of August, has been published, in which rope, and to contemplate the advantages of her re- he expresses the opinion that the revolutionary establishment. All Poles, whatever may be their movement in Spain will eventually lead to the prodifferences concerning internal affairs, agree in the clamation of the republic. Whether this should take desire for national independence, and in the convic- place within a few days, or weeks, would depend tion that if called upon to carry on a contest to se on circumstances; but he could not doubt that the cure it, they must have a military government until | main desire of the country pointed to that result. it shall be decided. This fact, he says, will exclude Monarchy has been thoroughly tried in Spain, and from admission any party which would disturb their there can be no desire to perpetuate it. M. Rollin unanimity by a premature discussion of forms of also urges upon the American government the duty government. When independence shall have been of taking an active part in the contests of Europe, and especially of encouraging all liberal republican, inet of St. Petersburg does not contain some germ movements every where. This, he thinks, is the of conciliation that might lead to the preparation policy dictated alike by principle and by interest. I of a definitive pacification. - Apprehensions continue to be expressed in On the 10th of August the Austrian Secretary Spanish journals of designs against Cuba on the addressed a note to the Austrian Minister in St. part of the United States, and renewed efforts are Petersburg, rehearsing his efforts to impress upon made by the Spanish government to fortify the isl- the Western Powers the fact that the proposition and against such attempts. The number of Span- of Russia might, if properly received, lead to negoish troops now in Cuba is stated at twenty thou- tiations for the re-establishment of peace. He was sand infantry, one thousand cavalry, and five or compelled to admit, however, that the impression six batteries of artillery.
produced in both England and France had not AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA.
come up to his expectations. Both in Paris and Some further diplomatic correspondence calcu. London, he says, the continued stay of the Russian lated to throw light on the present relations of Aus troops on the Turkish territory seemed to deprive tria and Prussia to the pending war, has been pub- of its chief worth the Russian accession to the lished. Count Nesselrode, on behalf of the Rus- principles laid down in the protocol of April 9. sian government, in a note dated 30th June, ap The Cabinets of France and England persist in prised Prussia of the fact, that without sharing the looking on the evacuation of the Principalities as opinions with reference to the occupation of the the preliminary condition of every arrangement, Principalities as put forward by Austria and par- and express their astonishment at the assertion of ticipated in by Prussia, the Emperor, nevertheless, Count Nesselrode that the integrity of the Ottoman out of consideration for the special interests of Aus- Empire would not be threatened by Russia as long tria and Germany on the Danube, and the peculiar as it was respected by the Powers that at this monature of the obligations which the Courts of Vien- ment occupy the waters and the territory of the na and Berlin have entered into with the Western Sultan. These Cabinets repudiate energetically Powers in the Protocol of April 9, had agreed to the analogy which the dispatch of the Russian withdraw from the Principalities, and to enter into Chancellor of the Empire seems to be desirous of negotiations for peace on the basis of the three drawing between the presence of the allied troops. main principles laid down in that protocol, or at which were invited by the Sublime Porte, and in least to pave the way for such negotiations by virtue of a diplomatic document, the effects of agreeing to a truce ; securities, however, would be which were to be determined by common consent, required as a preliminary step. On the 24th of and the fact of the march of the Russian army into July, Manteuffel, the Prussian Secretary, issued a the Ottoman territory. They furthermore complain circular note to the allied courts, in which this that the Russian Government should have avoided offer of the Czar was recommended to their earnest all reference to the guarantees which they see! and favorable consideration. He expressed the bound to require against a return on the part of hope that the English government would “consider Russia to new acts of violence that threaten the with calmness and impartiality the late overture of equilibrium of Europe. The sacrifices they have Russia—that it will remember there are sufficient already made are too considerable to warrant them grounds to conclude on its side upon the points before in withdrawing their forces before they have atit-and that it may in this manner assist the real in- tained a certainty that they will not soon be tentions of the several governments, which are to make compelled to renew the war. On these grounds their views clear, and to cast out uncertainty as to the maritime powers feel compelled to reject any the points which are the objects of the war.” And proposition, the object of which should be to he felt the greater confidence in this expectation from promote a speedy cessation of hostilities on their the fact that the Russian explanation, so far as it part. They had, however, communicated the refers to the protocol of the 9th of April, sets up guarantees which seemed indispensable to peace three definite principles-namely, the integrity of negotiations; and they were substantially the reTurkey, the evacuation of the Principalities, and vision of the existing treaties between Russia and the security of the municipal and religious rights Turkey, the discontinuance of the Russian protecof all the Christian subjects of the Porte. Now, torate, and the freedom of the Danube and the Black these three principles constitute the substance of Sea. These, Count Buol said, were the consethe guarantees which the protocol, by the care of quences of the principles laid down and acceded to the Powers, recommends in order to bind the Otto. by Russia in the protocol of April 9, and Austria, man Empire with the greater firmness to the Euro therefore, could not do otherwise than recommend pean system. On the 21st of July, Count Buol, on them most warmly for serious and mature deliberabehalf of Austria, also issued the circular instruc- tion. tions of that government to its agents at Paris and In a note dated the 26th of August, Count NesLondon, in regard to this offer of Russia. The selrode distinctly and emphatically rejects these common aim of all the Powers, he said, had been proposals, and charges Austria with bad faith for the re-establishment of a solid and durable peace- having consented to make them. He declares that one which, by re-establishing the rights of the Porte, in retiring from the Principalities, out of considerashould give to Europe guarantees against the re- tion for the wishes of Austria and of Germany, currence of perturbations, such as those which dis- Russia had confidently hoped that Austria would turb it so profoundly at the present moment. The cease to make common cause with the Western importance of the interests which are associated | Powers for the avowed object ofreducing the strength with the object is so great, that he was convinced and influence of the Russian empire. But how was no Power would willingly expose itself to the re- she disappointed when she found that the next step proach of having neglected any means whatever of Austria was to give her assent to the ulterior likely to bring about a good understanding. The condition of the Western Powers-conditions inbelligerant Powers would, therefore, feel it their volving the abrogation of all former treaties, the duty to examine these questions carefully and con- destruction of all the Russian naval establishments, scientiously, in order to see if the reply of the Cab- and the restriction of the power of Russia in the