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churches, and society, anxious to image forth the monument that rears its white shaft to departed beauty of the Republic in whatever met its eye and worth. Heaven has set it broadly and brightly becharmed its heart.
fore us. “E Pluribus Unum" is the memorialIf the North and the South had ever dreamed of motto of the past--the prophetic motto of the future. shutting themselves up within the sphere of their If this zenith-star, serene in its high sphere, and own immediate sympathies, the physical laws of radiant with the focal splendors of thirty-one rethe country would have interposed to prevent it. volving orbs, shall continue its hitherto undimmed The great events of our history, and especially the brightness to our vision, never shall our footsteps war of 1812, and the war with Mexico, have strange- be dark for the want of guidance, or our bearts sad ly conspired to induce an exodus from the earlier for an anthem of thanksgiving. homesteads of our land. North and South have met and mingled on the prairies of the West. North and South have united anew their fortunes and
Editor's Easi Chair. their fame on the Mississippi, the Sabine, and the SITTING in our Easy Chair, and watching with Sacramento. North and South have bordered the critical and curious eyes the progress of affairs lakes and fringed the far valleys that stretch toward abroad-listening to the clash and clang of arms the Rocky Mountains. The laws of circumstances / upon the Danube, and hearing the dull, muffed are divine laws. Not on tables of stone or plates thunder of explosions of solitary forts in the Baltic of brass are they written, but in the enduring in- -catching across the sea some flash and gleam of stincts of our race. And these laws have asserted the new Field of Cloth of Gold, whereon the Emtheir supremacy just as much in our recent terri- peror of France has received his ancient foes as torial occupancy as in the original colonization of friends-We see clearly one thing, and that is, that the continent. Let any reflecting man look at the Sir Charles Napier is coming home to take a fresh facts of inter-emigration, and how can he fail to see dinner and a fresh start. When the present East. their tendency to unite and consolidate the greatern war commenced, and England resolved to take interests of the country? About onc-fourth of the part, she waved all her banners and charged with American people leave the States of their birth and all her chivalry. Admiral Sir Charles Napier, settle in other portions of the Union. Virginia has K.C.B., with an irresistible fleet, was discharged sent out in this way 335,000; South Carolina, from a triumphant dinner, amidst a roar of hip-hip163,000; North Carolina, 261,000. Among the hurras, and by the time the noise of the toasts, and Northern States, Connecticut and Vermont have the speeches, and the general gratulation had died lost 25 per cent. of their population. These per- away, we expected to hear the thunder of English sons have scattered over nearly every section of the guns against the walls of Cronstadt, and the merry country. Virginia alone has 85,762 in Ohio, and reveillé of a returning army of victors. The well41,819 in Indiana. All these individuals, in a directed dinner was to have landed Admiral Sir greater or less degree, take their home-sentiments Charles Napier, K.C.B., plump in the imperial with them. But they are soon met by other sec-palace of St. Petersburg, where he was to dictate tional peculiarities. If, at first, prejudice resists terms to a crest-fallen Czar, and distribute Circasprejudice, a better state of things quickly ensues. sian principalities, ad libitum, to cornets and youngThe various elements fuse together. A practical er sons. It was so probable that, after refraining compromise silently and effectively follows. Hab from war during all the years of trouble, Nicholas its of social intercourse, necessities of business, would begin at such a moment and in such a way Sabbath worship in the same sanctuaries, bring that a highly-peppery English dinner would at once them into closer alliance. The great American demolish him! It seems that somehow the aim, or ideas dwell in them all alike, and hence, a common the scope, or something, was miscalculated, and sympathy drawing them toward one transcendent Admiral Sir Charles, K.C.B., must come home and object, they blend in holy, happy harmony. The be belched again upon the scene of action by a su new regions of the West would seem to be design- | perior dinner-power. ed to epitomize the united interests of the country. It is astonishing how entirely the war has gone Agriculture, manufactures, commerce, are all there, against Russia-in England. Punch has swept and consequently the peculiarities of physical con- every chord of comedy to sound a laugh against the dition and daily occupations are in full force to ed- Czar. It has even been pathetic, showing the highucate that vast and thriving citizenship into large born ladies carrying jellies and sugar to the bereaved and liberal views. The most prominent Atlantic families of hapless soldiers. For whose comfort States are striving in peaceful emulation to reach this prospective picture was painted, Punch did not their resources. New York, Pennsylvania, Mary- state. It was rather a forcible foregone conclusion land, Virginia, South Carolina, and Georgia, have to present to the eyes of an army partant pour la either projected or extended their railroads into the Syrie, or any other distant and dangerous land. Valley of the Mississippi. What an influence on But it was supposed to be sufficient consolation the unity and strength of the country must this ex- to a soldier hurrying to perish for the Honorable ert! Independently of our own choice--ay, in East India Company (for at bottom the quarrel is despite of ourselves — we are bound together. India) that the lovely Countess of Calvcsfoot Jelly Mountains and vales, rivers and lakes, prairies would carry some of the same to his weeping Molly. and oceans, wheat and cotton, mills and factories, Certainly our sympathy is with England, as capital and labor, marriage and religion, legislation against Russia; but certainly also England has and providence, have all co-operated to establish managed this quarrel mysteriously. Such marcband perpetuate our union. One we are, and one ing and countermarching upon the Danube--such we must be. No sophistry can evade this conclu- sailing of fleets-such progresses across the Contision. No logic can overthrow it. No bad blood can nent of royal dukes and generals--such nervous weaken its force. The truth-" E Pluribus Unum" | anxiety in the minds of commanders-in-chief about -is the moral of our life. It is written on every neck-ties and shirt-bosoms--such dreary fun in battle-field of our heroic age. It is written on every | Punch-such drearier rhetoric in the Times-SUCH page of our national records. It is written on every | masterly inactivity while Omer Pacha led his
to actions which made the world believe better seeing events that are only contingent possibilithings of all Mohammedans—such custard and com- ties. The game of war is not so very profound pliment-such a mild demonstration upon a poor after all. There is a general result aimed atold lonely fort, which, having successfully blown but the processes are very uncertain. The gameup, the allied armies return home to take breath- sters are no more masters of the details than two all these things, seen coolly across the Atlantic, | players of chess are masters of all the moves of the have a very absurd air, and are by no means that game. It is still chance which, when some grave pleasing and beautiful mirage, which is popularly eye scrutinizes it, is supposed by the spectator to supposed to float forever along the eastern horizon. be fully perceived by that eye. But the eye is grave
Meanwhile, our newspapers steal a few columns because the brain is astute, and knows that the apfrom Nebraska and the elections, to speculate in a pearance of gravity deceives the spectator. Your sparkling manner upon the chances of battle and the lawyer, for instance, knows little more of your case destinies of the world. Old Gunnybags, in his lit-than you do, for all his fine winking and solemn tle counting-room, reads with immense interest the thinking. And your doctor shakes his own head and theories of French policy and English policy, as that of his cane, but one is quite as wise as the other. they are developed with minute exactness by the It is, therefore, well for the cautious reader to be * able Editor." Gunnybags is not quite sure where a little upon his guard against the imposing specu. Sebastapolis-butcertainly it was a masterly strokelations with which we scribblers in Easy Chairs to blow up Bomarsund-and if Cronstadt could only favor him. Print is very powerful. Count no man be pitched into, those rascally Russians would get happy until he gets into print. The Whispering no more than they deserve.
Gallery of St. Paul's is pleasantly mentioned in . Few readers, however, care for the painful de- books of travel, and Ovid, the amorous old Roman,
tails of marches and investments in regions hither celebrates the House of Fame. But what are all to unknown to their geography. The careful anal. such facts and fancies compared with this colossal ysis of the composition of armies, also, and the | force of print? If you saunter into our office, and views of astute observers in small upper back rooms lean upon the arm of our Chair, you do not very as to the secret intentions of Louis Napoleon, do much mind our wise saws and sombre suggestions. not command a very wide nor profound interest. But let the same speculation open upon you in a Ask Gunnybags, as you meet him to-morrow morn-many-columned leader of your morning paper, and ing going down town in the omnibus, what is the you are amazed and impressed. You would laugh precise position of the two armies, and you will at the idea of asking your father-in-law if he had discover how vast his knowledge is. Ask him the heard our oral opinion of the final cause of tomanames of the Danubian Principalities, of which he toes ; but you ask him with respect if he has seen reads so much every day-demand what he under this morning's paper, by which you mean our tostands by a Bashi-Bazouk-inquire what the whole mato views, embodied in the solemnity of rhetoric, quarrel is about-and it would not be strange if and given to print. It is the difference between Gunny bags prevaricated so that you would be com- talking to ten and to ten million. Print is an end. pelled to doubt his complete mastery of the subject. less echo. The pen speaks and types echo the
It is not seldom that we are obliged to enlighten word to the end of the earth. If you remember that the airy gossips about our Chair as to this very fact. each article in the London Times, which is sur. The secret of the war is no religious zeal of France named the Thunderer, by reason of the great noise or England, nor any such toleration as would lead with which it states its opinions, is the private them to wish Turkey to have the head in religious opinion of some quiet fallible gentleman, you will cities, rather than Russia. It is no greater sweet- perhaps regard the thunder with less terror. There ness of charity toward Mohammedans than toward is always a strong other side. Here is Surtout, who Greek Christians. Nor is it a national sympathy | insists that Rum is the only Beelzebub, and that with the integrity of Turkey per se. What cares the blaze of burning distilleries is the red dawn John Bull for Mohammed? “Nobody cares for any of the millennium. He has capital reasons, and a body, you know," said an agreeable diplomatist, at splendid array of facts on his side. Dreadnought, a select dinner. The truth is, that Turkey is a on the other hand, considers Surtout a milksop, convenient barrier between Russia and the Medi- and not a philosopher at all, and laughs at his terranean and the East. England dreads to see fancy that he has found the secret of sin. DreadRussia upon the sands of Africa. The lion growls nought has great common sense, and somehow the as he scents the cold coming of the bear. Russia private conviction of many other men upon his side. once seated upon the Mediterranean, and pouring Now if you consider Surtout to be an editor, with down through Central Asia, would naturally want the advantage of print to support him, remember to sail up the Nile and cross the desert. Her di- that Dreadnought, reading the editorial over his rect force would be gathered about the narrow gate mutton chop, and interiorly protesting, is precisely through which England passes to her Indian Para of the same weight, minus the echo. A man's dise. Is there not a remote possibility of a collision opinions are no truer because he roars them under such circumstances ? and in that event would through a trumpet. Russia be in the worst situation for success?
We will put in our text at the tail of our disThus taking our place among the astute observ- course. What we say is, that we express our own es in small upper rooms, we play Sir Oracle in opinions when we speak in our Easy Chair. You our Easy Chair, and expound the Eastern Question. have no occasion to get red in the face, and swell, And it is truly in some sense a home question. If and swelter, because we say what you may not a pestilence were desolating Africa, should we not think to be true. You have a perfect right to your feel that we were not quite safe? And if not from opinion, and to divulge it from your Easy Chair. a pestilence, how can we suppose that in no erent There is only one thing in the world equally true; should we be drawn into interest in a war? We and that is, that we have precisely the same right. do not suppose that kings are so much longer-head- | Don't be juggled by this legerdemain of print. ed than other mortals, nor that Nesselrode and When you read the newspaper, or pull open an other imperial chancellors have the faculty of fore. | Editor's Drawer, or lean your head upon your el. bows and go to sleep upon an Editor's Table, or why believe that the charity was not sincere and sprawl lazily and aimless in an Editor's Easy gracious ? Chair, you have only had to do with that small, un- Shall we say that it was, at this time of heated important individual, for whom personally you difference, doubly pleasant to see the North exhave no very high consideration, and therefore, tending its hand to the South, in the church, and can not like him any the better, nor believe in his amidst the offices of religion? The hymns had a observations any more unreservedly because he sweeter sound that day, the prayers a diviner unctalks from a fog, through which you can not see tion. Had we not just confessed that we were all him. Let us hold on to our individuality, what- miserable sinners? Was it not perfectly true, ever else we may let go. Judge England, and whatever the peculiar kind of sin which we preFrance, and Russia, according to the facts stated ferred? Did not this service of Christian fellow by the “able editors," and not according to their ship seem to say, “Here, you men struggling braveestimate of those facts. Every man his own "able ly in the deep waters which have overflowed your editor," would be a good motto for us.
fields, we are not agreed in many things, and we
do not spare each other hard names, when the sun Our sympathies can not all exhale along the shines and we are all prospering. But the day is marshy shores of the Danube. Other shores and changed; this is a real woe, and we too are human. rivers nearer home
Next year fire may lay us low, as water has now “A voice of weeping heard and loud lament," smitten you ; what are we on this earth, if we do during the few weeks that ended the summer. not help each other? Here are our hands. Take Ruin in the most awful forms, pestilence and them to help yourselves; and let us mutually bestorm, has been rioting and reveling at the South. lieve, that where there is so much genuine sympa The acccounts that have reached us describe a thy, there must be warm feeling in common; and state of things as terrible as that in Philadelphia that therefore, however widely we differ, yet we during the yellow fever scourge at the beginning of also most closely agree. In those fierce waters be the century. One city fled into the fields and en- some of the acerbity of our differences drowned, camped there. In another hotels were closed and some of the bitterness burned away in the fire of business suspended. In all reigns a sorrowful si-that fever!" After such a sermon, would not the lence and desolation, the palpable presence of benediction seem indeed a blessing, and the Sun death. There is nothing in the memoirs of the day sunshine more softly fall ? plague in Eastern cities which is more melancholy Perhaps, if there were oftener great misfortunes than the stories of this summer's tragedy at the of this kind, we could better estimate the amount South. Scarcely had the reports of cholera, the and the force of real sympathy between the men of strained anxiety of the public business mind, the one section and those of another. When appeals general low spirits and apprehension of the hot sea- are partisan only-when differences can be trans son, begun to subside at the North, than from the ferred to the domain of theory and abstract discusSouth came, like an echo more fearful than the sion-there is no limit to hot feeling and sharp de sound which summoned it, the reports of devastat. nunciation. But if the orator you are scathing falls ing disease, followed by an elemental storm, which, suddenly in a fit, or breaks his leg, or loses his sweeping from the coast along the quiet rivers, bore best beloved child, or parent, or wife, there is an destruction on every hand far inland. Men lost instant demand upon your great human sympathy, fortunes in the fury of a moment. Whole crops which will not only help him and honor you, but were ruined. The year's income was drowned in will inevitably pour balm into the yawning wound irresistible waters. Fields were submerged and of difference that galls you both. We are sure there buildings carried off. Did any listener hear in the must be hearts who feel this now, and who felt it wild uproar of the tempest, a piercing voice wail. when the news of the heavy affliction of sickness ing and wailing, “ Riches take wings and fly and storm came from the South, and was met by away?".
the hearty sympathy of the North. But men's manliness was not swept away with their garnered crops. The very individuals who It is our privilege to have singular questions resuffered most largely were instantly hard at work ferred to us for decision. It is perhaps considered helping those who had suffered less. At the North, that an Easy Chair gives opportunity for that quiet Southern gentlemen who, either resident for a sea relaxation and reflection which are supposed to be son or traveling for the summer, learned by the mail so auspicious an atmosphere for the solution of that their fortunes were diminished by thousands doubts. We receive numberless letters--some not of dollars, headed subscriptions for the relief of the in a masculine hand-desiring advice upon a thougeneral calamity, and charged themselves with col. sand points which he were a wise man who could lecting and managing the funds. In the churches decide. Some, we would have you to know, are sermons were preached and collections taken. Let not purely literary. There are correspondents us record with joy that they were ample and cor- who offer us the implied flattery of supposing that dial. It was a practical Christian charity, and we we can worthily suggest proper action in the most were all the better for knowing it. It was suggest- tender circumstances, as, where Sybilla lately do ed that there were mercantile reasons at the core sired to know whether, when a gentleman of ample of the charity ; but we are very slow to believe it. income offered to marry her and she consented, In the country church where we saw the collection she was bound to relinquish him at the end of three taken, the commercial reason must have been very months, when he protested that he loved her no imperfectly comprehended. In great misfortune, more. “When he came wooing," wrote Sybilla, even more than in great happiness, the world re- " he mentioned his ample income, and I, being decognizes its common kindred. A sudden crisis an- sirous of generous means, accepted him. Now, nihilates conventions, and the mouldy traditions what fair ground of separation has he in saying that of etiquette fall shriveled before the throb of a gen. he loves me less, when he does not say that his in. nine emotion; and even if mercantile shrewdness come is impaired? Had he said that his income happened to be this time on the side of charity, was gone, but his love was tenfold greater, I should
have answered that our original compact was null, I never seen. But it is only an aggregate of parts of and that he was at liberty."
| various flowers that you have seen; and you may We did not answer, except in the most general describe circumstances that never occurred in the way, this epistle of Sybilla; but we sent by the sequence in which you state them, but they are still next post to the lover to urge him to persevere in reminiscences or new combinations of possibilities parting.
-the essence of the possibility lying in the fact of A more perplexing, if not more generally inter- general resemblance to actual events. esting problem was only yesterday presented to us. "Now in coming to treat real characters as subA young man, who gave his name as Narcissus, jects of literary art, the author is to rentember that and who was evidently young in authorship, called the little peculiarities of manner or appearance upon us, and modestly suggested that he had a which individualize a person, whether ludicrously question to ask, if he could only summon the neces- or otherwise, are things which instantly proclaim sary courage. Admonished by our bland recep- the personality. And they injure the artistic effect, tion of him that we should undoubtedly hear ap- so far as the resemblance, by being unmistakably provingly and decide wisely, he ventured, after a individual, is inevitably confounded with, and interlittle prefatory discourse upon the weather, to open preted by, the person. Thus, if you should write a the subject which weighed upon his mind.
novel, and depict a naval hero as thin and ardent, “I have lately published a small effusion," said with one arm, and an absorbing devotion to another he; "a tale, in which, under imaginary names, I man's wife, you would have simply painted a porhave described actual characters, and in circum-trait of Nelson, with more or less success. But you stances only slightly altered from the fact. Scarce. might very properly make your idea of Nelson the ly did it appear when I was waited upon by the substance of your naval hero, and, by omitting the brother of the young woman whose character had betraying details, show in an entirely unprejudiced suggested to me my little sketch, and he sumrnarily, light the quality of his character and its play in life. and in a dangerously bellicose manner, demand. Or if among your friends there be one only known ed if I meant to insult his sister. I replied, that, in her own circle, and whose character may or may far from any intention so base, I was full of pro- not be justly apprehended by that circle, it seems to found admiration for the many noble and virtuous be perfectly legitimate for you to describe her with qualities of that lady, and could never mean harm all the delicate discrimination you can command; to her or to her friends. He then inquired why I and if some sharp eye, having seen the original as had allowed myself, under the thin disguise of a you do, should also detect the likeness, it can only fictitious name, and a mild paraphrase of circum- recognize the truthfulness of your work. No such stances, to publish incidents which were purely observer can have the right to challenge your choice. private, and expose the character of a woman justly "It resembles Perdita,' he may say. so admired. I replied again, that purely private cir "Do you think so ?' you may answer. cumstances did not become public by being pub. " • But you intended it ?' he may demand lished, for the very reason that only the most limited "I have not said so,' you may reply. circle knew that there were any such circumstances, “It is the treatment of circumstances of which you and that circle was very sure not to betray the must beware, my dear Narcissus, because circumknowledge ; and then, that no character was ex-stances realize and individualize. There is a cerposed by any such publication, because all the fig. tain sanctity in all privacy-an old Easy Chair has ures of fiction were studied from life, and in the no right to run into the parlor and shout aloud that multitude no single figure could fairly be selected it heard you making love to Perdita in the garden; as a subject of especial complaint. The bellicose but it has a full and free right to describe you and brother, upon hearing my defense, and partly, per- | Perdita as it conceives you both to be, and to depict haps, from seeing how truly mild and womanlike you in the attitude of lovers. There is nothing so my manners were, here raised his hat, in a distantly pointedly singular in the circumstances as to occapolite but unconvinced way, and bowed himselfout. sion or to justify remark. The moment that there Now, my dear old Easy Chair, I want to know what is such peculiarity in the circumstances that all are the limits which must bound an author's treat- who know them say directly “this is the unhappy ment of subjects. How much may he choose from Narcissus who perished for the love of Perdita," life-how nearly exact may he make his portraits then the sanctity of privacy is violated, and every of character-how accurately should he reproduce delicate and sensitive mind recoils. It is more imcircumstances. In truth, is not a private fact as portant that some secrets should be kept, than that much fiction when it is published and removed from men should benefit by the knowledge of them. But the setting of privacy, as if it were what is called a leven this you may do if you will only remove the pure invention ?”
circumstances into an infinite remoteness. TransNarcissus seated himself as he concluded, and fer the scene of your tale from New York to New we also lay back for a few moments in our Chair, Zealand, and make Perdita a woman of a thousand that we might better consider what we had to say. years ago. This will not be always possible, for Unfortunately we had no scribe at hand to record often the very point of the story will require the our words, but our thoughts were these :
modern manners and dress. Then let it be done “The material of Literature is Life and the play so that nothing more is published than is already of human character, just as the material of Art is known. You read the Newcomes, but you do not Nature. It is Shelley who says of poets, in his know how much is accurate daguerreotyping of Julian and Maddalo,
actual character and circumstance. You say, in - They
general, that you know people like Barnes New. . Are cradled into poetry by wrong,
come and the Countess Dowager Kew. But the And learn in suflering what they teach in song.' author might take you to the opera and show you Human experience thus lies at the foundation of all the individuals of whom those characters are the literature. Pure fiction, in the rigid sense, is about most accurate likenesses he could draw. Probably as impossible as the pure ideal. You, my dear he would not do it. There is great virtue and good Narcissus, may paint for me a flower you have policy in keeping a secret. But you see, Narcissus,
that the originals of those characters are not in- 1 press Eugenie has failed to inoculate us with a jured by the publication of their portraits. If any frenzy for white velvet and gold powder, what more indignant youth called Mr. Thackeray to account can we hope from France ? for 'serving him up,' do you not believe that Mr. We have indeed heard allusions to hoops; but Thackeray would blandly reply, “My estimable they were mainly in the circles of retired dealers in young man, if you find any marked resemblance commodities which require the use of barrels. It between my puppets and yourself, don't insult me. was even whispered that an eminent belle from You may be sure no one else will discover it, but Greytown had figured at the Florida Springs, before those who know it already and knew it before my the bombardment of her native city, in undisguised puppets began their play. If you insist that it is hoops. And it is perfectly well known that in the you, that is surely your own affair and not mine.' most fashionable of the summer resorts, upon occa
"The whole thing is a matter of delicate instinct. sion of the public street-sweeper falling ill with the It is not easy to give rules for obeying sentiments. cholera, a company of the most lovely ladies, emiNo man has a right to pain another by the exposure nent at charity-schools during the winter, proceeded of what is, in no fair sense, public property or to sweep the streets with their own silk dresses. It interest. The author's mind is the alembic in is believed that for this generous act they are all to be which the ore of fact must be smelted and purified presented with the freedom of the town. Nor is it to until the pure metal of beauty and truth is extracted. be supposed that their charity is confined to particular Shakspeare doubtless knew Lady Macbeth, but places; for we learn that since their return to their not under the precise circumstances of his drama, various native cities the same young ladies have nor with that title. Yet Lady Macbeth is a person been seen engaged in the same public duty. The age not at all dependent upon Scotland nor a castle. heroism which such a proceeding implies, may be As the artist sees in the same landscape which we partly estimated, if it is only considered that the see so much more than we apprehend, so does the young men, of whose admiration these young ladies poet, or the author, look at the persons who surround may be innocently desirous, are naturally repelled us. Fiction is our life thrown forward into phan- from ladies whose dresses are frayed and soiled by tasmagoria. It is fact projected.”
contact with all the garbage of the streets. The Narcissus listened blandly.
Epicurean youths, deceived by the appearance, do “I agree fully," said he," and I feel acquitted. not know in what an act of self-sacrifice the ladies I see that no one personally knows the heroine of are engaged, and really seem to be entirely forgetmy sketch any the more because I have described ful of the public good. The pigs, too, which have her, and the circumstances are as fabulous to you been accustomed to a monopoly of street-dirt, and and to all other readers as those of Sidney's Arca- which have been immemorially regarded as natural dia."
scavengers, are reported to regard our new benerao“But how would she feel, Narcissus, if she came tors with grunts of dissatisfaction. to read your sketch ?”
If hoops are uncertain, the long skirts are matters He was silent a moment; then replied, “If she of fact. How far they will go, no one as yet venrecognized it, which I doubt, because she knows tures to predict. Nor is it quite agreed among the herself so little, she would be indignant."
commentators whether the long skirts in the street “What right have you to pain her for the amuse- | owe their origin to the Empress Eugenie or the ment of an uninterested and dull public ?".
Queen of the Cannibal Islands. This seems, how Narcissus was again silent; then said slowly, “I ever, a secondary question while they do their work suppose I have none at all.”
so well. If it is not fair to look a gift horse in the “Certainly not, my dear young friend. If you mouth, how much less so is it to speculate upon mean to describe people and things do it so that the the origin of things which do the State such service! description shall not be destroyed in beauty and in- But while Osric was discussing these weighty fluence by its personal individuality.”
matters with us, his cousin came in; and, upon If every young author listened as blandly to our learning the subject of conversation, said with a advice and followed it so faithfully as Narcissus, smile, “I am going to introduce a novelty." We what a very Easy Chair of counsel would ours im- demanded its nature, and he answered gayly, “I mediately become. Yet it is something to have am going to live cheaply. I am going to have my raised one rose, even though we may not have a gloves mended and cleaned. I am going to have garden; and we are glad to know that Narcissus, my coats turned, and wear old boots. I am going at least, will never again, even in the remotest to walk when the weather does not compel my wife manner, allow any friend of his, or of his friends, to ride. I shall have friends to eat a simple dinner, or indeed any person whatever, to feel harmed by and not have more expensive wine than the Czar. the sketches he may write.
I shall play whist at a shilling a game, and not fire
dollars, and I shall laugh at the man who underWe have been diligently inquiring among our takes to pity me or to look solemn. I will get on young friends of the Osric breed, as we met them with old things when I can not afford to buy new. among the promenaders at Castle Garden, and as I had rather live within my income than out of they swarm around our Chair, wha: novelties and some other man's pocket. In short, if I am poor I surprises will adorn the world of fashion during the shall not pretend to be rich, nor be afraid to deny coming season. Osric smiles and shakes his head, myself what neighbor Midas enjoys because he can and, in his English way, says that “the Governor" | afford it. And as my wife is of the same opinion, grumbles about hard times, and economies, and ex- and because I love her and she loves me, I do not travagances, and little matters which do not inter- anticipate a very dreary winter," perorated Osric's est Osric, and which he had much rather have cousin, smiling gayly and turning upon his heel. omitted. It seems to be generally understood that “ Clearly my cousin's wife is not one of the char after so disastrous a summer there must be a placid itable young ladies who are to receive the freedoin winter. There will be less disposition to plunge of the town of which we were speaking," said Os. fiercely into the revels which resound so gayly ric as the door closed upon our friend. through the long cold nights. And since the Em- But certainly his proposition is a novelty, and if