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on, 260.

cott's, Sir W.'s, Chronicles of the Canongate, extracts Sun, lines to the, 293.

Vernon, Lord-see Evidence, Circumstantial.
from, 138, 145.-Editorial remarks on the novels of, 145. Supernatural appearances, 92.

Vesuvius, eruption of, 345, 431.
Scott, Sir Walter, verses to, by Pringle, 369.
Swaine's metrical essays, specimen of, 208.

Vice and seduction, 59.
Scots, Mary, Queen of the, 188.
Swallow tribe, natural history of the, 361.

Vienna, deliverance of, by Mr. Macauley, 197.
Scotland, trip in-see Steam Excursion,
Swearing, an epigram, 108.

Virtue (verses) 336.
Scouring balls for woollen cloths, 207.
Sweeps, chimney-see Climbing-boys.

Vivent les bagatelles-see Bagatelles.
Scriptural reading, 5.
Sweet Fairy Minstrel (verses) 284.

Voyage at sea described, 234, 290, 325, 349, 377-
Sea serpent caught, 28.
Swimming, extraordinary, 12, 20-see Bedale.

Sea song (Barney Buntline) 148.

Swimming, Munchausen (a good story) 2—Across the He- Voyages of discovery, 14, 35—see Franklin and Part
Seal of the Liverpool Corporation-see Corporation. lespont, 21.

Seduction and panderism, 59, 68.

Swimming exploits, or gymnasia, 28, 29, 40-Editorial Wallace, Sir William, and the Red Rover, 422.
Selina (poetry) 412.

remarks on, 29.

Wallasey-sce Liverpool and Merscy.
Sermon by Sambo, 143.
Swimming postmen, in South America, 40.

Wallis, Dr., extraordinary memory of, 77.
Servants, female, letter respecting, 235, 248, 255, 280. Swimming matches, challenges, feats, &c. 876, 424. War, letter on, 256.
Sex, fair-sce Fair Sex,
Sylvester, Charles (the late) character of, 253.

Warfare, alleged propensity of man and other animals
Shark, the, a story, 26.
Sympathy (poetry) 320.

editorial paper on, 153.
Shelter, the (verses) 217.
Syphon hydrometer, new, 85.

Warrior's death (versea) 12, 188.
Ships, Chinese, singular construction of, 193–How to


“ Was it in sad or playful mood ?" (verses) 72.
construct so that they cannot sink, 193, 210.

Tales, entertaining, 26, 37, 38, 42, 47, 53, 57, 61, 66, 66, Washington, last hours of, 422.
Shirley, the poet, specimens of, 216.

70, 73, 78, 83, 85, 90, 92, 98, 101, 118, 122, 129, 130, Waterhouse, the Rev., memoir of, 19.
Shirt, lines to my, 398.

135, 137, 138, 144, 151, 158, 165, 182, 185, 205, 210, Watson, Lieut., telegraph of, 161.
Shoes, children's, 348.

226, 229, 234, 254, 257, 262, 273, 282, 286, 290, 301, Waverley novels, query respecting, 209.
Shooting match, ancient-see London.

309, 317, 326, 333, 345, 349, 350, 351, 361,.378, 393, Weather, changes of, indicated by drinking glasses, 37
Shopmen's hours, 24.

402, 403, 418, 426—see Ghost Seer ; see also Narratives. Wedding of the poker and tongs, by Hood, 369.
Short-hand, alleged improvement in, 85.

Tales of a Grandfather, selections from, 218, 234, 238, Wens and excrescences, 192.
Sickness, stanzas written in, 380.


West Indies, tale of themsee Slavery.
Signs, whimsical, 29.
Tankarde, Syr, ancient lines on, 284.

Westerne, Mr., a vocal performer, noticed, 408, 416.
Sismondi, original translation from, 240.
Tannahill, the poet, memoir of, 77.

Whiskers-see Hair and Albert.
Sinclair, Mr., verses to, 124.
Tavern inscription at Pisa, 44.

Whiskers and beards, editorial article on, 425_Origi
Sister, infant, lines to, 420.

Taylor, Dr. Robert, posthumous notice of, 219_Epitaph letter on, 425.
Sketch, by G. (verse) 292.

Whist, the laws of, versified, 240.
Slaughter-houses, and carrying carcases through the Teapot, description of an antique, 400.

Widows, burning of, in India, 91, 376.
streets, 91.
Tear of Sympathy, 284.

Wife, choosing of a, in Turkey, 13.
Slaves, negroes,
character of-see Negro.
Teens (Miss in her) query respecting, 376, 376.

Wife, a comical (a tale) 38.
Slavery, negro, demoralizing influence of, 289, 301, 342, Telegraph, curious particulars concerning, 152.

Williams, John--see Brunswick Theatre.
343, 367, 369.-Original essay on, 369.

Telegraphic signals by day or night, 161, 178, 251. Windsor castle described, 389.
Slavery, a sonnet, 352.
Thames Tunnel, 288.

Winter primrose (verses) 156.
Smith, Egerton, description of a new musical time-beater, Theatrical critiques, 31, 44, 76, 272, 400, 408, 416. Wish, the, poetry, by G. 336.
with an engraving, 113—Militia return, in doggerel Theatre, fall of a Roman, 347.

Woollaston, Dr., singular essay of, on a phenomenon
verses, 181.
Thermopalæ (verses on) 269.

the eyes, with engravings, 225, 227.
Smith, Sir E. J. biographical sketch of, 343.
Thief, juvenile, whimsical apology of a, 173.

Woman's loquacity (epigram) English and French, 10
Smoaker, disagreeable epigram on, 133.
Throat, Abernethy on the, 45.

Woman, verses by G. 52–Woman's love, by G. 148.
Smuggling story, 133—Song, 292.
Thunder storm, poetical description of a, 369.

Wood, Mr., interesting lectures of, 416.
Snow, singular phenomenon of, 288.
Tides, phenomena of, 372.

Wood-turning, specimens of ingenious, 424.
Soap, transparent, 27.
Tiger and elephant, fight between, 374.

Woodgate, Miss Ellen, lines to the memory of, 260.
Society, pictures of, by a nobleman, 273.

Time, on the emblematical figure of (poetry) 412. Words, play upon-see Palendı ome.
Solar rays, magnetism, 163.
Time-beater, musical—see Smith, Egerton.

Wrangham-see Barnard.
Soldier's (the old) dog, translation from the French, 83. Tom Jones-see Fielding.

Solitude, striking picture of, 361.
Toothach, recipe for the, 225.

Year 1827, verses to the, 196-New, verses to the, by
Song, by 07, 117-Whimsical, of a tailor, 148.
Toper and Love (cpigram) 100.

Song, parody on the Last Rose of Summer, 148.
Traill, Dr., address of at the annual meeting of the Liver-

Song, written on board the Albion, 368.

pool Royal Institution, 390.
Song, by Melbourne, 368, 428.
Traveller, letters of a, (original) 237, 251, 259, 290, 309,

Zella, lines to, on her birthday, 72.
Sonnet, by Melbourne, 312.

325, 349.
Sontag, Mademoiselle, notices of, 346, 350.

Traveller, the, (verses) 233.
Spanish tale of a wife, 38.
Travelling, quick-see Vallance.

Spanish romance-src Gomez.

Trifling, Literary, 297see Bagatelles.
Spectacles, the use of, demonstrated, 189.

Tulip and flower mania, 404, 413.
Speculator, dashing, epigram on, 80.
Tulip show, 405.

Aquatic gymnasia, 29_Magellan clouds, 30—Rote
Spider, seizing a turkey, 375–Singular facts respecting, Tunnel under Liverpool, 424.

patent fid, 33, 34—The Union air pump, 41-C

collar jackets, 48-The Giraffe, 81-New_mode

Turkey and Russia, Cowper's reflections on, 400.
Spit, roasting, an extraordinary, 63.
Turkish nation, accounts of the, 187, 243, 406– Their

writing music, 85–Syphon hydrometer, 85~Fac-sio
Spring, address to, 268.

cannon, 211-Women, 327.

of Mr. Canning's hand, 92_Diagram illustrative of

knight's move at chess, 108-Lord Nelson's monum
Stand at ease! 263.

Turpin, Tim, by Thos. Hood, 189.
Stanzas to Miss H., 80—By Slender, 164–By G. 284.

in Liverpool, 109–Mr. Egerton Smith's musical tin
“Twine no more," poetry, by G., 404.

beater, 113— Profile of Paul Cuffee, 155-The t
Stays, tight, ill effects of, 134.

Tyrolese minstrels, interesting particulars of the life and
Steam-carriages on common roads, with an engraving,

graph, 162, 178-Apparatus for extinguishing fire
manners of, 169, 253.

steam, 163–Map of Navarino, 176_Singular a
229, 250, 264.


quities found in Yorkshire, 212–Diagram illustra
Steam-carriage of Burstall—see Burstall.
Ude, the French cook, anecdotes of, 45.

of areas of circles, 212–Puzzles, &c. 220–Sing
Steam excursion, from Inverness to Glasgow, 281, 315. Ugo Foscoli, 115.

phenomenon respecting the direction of the eyes, 3
Steam, used to extinguish fires, 163.

Undertaker and doctor, 261.
Sterne's Maria, no fiction, 297.

227–Problem respecting steam-carriages on comr
“ Upon us let his blood,” &c. (verses) 180.

roads, 229-Living insect in a piece of wood, 23
Stonehenge, verses on, 148.


Burstall's steam-carriage, 240--Ancient horn at Hoo
Stories, old, repeating, 1874-see Tales and Narratives.

Vallance's mode of propelling passengers, &c. by an air 277- Beeston Casele, 316—Liverpool Corporations
Strachan, Admiral, memoir of, 278.

tunnel, 49, 65.

363—Chimney sweeping machines, 371-Long's ste
Strangers' Friend Society, objects of, 247.

Variety is the charm of life (verses) 232.
Street conversation, burlesque, 389.

pump, 372–Phenomena of the tides, 373_Pro
Velocity-sce Vallance.
Stye in the eye, a good pun, 424.

mountain, 391-Map of the River Mersey, 417.


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This famillar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men ai d NANNERS, ANUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANKCDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, Arts and SCIENCES, Wit and SATIRE, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. formirg & handsome AxXUAL VOLUNE, with an INDEX and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers.

N:. 367.-Vol. VIII.

TUESDAY, JULY 10, 1827.


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The Investigator.

from events unimportant in themselves, and originating sessed no real or permanent control over their followers,

in circumstances neither honourable to the sovereign, nor, of course they were necessitated to undertake nothing of [Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru. at the time, beneficial to the people. In the annals of importance without the concurrence of an assembly comof a general nature, occasional Parliamentary Docu- England, the means by which its liberties were acquired | posed of the heads of the tribes into which these followers ments, and otber speculative subjects, excluding Party , occupy no conspicuous place, nor does the notice of these were divided. Thus, when the Conquest had been achieved, Politics

means tend to give an exalted idea of the benefits they these heads of tribes, or Thanes and Coldermen as they

produced. But enough of introductory matter. I will were styled, claimed the privilege of advising their leader (ORIGINAL) now proceed in my inquiry.

in peace, as they had heretofore done in war. The leader,

“ The first accounts we have of the inhabitants of Bri- now raised to the dignity of Monarch, was too weak to AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL INQUIRY INTO THE tain present some traces of a constitution not unlike that oppose their pretensions, and was, therefore, obliged to

we at present possess,” says an historian of no mean re- acquiesce. From this sprung a Witenagemote in each

pute.* This is one of the falsities of historians ; for the kingdom of the heptarchy. The dignity of Bretwalda, or BY ERASMES, GOWER.

Ancient Britons had no trace of such a constitution as ours, head of the seven kingdoms of England, was enjoyed by The series of essays, of which the following is and Miller, when he penned the words just quoted, could the most powerful monarch of the heptarchy, and could the first, can hardly fail to prove useful and interest only be actuated by a desire to ascribe the constitution of not be obtained by hereditary right; so that in the course ing to our readers; and if we may judge by the pre- Let us examine how the case stands.

England to causes widely remote from its true origin. of a few years the dignity was transferred from one mo

• The heads of the narch to another, as the chances of war, or the revolution sent specimen, these dissertations will contain nothing British tribes elected a chief, or ruler, who, in times of Of opinion dictated. at variance with the spirit of our work, in which we foreign invasion, or internal commotion, assumed the su.

It must be confessed, that in the foregoing brief stateare pledged to abstain from introducing any thing preme command.”+ How this measure, which originated ment we find some striking similitudes to the present con, which can be deemed party politics.

solely from the principle of unanimity and obedience stitution of England. Yet these, similitudes exist but as

during temporary danger, can have a similitude to the shadows; nor to the Witen or Bretwalda can we reasonably CHAPTER I.

English constitution, will require an abler historian than ascribe the origin of our liberties. A short exposition will
Mr. Miller to prove.

prove this. As both the Witenagemote and the dignity of Io layıtg before the readers of the Kaleidoscope a brief Pass we on, therefore, to the Saxon era ; and here we themselves by force, so, as must be the case in all institu

Bretwalda existed only so long as they could maintain inquiry into the origin of the English constitution, a few find the Witenagemote, or Great Council. Of the exact tions not founded upon opinion, they speedily fell before preliminary observations will, perhaps, be requisite. It is powers and jurisdiction of the Witen we have no satisfac. a superior power :-the increased influence of the king, in not because no other writer has hitherto considered this tory accounts. One writer supposes it to bear some re the case of the Witenugemote; and the increased stability of subject that I now undertake the task, but because, 1st, semblance to what is now termed the King's Privy Coun the different nations of the heptarchy, in the case of the their researches occupy volumes, which the general reader cil,I and this is by no means improbable. In wading Bretwalda. When Egbert conquered the whole of the has neither time por inclination to peruse; and, 2nd, the through the dark annals of the Saxon times, we find the facts which writers on the English constitution produce are Witenagemote mentioned only in cases of a disputed suc annihilated, and for a longer space of time had the Witena.

heptarchy, the power of the Bretwalda had long been oftentimes so distorted, and the conclusions they draw cession, or a long minority. During the reigns of the from these facts are generally so false and inconclusive, more active Saxon monarchs, Egbert, Alfred, Edward, &c. Egbert called the Witenagemote once more into existence,

gemotes ceased to exercise their functions and privileges. that no certain reliance can be placed upon them. The the powers of the Witen slumber, and its proceedings are influence of party prejudice (that bane of historical in either stayed or involved in obscurity. It would seem,

as regarded its jurisdiction. The new Witen was composed

part of the members of the seven Witens, which were quiry) has nowhere been felt with greater force than in therefore, that the Great Council was not used as a check the perusal of the essays on the constitution of England ; on the sovereign, but as a governing power during times of long exercise its prerogatives, for after having fulfilled the

now abolished." Yet even this Witenagemote did not and this renders these essays of comparatively small value. commotion on the part of the people, or minority on the wishes of Egbert, in acknowledging him King of England,

In the present undertaking 1 purpose to select those side of the Sovereign. The constitution, that is, the ina. it slumbered through the remainder of the Saxon era, and facts which bear directly upon the question. But though terials which composed the Witenagemote, prove that, in is not mentioned, save on a few occasions, and then it was these may serve as a beacon 10 guide me through the this faint resemblance to a Parliament, there existed no they assembled to nominate a guardian during a minority, dim mists of ages, it will require some labour to sift them positive power. It was composed of the King's Thanes from the vast mass of rubbish in which they are mingled ; and Coldermen,s who were assembled to give the monarch or to depose the sovereign already deprived of his crown.

But there is yet another objection against the Witena. and, perhaps, still more labour will be requisite to te their advice in matters of importance. Yet this advice cozcile the garbled and distorted statement of the facts was by no means to be the decision upon the question, as gemote. It derived no power from the people, and conthemselves. For though these facts are too well authen- the King reserved to himself the choice of approving or the whole of the Saxon era, the people possessed no voice

sequently had no interest in common with them. During ticated to be denied, they are wholly suppressed by some disapproving of their measures and opinions. Besides, the in the state, nor were their interests or opinions considered.t uiters, and half suppressed by others. The influence of power of the Witen, emanating solely from the Sovereign, The Witenagemote, allowing it the widest range, was perly feeling bas been suffered to overpower the dictates of made it depend upon his will; and, as its duration lasted merely an assemblage of nobles

, whose power was too great truth and justice, and a total omission or a garbled state only so long as his pleasure, it could not, of course, be to be despised by the sovereign, and who, consequently, Lent has been the natural result. That these charges do very beneficial to the nation.

was constrained to be in some measure guided by their ont rest upon mere assertion, I shall prove in the course

It may not be amiss, however, to examine a little into wishes and opinions. of the present inquiry.

the origin of the Witenagemote, and also of another power It is a singular fact, that, unlike the constitutions of

I have thus attempted to prove, that to no events from Greece and Rome, the constitution of England owes its in the state called Bretwalda,ll as from these two powers the first accounts of the Britons, to the Saxon era, can we existence w events unimportant in themselves, and widely stitution. The Witen seems to have had its origin in the lead to important inferences and deductions. Leaving

some writers have argued the origin of the English Con- ascribe the liberties of England. But the next step will different in their causes. To no spirited exertions on the first invasion of England by the Saxons. As the leaders of those guides who have conducted me through the fore. part of virtuous individuals ; to no great efforts on the part the different bands who successively invaded England, pos- going remarks, I shall boldly hazard an opinion of my an enlightened people; to no generous concessions on

own, as to the origin of our liberties. In support of this the part of a good sovereign-can we attribute the liberties

• Miller, Hist. Enquiry, &e. u England. Tbese liberties arose, as before observed, $ Turner, Hist. Saxons. 1 Lingard.

Lingard. | Turner


† Miller.



opinion I shall bring forward proofs which I think will figures, &c. passing along the road are judiciously intro.

Miscellanics. establish my proposition. This proposition has not been duced, and enliven the scene; they are also pretty correctly formed without mature consideration : it is the result of a drawn, and better coloured : in short, this picture may be diligent perusal of the historiesof England, and of the works this artist's pencil, and is highly creditable to his talents ; safely pronounced the best, as well as the greatest effort of

A SWIMMING MUNCHAUSEN. of the writers on the English constitution. How far I shall it also indicates, with more attention to nature and truth

Dr. Bedale's match to swim to Runcorn, about the suc

cess of which we have spoken pretty freely, brings to mind succeed, remains yet to be proved ; but if I can awaken of colour, greater promise of excellence hereafter, and con

the following good story : attention to this important subject, I shall rest satisfied siderable rank as a landscape painter. We have also seen that I have not laboured in vain. soine Marine Views, (in the river at Liverpool,) by Mr.

To the Editor of the Montreal Herald. Ralston, upon a much larger scale than his present ones SIR,—The story of the man of his Majesty's 71 stre [End of Chapter 1.)

in the exhibition, and greatly superior to them in every giment falling overboard from the Chambley steam-boat,

respect, in merit; which we understand were intended for between Long Point and Montreal, and so miraculous! Fine Arts.

the present exhibition, but could not be finished in time, appearing on the beach before his comrades had disenand are now therefore destined for the Liverpool Exhibi. barked, reminded me of a circumstance that occurred

jon; where, we have no doubt, they will meet with that during my servitude on board the Dolphin man-of-war, MANCHESTER EXHIBITION. admiration to which they are so justly entitled.

bound to the West Indies. We were going at the rate of

about three knots and a half, when Tom Starboard, be [From the Manchester Gazette.]

longing to the foretop, (who, by the bye, was a bit of a antiguitics.

waz) sleeping in the lee fore chains, by a sudden lurch Although we have terminated our remarks upon the

of the ship was thrown overboard. “A man overboard!" pictures in the present exhibition, yet we conceive that

was the general cry fore and aft-and every one ran to ihis does not preclude us from noticing any thing connected DISCOVERY OF FOSSIL HYANAS IN KENT.

offer or give assistance to the drowning man. Tom, who therewith, or the Fine Arts generally, in this place, and which, from time to time, we may be induced to do, as

A most interesting discovery has, within these few days, nothing extraordinary, woke, on finding himself in deep

was a tolerably good swimmer, as every body theugbt, but subjects present themselves.

been made in this county, by J. Braddick, Esq. of Bough. water, and began to use his paddles, the ship passing We shall, therefore, without further preface, proceed to ton Mount, of the fossil remains of an extinct species of a head, as I was saying before, at the rate of three knots make some remarks upon a performance of one of our hyæna, and some other antediluvian animals, in the ex: and a half. Tom was soon lost sight of under the counter, Manchester artists, which we think is highly creditable to tensive quarries of Boughton, about three miles south of (for although our ship was not on Sir Robert Sepping's his talents, and marks his rapid improvement; it is also a Maidstone. These quarries appear to have been worked plan, yet she was pretty full abaft) when Tom was lucky confirmation of what we have formerly observed upon the for many centuries; and there is a tradition that many enough to get hold of the rudder chains. The hands all short notice which was given to the Manchester artists to of the materials of Westminster Abbey, and other ancient prepare for the exhibition ; and that it is more than pro. buildings in London, were brought from hence; they boat

down to pick him up; but no Tom was to be seen


ran off expecting to see Tom astern, and to lower the jolly should have had works of much greater consequence and for the purpose of erecting buildings on his estate. The cca ed. Our ship was very deep, bound out to the West merit from the Manchester artists than those which are stone is designated most commonly by the name of Kentish Indies, consequently our gun-room ports were low in th now exhibiting. Ray: it consists of a succession of beds of limestone and

This "Tom saw, and as it was getting dark, be The performance which we are now about to notice is a coarse flint, dispersed in irregular thickness through a “ View of Manchester,” by Mr.C.Calvcrt, which, though marrix of sand and sandstone ; i:s geological position is piped the hammocks down, before he got on board, which

thought he would wait till they had beat to quarters, and not in tlie exhibition, is under the same roof, placed there, in the lowest region of the green;sand formation imnies he did, and then popped down into the lady's hold (where to public criticism. The painting is upon a large scale, consist of the jaws, teeth, and broken portions of the skull, there remained till the middle of the first waich, when he commensurate with the magnitude of the town it repre together with bones of the fore and hind legs of a very sallied forth and made free with our bread bags, taking sents, and the most favourable point of view has been large hyæna, and a few other teeth and bones apparently enough to serve him for three days. At the end of this time chosen (just under our race-course) for exhibiting the best of the ox and horse. All these were found nearly together, distant view of the town, and, at the same time, of intro: within the space of a few feet in one of the numerous wind, about a knot an hour, when Master

Tom, une barver',

we were jogging along at an easy rate, with scarcely any ducing a beautifully varied and highly picturesque fore. cracks or fissures (locally called vents) that intersect the ground, and intervening scenery, which no other site about strata at this place, and are usually from one to twenty slips out of the port he came in at, and dropping as'ern. Manchester affords in an equally eniinent degree, com feet broad: on the sides of many of tliese vents are hollow began to hail the ship,—" The Dolphin a-hoy!" " Hal

. bining, with its broken and steep acclivities, bold and pro- apertures of various sizes, some of which occasionally ex.

loo," says the quarter-master, who was about getting a jecting masses, finely covered with wood, and thickly in. pand themselves into caves: two such caves have lately pull on the main brace. Says Tom," If you don't back terspersed with the country residences of our townsmen ; been destroyed in the quarries on the north side of the the man.topsail and leave io, I shall sink, for no man

can swim to the West Indies without provisions !" Every whilst, in the bottom of this beautiful landscape, the river valley, at Boughton Mount. These fissures, or vents, is here and there seen in its sinuous course, and over the cut through the strata, from the bottom of the quarries to body ran aft in amazement, for it had been blowing fresh whole, the commanding and extended view of this great the surface, are filled with diluvial loam, interspersed during the time we supposed he had been overboard; but town gives to the tout ensemble a highly interesting and with fragments of the adjacer.t rocks, and numerous Chalkthere was no time to be lost, so the boat was lowered, and imposing effect. We shall now, therefore, proceed to make flints; these last must have been drifted hither from some poor Tom picked up, to the great gratification and astoa few remarks upon its crccution, keeping our motto al distant hills

, and have fallen into the fissures at the same nishment of every body on board. On our arrival, as the ways in view, for we think that indiscriminate praise is time with the loam. This loam at its upper extremity Captain was on shore dining with the Governor, the talk more injurious in its consequences, both to the artist and becomes united to that which covers the surface of the turned upon swimming, The Governor was extolling the the public, (as far as the public taste is concerned) than quarry and the adjacent fields. The bones were discovered powers of a black man he had, and our Captain swore ne temperate and liberal criticism ; and we will candidly al. at about fifteen feet deep in one of these fissures; and

man could swim with Tom Starbcard, of the Dolphin's low, that, though the present performance has many and from the manner in which they were scattered amongst foretep; however, to make a long story short, the Captain great beauties, yet these are counterbalanced by some de- the loam and stony fragments, they appear to have been and the Governor made a heavy betile time was apfects, which, in a slight degree, deteriorate, ihough not drifted to their present place at the same time with the pointed-Tom asked one week to get ready. The car. greatly, from its general merit and effect; but they are diluvial matter, amongst which they lay occupying a

penters were ordered to make what ches's and conveniences such as will, with a little more care and attention for the position precisely similar to the bones of hyænas and other Tom required. The purser was instracted, at his request, future, be easily remedied or prevented. animals that were discovered in the fissures of the break.

to supply a fortnight's provisions. The day came, and is finely managed, and the shadows from the trees, ébrown lar diluvial loam and pebbles. It is highly probable that astonishment, - What you do dere, Massa ?" says he.His delineation of the wood and road in the foreground water limestone rock, near Plymouth, embedded in simi: Tom went on shore at the wharf appointed, when he began

to stow his grub. The black fellow looked at him with across the road, &c. are little touches of observation and at Boughton, as was the case at Plymouth, the caves nature, which serve greatly to heighten its truth and communicating with these fissures will be found to con.

“What am I doing bere?" says Tom, “why, I am taking beauty; his trees, also, though not marked with much tain an abundance of similar bones. Mr. Braddick's

in my provisions to be sure, and I advise you to do the character, are light and pleasing in their forms, and agree. workmen say they have frequently found them in his same, for dấn the bit of this do you get on the road." ably grouped and contrasted, and mark a very visible im- quarries, but always neglected to preserve them; one fine

• Why, Massa," says the negro, “me no swim more nine

“ Nine or ten miles !" says Tom, as if in provement both in his colouring and execution, which is head was thus losť but a few weeks ago : enough, howe or ten miles.”

amazement at the short distance, “ Why, man, I'm going ipore bold, free, and less mannered; but his colouring of ever, has already been done to show that the hyæna was the river and its contiguous banks is much too bright and among the an:ediluvian inhabitants of lient, as it has

to Tobago, which I believe is over 200 miles, and shan' yellow, and the general tone of the distant town and hills been proved to have been among those of Yorkshire and be back for a fortnight.”. The spectators were astounded. beyond is greatly too virid and transparent, and the ob- Devon; and it is highly probable that if the proprietors The black refused to swim. The Governor lost his wager, of a beautiful Italian atmosphere and city than that of the preserving whatever teeth, or benes, or fragments of told the secret. jects too distinctly marked; giving it more the appearance of quarries in this country will reward their workmen 10 and it was not until we were homeward bound that Tom

BOB TRANSOX. dingy, dense, and smoky appearance which Manchester bones, they may dig up in the course of working their almost always assumes: the sky, however, is well com. stone, ina'y siipilar discoveries will soon be made. Pro. A Dab at Rhymes.-A punster, and a great cab at posed and handled, but partakes of the same fault which fessor Buckland and some other gentlemen of the Geolo- crambo, one day observed tliat any thing might be turned we have just noticed, in its colouring. There is also con gical Society of London have this week visited Mr. Brad. inio rhyme, or dozgerel, upon which a friend, pointing to a siderably more attention paid to his keeping, or aïrial per. dick's quarries, and entertain the most sanguine expec: board in Bold-street, upon which was painted the words spective, but his linear is, in some respects, incorrect, par. tations that his further researches thereio will be attended " This House to be sold," exclaimed, “Come, then, ticularly in the house on the left, scated in the middle of with success. Mr. B. has added materially to the value turn that into rhyme !" upon which the other, with in the acclivity, and both this and some others a little farther of his discovery, by communicating information of it finite promptitude, (as Mathews says) redeemed his pledge, on want toning to a lower key; indeed, if this was gene. immediately to the Geological Society of London, as well by writing, with chalk, on the board, rally done, we are convinced that it would greatly im. as hy presenting the specimens to their museum.-- Muidprove both the effect and bariuony of the whole. The few slove, June 12, 1827.

S 0 L D.


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A dangerous Adventure.-Not long since, a reverend steam engine to crack it) to any individual curious in the

NEW PATENTS. Clergyman in Vermont, being apprehensive that the examination of the giant productions of nature. And the accumulated weight of snow upon the roof of his barn same gentleman, we observed, has made a considerable

To W. J. H. Hood, of Arundel-street, Strand, Lieut. snight do some damage, was resolved to prevent it by sea. collection of beautiful shells, spars, ores, &c.

R.N. for improvements on pumps, chiefly applicable to sonably shorelling it off. He therefore ascended it, having

ships.-Dated the 26th of May, 1827.- 6 months allowed first, for fear the snow might all slide off at once, and him

Face Painting: -Lady Coventry, the celebrated beauty, to enrol specification. self with it, fastened to his waist one end of a rope, and killed herself with painting. She bedaubed herself with

To G. Burgess, of Bagnigge Wells, for improvements given the other to his wife. He went to work, but fearing White, so as to stop perspiration. Lady Mary Wortley in the construction of wheeled-carriages.—26th of May.Still for his safety, "My dear," said he, "tie the rope bath to scrape off the paint, which was almost as thick as round your waist.” No sooner had she done this, than off

To T. Clarke, of Market-Harborough, for improvewent the snow, poor minister and all, and up went his the pluster on a wall.

ments in manufacturing carpets.-26th May.--4 months. wife. Thus on one side of the barn the astounded and

To Malcom Muir, of Glasgow, for machinery for preconfounded clergymnan hung, but on the other side hung houses in Garden-street was completely successful; they paring boards for flooring and other purposes.—Ist of dangling at the end of the rope. At that moment, how. tenants, without having sustained

any injury; the pre- of attaching, fixing, or securing the dead.eyes to the

To J. W. Clarke, of Tiverton, for his improved mode ever, a gentleman, luckily passing by, delivered them from parations were the work of some time; the two buildings channels and sides of ships. —8th

of June.—6 months. this perilous situation.-Vermont Pat.

having been put upon ways, or into a cradle, were easily Lard Norbury's Latest.-As his Lordship was return. screwed on a new foundation. The inventor of this in preparing wire cards, and dressing woollen and other

To J.C. Daniell, of Stoke, Wiltshire, for improvements Laing, the other day, from a ride, he met Surgeon C-m-1 simple and cheap mode of moving tenanted brick build. cloths. 28th of June.—6 months. surgeon having told him where he was going, “ Dirty of time it is likely

that houses will be put up upon ways provements on capstans.—8th of June.—6 months.

To C. Phillips, Esq. of Rochester, Capt. R. N. for imI work," said his Lordship, "cutting up those dead bodies; at brick or stone quarries, and sold as ships are, to be said the surgeon, ** we always have them washed before if the American mechanic, who can perform these won for their new

table apparatus to promote the ease, como how very disagreeable you must find it.” Oh, no,” delivered in any part of the city.--American paper.- of Marines, and w. R. Hale King, of No: 66, snow.hill, they are brought to us." . Ay, ay,” rejoined the peer, ders, had been in Liverpool, he might have pushed the fort, and economy of persons at sea.—12th of June.-6 "and you take care to mangle them yourselves after-Lord-street shops back, without disturbing the stock or months. wards. "-Freeman's Journal.-If Lord Norbury has fixtures. --Edit.'Kal.

To S. Robinson, of Leeds, flax-dresser, for improve. really had the hardihood to sport this vile pun, we would advise his Lordship to quit the profession of punning to.

Napoleon.— Sir Walter Scott has made one most notable ments in machinery for hackling or dressing and clearing gether with that of the law; for although a punster need discovery, namely, that the great Napoleon could not hemp, flax, and tow.—16th of June.—6

months. 3 not be a first-rate genius, he ought to have

some rem- write or speak the French language correctly.- We cannot nants of memory, to enable him to avoid plagiarism ; and carry our respect for Sir Walter Scott so far as to put any

if he will retail old jokes, he ought not to spoil them. credit in so very improbable a tale.
The original of this pun, which is to be found somewhere
Irish Answers. I have often heard it remarked and

[From the Liverpool Courier.]
poi amongst the facetiæ of Mr. Miller, as Mr. Brougham
las calls him, was better than his Lordship's version. It was complained of by travellers and strangers, that they never
is somewhat after this fashion :-A was bantering B, whose could get a true answer from any Irish peasant as to dis-
da face and linea were not as white as the driven snow. "Oh!" tances, when on a journey. For many years I myself
says B, "you are only ironing me." "He should not thought it most unaccountable. If you meet a peasant on

you,” says C, " before you are washed ;” to which your journey, and ask him how far, for instance, to BalB rejoined, I care not what he does, so that he don't linrobe ? he will probably say it is three short miles.”

You travel on, and are informed by the next peasant you e mangle me.”-Edit. Kal.

meet," that it is five long miles.' On you go, and the July As a gentleman was lately crossing the Thames, he next will tell your honour” it is “four miles, or about

s.W. Cloudy. Sky asked the waterman if any body was ever lost in the pas- that time.” The fourth will swear, "if your honour

66 0W.N.w. Fair. sage? “ No, Sir, (replied the waterman,) never; my stops at three miles, you'll never get there?". But, on

27th,-Heavy rain during night. brother was drowned last week, but we found him pointing to a town just before you, and inquiring what

28th,-Heavy rain during night. again the next day.”-Furet.-Mr. Furet puts us in a place

that is, he replies, ...Oh! plaze
your honour, that's

29th,-Ten, a.m. showers. fury, by claiming this as original. Like the preceding, it Ballinrobe, sure enough!"." Why, you said it was more

1st,-Eight, a.m. rain. is to be found in the works of the immortal Mr. Miller:-1 than three miles off!" Oh, yes! to be sure and certain, I Edit. Kah

REMARKS FOR JUNE. that's from my own cabin, plaze your honour. We're no

scholards in this country. 'Arrah ! how can we tell any Monthly mean of atmospherical pressure, 29:79; mean ma GOUGING.

distance, plaze your honour, but from our own little temperature,-extreme during night, 52:1; eight, a.m. The following incredible story is taken from an Ameri- cabin ? Nobody but the schoolmaster knows that, plaze 58:1; noon, 62:24; extreme during day, 64:15; general I can paper :

your honour.”—Sir J. Barrington's Sketches of his T'imes 'mean, 59:10; prevailing winds, westerlyi
A Kentuckian belonging to a surveying party under an
Bel officer of the United States' engineers, swimming in St.
John's River, was seized by a large alligator, and taken

de under the water. In a short time the Kentuckian and the
alligator rose to the surface, the latter having the right

A CHANT. leg of the former in his mouth, and the former having his thumbs in the eyes of his antagonist. The officer imme. diately gave orders to his party, who were in a boat a few

COMPOSED BY R. K. JONES, OF DENBIGH. yards from the combatants, to go to the relief of their comrade;

but the Kentuckian peremptorily forbade any interference, saying, "Give the fellow fair play.” It is needless to add, that the gouger obtained a complete victory. Having taken out one of the eyes of his adver. sary, the latter, in order to save his other eye, relinquished

Es his hold upon the Kentuckian's leg, who returned to the shore in triumph.

An enormous Nut.-There is now in the possession of Mr. F. Arstell (of the office for the adjustment of weights and measures, near the New Market) a nut of an enormous size, the product of a species of palm tree, and brought to this port from an uncultivated island in the South

Seas. The shell is something of the form of two kidney-beans, united or stuck together sidewise, being, as it were, double. It has evidently been covered by a husk, and is of the colour and grain of a cocoa-nut; the shell is more than a quarter of an inch thick. The extreme girth of this nut is two feet 114 inches, or within a quarter of an inch of a yard. Round

e the middle it measures 8 feet 74 inches; and its capacity

6-9 may be estimated by the fact, that from the kernel, which was hollow within, there were taken two gallons, one quart,

popo and one half pint. The rind, which is textured like that of the cocoa-nut, was, however, found to be oily, discoloured, and with scarcely any flavour; but, when fresh, it is, probably, agreeable to the palate. Mr. Arstell, who resides in Dubean-street East, would, we doubt not, willingly show this montrous nut (which would almost require a

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Wayfaring messengers, who come to tell
The tales of other lands—then take a quick farewell.
And who that wanders out but loves the flowers

That fill the earth with gladness and perfume,Making an Eden of our loneliest bowers,

And bringing back with their delicious bloom The days of childhood, when our pleasures lay Thick as the summer flowers, and oh! as fleet as they? Then let us out-for morning has the leaven

Of beauty, youth, and freshness, till it seems Back to our spirits early life was given,

With all its hopes, and joys, and fairy dreams. Oh! would that morning's breathing, light, and dew,

Could in our hearts their innocence renew. Roscommon-street, May, 1827.




Spirit of melody, from realms unknown, Spirit of barmony, all, all thine own! Harp of the winds, the silence gently breaking, While all unseen the hand thy sweetness waking ; Spirit of sympathy! oh, let me keep With thee lone vigils where the moonbeams sleep, Lovely and tranquil on some isle remote, Where Echo starts but at thy witching note, And all-enamoured of the seraph strain, Seeks to repeat it yet, and yet again ! Spirit of love, and sorrow, while to thee Offers the heart its tribute, silently; Thrice blessed inmates of a brighter sphere, Shades of the lost, the beautiful appear ! For thine to wake the sympathies of soul Time cannot weaken, nor can fate control; The whisperings thine, the glorious visions blest, Shining serenest on the mourning breast! Harp of the winds, rough the blue ether stealing, And Paradise to earthly gaze revealing ; Harp of the winds, with soul-subduing note, Still, heaven-inspired, on wings of zephyr float, And the tranced heart a captive, willing, take, And bid it from its galling fetters break; With thee to traverse where no eye may trace, Far o'er the chasm rude of Time's abyss ; The spicy vales of Araby explore, And sicken at decay, and change no more. Harp of the winds ! roused by thy varied song, Lo! what a motley crowd tumultuous throng Of grave and gay; the present and the past, And ah ! the passions too, nor least, nor last, Obedient to thy call, a numerous band, Confess the wavings of thy wizard wand. Mighty magician of the inmost soul ! Still undisputed be thy loved control ; Still thine the tones to memory most dear, Th'impassioned sigh be thine, and thine the tear; Thine the deep mysteries of the spirit, fraught With more than mortal melody e'er taught; A spell surpassing all to minstrel known, A charm omnipotent, and thine alone ! Spirit of harmony, confest of heaven, Still be to me thy witching echoes given, Thy solemn sadness, mixed with visions holy, Fancy's gay dreams, and dearer inelancholy, Till on the stream of Time no longer tost,

In strains yet purer, thine, loved harp, are lost ! Liverpool.

Young Bill, the woodman, well 'tis known

Was long betroth'd to Sue;
But she writ word she would not wed,

Ah! 'was a Billy-do.
Then he spoke out his mind afresh,

And of his hopes did tell her ;
Said she, “ Your head is like the trees

That you do fell, you fellor !
Bill ar'd no more-but vow'd, alas!

No longer boughs he'd lop;
So stole away at dinner time,

Nor took another chop.
He paid his bill at public-house,

As oft he'd done before,
But twenty shillings they did want,

And said it was his score !
Then for a soldier he did go,

And left his granny-dears;
Inlisted, how his tears did flow,

For they were volun-teers!
Among the awkward squad was Bill,

With many younkers more,
Where he did find much to his cost

That drilling was a bore.
For tho' the seasons change, 'tis said

To Bill it seem'd quite clear,
In summer-winter-just the same

'Twas March throughout the year. The bullets flew in battle's heat

Around his martial brow,
Cried Bill—“ They have forgotten sure

I'm not a wood-man now.'
A ball struck Bill upon the cheek,

Which made him faintly falter
“Oh! how they've altered my queer jib

At the siege of Gib'raltar.
“ Had I but listed in the Guards,

I had not met these woes ;
Now having lost one-half my face,

I cannot face my foes.
“ And as for rallying all my strength,

To make the wretches rue it,
The thing is quite impossible

I've not the face to do it."
With hands fast tied, and led along

A prisoner by the foe-man;
But Bill got free, and laughing cried,

“ The tide will stay for no man." Now safely stored at Chelsea Reach,

Poor Bill does stoutly sing-
With a whole heart, but half a head,

“ Long live-God save the King."

Beneath a classic sky

Tny hidden purity
To nymph or goddess had been consecrate ;

King, warrior, bard, divine,

Had mingled at thy shrine,
Bearing rich gifts, thee to propitiate.

Then, from thy twilight dim,

Pæan and votive hymn,
In the still moonlight had come pealing out;

Then odours sweet been shed,

From flower. gifts garlanded,
And here been sacred rite, and festive shout.

And marvel 'tis thy spring,

So purely bubbling,
Never was sainted, ne'er had cross nor sign ;

Strange, that beside thy well

No holy hermit's cell,
Blessing thy waters, made this nook a shrine.

Fount of the forest ! no;

Thy water's crystal flow
Ne'er had a legend, traveller never came,

Childhood nor crippled age,

On wearying pilgrimage, From a far region guided by thy name.

And now, 'mong mosses green,

Dim in thy leafy screen,
Ages ago thy silvan fount was flowing ;

The squirrel on the tree,

The bird's blithe melody,
And drooping ferns around thy margin growing.

Even then thy cool retreat

Lurid the tired peasant's feet ; Here gentle creatures shunned the noontide beam ;

And, from the hunter's dart,

Here fled the chased hart,
And bathed his antler'd forehead in the stream.

Pure fount ! there need not be

Proud rites' solemnity,
Priest, altar, hymn, nor legend, to recall

The soul to holy thought,

'Tis by thy silence brought, Thy dimness, and thy water's tinkling fall.

There is a spell of grace

Around this quiet place,
That lures the spirit to a better mood;

Wbence ? --but that man's weak arm

Hath not dissolv'd the charm Which Nature forms in her calm solitude.


The writer of the following doggerels informs us, (which was superfluous, by the bye,) that he is no poet. It seems he has learned to swim by means of the cork collar jacket, and these verses are intended to evince his gratitude. As we last week said, we hope that he swims better than he versifies.

Let puppics at this jacket rail,

Or envious scribes attack it,
In ship or boat I'll never sail

Without a collar jacket.
When ships are stranded, boats upset,

For thousands I will back it,
He's the best chance on shore to get

Who has the collar jacket.
If cash or notes you chance to have,

Make all snug in a packet;
And you your cash and life may save

By means of this said jacket.
This jacket let them slight who choose,

For one I ne'er will lack it;
Others their cash and life may lose,

I'll save mine by a jacket.
Then let each one who takes a tour

On board a steamer-packet,
Before all other things be sure

To get the collar jacket.



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Tide Table.
Days. Morn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c.

h. m. h. m. ft. in.
Tuesday ..10 11 58 19 10
Wednesdayll 0 21 0 44 19
Thursday..12 1 6 1 29 19 3
Friday ....13 1 51 2 14 18 3
Saturday..14 2 36 2 58 16 8

(Swithin. Sunday....15 3 21 2 58 14 11 5th Sunday after Trinity. Monday ..16 4 11' 4 40 13 4 Tuesday ..17 5 12 5 45 12 1

Fount of this lonely nook !

Hardly may heaven look
Through the green covert of thy leafy trees :

Yet, in thy lucent wave,

Green ferns and mosses lave, Dimpling thy stream as sways the passing breeze.


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