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would result from the uncertainty and confusion produced by a multiplicity of signals and from the false security that would be created in the minds of mariners; and if vessels were navigated in dependence on such signals, when neither could see the other, there would be dan. ger that the officer in charge might read the signal incorrectly, or, if he read it correctly, would interpret it wrongly."

The PRESIDENT. Is the Conference ready to consider this question now, or does any delegate desire that it should be printed and laid over for further consideration ?

Mr. GOODRICH (United States). Mr. President, I might say in regard to this matter that I have simply added to the resolution, which I of. fered the other day, a few words, taken, with some sligbt changes of grammar rendered necessary by the language of the resolution, bodily from the report of the Committee on Sound-Signals. I have now embodied in this resolution both of the grounds upon which the commit. tee saw fit to report that it was inexpedient to adopt these course-indi. cating sound-signals in foggy weather. If there is any desire to have it printed, I have no objection to having it laid over. I will, however, move the passage of this resolution. I gave my reasons for presenting it at the last meeting of the Conference.

Mr. HALL (Great Britain). Mr. President, I hope this resolution will be passed, because I apprehend that the feeling of the Conference is practically unanimous on the point, and if any of us had doubts before, those doubts, I think, have been set at rest after consideration of the very able report of the Sound-Signal Committee. · The experience of the Conference during Wednesday and Thursday of last week, when we discussed and determined a very limited number of sound-signals, for cases which were admittedly cases of danger, will, I think, strengthen this feeling. Under tbese circumstances I hope that the Conference will not have any difficulty in coming to a determination upon this resolution.

The PRESIDENT. The resolution will be read again for the information of the Conference.

The resolution is as follows:

" Resolved, That in the opinion of the Conference it is inexpedient to adopt course-indicating sound-signals in foggy or thick weather; inasmuch as among the other strong reasons presented by the Sound-Signal Committee, if such signals were used in crowded waters danger would result from the uncertainty and confusion produced by a multiplicity of signals, and from the false security that would be created in the minds of mariners; and if vessels were navigated in dependence on such signals when neither could see the other, there would be danger that the officer in charge might read the signal incorrectly, or if he read it correctly would interpret it wrongly."

The PRESIDENT. The question is upon this resolution.

Mr. GOODRICH (United States). Mr. President, upon that I call for the yeas and nays,

Mr. HALL (Great Britain). Mr. President, might I point out if there was no expression of opinion against the resolution it would be unani. mous ?

Mr. GOODRICH (United States). Mr. President, my reason for calling for the yeas and nays is that the members of the United States delega-. tion have been approached and pressed by various bodies and by many individuals to secure from the Conference, if possible, the adoption of these course-indicating sound-signals in a fog; and while I know that the committee have made a very strong report, I still want to have it appear that the Conference, not hastily, but by the expression of each delegate, have expressed their idea upon this resolution. The yea

and nay vote is as follows:

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The PRESIDENT. Twenty-two have voted in the affirmative, there are no negatives, and five absentees; so the resolution is unaniniously adopted.

Mr. GOODRICII (United States). Mr. President, I will now present a report of the Collocation Committee of an interlocutory character, which I am compelled to present without the signature of the delegate from France, as be was not at the session of the committee at which this sub. ject was considered, and is not in attendance on the Conference this morning. I will ask the Secretary to read the report.

The interlocutory report of the Collocation Committee is as follows:

6 To Rear-Admiral SAMUEL R. FRANKLIN,

President of the International Marine Conference: " The Collocation Committee have deemed it wise to make an interlocutory report, calling attention to extra amendment No. 41 for Article 3, proposed by Captain S. W. Flood, of Norway, and adopted by the Conference November 14.

6 It reads as follows:

"ART. 3 (9) Said green and red side lights to be placed in steam-vessels not forward of the masthead light, and in sailing vessels as near abreast of the foremast as practical."

" The Collocation Committee is aware that the Conference did not confer upon it the right to suggest or make any change of the principle contained in any of the rules, but the proposed change is so radical and far-reaching in its results, that in the opinion of the committee the attention of the Conference should be again called to the serious difficul.

ties in the way of its adoption, and the great expenses to steam-vessels, and especially to war vessels, which will result from this provision.

“The cominittee therefore recommend that this amendment be reconsidered, and that if the proposed change of the position of the side lights is approved of, the suggestion be made in a note, instead of being embodied in the regulations.

“SPAUN, Austria-Hungarg.
“ SIEVEKING, Germany.
CHARLES HALL, Great Britain.
“S. TSUKAHARA, Japan.
"A. R. MONASTERIO, Mexico.
«T. SALVESEN, Norway.
“N. KAZNAKOFF, Russia.
“ Wm. W. GOODRICH (Chairman), United States."

Mr. GOODRICH (United States). Mr. President, I do not know that the Conference will care at this time to hear the reasons which induced the Collocation Committee to present this report, or whether it would be the desire of the Conference that this report should be printed and laid upon the table for future action. I am prepared to take either course, according to the wish of the Conference, especially, I may say, in deference to the desire of the learned delegate from Norway, who presented the amendment in question.

The PRESIDENT. The question is upon the motion to reconsider.

Mr. FLOOD (Norway). Mr. President, as this amendment, which was carried and accepted by the Conference, was presented by me, I most sincerely beg permission to have it laid over for future consideration. It was put into my hands about five minutes ago, and before that time I had no idea that it would be brought before the Conference. I think it only fair to give some little chance to think the matter over.

Mr. HALL (Great Britain). Mr. President, I am sure that we shall all agree that this matter should stand over for future consideration, so that we may all of us be prepared to discuss it thoroughly when it is next reached. Might I suggest this, that we request the Committee on lights to be so kind as to consider this point. I think they could aid us, without trespassing on their time to any great length, because we are aware that this was introduced in consequence of something which was included in the report of the Committee on Lights. For that pur. pose I would move that the Committee on Lights be requested to give the Conference its views on the matter referred to in the interlocutory report of the Collocation Committee of this date. That is of course, assuming, as I take for granted will be the case, that the Conference will agree to reconsider the matter, but we must take a formal vote to that effect. As soon as we do that I will then move to request the Committee on Lights to assist us in the matter,

The PRESIDENT. The question is upon the motion to reconsider.

The question was put to the Conference upon the motion to recon. sider, and it was carried.

Mr. HALL (Great Britain). Mr. President, I now move pro forma that the Committee on Lights be requested to give the Conference their views on the matter referred to in the interlocutory report of the Collocation Committee of this date.

The PRESIDENT. The Conference has heard the motion of the dele. gate from Great Britain. Is the Conference ready for the question ?

The question was put to the Conference upon the motion to refer the principle contained in the interlocutory report of the Collocation Committee to the Committee on Lights, and the motion was carried.

The PRESIDENT. The interlocutory report of the Collocation Committee will be printed and referred to the Committee on Lights.

The next business in order is the consideration of the report of the Committee on Uniform Load Mark. There seems to be no other business before the Conference which takes precelence of this matter. It was the ruling of the Conference some days ago that these reports should be considered in order after the rules of the road had been disposed of. The rules are now practically disposed of so far as the Conference can deal with them. Therefore, in order to keep up the continuity of the work, the next order of business appears to be the consideration of the reports. The report of the Committee on Uniform Load Mark will be read.

The report is as follows.

Report of the Committee upon the subject of a Uniform Load-Mark, Gen

eral Division 3 of the Programme.

Members of the Commitlee.—Brazil, Capt. J. Maurity; Chili, Lieutenant Beaugency; China, Lieutenant Chia Ni Hsi; France, Captain Richard ; Germany, Dr. Sieveking; Great Britain, Mr. Gray; Italy, Captain Settembrini; The Netherlands, Captain Hubert; United States, Mr. Griscom.

“ WASHINGTON, November 26, 1889. " To Rear-Admiral S. R. FRANKLIN,

President of the International Marine Conference, etc. “SIR: Your committee having been appointed to report on the subject of a Uniform Load-Mark, have first of all endeavored to obtain as much information as could be collected on this very important question.

“ The British law, as laid down in the merchant shipping act, 1876 (39 and 40 Vict., c. 80), gives certain powers to the Board of Trade to detain British and foreign vessels which, by reason of overloading or improper loading, are unfit to proceed to sea without serious danger to human life. These powers may be put into force against foreign ships when they have taken on board all or any part of their cargo at a port in the United Kingdom, and are, whilst at that port, unsafe by reason of overloading or improper loading.

66 With the intention of carrying out this law in a way consistent with the interests of the mercantile community on the one side, and with the regard due to protection of life and property on the other side, certain general rules, after careful investigations instituted by a load-line committee appointed by the President of the Board of Trade, as well as by the Board of Trade, have been framed with the purpose of ascertaining whether a ship be overloaded or not. These rules assign to ships a freeboard, which, according to the experience collected on the subject, is considered sufficient to prevent dangerous overloading with out unduly interfering with trade, and they contain tables assigning such freeboard as is suitable for vessels of the highest class in Lloyd's Register, or of strength equivalent thereto, and which is to be increased for ships of inferior strength.

“The above-mentioned rules have proved to be a good standard upon which to determine the proper loading of British vessels which are classed in Lloyd's Register, or for other vessels the particulars of whose strength and fitness to carry any particular cargo can easily be ascertained by the surveyors of the Board of Trade.

“As regards foreign ships, however, which are loading in the United Kingdom, and which are either not classed in Lloyd's Register or the particulars of which can not be ascertained without a minute examination, the difficulty exists that the law which intends to guard against the dangers arising from overloading can not be enforced without seri. ous disadvantages to the owners of ships and cargoes consequent upon the difficulty of ascertaining whether the ships are fit to carry the cargo in question.

" For these reasons it appears to be obvious that it would be very desirable if means could be found to ascertain, in a simple and easy way and without loss of time, the fitness of any vessel loading in a port of the United Kingdom to load a particular cargo.

“ These remarks naturally apply also to vessels loading elsewhere, because it is a very high and important interest, common to all nations, to take every possible measure for the protection of life and property against the dangers arising from overloading.

“For these reasons it appears to deserve very serious attention whether, by providing for a certain load-line to be marked on sea-going ships, a trustworthy and simple method could be arrived at for decid ing whether a loading vessel should be detained for overloading or ought to be allowed to go to sea.

"The British Government has recently invited the attention of other Governments to this question. But inasmuch as up to the present no progress has been made in this matter, the question arises whether something could be done to expedite an understanding by any action on the part of the Conference now here assembled.

“Now, as far as your committee have been able to ascertain, the laws of many maritime nations contain provisos for dealing with the ques. tion of overloading and enabling the local authorities to detain over. iaden ships. But nowhere, except in Great Britain, as far as is known, have statutory rules been introduced for the purpose of ascertaining whether a ship be fit to carry a certain cargo by a load-mark or load. line.

“In order to arrive at such laws and to enforce them it would appear to be necessary to induce the Governments of the maritime nations not only to institute investigations similar to those made in Great Britain above referred to, but also to establish a sufficient aff of competent officials to insure the universal compliance with the laws to be given, and to establish courts of appeal authorized to decide on complaints against unjust detention and to award damages to the ship-owners and shippers of cargo in case of an unjustifiable detention.

“It appears to your committee that this would be surrounded with very serious difficulties, as it depends upon the varying conditions of each country whether the Governments would think it advisable to take steps in this direction or not. It must be kept in mind that a great display of scientific labor, and moreover a heavy expenditure of money,

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