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TREATIES, &c.

CHAPTER I.

TREATY OF GHENT OF 1814 WITH GREAT BRITAIN.

Little settled by Jay's treaty-Mr. King, minister to England-Made no treaty-Succeeded by Mr. Monroe-Proposes a convention to Lord Hawkesbury-Rule of '56-Account of it-Injurious to American commerce-Special mission of Messrs. Monroe and PinkneyConvention with Lords Holland and Auckland—Most favourable ever made-President rejects it without consulting Senate-Impressment Account of it-Opinions of Foster, Mansfield and Chatham -Convention with Lord St. Vincent-Chesapeake-England offered reparation-Refused to consider the affair in connexion with other topics in discussion—Mr. Rose-Mission ineffectual—Orders in council-Great sensation-Erskine arrangement-UnsuccessfulErskine withdrawn-Mr. Jackson-His correspondence with government—Dismissed—England expresses no mark of displeasure—Antedated decree-England refuses to repeal orders—Declaration of 1812-War-Remarks on neutrality-Mediation of Russia-Not successful-Peace of Ghent-No disputed point settled-PeacePolicy of America-War of 1812, good effect on national character.

We shall give, in this chapter, an account of the different negotiations that led to the war of 1812 with Great Britain, and finally terminated in the peace of Ghent. We propose to divide this period into two parts;-the first relating to events immediately preceding the orders in council of 1807, and the other, comprehending the portion of time from that event to the peace above mentioned.

VOL. II.

1

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