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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACT

A MAY

V.S. Congreso. Seviate

Seriate .
HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SPECIAL COMMITTEE
ON SPACE AND ASTRONAUTICS,

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 3609

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR RESEARCH INTO PROBLEMS
OF FLIGHT WITHIN AND OUTSIDE THE EARTH'S

ATMOSPHERE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MAY 6, 7, AND 8, 1958

PART 1

Printed for the use of the Special Committee on Space and Astronautics

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SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON SPACE AND ASTRONAUTICS

LYNDON B. JOHNSON, Texas, Chairman
RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire
THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin
JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa
WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts
CLINTON P. ANDERSON, New Mexico JOHN W. BRICKER, Ohio
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota
EDWIN L. WEISL, Consulting Counsel
CYRUS VANCE, Consulting Counsel
Dr. HOMER JOE STEWART, Scientific Consultant
Dr. GLEN P. WILSON, Coordinator of Technical Information
Mrs. EILENE GALLOWAY, Special Consultant

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACT OF 1958

TUESDAY, MAY 6, 1958

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON SPACE AND ASTRONAUTICS,

Washington, D. C. The special committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:30 a. m., in room 457, Senate Office Building, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson (chairman) presiding:

Present: Senators Lyndon B. Johnson (chairman), Green, McClellan, Anderson, Symington, Bridges, Wiley, Hickenlooper, Saltonstall and Bricker.

Also present: Edwin L. Weisl, consulting counsel; Eilene Galloway, special consultant; Dr. Glen P. Wilson, technical coordinator; Gerald W. Siegel, Stuart French, and Solis Horwitz, professional staff members.

Senator JOHNSON. Will the committee please come to order.

I am informed that we do not have microphones for the audience and therefore it is necessary that those of us at the table speak louder than usual if we expect those in the hearing room to follow us.

First of all, two of our most outstanding members are in a leadership conference at the White House this morning and will be delayed.

In view of the fact that General Doolittle's time is limited and he expects to leave for Europe after he completes his testimony here, we thought we should go ahead as scheduled.

I should like to ask the members of the staff who have worked on this hearing to please stand as I present them so that all of the members of the committee may know them.

Mr. Edwin Weisl, please stand.

Mr. Solis Horwitz and Mr. Gerald Siegel; Dr. Glen Wilson and Mrs. Eilene Galloway.

(Those named arose momentarily.)

We have a number of other staff members who have worked with us but who are not here this morning, and we are very grateful for the outstanding service they have performed.

We are here today to begin consideration of a bill which will create a Federal agency with the specific responsibility of guiding the Nation in the exploration of outer space. It will be printed in the record at this point.

(S. 3609, 85th Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL to provide for research into problems of flight within and outside the earth's atmosphere, and for

other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958."

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SEC. 2. The Congress hereby declares that the general welfare and security of the United States require that adequate provision be made for research into, a

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