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Mr. BURLESON. You understand, General, there has been an enormous increase in your bureau since 1903.

Paymaster Gen. CowIE. Yes, sir; and the Naval Establishment has increased since that time very materially, and every item of appropriation is accounted for in that bureau. There is really an immense amount of work, as I have stated in this memorandum, and this chief clerk we have there now is really an expert accountant and getting only $2,000. The pay of the clerks, of course, has not been increased, while the pay of all the higher officials, including the Army and Navy, have been, and, as we all know, the increased cost of living is something frightful.

Mr. BURLESON. To sum the whole thing up, your work is current, your force is efficient, and you recommend these increases because you think they ought to have more money?

Paymaster Gen. Cowie. Because I think they ought to have more money and in order to keep an efficient class of clerks in the bureau.

Mr. Johnson. How many people have you in your bureau ?
Paymaster Gen. COWIE. One hundred and one.

Mr. Johnson. The promotions you have asked for would increase the compensation of practically every person in the office, would it not?

Paymaster Gen. Cowie. I would start at the top, and I had this schedule here prepared so you can see that at a glance. It would practically help every man in the office, and it is something that is really necessary. I believe by having them better paid we would have a better class of clerks, who would stay there and naturally take more interest in their work.

EFFICIENCY RECORD,

Mr. BURLESON. What steps have you taken to accumulate the data to enable the Civil Service Commission to prepare the efficiency record required by the last legislative bill?

Paymaster Gen. CoWIE. Steps are being taken to do that in the department now.

Mr. BURLESON. Have you got your eye on some of them you are going to demöte?

Paymaster Gen. Cowie. No, sir. The force that we have at the present time I must say is very efficient, and some of them work overtime at night and everything else and have done excellent work there. In fact, they had to work at night in order to keep the work up and get out the annual report this last time.

Mr. BURLESON. How long did they do that?

Paymaster Gen. Cowie. Well, after the 1st of August there was some of them working almost up until about a month ago in the accounting section.

Mr. BURLESON. And now that that rush is over, they will have a very leisurely time until next August.

Paymaster Gen. Cowie. No, sir. Of course, while they are at work on the annual report they have to let the current work stand, and that is waiting for them to take up as soon as the annual report is out of the way, so it keeps our force pretty well on the rush all the time.

BUREAU OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY.
STATEMENT OF DR. W. S. GIBSON, CHIEF CLERK.

Mr. JoHNsoN. The first item in the bill I presume you have a little delicacy in talking very much about, but still we would like to know what the facts are. The estimates submitted propose an increase of $500 in your salary. How long since you had an increase?

Dr. GIBSON. I have never had an increase as chief clerk.

Mr. Johnson. How long have you been chief clerk?

Dr. GIBSON. I have been chief clerk five years.

Mr. JoHNsoN. How long have you been in the Government service?

Dr. GIBSON. I have been in the Government service since January, 1878–35 years this next January. I have been that long in the Navy Department.

ADDITIONAL CLERK.

We are asking for one additional clerk of class 2, at $1,400. Mr. JoHNSON. Why do you need an additional clerk? Dr. GIBSON. There are 12 clerks in our bureau. There has been no increase in the clerical force for a number of years. Mr. JoHNSON. Is there any increase in the work of that office? Dr. GIBSON. A very great increase. The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery has to do directly with the personnel of the Navy. We maintain personal relations with and personal records of every officer and enlisted man in the service, and as the personnel of the Navy increases our work increases in just that proportion. Since we last had an increase in the clerical force, which was by the act of 1905, 7 years ago, the personnel of the Navy has increased from 40,000 to something over 60,000. That is an increase of 50 per cent in the strength of the Navy, and there has been no increase in our clerical force. Mr. JoHNSON. I have been very much impressed by one statement you made, and I am anxious to know how the sum total of the appropriation has increased from $14,620 in 1905 to $17,340 in 1913, when there has been only one man added to the force. There must have been some considerable promotions. Dr. GIBSON. No, sir. I will explain that to you. Prior to that appropriation of 1906, which shows the first increase, the naval appropriations provided for services of a clerical force outside of this bill. Mr. JoHNSON. You employed clerical services under the appropriations carried in the naval appropriation bill, Dr. GIBSON. Yes, sir; and between 1905 and 1906 clerks who were aid out of appropriations for new ships were changed over to the i. rolls; instead of being paid at the navy yards out of apropriations for new ships, they were paid under the appropriation }. considered, which accounts for that increase in amount, but which gave us no increase in force. Mr. BURLESON. Doctor, you say there has been a very material increase in the work that you have had to do in the last six or seven years?

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Dr. GIBSON. Yes, sir. Mr. BURLEsoN. A very material increase? Dr. GIBSON. Yes; an increase from 40,000 to 60,000 men. . BURLESON. Does that mean an increase of 50 per cent in the WOrk : Dr. GIBSON. Yes, sir; it means that many more cases to handle and that many more papers to keep. Mr. BURLESON. Then inasmuch as the force has only been increased one. on. this office must have been comparatively idle in the earlier period. Dr. GIBSON. It was not as busy an office then as it is now. Mr. BURLESON. And yet they were maintained there in comparative idleness? Dr. GIBSON. No, sir. Mr. BURLEsoN. If the work has increased 50 per cent by reason of the increase in personnel, I can not see by what process of reasoning you can reach the conclusion they were not idle before this increase took place. What did they do? Dr. GIBSON. Well, I will tell you. At that time there were three officers of the Navy on duty in the bureau. Their pay does not come in here at all. At present there are 10 officers of the Navy in the bureau. Mr. BURLEsox. You have 10 naval officers in this bureau? Dr. GIBSON. Yes, sir. There are 10 to-day, but there will be only 9 in a few days—7 medical officers and 2 pharmacists. There is one on duty there temporarily. One of these medical officers is regularly assigned to duty at the naval dispensary, and only gives the bureau such time as he can spare from j. duties. o Mr. BURLESON. Are all of these bureaus slugged down with naval officers like this one? Dr. GIBSON. I can not answer for the other bureaus. Mr. BURLESON. The proper place for a naval officer is on board ship, is it not? Dr. GIBSON. No, sir; there are proper duties for them in the department. There are technical matters that come up. Of course, you will understand, that is a matter I have nothing to do with, but the work of the bureau could not be carried on unless they were there, with the present clerical force. We have 12 clerks and 10 officers. Mr. BURLESON. And they do clerical work? Dr. GIBSON. They do some clerical work. Mr. BURLEsoN. Then these high-paid naval officers are engaged in doing work that could be done by a $1,800 clerk? Dr. GIBSON. If he were trained to it. If he had a medical education and had had experience along these particular lines of work. Mr. BURLESON. Are not these men needed on the naval vessels? Dr. GIBSON. Well, that is a question of naval administration. They are needed in the bureau. Mr. BURLESON. If they are not needed on the ships, then we have got more than we ought to have. Dr. GIBSON. No; we have not as many as we ought to have. We have not enough to man all the vessels and stations to-day.

Pay.

Duties.

$8,000 Aid for operations.
4,000 | Director of target practice,
3,900 Assistant to aid for operations,
3,900

Do. 3,900 Assistant to director of target practice. 2,880 Do. 2,880

Do. 2,880

Assistant to aid for operations.

5,000 Aid for personnel.

5,000 Aid for material. 4,500 Special duty, Navy Department. 4,000

Do. 3,900

Do.

Statement showing the name, rank, pay, and position or duties to which assigned

of all naval officers on duty in the Navy Department proper at Washington.

[See also p. 338.]

Name.

Rank.

DIVISION OF OPERA

TIONS.

Charles E. Vreeland... Rear admiral.
Thomas T. Oraven.. Lieutenant com-

mander.
Needham L. Jones. ..-do-
William C. Watts. ---do..
Edward C. Kalbfus. _do.
Donald O. Bingham. Lieutenant
Husband E. Kimmel. _do.
Russel Willson....

..do

DIVISION OF PERSON

NEL.

Templin M. Potts...--- Captain ----

DIVISION OF MATE

RIAL.

Albert G. Winterhalter Captain...
Richard H. Leigh. Oommander
Thomas A. Kearney-.-- Lieutenant com-

mander. James B. Gilmer.

do.

DIVISION OF INSPEC

TIONS.

----doc

Oharles J. Badger. Rear admiral.
John R. Edwards.
Augustus F. Fechteler-- Captain...
William S. Smith...

do.

Harold P. Norton....

do.

Clarence S. Williams...

do.

George R. Evans..

do.

6,000 Aid for inspections.
6,000 President board of inspection for shore

stations.
5,000 President board of inspection and survey

for ships. 5,000 Member board of inspection and survey for

ships. 5,000 Member board of inspection for shore

stations. 5,000 Member. board of inspection and survey

for ships. 5,000 Member board of inspection for shore

stations. 5,000 Duty.with board of inspection for shore

stations. 14,500 Member, board of inspection and survey

for ships. 4,500 Recorder, board of inspection and survey

for ships.
4,500 Member, board of inspection and survey

for ships.
3,500 Inspector of public works.
4,500 General inspector of Pay Corps.
2,000 Paymaster's clerk.

Omenzo G. Dodge...

Professor of

mathematics. Commander....

Carlo B. Brittain.

Thomas J. Senn..

Commander...

George H. Rock....... Naval construc

tor. Andrew C. Cunning- | Civil engineer --

ham. William J. Littell.. Pay inspector. George W. Masterton... Pay clerk.

BUREAU OF NAVIGA

TION.

Philip Andrews... Rear admiral.....
Reginald R. Belknap ... Commander-
Washington I. Cham- | Captain.---...

bers.
John R. Y. Blakely..... Commander....

6,000 Chief of bureau, authorized by sec. 422,

Revised Statutes. 4,500 Assistant to bureau; appointment author

ized by act of Mar. 3, 1893. 5,000 In charge of experiments in aviation. 4,500 In charge of work relating to enlisted per

sonnel, wbich includes recruiting, transportation, training service, detail to duty, and correspondence and other matters in this connection. Matters relating to Na

val Auxiliary Service. 4,500 In charge of work relating to commissioned

and warrant personnel, which embraces the detail for duty of all officers of the Navy, their service and proficiencyrecords, preparation of papers for examining board, appointments and promotions of officers, correspondence relating to these matters, all claims from the Court of Claims, Commissioner of Pensions, and accounting officers.

Martin E. Trench.....

--do.

Statement showing the name, rank, pay, and position, etc.—Continued.

Name.

Rank.

BUREAU OF NAVIGATION-continued.

Joseph K. Taussig....

Lieutenant com

mander.

Ralph A. Koch.....

Lieutenant.....

NAVAL OBSERVATORY.

Joseph L. Jayne..... Captain
Edward McCauley, jr.. Lieutenant com-

mander.

Charles T. Owens.

Lieutenant com

mander. Milton Updegraff....

Professor of

mathematics. William S. Eichelberger. Professor of

mathematics. Frank B. Littell...

do... Asaph Hall..

do..

HYDROGRAPHIC

OFFICE

George F. Cooper.. Frank E, Ridgely.

Commander.. Lieutenant commander.

BUREAU OF ORDNANCE.

Rear admiral. Commander

Nathan 0. Twining-.
Frank H. Olark.
A, L. Norton.
R. D. Hasbrouck.
0. P. Jackson..
L. M. Overstreet

-----do ----do.

-do.. Lieutenant com

mander.

J.W. Timmons

_do.

[blocks in formation]

Pay.

Duties.

$3,900 Assistant to officer in charge of enlisted

personnel, and in charge in that officer's absence, with particular duty in the detailing of enlisted men of the Navy to duty and the complements of all Navy

vessels. 2,880 Special work in connection with the uni

form and Navy Regulations, and im-
provements in forms, and of various
reports submitted to the department, and
in the records and methods of work of
the bureau.

5,000 Superintendent.
4,000 Head of department of compasses, chro-

nometers, and other nautical and survey-
ing instruments, including the time

service. 3,900 In charge of compasses and compass ma

terial. 4,500 Inspections, instructions, and special. 4,500 Director of Nautical Almanac. 3,900 In charge of department of 9-inch transit

circle and alt-azimuth instrument. 2,700 In charge of division of equatorial instru

ments.

4,500 Hydrographer.
4,000 Assistant to Hydrographer and in charge

of Divisions of Sailing Directions and
Chart Supply.

6,000 Chief of bureau.
4,500 Assistant to chief of bureau.
4,500 In charge torpedoes and naval defense
4,500

mines, guncotton, etc.
4,500 In charge all ship turret work except guns.
3,900 In charge armor, projectiles, etc.

In charge gun mounts and sights, except those in turrets and those for field and machine guns; fire-control apparatus ; range finders ; gas ejectors; optical in

struments, etc. 3,900 In charge of ships' supplies and miscel

laneous articles ; distribution of ordnance

pamphlets. 2,880 In charge construction of all guns; their

disposition, etc. 2,880 In charge of all ammunition (except for

small arms), fuzes, primers, cartridge

cases, powder tanks, etc. 3,120 Assistant to Lieut. Commander Timmons.

M, H. Simons...

BUREAU OF STEAM EN.

GINEERING,

Hutch I. Cone.
Robert S. Griffin.
G. Kaemmerling-

Rear admiral...
Captain

do.

6,000 | Chief of bureau,
5,000 Assistant to bureau.
5,000 In charge of the Division of Inspections.

Duties of division consist of all matters
relating to inspection of material, includ.
ing finished machines, at the place of
manufacture, except material at the sta-
tion of an inspector of machinery that is
to be used at that station. Supervision
of all reports from inspectors of engi-
neering material, and of all orders and
directions to inspectors of engineering
material. Preparation and revision of
specifications for engineering material,
after reference to the division of design
for recommendation. Special investiga-
tion or tests of material.

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