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was seen, to the great amusement of the 16th May 1661, while speaking to an ascourt, disporting himself with that most sembly of the Academicians at Caen. The mercurial of monarchs, at this undignified very happy and elegant lines made by M. recreation. He returned to France in de Brieux, in allusion to the circumstance, 1653, and died suddenly of apoplexy on are worth transcribing :
Scilicet hæc cuique est data sors æquissima, talis
Ut sit mors qualis vita peracta fuit ;
Musarum in gremio debuit ille mori. “Of his collected opera, the best edi- 3 vols. folio, edited by Leusden and Villation is that printed at Leyden, in 1712, mandy."
MONUMENT OF BISHOP FERRAR AT HALIFAX.
(With a Plate.) IF the erection of monuments of we have seen a magnificent structure stone or marble may be relied upon raised at Oxford to the memory of as testimonies of heart-felt sentiment, Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer ;* and the present generation has shown it. we have now to notice a monument less self impressed beyond its predecessors expensive, but scarcely less elegant, to with a conviction of the benefits which Robert Ferrar, Bishop of St. David's,t are derived from the Reformation of which was erected last year in the the English church in the sixteenth parish church of Halifax, by public century, to which those called “the subscription. Protestant Martyrs ” so materially It was designed and executed by contributed.
Mr. J. B. Leyland, sculptor, of London, Besides a simple memorial erected who, like the object of his labours, is some years since at Gloucester, on the a native of the parish of Halifax. The spot where Bishop Hooper was burned, material is that called huddle-stone.
sung it was said, “Nihil magis lætabile in orbitate regni videri solebat quam celebrari a magni nominis poetis. Preter cæteras enim oilavin et erat et habebatur.” He whom the greatest of our living poets has called “Great Filicaia," said, “Io mi pregerò che si dice un dì, Cristina benche straniera lesse è gustd le opere del gran Filicaia." His Latin ode also should be read, beginning, “ Regum Maxima grandiorque regno," &c. Thus the noblest lyrical poet of Italy did not blush to own that at her command the Tuscan lyre was swept with a bolder hand, and celebrated nobler deeds, “Gratulari aetati suæ videtur, quod factum Christine Suecorum reginæ opera fuerit, ut Italicæ fidicinis lyræ totæ essent aut in divinis hymnis, aut in heroum laudibus canendis." The elegant biographer of Clement the Ninth says of her, “Mansit Romæ ad vitæ usque terminum, in quo non minus quani in abdicatione regni, femina ceteroqui inconstans et lecis singularem animi magnitudinem, humanarumque rerum contemptum ostendit." When Angelo Fabroni dedicated the ninth volume of his incomparable bio. graphy of the Italian scholars and philosophers to Gustavus the Third, he made the following honourable mention of the self-exiled queen :-“ Quod Christinam, cui apud nos commoranti, nihil tam magnificum et tam regium videbatur, quam aut de nocte, cum astronomiæ cultoribus eximiis vigilare, aut adesse naturæ interpretatibus, seque erudito pulvere aspergere, aut in terræ abdita cum antiquitatis investigatoribus penetrare, aut in musarum choro cum summis poetis versari; aut Themidis oracula cum ejus nobilioribus antistibus perscrutari. Omnino difficile esset enumerare quot viri, quantà scientia, quantâque in studiis varietate et copia fuerint, qui ejus aut voci. bus, aut exemplo aut beneficiis se ad præclara suscipienda commotos fuisse affirma. rant." Vol. ix. p. V.- Rev.
* Engraved in our Magazine for October, 1840.
+ We may here also allude to a monumental tablet to Bishop Wickliffe, erected in Thurcaston church, Leicestershire; to another to Bishop Coverdale in St. Magnus church, London Bridge; and to a memorial of several victims of persecution in Essex. erected we believe at Colchester.
The Monument is placed in the justice to Bishop Ferrar's character. south-west angle of the ante-church, From the first to the last one echoes in the old baptistery. It consists of a to another the charge of austerity and tomb, ornamented in front with tigures impracticability of temper, and that by bearing shields, placed under ogee- due amenity of manners and prudence arched panels, which are croketed and of conduct he might have avoided finished with finials, and divided by both the persecution of the Protestant panelled and crocketed buttresses. party under Edward VI. and the conThe covering of the tomb bears a cross, demnation of the Romanists under inlaid with encaustic tiles. The tomb Queen Mary. is placed within a recess, under a fine Now, as a man, we grant that his ogee arch deeply moulded, cusped, and character must have partaken of human croketed, and terminating in an elabo- imperfection; but, whilst the failings rate finial. The side buttresses are of Cranmer, and our other great Repanelled in the upper stages, and sup. formers, leaned towards too feeble an port angels with clasped hands and opposition to the spoilers of the church, expanded wings. The whole stands why brand with obstinacy and austeupon a step inlaid with encaustic tiles. rity the man who signalized himself
The inscription, placed on the back in that too complying age by a fearless of the recess, is as follows:
maintenance of her rights, and by his “ In memory of the holy Bishop and efforts to bring the plunderers to jusMartyr, ROBERT FERRAR, who was born tice? And Godwin's phrase of “comat Ewood in Midgley, in the parish of
modè respondens,"intimating how FerHalifax, in the reign of King Henry the
rar might have propitiated Gardiner Seventh. “ Not less distinguished by piety, learn
and escaped the country, what does it ing, and zeal, than by integrity, firmness,
mean but a cowardly equivocation, and courage, he was preferred under King
instead of the manly avowal of his faith Henry the Eighth to the Priory of St. which led to his condemnation ? Oswald's at Nostel, and under King Ed. In King Edward's time our Bishop ward the Sixth to the See of St. David's. gave offence not merely by instituting
“In the same reign, for resisting the judicial proceedings against the prespoliation of the church, he suffered per. centor Dr. Young,* the prebendary Dr. secution and imprisonment; and, under Merrick, and others who had plunQueen Mary, for rejecting doctrines not dered the cathedral of St. David's of taught by the Apostles, he endured the the shrines and silver ornaments, and martyrdom of fire at Caermarthen Cross, 30th March, 1555, forgiving his enemies,
misappropriated part of the revenues and glorifying his Lord and Redeemer.
of the see; but also by resisting the
encroachments of the Crown in the “If I stir through the pains of my burning, believe not the doctrine I have taught.' His
presentation of livings, the right to words on being chained to the stake." The great object of the Committee
* This fact is circumstantially preserved in drawing up this inscription has
by an appeal made to Foxe on Dr. Young's
preferment to the see of York, by one of been to avoid desecrating the House
the archbishop's friends, urging him to of God by placing there any record of
prevent scandal to the church by supthe contentions and disputes of sinful
disputes of sinful pressing the part which Young had acted men. Every watchword of party or in the first persecution of Ferrar under controversy has therefore been care Edward VI. “As a further reason for this, fully excluded. In this respect the be alleges that Young had besought and Committee would not depend solely on received Ferrar's forgiveness previous to their own judgment, but submitted his execution, and that the matter ought their draught to some of the most dis now to be dropped. Merrick and Con. tinguished dignitaries of the Church, stantine accompanied Young in this pepi
tential visit to their victim in Caermarthen from whom it received several amend
Prison. (Strype's Memorials.) But Young ments. It contains no statement which
had not altered his disposition when he does not rest on the clearest evidence,
reached the archiepiscopate. One of his or that could have been expressed in
first acts at York was to pull down the language less capable of giving offence. hall of his palace, having no desire, it
Our ecclesiastical historians, from would seem, to continue its ancient hospiGodwin to Soaines, have done scanty talities.
which was vested in the Bishop. See Bishops, and the days and years of the charges against Bishop Ferrar laid their entrance, translation, and death. before King Edward's Privy Council, So that they give no other account,” &c. and his defence, in the Harleian MSS. But this passage scarcely bears out No. 420.
the charge; for the books mentioned The consecration of Bishop Ferrar are only the Latin service-books, and, was remarkable as being the first at though they may have contained obiwhich the service was conducted in tuaries of the Church (which is evithe English language. It took place dently the kind of record alluded to), at the archiepiscopal manor of Chert. yet their enumeration does not justify sey in Surrey, on the 9th Sept. 1548, Wharton's paraphrase of “omnia Ecand was performed by Archbishop clesiæ Monumenta et Registra." It is Cranmer, assisted by Henry (Hol not likely that the Registers of the beche) Bishop of Lincoln and Nicholas see were included in the holocaust. (Ridley) Bishop of Rochester. He The Bishop's admirers will be grawas the first Bishop consecrated “ex tified by the perusal of a Vindication nuda Regis nominatione,” which royal of his character, to be found in the nomination, dated at Leigh or Leez Gentleman's Magazine for July 1791, (the seat of Lord Chancellor Rich in in which the reflections of Godwin and Essex) on the 1st of July preceding, Burnet, the still more injurious asis printed in Rymer's Fædera, &c. vol. persions of Browne Willis, and the xv. p. 173.
tone of depreciation adopted by AnIn Strype's Life of Cranmer will be thony Wood and other biographers, are found some account of the new office of all critically and judiciously examined. Consecration of Robert Ferrar, Bishop The writer was Mr. W. Williams, of of St. David's, consisting of hymns, Ivytower, in Pembrokeshire, who had psalms, and prayers, with portions of inherited the Bishop's “small estate in scripture in the vulgar tongue, and Abergwilly parish, even now only forty the celebration of the communion in pounds a-year,” and was also possessed English.
of his seal and walking-staff. (Gent. Bishop Ferrar has encountered the Mag, vol. LXI. p. 603.) blame of Wharton,* Cole, and other We are authorised to say, that it literary antiquaries, for the destruction was this able article which called the of the records of his see. This charge attention of the descendants of the is founded upon the return made to Bishop's family in the parish of Halifax, an inquest on Thursday, 17 April, 4th and of other friends of the Church, to Edward VI.: “ The jurors say they the propriety of erecting the monuhave neither age sufficient nor any ment we have described. records whereby they can give any more full account concerning the suc MR. URBAN, Maidstone, Nov. 13. cessions of the Bishops and vacancies ROMAN or mediæval inscriptions of the see, because the present Bishop in this country recording victories are Robert Ferrar hath, by the present so rare that the list of them would king's command as is said, burnt all be small indeed, Roman inscriptions the martyrologies, portiforiums, and which have come down to us generally ancient missals of the cathedral church being monumental or votive, and meof St. David's, with their kalendars, diæval inscriptions being also almost wherein were entered the names of the invariably of some other nature. In
short, to explain an ancient inscription * See the preface to Anglia Sacra, vol. as having such an application is always i. p. x. He does not mention Ferrar by most justly to be suspected as ername, but the allusion is evident : “ Atque roneous, as the result usually proves ; utinam ecclesiæ cathedrales sacrilegorum but in the present instance there seems rapinam effugere potuissent! Harum
an exception to this rule, and there is etiam aliquot archiva homines nequissimi mutilârunt, distraxerunt, fædârunt. Id
no rule, we are informed, that does
not admit of an exception.
The inscription now alluded to, for Episcopum quendam ante centum et quod which the exemption as above is excurrit annos, avitae superstitionis de- claimed, is one found at Northampton. lendæ prætextu, omnia Ecclesiæ suæ originally engraved on an obelisk about Monumenta et Registra igni tradidisse.” 6 feet high, but now reduced to nearly