« 이전계속 »
P. 475. How very soon Pinkerton got into bad odour with the public may be seen by the following extract :
“I have received none but some Scotch under a fictitious signature there is so much poems, left here by the editor, Mr. Pin. arrogance and self-sufficiency, such a con. kerton. He called here himself with them, tempt of other writers of established repu. but I was not at home; and I am not sorry tation, and such strange positions in re. that I was not, for he is one of those modern ligion, morals, and politics, that I think writers I desire no acquaintance with must mark bim out as Hic niger est, hunc In some Letters (Heron's) published by him tu, &c.*
P. 475. “I was glad (query, sorry ?) to hear that Johnson confessed to Dr. Fordyce, a little before his death, that he had offended both God and man by his pride of understanding."-A person who could write such a sentence as this is not likely to fall into the same error, or have the same reason for a similar confession !
“I take for granted that you have read youngest daughter lives with her. The Dr. Johnson's Correspondence, published three eldest live together in Conduit by Mrs. Piozzi; and, though you might Street, very near their mother, but will not have been sorry to have read the not visit nor receive her visits." whole, yet I wish, for the Doctor's sake, “George Steevens has been playing that only half of it had been printed. In tricks with his brother antiquaries, or, as one letter it is said, • I have seen Mrs. he says, with two only, Gough and Pegge, Knowles, the quaker, and her futile pic. the particulars of which you will see in the tures ;' it should be sutile, a word, though last European Magazine (Vide March, 1790, not to be found in his Dictionary,t yet p. 177; and Gent. Mag. 1790, p. 217, very aptly made to express the mode of 290)." painting, viz. in needle work, of which sort “ Bishop Horsley was certainly not the there are two portraits of the King and author of the Apology for the Clergy Queen made by Mrs. Knowles at Bucking and Liturgy ;' and I have very little ham House. I desired a sight of the ori. doubt, so far as internal evidence goes, ginal letter in order to determine a wager. that Bishop Halifar was. I have as little, There it plainly appeared that a dash had on the same evidence, that Bishop Watson been put across the long $, Johnson's usual wrote the Considerations, &c. though the mode of writing that letter, perhaps by the Bishop has lowered his usual tone, and printer or corrector of the press. The only written in as guarded a manner as if he MS. letter I saw, before it was committed expected it would be known that he was to the press, was that at the end, to Mr. the author." R. I about great and small debts, which I “ There is near 10001. subscribed for entreated Mrs. Piozzi to withhold, but Johnson's monument, and Sir Joshua without effect. This lady gives splendid wishes much to have it erected in St. concerts in Hanover Square, where her Paul's, s hoping that Johnson, at least,
* The above letter was dated 1786 ; in 1816, being thirty years after this, the last conversation the writer of this note had with the late Mr. Mawman, the respectable publisher, was relating to Mr. Pinkerton, of whom Mr. Mawman, mentioning several anecdotes, spoke exactly in the same manner as Dr. Lort did. Yet he was in his department of literature a learned and clever man. Professor Porson spoke well of his Dissertation on the Goths, and Horace Walpole bore with him.-Rev.
† “ Sutile" is admitted into Todd on this authority of Boswell, and in Richardson on Johnson's Idler, No. 14. “Half the rooms are adorned with a kind of sutile pictures, which imitate tapestry." --Rev.
I “To Mr. R.”—This is a mistake of Lort's. The letter be alludes to is to J. S. Esquire, vol. ii. p. 402, in which Johnson says, “ Neither great nor little debts disgrace you."-Rev.
This was (says a note) accomplished : and Bacon was the sculptor, and Dr. S. Parr wrote the epitaph. In our opinion, the statue and epitaph are both unworthy of the subject. To be sure we speak against high authority, when we express our utter dislike both to the feeling and execution of this statue, nor did we ever see any work of Bacon which we thought worthy of a second observation ; but we are bound in fair. ness to quote Mr. Cunningham's opinion, however widely we differ from it. He says, " His statues of Johnson and Howard were made indeed at different periods, but they are conceived in a kindred spirit, and rival all similar works since the sublime Newton of Roubiliac." Now we do not think sublime is the character we should give to this may be allowed a place there, and thus a other monuments which the sculptors precedent established for the admission of hope to obtain."
P. 516. We next quote a passage on a subject to which we lately alluded in our review of Mr. Jesse's London.
"Notwithstanding Mr. Neve's posi. Steevens's proofs of its being the body of tive assertion in the inclosed pamphlet,* a Mrs. Smith have appeared in the that he has relics of Milton's corpse, our Gazetteer ; and I believe in all the papers friend Steevens insists that it is all a flam, are some squibs by the same hand, in for that it is the body of a Miss Smith, which the antiquaries, and, among the rest, not of Milton, and he will prove it. poor Gough, are sadly mauled,”' &c.
P. 519. It is evident that Dr. Lort meditated a Life of Bentley, as would appear by the language which Dr. Birch uses on that subject, when he sends his son letters from Lord Carteret (Earl of Granville) to Bentley, among the Harl. MSS. in the British Museum. Lort says,—~ Homer is not the only book which Lord Granville set Bentley to work upon ; I have been informed here that Ammianus Marcellinus was another ;” but we hear no more of it.
Much correspondence follows relating to Walpole and Chatterton, which is of little interest now. Walpole's conduct was most unjustly censured at the time ; and Chatterton's forgeries were so gross that they would not have stood a week before the more accurate knowledge of these subjects in the present age. It is only a matter of wonder now, how persons of knowledge and of acquaintance with the ancient literature of the country could have been deceived while the internal and external evidence were so palpably against the character assumed. All that now remains to Chatterton is his claim to poetical genius and taste, remarkably displayed in the opening bloom of youth, and perhaps beyond any other person in our country, and of that he never can be deprived. We possess some MS. poems by him, but there is far too much ribaldry in them to make public.
After this we have the correspondence of Dr. Birch, “the indefatigable,” as Gray called him ; and of Archdeacon Nares; of the latter of whom a very copious and interesting biography is introduced. He writes in 1801 to Percy,
P. 593. “ I beg to turn your attention who died a few days ago. No loss, I particularly to Art. xiv. in our review for fancy, even to his family, whom his tur. August, where I think you will see Mr. bulence kept always in hot water. Mrs. Godwin as handsomely lashed as any such Wakefield is said to be a very amiable personage ever was.t Democracy has just woman ; badly matched, certainly." lost a zealous friend in Gilbert Wakefield, I
In 1811 the worthy Archdeacon, in his character of editor of the British Critic, coming into collision with the Edinburgh Review, strikes out a flash or two of poetry ; as
Parody on a Song in “ The Camp."
But first, prithee, answer me questions three. statue of Newton, which we think in many respects very faulty. But see Cunningham's Lives of Painters, &c. vol. iii. p. 238.-Rev.
* A Narrative of the disinterment of Milton's Coffin, Aug. 4, 1790, &c. This pamphlet was by Mr. Philip Neve of Furnival's Inp. Vide Gent. Mag. LX, 837. See St. James's Chronicle, Sept. 7, 1790, and European Magazine, Sept. 1790, p. 260.-Rev.
t In a review of Thoughts occasioned by the Perusal of Dr. Parr's Spital Sermon, by W. Godwin. Vide British Critic, Aug. 1801, p. 184.- Rev.
I G. Wakefield died Sept. 10, 1801, aged 45. Vide Gent. Mag. 1801, p. 867; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. vii. 440, 703.-Rev.
I long, master Jeffrey, to list with you,
R. Neatly, neatly.
R. Sweetly, sweetly.
R. O, completely.
R. Roundly, roundly.
R. Soundly, soundly.
R. O, profoundly.
In 1815 he has put off his light poetical robes, and assumed the “ budge fur” more suitable to the stoical critic; and he thus writes to Mr. Pol. whele on some of his contemporaries :
" About Malone, as a critic, I totally differ from you. He was very industrious and laborious, and ferreted out a good deal by these qualities; but had not, in my opinion, a spark of genius, nor even taste, where poetry was concerned. It is capable of proof that he did not rightly understand even the measure of English verse * Steevens was full of genius, but not always to be depended upon. Sometimes he even made a sport of misleading his readers; but his powers were infinitely
above any that Malone possessed. North. cote is a man of true genius, though occasionally defective as a writer. As to Mason, he was certainly a poet, but a malignant man, and particularly malignant against the good King George III. all which malignity was occasioned by some real or imagined slight shown by the King towards his imaginary merit. Wich all his powers Mason was a despicable man morally; and that is the worst that need be said of a man."
To this Nares's correspondent, Mr. Polwhele, adds Jackson (who died Bishop of Oxford) had not less an antipathy against Mason. At one of his supper parties, Mason happened to be mentioned, when Jackson spoke of him scornfully. I could scarcely suppress my indignation. Greville's report of Mason (in accordance with Kempethorne's) I am sure comes nearer to the truth,” &c.
Mr. J. Cooper Walker next succeeds, from one of whose communications we take the following anecdote :
“ For the next edition of the Guardian' take this anecdote: When the · Compari. son between the Pastorals of Pope and Phillips' appeared, Phillips was secretary to Primate Boulter, and then in Ireland Dining one day with the officers of the
Prerogative Court, the Comparison' be. came the subject of conversation, and Phillips said be knew it was written by Pope, adding, I wonder why the little crooked bastard should attack me, who never offended him either in word or deed.'
* Malone's metrical and verbal criticisms of the text of Shakspeare are in general very bad, in some cases preposterously so; but his merit lies in the history of Shakspeare and his works. It must, however, be observed, that every editor, from Rowe to Malone, bas done something to the improvement of the text, in detecting corruptions and removing error. Some have failed from want of antiquarian knowledge, some from want of poetical feeling, and some from want of critical sagacity.Ruy.
This I had from a gentleman who was Addison on Arbor-hill. The houses of present. Phillips resided in Bolton-street, both are still standing."
A considerable portion of this accomplished person's correspondence with the Bishop is on the subject of the origin of blank verse in our language, and the earliest specimen to be found is Lord Surrey's Virgil, Mr. Walker tracing it to the “ verso sciolto" of the Italians, and particularly from Trissino * Rucellai, Alamanni, and Lod. Dolce; but he discovers that “ Chaucer, the father of English poetry, was also the writer of English blank verse. Lord Surrey, like Trissino, was only the first to employ it in larger works. Chaucer probably took the hint from his contemporaries Dante and Boccaccio," &c. On the sonnet, he says :
“In your Memoirs of Lord Surrey your The origin of the Italian sonnet has been Lordship will, I presume, give some ac. in a great degree determined long since count of the origin of the English Sonnet, by Francesco Redi, and has been lately of which the writings of that ingenious traced with great ingenuity and elegance nobleman is said to afford the earliest by Mr. Roscoe. But the origin of the specimen. In considering Lord Surrey's English sonnet still, I believe, remains a sonnets it must have struck your Lordship, subject for investigation. If Lord Surrey that in some of them he admits more than was not the first, I believe he was one of two rhymes into the two quatrains, and the earliest fabricators of the English that there is one in which the same rhyme Sonnet.”. runs on through the fourteen lines. i.
This seems to us to be very pains-taking and praiseworthy, but not so in the Bishop's eyes, who responded so peevishly that Mr. Walker would not presume again to meddle with his Lordship’s literary concerns, and left him to pursue the chace of the Sonnet by himself; while he turned round and addressed Mr. Pinkerton, telling him “ that his prose has also the strength and beauty of Gibbon, his characters the masterly pencil of Tacitus, his retrospects the minuteness of Teniers, the grace of Raphael, and the sublimity of Michael Angelo; and that he was superior to any ancient and modern historian.” And, while Pinkerton stood with open mouth swallowing and with upturned nostril snuffing in this incense, he adds, “that his poetry has the fire of Pindar, and the expression of Gray;" all which we are willing to take on Mr. Walker's authority
Sed neque tam facilis res ulla est quin ea primùm
Difficilis magis ad credendum constet. Some correspondence follows between Percy and Dr. Campbell (his name is familiar in the pages of Boswell), in which there is much relating to Goldsmith, whose life it appears he intended to write. He says, Goldsmith has fairly drawn his own character : “Fond of enjoying the present, careless of the future ; his sentiments those of a man of sense, his actions those of a fool ; of fortitude able to stand unmoved at the bursting of an earthquake, yet of sensibility to be affected by the breaking of a tea-cup." He says,--" The story of the valet de chambre will, as Lord Bristol says, pin the basket of his absurdities; and really we may have a hamper full of them."
We must now close our extracts from this interesting volume, which forms a valuable addition to the literary history of those times when our literature was more attractive and elegant, more diligently collected, and more carefully produced than it is in the present day. Should the Editor
* He gives them up afterwards, as Lord Surrey died in 1545, and Trissino's Italia Liberata was printed in 1547-8; but he mentions a tract of Virgil by L. Martelli in 1527.-Rev.
possess any more materials of the same kind, at all equal in value to those he has given, we trust that he will not withhold them from the public ; for it is by contributions like these, coming in from various quarters, that the circle of literature may be in time made perfect, its deficiencies supplied, its obscurities removed, and its discoveries and truths supported by additional authority and unexpected accessions of evidence.
March 16. and Wells in 1548, and resign this YOUR defence of Bishop Ferrar, turbulent bishopric to his associate in in your last Number, from the impu- the Scottish embassy. tation of Wharton, that he destroyed I would take this opportunity of the records of St. David's, derives correcting a remarkable error in reconfirmation from the following pas- ference to Bishop Ferrar, which orisage in his life.
ginated in Dodsworth MSS. vol. 135, Previous to the surrender of his fo. 796, and has been copied into the priory of St. Oswald at Nostel to the Rev. Joseph Hunter's erudite work King's commissioners in 1540, he took on “ The Deanery of Doncaster," vol. the valuable books and manuscripts i. fo. xxii. where the following stateunder his own charge to York, and ment occurs. “John Lascelles, who deposited them with his primate, Arch- was burnt at the same time with Mrs. bishop Lee.
Anne Askew, was of the family of that The man who shewed this solicitude name residing at Gateford. Farrer, for literary treasures, at the time when the Bishop of St. David's, had lands worldly wealth and revenues were and tithe at Carlton in Lindrick, passing from his grasp, was not likely which he gave to a half-sister, mother to act the opposite part imputed to of William Fisher, owner of that parhim in the case of the records of the sonage, who married a daughter of see to which he was inducted.
Sir George Lascelles of Gateford. A I rejoice that you have also done tomb was raised to the Bishop's vemory justice to the firmness and courage in the church at Curlton." of this eminent martyr. How highly An application was recently made these points in his character were ap- to the worthy minister of Carlton in preciated by Henry the Eighth and Lindrick for a description of this his vicar-general, Cromwell, is proved tomb, and a copy of the inscription ; by the circumstance, that when Bishop but he assured the inquirer that no Barlow was sent as ambassador to such tomb existed in his church, nor James the Fifth of Scotland, to en- any monument whatever to Bishop deavour to detach him from the papal Ferrar. I remain, Mr. Urban, your interest, Robert Ferrar was appointed sylvan friend, to accompany him.
HALIFAXIENSIS. The object of this was, no doubt, to give the strength and energy of Note.-A Correspondent, who signs Ferrar's mind as a stay and support LECTOR, has remarked to us that we to Barlow, who, though an excellent need not have referred last month man, was of a somewhat timid and to an Harleian MS. for the artifeeble temperament. When the Marian cles exhibited to the council against persecution began, he fled the country Bishop Ferrar, inasmuch as they were with many other good Churchmen, given by Foxe in his Actes and Moand, returning on Elizabeth's acces- numents. In reply, we have to state sion, was by her preferred in 1559 that the document given by the Marto the see of Chichester.
tyrologist by no means supersedes a He was the predecessor of Bishop reference to the Harleian MS. 420, Ferrar in the see of St. David's; and which contains fuller details of the there was this singular coincidence accusations, and not merely these, but between them. Articles were ex- the depositions of the numerous withibited by the chapter against Barlow, nesses who supported them. who was glad to get translated to Bath