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Nicolson's MS. collections relative to Gravestones ; the Countess's Pillar, ancient neighbouring families, written where the celebrated Anne, Countess in 1675. * Next adjoining Squire of Dorset, Pembroke, and MontgoBrow ham, ancient heir male of all the mery, the heiress of the Cliffords and Squire Browhams of Browham Hall, the V'escis, so well known for her re. in Westmoreland, built him a very paration of her castles, even during fine house at Scales, and lives there," Cromwell's lifetime, and her subse&c. He married the heiress of the quent stern answers to the political Lamplughs, and was succeeded by application from the corrupt court of his grandson, John Brougham, of Charles II., last parted with her good Brougham, Scales Hall, and High- and pious mother. head Castle, in Cumberland, the latter These are a few, hastily enumerated, property coming by his mother, the amongst the many scenes and objects heiress of the Richmonds. John of interest which present themselves Brougham died 1756, and was suc- within view from the leads of this faceeded by Henry Brougham, his bro- voured mansion; and when we rememther, whose son Henry was father to ber that the hall, as before stated, stands the present representative of the fa- upon the Roman station from which mily, Henry Lord Brougham and its name is derived ; that the family Vaux, ex-Chancellor, &c. His Lord. have been here located from the time ship's grandmother was sister to Ro- of the Heptarchy; that the various bertson the historian.
buildings show remains of architecThe panoramic views from the ture, from the ponderous Norman towers and the terrace over the richly- workmanship, through successive cenwooded and picturesque neighbour- turies, to the renovations of the present bood embrace also many objects of day; and, in addition to this, that the great historic interest : the more an- domain is in the far-famed county of cient fortress of Brougham Castle, in Westmorland, and within a bowshot ruins, forfeited in King John's stormy of Cumberland, and surrounded by reign, and subsequently a favourite re- scenery scarcely equalled, certainly sidence of the Cliffords, Earls of West. not excelled, whether we take the rich morland ; the druidical circle of May. home views or the more distant serburgh, of such uncertain and remote rated ridges of its mountain horizon, antiquity; the moated mound called it must be allowed that, either in “ King Arthur's Round Table;" the historic or romantic interest of situavillage of Clifton, celebrated for the tic, scenic beauty of locality, or picskirmish interwoven by Sir Walter turesque character of the edifice, Scott into the charming romance of Brougham Hall has few rivals. Waverley; Clifton Hall, an old border
Faithfully yours, tower: Yanwath Hall, also embattled,
GEO. SHAW. and with two towers ; Penrith, with its St. Chad's Uppermill, ruined castle, Beacon Hill, and Giant's Saddleworth, Manchester.
STRYPE'S LIFE OF CRANMER,
WHEN we suspended the consi with an aim so constantly directed to deration of this subject in our last its main argument,—the display of Magazine, we must admit that we were God's Providence in conducting the unacquainted with the merits of a very Holy Scriptures into the hands of the elaborate and judicious performance, English people, that it must not only published in 1845, and entitled “ The be ranked highly as a critical perANNALS OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE, by formance, but it should be commended Christopher Anderson," in two vo to the attention of a much wider circle lumes octavo. This work is composed than even that of theological criticism. on a plan so comprehensive, and is It has a general interest, and is well animated by a spirit so discriminative, worthy of general perusal, as being in fact the religious history of England dealer in merchandise in gross), after in one of its most important divisions. he had undertaken the production of With so masterly a performance the the Bible, in partnership with Edward disjointed compilations of Strype will Whitchurch, from that time devoted scarcely bear any comparison. But himself exclusively to the art of printstill, if in the way of chronological ing, then in its infancy in England, annals, or as a body of materials, the and for the purpose of completing the latter are admitted to our shelves, great Bible of 1538 brought over and even in new editions to our from Paris both types and paper, presses, they ought, in the hands of a presses and workmen, with which he competent Editor, to be made in some carried on the same operations in measure to reflect the light which is London for many years after. Mr. thrown forth by modern works so able Anderson (vol. i. p. 583) says of as this. And here we must remark Grafton and Whitchurch, that they that, though there are some references may be “ regarded throughout the in the Ecclesiastical History Society's whole affair as resembling only the edition of the Life of Cranmer which hewers of wood and drawers of water may make the reader imagine that in ancient time;" but in a previous Mr. Anderson's work has been con- passage he has admitted that “ the sulted, on looking a little further he former enjoyed the high honour of will find they are references at second embarking almost his all in the unhand from the Parker Society's edition dertaking, for neither Cranmer,* nor of Cranmer's Works.
Cromweil, nor the King, ever contriIt was our intention to have brought buted one farthing of the expense ; under one view the several documents and a contemporory and personal relative to Richard Grafton's concern "friend of Grafton,t in the epistle prein the publication of the Bible in fixed to his Chronicle, attributed to England, which are preserved in the him a somewhat more zealous part Cottonian volume Cleopatra E. V., than that of the mere trafficker. having perceived that the old nar- "The Bible in English, that valuable rative of those transactions given by jewell, we have by his travyle, first with Foxe, and retailed by Strype and other his charge and attendaunce procuring the authors, was incomplete and in some translation thereof, I then sundrie limes points inaccurate, and that neither Dr. Dibdin in his edition of Ames's * Mr. Anderson has shewn that “ So Typographical Antiquities, nor the au far from Cranmer having the slightest thor of the “ Historical Account of the connexion with this undertaking, or 'exEnglish Versions of the Scriptures” erting himself' for this book, as Mr. prefixed to Mr. Bagster's Hexapla Todd has imagined, his letter, in its proper New Testament, had supplied this connexion, [i. e. as written on the 4th deficiency.
August, 1537,] clearly shows that it came But on referring to Mr. Anderson's upon the writer in the way of delight/ul Annals of the English Bible we find
surprise. No doubt he had wished for a that he has at length performed what
Bible; hut, after vainly toiling with his
coadjutors as to the New Testament, he so many of his predecessors had attempted only in part. He has fully
now very candidly acknowledges that the
present production was literally beyond availed himself of the valuable ma
their power as a body of men." In the terials which they had partially dis letter referred to, Cranmer prayed Crom: regarded or negligently employed; well to obtain the King's licence that and he has, in the cause of truth, paid Grafton's Bible might be sold and read honour where honour was due, at the of every person, “until such time mat same time ever referring all things to we, the bishops, she
we, the bishops, shall set forth a better the directing Providence of the Most translation, which, I think, will not be High.
till a day after domesday." Mr. Ander. Had we not found this task already
son adds, that “From inattention to bis
own language, the position of Cranter performed, we were certainly prepared
has very frequently been misstated by our to have ascribed a larger share of merit ablest writers." Vol. i. p. 577. than is awarded by Mr. Anderson to + Thomas N. probably Thomas Newton Richard Grafton, who, previously being of Cheshire. Dillin's Ames, iii. 428. a merchant of London (a grocer,--or The literary labour was performed by GENT. MAG. VOL. XXIX.
copying the same out with his own hande, misinterpretations, and we must mainand, thirdly, printing it in Fraunce with tain that the only safe course is to his great expense and perill, when the give a faithful and integral copy of a rage of those holy fathers which then en
document as it stands in the original.
couman vyed Christian men's Christianity, not
We now present this letter as only would not suffer it to be done in
Grafton wrote it, showing Mr. AnderEngland, but also procured the same, beyng printed, to be attached in Fraunce Sou's suppressions by Italic type: and openly burned, himselfe hardly es.
+ 1537. caping with his life. Not discouraged Moost humbly besech ynge your Lord. herewith, but still caried with zeale to doe ship to understond that accord ynge as good, he attempted to woorke againe, and your comyssyon was by my servaunt to to God's great praise, and to the edifi. sende you certen bybles, so have I now cation of Christes Church, performed it." done, desyrynge your Lordship to accept (Dibdin's Ames, iii. 428.)
them as though they were well done. This, however, may perhaps be the
And where as I wryt unto your Lordrepresentation of a too partial friend :
ship for a prevye seale, to be a defence
unto † the enemyes of this byble, I unGrafton's own letters certainly seem
derstonde that your Lordshipes mynde to be mainly prompted by his com
is that I shall not nede it. But now, mercial interests; whilst the profane
moost gracyous Lorde, for as moch as this language which he was induced to worke hath bene brought forthe to our use in Hattery to Cromwell * is justly moost great and costly laboures & charges, stigmatised by Mr. Anderson as - be. which charges amount above the some of traying his ignorance of the truth, and ve li., and I have caused of these same to the value of the truth. contained in the be prynted to the some of xvc bookes Bible.”
complete. Which nowe, by reason that of But, though we find all Grafton's many this worke is bighly commended, letters have been introduced by Mr.
there are that will and dothe go about the
pryntynge of the same worke agayne in a Anderson, there is one of them treated
lesser letter, to the entent that they may in a manner for which we cannot fully sell their lytle bookes better-chere then I account. It is the same which we can sell these gret, and so to make that I noticed in our last number, and which shall sell none at all, or elles verye fewe, is printed in the Appendix to Strype's to the utter undoynge of me your oratour, Life of Cranmer, No. XX. In Mr. and of all those my credytours that hath Anderson's copy of this, there are five bene my comforters and belpers therin. passages omitted, and among them
And now this worke thus set forthe with is the first half of the very passage
great stodye and laboures shall socbe perwhich we cited last month, an omission
sons (moved with a lytle covetousnes to which conveys a different meaning to
the undoynge of other for their awne pry.
vate welthe) take as a thyoge done to their the portion that is left. It is very
handes, in which halffe the charges shall true that the worthy Printer's style is
not come to them that hath done to your rather prolix, and this may have in
poore oratour. And yet shall they not do duced the author to make some omis yt as they fynde yt, but falsefye the texte, sions, with the view of rendering the that, I dare saye, looke how many sen. remainder clearer ; but such a course tence sare in the byble, even so many fautes is liable to many objections, and many and errours shalbe made therin. For their
sekyng is not to set it out to Goddes glorie, John Rogers, the first Protestant martyr and to the edefyenge of Christes congre. under Mary; but the translation pre. gatyon (but for covetousnes) and that maye viously made by William Tyndale was apere by the former bybles that they have used as far as it extended, after which as. set forthe, which hath nether good paper, sistance was derived from that by Cover. letter, i ynke, nor correctyon, and evyn dale. See Anderson, i. 569. The name so shall they corrupt this worke, and of Rogers was not announced; but the as. wrapp yt up after their fassyons, and then sumed name of Thomas Matthew was maye they sell yt for daught at their pleaplaced in the title-page, though his own sour. Ye, and to make yt more trewer initials I. R. occur in some parts of the then yt is, therfore Douchemen, dwel. volume.
* " for those most godly pains the + i. e, against. Heavenly Father is bound, even of his This is still the technical word for justice, to reward you with the everlasting type, and is foolishly altered in Strype's kingdom of God.''
Cranmer to “letters."
lynge within this realme, go about the resorters therunto maye have occasyon to
Thertore by your moost godly favour, if and this is hurtfull to no man, but prof.
We still cannot quit these letters of fore most humbly I beseche your lord. ship to be my helper herin, that I maye
Grafton without noticing some other obtayne this my request. Or elles, yf by
discrepancies, of no great importance no meanes this pryvyledge maye be had in theniselves, but of some significance (as I have no dout thorow your helpeyt as affecting the editorship of the Ecshall) and seinge men are 80 desyrous to clesiastical History Society. To Grafbe pryntynge of yt agayne to my uiter ton's letter of the 28th Aug. 1537, undoynge, as aforsayde; that yet, for printed at p. 131 of the new volume as moche as it bathe pleased the kynges of Cranmer, are appended these two highnes to lycence this worke to go
notes, to give an air of duty performed. abroade, and that it is the moost pure worde of God, which teacheth all true obedyence,
First note, to Strype's reference to and reproveth all scismes and contentyons.
" Cleopatra, E. 5." [Cotton, MSS. Cleo. And the lacke of this worde of the All. pat. E. V. fol. 330. British Museum. mightie God is the cause of all blyndenes
Original.] and supersticion, yt may therfore be com.
Second note, to " which remaineth'maunded by your lordship, in the name of
[“ That remaineth.” Cott. MSS.]
mas then ensuing, a Bible “ of the largest learne to knowe God, and to instruct their
volume," the expense (12s. bound) to be parysshens.
borne, half by himself, and half by the Ye, and that every abbaye
parishioners ; and Bonner, shortly after shuld have vj to be layde in vj severall
he was made Bishop of London, set up sir places,t that the whole covent and the
Bibles in certain convenient places in St. * Altered by Strype to “made," and Paul's church. Thus was created a far so left by his recent editor.
larger demand than Graston at all antici. † Perbaps this scheme did not origi. pated, and there were sufficient customers nate with Grafton, but it was just the plan not only for his editions, but for those of that was adopted. By the royal injunc. his rivals. tions issued in 1538 every curate was di. Bryme or breme. Fierce, sharp, rected to provide, before the feast of Christ. From the Saxon. (Nares's Glossary.)
Such is the sole result of the editor's diminished in bulk, and still more in (pretended) " verification,” to tell us value; and to edit them without rethat where Strype printed “which” ference to that volume is like omitting the writer wrote "that:" but what be the part of Hamlet, a thing not to be comes of the performance when, on re-excused unless it has been done by ferring to the original, we find it is particular desire' of the patrons, vicenot "that," and is “ which ?" The patrons, council, and subscribers.” presumption is strong that the editor's Mr. Maitland, after expressing him. ii verification," after all, was not with self very decidedly on “the notorious the “ Original," but with the Parker laxity and inaccuracy with which Society's copy,* where the reading is Strype made his extracts," distinctly “ that” in lieu of Strype's - which." states that, notwithstanding the asser
This presumption is confirmed by a tion of the Editor, that “The documore striking variation which soon ments contained in the edition of after follows. Strype, Anderson, and A.D. 1694 have been verified, as far Mr. Cox (the Parker Society's editor) as it has been possible," and notwithhave this passage, “ my lord of Canter- standing the notorious fact that of late bury said the tidings thereof did him years the archiepiscopal registers have more good than the gift of 1,000l." but been accessible to all literary men, the words of the original are " then the still, to the best of his knowledge, gyfte of ten thousand pounde.” Is not “no application was erer made for acthis a clear proof that no one has cess to the Register on account of this really " veritied" the original since publication." Strype first made the mistranscription? This, however, will not now much
Since our last, we rejoice to find surprise our readers, as we have that in this argument for the purgation hitherto searched in vain for proof of of Strype we have a coadjutor of no less a single visit to the Manuscript Room ability than the librarian of Lambeth of the British Museum Palace: who has addressed to the But when Mr. Maitland proceeds British Magazine “Remarks on the to shew his examples of “Strype's first volume of Strype's Life of Arch- loose, inaccurate mode of copying, bishop Cranmer, recently published by and his great liability to mistake,” the the Ecclesiastical History Society." Subscribers to the Ecclesiastical His. There is something in Mr. Maitland's tory Society, if they really care for good humoured but caustic criticism anything further than filling their which ought to have greater effect shelves with a certain number of vothan our own dull lucubrations. lumes uniformly bound, will, we think,
The documents which he has been be ready to demand that the first voled to examine are naturally those lume of Strype's Life of Cranmer which he has nearest at hand, namely, should be re-edited. such as are contained in Archbishop In almost every extract which Cranmer's own register. “ Indeed (as Strype made from the register there Mr. Maitland remarks) it must be are continual errors, materially affectobvious to every one possessing the ing the sense, sometimes arising from least knowledge of the subject that contractions having been misunderin editing Strype's Life of Cranmer stood, † and sometimes evidently from that Register was before, and above, haste, a second inspection having been all other sources of information to be intended but never paid. In various inconsulted, and this, not only because stances Strype himself noticed defects, Strype makes so many extracts from but too readily ascribed them to the oriit, and references to it, but because ginal register, instead of his own imthe documents and matters of history perfect transcripts, which had possibly which he derived from it form the been made some years before he worked most important and best authenticated them up; and yet none of these unpart of his work. In fact, the Me. accountable blots have provoked the morials, deprived of what they owe to the Register, would be lamentably + As punctare for presentare, ultime
for legilime, partialiter for præsentialiter Works of Archbishop Cranmer, p. (the last error accomplished by the new 346, note.
editor), &c. &c.