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Lawrence Byam, Rector of Luckham purpose, as well as for the object of in Somersetshire.
contrast. A former chapel clerk used s co Exon. Jun. 10, 1597. Henricus to say that it contained six thousand Byam, Somerset. Ministri verbi Dei small panes. Filius, ætat. 17.
The muse of Wordsworth was inOct. 12, 1599. Joannes Biam, So- spired, on visiting Cambridge, to give merset. Ministri Filius, ætat. 16.
utterance to two excellently descriptive .“ Oct. 31, 1600. Edwardus Byam, sonnets on this “ long-drawn aisle and comerset. Ministri verbi Dei Filius, fretted vault " of olden skill. Milton's ætat. 16."
“Storied windows, richly dight, Yours, &c. EDWARD S. BYAM.
Casting a dim religious light,”
had, probably, from his early connecMR. URBAN,
tion with Cambridge, which appears A few reminiscences, or abiding impressions, of the principal features of in several other instances, a similar
origin. Granta, by an old M.A. may amuse
The new front of Corpus Christi without offending. If the way be
(olim Ben'et) has been pronounced beaten, there is both licence and open
equal to any in Oxford ; but I shall ing to see prospects in a new light;
not attempt to enter into any critiand fresh flowers, though not “fields,"
cisms on the modern architectural immay present themselves in the banks
provements in the university, which I and hedgerows.—They may at least pro direct abler observers towards im
have not had an opportunity of ex
amining. portant points of interest in the survey
vey At St. Mary's, besides other beof the University.
coming ornaments, the tracery in the BRIEF NOTES ON CAMBRIDGE. clerestory has been justly pronounced Of King's College Chapel what can
by Mr. Rickman to be very excellent. be said that is not hackneyed, almost
At the Collegiate Church, Manchester, ad nauseam Simply two things, which is some not dissimilar, and a little not the writer does not know to have been
bad at St. Margaret's, Westminster. * said before. First, that it is on the whole
The bells hang in one tier, which is the finest Chapel in the world. As a
not usual with twelve, and form one of pile, some cathedrals may have a
eleven peals of twelve now in England, stronger claim; as a chapel, we have
the twelfth being lost through a fire at no equal in England, and no authentic
Spitalfields. The tenor, weighing 30 report of one abroad. And 2ndly, the
cwt., is deep-toned, and powerful for grandest ecclesiastical building in the
its weight. It is easy to ring, though world of one aisle or nave.—Yet this
not exactly so to raise. The eleventh, would have had, from its height and
which rings for the University, having length (90 and 300 feet), a gaunt and
a bad tone, was recast about twenty
years ago. Perhaps the turrets here abrupt appearance, had not the architect admirably relieved it by the
would bear a small spire, springing side chapels. When these, however,
from ribs, on the pattern of St. Nicholas are copied as aisles — as, amongst
at Newcastle and St. Dunstan's in the others, in the small French church in
Prince Albert's creditable admiraugly and dull effect, thus showing
tion of King's College Chapel appears that our ancestors had a better archi
s evident from the circumstance, chrotectural knowledge than we as their
nicled in the University papers, that imitators.
he visited it four times during his first There is also, in all probability, if
:c stay at Cambridge. When the Queen not certainty, no building in the world and Prince attended the service here having so many as twenty-five painted
they were much struck by the adwindows of equal size (in height 50
mirable chanting of the psalms. There feet) and beauty. On the propriety
are sixteen choristers (eight on each of introducing colour into the west window opinions may differ; it was, * Perhaps the elegance of the Wenlock no doubt, left plain to give additional Chapel, Luton, Beds, has never yet been light, and might be useful for that sufficiently appreciated.
kham purpose, as well as for the object of
contrast. A former chapel clerk used mricus to say that it contained six thousand i Dei small panes.
The muse of Wordsworth was in. In, So- spired, on visiting Cambridge, to give
utterance to two excellently descriptive Byam, sonnets on this “ long-drawn aisle and Filius, fretted vault” of olden skill. Milton's
“ Storied windows, richly dight,
Casting a dim religious light," had, probably, from his early connec
tion with Cambridge, which appears ares of
in several other instances, a similar
The new front of Corpus Christi
(olim Ben'et) has been pronounced openlight;
equal to any in Oxford; but I shall ields,"
not attempt to enter into any critibanks
cisms on the modern architectural imleast provements in the university, which I
have not had an opportunity of ex•
At St. Mary's, besides other be
coming ornaments, the tracery in the : clerestory has been justly pronounced
by Mr. Rickman to be very excellent. at can almost
At the Collegiate Church, İlanchester, which
is some not dissimilar, and a little not been
bad at St. Margaret's, Westminster.* whole
The bells hang in one tier, which is As a
not usual with twelve, and form one of
eleven peals of twelve now in England, have
the twelfth being lost through a fire at entic Spitalfields. The tenor, weighing 30 , the cwt., is deep-toned, and powerful for
its weight. "It is easy to ring, though this
not exactly so to raise. The elevenih, and
which rings for the University, having
a bad tone, was recast about twenty and ar
years ago. Perhaps the turrets here the
would bear a small spire, springing
from ribs, on the pattern of St. Nicholas Ver,
at Newcastle and St, Dunstan's in the igst
Prince Albert's creditable admiraan ing
tion of King's College Chapel appears
evident from the circumstance, chro"hieir
nicled in the University papers, that
he visited it four times during his first if
stay at Cambridge. When the Queen
and Prince attended the service here 'ld ed
they were much struck by the ad50
mirable chanting of the psalms. There
are sixteen choristers (eight on each ty st
* Perhaps the elegance of the Wenlock al Chapel, Luton, Beds, has never yet been it sufficiently appreciated.
side), with six men, forming a powerful The library windows at St. contrast with St. Paul's and West have not been sufficiently notic minster Abbey; a number equalled at of elegant form. At Trinity, pe New and Magdalen Colleges, Oxford, the thing most needed is to rebu but at no cathedral in England, the two plain sides of the great quadr numbers in which vary from eight, or Its elegant conduit has a happier less, to twelve.
than the leaden Mercury and ba The Senate House, lately honoured the grand college at Oxford ; an as the University has been, after three architectural inclosure here is : centuries, with the presence of Royalty, larger, though Oxonians are sl is a fine and perfect performance of believe it. The grander featur Gibbs, but of scarcely sufficient height this college, wanting neither tast (32 feet), with good internal wood- magnificence, are sufficiently kn work. Yet it wants a stately organ (as The immense length of the chapel there is one in the Theatre at Oxford) feet) alone takes off from the heigh at the west end; which fact has probably feet) of the really handsome ce struck many. It would but slightly cur- Had this been divided by two tail the space : and, perhaps, very light as St. John's is by one, into upper galleries might be added, by chapel, chapel or body, and chano strengthening the cantiliver supports might have assisted the effect. below, without detriment to the archi- it is a noble and interesting buil tectural effect. This, however, is sub- equal to that of Eton ; and its o mitted with much less confidence than superior to King's, with the succe the suggestion of the organ.
talents of Father Schmidt, G St. Peter's (commonly termed Peter (nearly his equal), and Avery, is house), besides its being the senior col- of the best in the world. The bel lege, deserves a separate notice on two are here worked by an isolated w or three accounts. Its oldest build- of which the writer never saw or h ings, however, do not appear so old as of a similar instance. 1400. “ The band of Inigo Jones,” it At Emanuel the only fault in has been said, " was not apparent in handsome front—a centre lower the cloisters here;” but, if not very the wings-—is redeemed by the pure, they are neat; and, if the west Corinthian end and cupola of the ch front of the chapel is a little of a “Chi- in the interior, superior even to I nese-Gothic" kind, the effect is not unpicturesque. The sides and east end, fuller gowns than at most others ; all'erected in 1632, are better, and the these are reported to bave been origin windows unexceptionable. Here is the or formerly, green, with the “ keys best, and unfortunately almost the only, broidered on the back. The late estim original painted glass, besides King's. Dr. Hodgson (noticed in the Maga Some remains in the side windows the same year by the Rev. J. Fisher
for December, p. 643) was surpasser have been pronounced richer in colour- this college, now incumbent of On ing than even that of the east, the Essex, who held the same rank as the subject of which is the Crucifixion, sent Master, Mr. Cookson, B.D. viz.fou after Rubens. The panneled and gilt wrangler. The respected poet laure oak roof is pleasing, and its organ, of Dr. Southey visited Peterhouse ab respectable size, about the same as St. 1820, where he was entertained by John's, Oxford, given by Sir Horace late Rev. J. Tillbrook, who introduced Mann, M.A. Fellow Commoner, Am- writer to him in the original “ room bassador at Florence, is a fine-toned of Gray in the “new building," " one. The new building, in the style
sang" in the bowers of Peterhou of King's (original), is handsome. Irish bishop named Ram, of this colle
The punning Virgilian inscription of The library, besides old and curious editions, contains some richly illumi
on his parsopage house, which he rebu
is excellent. One could almost swear nated MSS. one of which, presented though to a non sequitur, that he wa early in the fourteenth century, is de- worthy-hearted man. scribed as given to “St. Mary's Hall This house Ram built for his succeeding b by Trumpington Gate."*
So sheep bear wool.-"not for themselves 1 * The undergraduates here now wear others."
broke, though that was designed by Sir lately) at the Chapel Royal, St. James's. Christopher Wren, being the only Perhaps it is again used under the mark of his hand in this university present amiable and liberal master; The very elegant Corinthian chapel at though in such estimable qualities it Clare, costing 7,0001., with its domed is not easy to exceed his predecessor, ante-chapel and bright altar-piece by Dr. Kaye, now Bishop of Lincoln. Cipriani, which might serve as a com In churches, i, e. original parochial panion to Mengs' at All Souls, is on a ones, with the exception of the Univerpar, though not superior, to any modern sity and the round church of St. Sepulone in Oxford, including Trinity. chre, of which enough has been lately
The Chapel of Jesus is the oldest in written, the town has not a great deal to the university, but it belonged pre- boast. Trinity is generally considered viously to a nunnery; The rhyming the second; it is a cross-shaped buildepitaph on one of the fair inmates ing, with a slender tower and spire, is preserved, (where the accent in the with flying buttresses at the west end; cæsura is made to lengthen an other the transepts are lofty and have large wise short syllable).
windows, but no aisles; the chancel, Moribus ornata jacet hic bona Berta which was much lower, has been reRosata.
built. St. Michael's has three aisles The tops of three tombs are of the throughout, and is a neat building. ridged coffin shape, and ornamented. The new tower and crocketed spire at
All Saints and St. Clement's respectable. The late lamented Dr. E. D. Clarke, the latter are apparently no part of whoin the writer had the pleasure of the original plan. The interior of knowing,* lies buried in the nave. This chapel is a well-proportioned St
, Edward's is neat, with clustered cross building, without aisles, with a
columns. St. Ben'et's is the original neat plain tower in the centre, and university church, but the pointed some early-English arches in the chane arches and octagonal columns of the cel, or college chapel. Here is only antiquity. There is no ring of eight
small body indicate no considerable one bell ; but a chime, or ring, of six, bells in the town; but there are three if the building would support them, would have a good effect in the neigh- of six, one of five at Trinity not a little bourhood.
needing improvement, and two of four, In bells, Cambridge is much inferior those at St. Michael's very good. to Oxford ; the latter having four col
The church of St. Mary the Less (or legiate peals, with the cathedral, the
“ Little St. Mary's"), close to Peterlatter notone. The writer much desired house, and the east end formerly used to see a bell-tower amongst the sumptu- distinction from the mass, even more
as the college chapel, deserves however ous and handsome additions to King's. than those before named. It is rather Perhaps this was thought too near St. Mary's, but the case would be different semblance to ( St. Etheldreda's) Chapel,
a hall-like building, bearing a strong re; in other situations. In college organs, Ely Place, Holborn, but of greater however, Cambridge was formerly much more wealthy than Oxford, hay length, probably 100 feet
, or othereing nine to four; viz. King's, Trinity,
abouts. At the south-west angle is St. John's , Peterhouse, Emanuel, this seems much more recent, and
a slender and rather mean belfry; but Christ's, Pembroke, Jesus, and Caius. Those at Caius and Jesus, however, The side windows are lofty and neat,
the original intention is not apparent. have been transferred, the second by gift, to St. Michael's and All Saints and the large eastern one, with dechurches; Pembroke is disinantled,
corated tracery, rather reminding of and Christ's was mute when the author Merton, Oxford, is the best in college was at Cambridge, 1819-23. This
or church in the university. It has latter, a small one, is situated on the
some plain stained glass, but of much north side of the communion, as (or
Lastly, but never least, Cambridge is
rich in Almshouses and Charities, espe* See a biographical sketch, with the cially the former, though not more so same signature, in the Literary Gazette, than Oxford. In truth, at such instia few months after his death.
tutions, where the feelings are culti
Te stie chce Real St. James's
2. Passis 2922 ze da the => x = TEL: Eà ba sa,
2 i 3 se e çudities i ET L:. Aste. 1. Bai. Liela.
legale ramai parochial
ose ribeccoce of the l'aiser * streize of & Sepeda
cire. These as bees atels is no DOE a gresi deze to ree toes. Integer modered zing the serai: is a mascared lead. este ing. vida dela tower and spire, in the with dysg tattresses the rest ead; ther the traseras are iefty abà bave large
Windoes II do aisles: the chanced Berta which is noch börer, has been re
built. St. Vician's has three sisles f the
througbon, and is a beat buiding. -sted. AZ Saints and St. Cientis respectable
The per tower and crocketed spire st Te of
the latter are apparently no part of
the original plan. The interior of Foned
St. Educard's is best, with clustered ith a
columns. St. Benets is the original and
university church, but the pointed Chan
arches and octagonal columns of the only
small body indicate no considerable
antiquity. There is no ring of eight bem,
bells in the town; but there are three Pigh
of six, one of five at Trinity not a little needing improvement, and two of four,
those at St. Michael's very good. prior col
The church of St. Mary the Less (or the
“ Little St. Mary's"), close to Peterred
house, and the east end formerly used as the college chapel, deserves however
distinction from the mass, even more St.
than those before named. It is rather
a hall-like building, bearing a strong reent
semblance to ( St. Etheldreda's) Chapel, ns, ·ly
Ely Place, Holborn, but of greater length, probably 100 feet, or there
abouts. At the south-west angle is y, },
a slender and rather mean belfry; but this seems much more recent, and
the original intention is not apparent. r,
vated to a healthy vigour by “liberal" things, most unseemly, and unwort
J. D. PARRS and Christianity, it would be, of all London, Dec. 2, 1847.
The side windows are lofty and neat, , and the large eastern one, with de
corated tracery, rather reminding of ? Merton, Oxford, is the best in college
or church in the university. It has some plain stained glass, but of much
Lastly, but never least, Cambridge is rich in Álmshouses and Charities, especially the former, though not more so than Oxford. In truth, at such institutions, where the feelings are culti
ANCIENT FIRE-PLACE AT THE DEANERY, LINCOLN. MR. URBAN, Lincoln, Nov. 27. Tom, the predecessor of the prese I SEND you a sketch of an open bell, was cast in a furnace erected f fire-place and chimney discovered last that purpose in the Minster Yard. T summer in the old Deanery House at fire-place and chimney are, no doul Lincoln, which is now being taken a remnant of the old deanery hou down, and near to the site of which a which Camden tells us was founded 1 new residence is to be erected. They Dean, afterwards Bishop, Gravesend were hidden by bricks and plaster, and 1254; they are therefore a very
j, had been so probably since the year teresting object of antiquity. 1616, when the house was modernized The sketch represents one of t. and repaired during the period Staun- chimneys placed back to back on tl ton was dean and Parker precentor. first floor between the late dean's drav The initials of the latter, with the date ing room and the study; but they we of the year, were cut in the front of both concealed until the work of di the parapet over the bow window then molition began. The underside of ti projected from the south side of the mantel, which is composed of one stor building, six years after the famous six feet long by thirteen inches hig
stands six feet from the floor, and the the alphabetical arrangement makes a pyramidal head of the chimney is nine very extraordinary medley, with the feet above the three-inch projection old Oxford historian "leading the over it, and it is composed of nine brawls,” by virtue of his baptismal courses of tooled masonry, terminating prenomen! at the ceiling with an apex one foot T he prospectus further announced wide. The mantel, which has a pro- that this wholesale reprinting was to jection from the wall of thirty inches, proceed at the rate of four volumes a is supported by double corbels, and year, and that a volume of Strype, a the whole, after a lapse of nearly six volume of Field, and a volume of Eccenturies, is in excellent preservation. clesiastical Trials, were nearly ready The stones on each side are not jointed, for the press, and would “form a porso that the walls of the room were no tion" of the publications of the Sodoubt either plastered or covered with ciety for this year,--that is, this year oaken panels. The corbels are canted, 1847, now so nearly running out of the but in other respects quite plain, with glass. the exception of a rude ornament As it seems, however, not unlikely something like a trefoil on each side of that we shall have made some advance the two lowest. The rccess in the into the year 1848 before we see either wall is only five inches deep, and the the volume of Strype, the volume of back of the fire-place is composed of Field, or any other production of " the flat tiles placed edgeways.
Ecclesiastical History Society," and The gatehouse, built by Dean Flem- inasmuch as the frequent blasts of the ming, comes down. It is very much advertising trumpet have now dropped to be regretted it could not have been into a still silence, will you allow me preserved, as it is a fine old tower; to make this public inquiry as to what but if it were suffered to stand, it progress the editors employed have would no doubt interfere with the ar- already made, and as to what the rangements made by the present dean Society is now doing? It would be an for his new residence, and obstruct the additional satisfaction to learn, Who view of the north side of the minster are the Editors ? from his windows.
The original scheme seemed to rest Yours, &c. F. B. its claims for patronage rather upon
its comprehensiveness than its disMr. URBAN,
Dec. 15. crimination. It proposed to supply a THOUGH you are generally atten- subscriber with an entire library by a tive to the proceedings of the Book coup-de-main: according to this temptprinting Societies, I am not aware that ing postscript, or you have hitherto noticed the large "N.B.-Donors of 20 guineas will be proposals of one styling itself the entitled to the whole of the publications 7. ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY SOCIETY, of the Society, in which will be included established for the Publication and Re- a new edition of the entire works of publication of Church Histories, &c. Strype, Stow's London, Field's Book of chiefly those by British Authors, or the Church, &c." concerning the British Church."
A library of Ecclesiastical History, This Society, which was advertised and Stow's London into the bargain! very extensively indeed from some six Perhaps Dugdale's St. Paul's also; or to twelve months ago, and which was the name of Dugdale intended to boasted to have the patronage of their indicate the Monasticon Anglicanum? Lordships “ the Archbishops and One would suppose that book-colBishops, together with several of the lectors had a great many empty shelves Irish and most of the Colonial Bishops, by this proposal to fill them by the &c." proposed to itself no less a task ton; whereas, I have too often obthan to reprint the whole of the works served, Mr. Urban, that the excuse of " Anthony a Wood, Barlow, Bede, for not patronising a really deserving Burnet, Collier, Dugdale, Dupin, author, is something in this strain, Field, Fuller, Gildas, Godwin, Inett, “It's a book I should like to have; Heylin, Sprat, Strype, Stow, Walker, but really I find I must leave off buy. Wharton, Winstanley, and many ing books altogether, for I don't know others ;"—a list in which, you will say, where to put them. My bookcases and