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or, and the the alphabetical arrangement makes a ney is nine very extraordinary medley, with the projection old Oxford historian“ leading the d of nine brawls,” by virtue of his baptismal -rminating prenomen! < one foot
The prospectus further announced as a pro
that this wholesale reprinting was to ty inches, proceed at the rate of four volumes a bels, and year, and that a volume of Strype, a nearly six volume of Field, and a volume of Ecservation. clesiastical Trials, were nearly ready ot jointed, for the press, and would " form a por
tion" of the publications of the Soered with ciety for this year,—that is, this year ce canted, 1847, now so nearly running out of the ain, with glass. rnament As it seems, however, not unlikely h side of that we shall have made some advance
in the into the year 1848 before we see either and the the volume of Strype, the volume of osed of Field, or any other production of “ the
Ecclesiastical History Society," and Flem- inasmuch as the frequent blasts of the - much advertising trumpet have now dropped -e been into a still silence, will
allow me tower; to make this public inquiry as to what and, it progress the editors employed have Ehe ar- already made, and as to what the t dean Society is now doing? It would be an act the additional satisfaction to learn, Who inster are the Editors ?
The original scheme seemed to rest . B. its claims for patronage rather upon
its comprehensiveness than its dis15.
crimination. It proposed to supply a tten subscriber with an entire library by a look- coup-de-main: according to this tempt
that ing postscript, or
the entitled to the whole of the publications ETY, of the Society, in which will be included Re a new edition of the entire works of
&c. Strype, Stow's London, Field's Book of
the Church, &c."
my closets are now full to overflowing; prepared to maintain that among 1 and I am contemplating a speedy re existing ecclesiastical historians Stry mittance of some of them to Mr. is the best as a general authority, Sotheby or Mr. Christie.”
he deals in those minute particula It would be worth while to ascertain and refers to those original documen what the old-booksellers think on this by which alone the working of the matter. Are the works in question formation from the reign of Hen really so scarce that a multiplication VIII, to the end of Elizabeth can of them unimproved is desirable ? developed, and effects traced to th
Which Monasticon may the projectors have in view ? That by Dods The works of Strype, though th worth, Dugdale, and Stevens, in five may be divided into historical a folio volumes ; or that by Caley, Ellis, biographical, partake more of t and Bandinel in eight? I should former than the latter character. F rather hope, if reprinting is all they though some are presented to us intend, that it might be the former; the lives of the Archbishops and othe for, whilst in some respects less bulky, yet they relate more to the times th there is much in Stevens's portion the men, and in many cases he has especially, that is skimmed over very lated the same events in two, and som summarily in the modern book, a book times more, of his works. which ought to have extended to His compilations consist rather twenty volumes instead of eight, to the materials of history, than histo have been completed on the scale on itself; as, in order to ascertain all t which it was commenced.
circumstances attending any one ever And, moreover, if we can believe such for example as the “ Act of Ur some recent advertisements, the mo- formity,” the reader is referred by t dern edition of the Monasticon has index, perhaps to the Annals, the M been reprinted-literally reprinted, morials, and the Life of Grindal. its errors and its deficiencies unre each of these he will bave to seek, a paired: but is such really the case ? afterwards to combine, the various m I cannot believe it; but rather suspect terials respecting it. it must be a bookseller's pretence, to Hence Strype has been charged wi take off the still lingering “remainder” needless repetitions and trivial detail of the Caley performance.
and it is this peculiarity which mak To return to the Ecclesiastical His- him a rather difficult author to ed tory Society. Let us hope, at least, since his materials are thus distributthat, if it proceeds, it will present us through his several works, either hi with improved editions, not mere re torically or biographically, as be prints, and especially of the Works of suited his immediate purpose. Indee Strype, in which, I must admit, I feel he often gives only parts of lette particularly interested, and to which and documents, where the whole I shall now, with your permission, essential to the elucidation of the fac confine the remainder of my remarks. to which they refer; and in oth
It is to be remembered that the cases he contents himself with the ba Works of Strype have been already mention of such evidences, and plac reprinted, we cannot say edited, by them in an appendix. the University of Oxford. The only The sources of his information a advantages of that edition over the various ; but his chief source for tl original one are a more portable form, reign of Elizabeth is the Burghle and a General Index to the whole se Papers. These are contained in tl ries. But the truth is, Mr. Urban, Lansdowne MSS. and their descriptio that Strype really wants a great deal occupies the first volume of the Cat of editorial castigation. He is fre- logue of that collection. All the quently incorrect in his copies of docu- letters and papers were in Strype ments, occasionally injudicious in his possession, and such as he used har inferences, and sometimes even mis- glosses of the illegible words, and oth taken in his statements of facts. With marginal notes, in his own handwritin your permission I may take a future Besides these there are a great numbe opportunity of substantiating all these of volumes of Fox's MSS. and mar charges; but at the same time I am others in the Harleian MSS. stated i
A library of Ecclesiastical History, sed and Stow's' London into the bargain! six Perhaps Dugdale's St. Paul's also; or ich
was the name of Dugdale intended to eir indicate the Monasticon Anglicanum? nd
One would suppose that book-colhe lectors had a great many empty shelves s, by this proposal to fill them by the ik ton; whereas, I have too often ob
served, Mr. Urban, that the excuse » for not patronising a really deserving
author, is something in this strain,-“ It's a book I should like to have; but really I find I must leave off buy. ing books altogether, for I don't know where to put them. My bookcases and
the catalogue to have been bought of, I should conceive that the manuscripts or to have belonged to, Strype. These which I have now enumerated should consist of letters, historical collections at least be consulted for a new edition speeches, and various state documents of Strype's Works, in order to render froin the Reformation to the end of it a back of reference both for the clergy the reign of Elizabeth ; some originals, and laity of our Established Church. and some copies, which Strype con Whilst the present spirit of earnest sulted and employed in various ways. investigation into the precedents and All these should be carefully exa- progress of the Church continues to mined, and a catalogue made of them prevail, it is evident that some standard under beads or subjects, errors cor- of historical evidence is required, on rected, and omissions supplied. Many wbose authority secure reliance might will be found here entire, which Strype be placed, and to which all parties has given only in abridgment.
would be ready to turn with equal In the Cottonian MSS., particularly confidence. in Cleopatra, will be found several Although time and custom may have curious original documents relative to slightly modified the forms of our Esthe state of the church during the tablished Church, yet her truly Proreigns of Henry VIII. Edward VI. testant principles, one would hope, are Elizabeth, and Mary, which require unaltered. Efforts have indeed been to be examined and collated.
made to restore her to her state on the Some curious biographical and local dawn of the Reformation, when she documents, relative to the l'niversity was essentially Roman, and many of of Cambridge, and its several colleges, the obsolete usages of that period have are contained in Baker's MSS. in the been attempted to be performed as Harleian MSS. and also in Cole's Col- part of her service in some localities; lections, Adul. MSS.; and many others, but such attempts have been generally both of Cambridge and Oxford, in the rejected with indignation by the conLansdowne, Birch, and Sloane MSS. gregations, and the ministers who per
Among the Lansdowne JISS. are formed them have received ecclesiasthe voluminous collections of Dr. tical censure. Another party has enWhite Kennet, Bishop of Peterbo- deavoured, with as little success, to strip rough, consisting of ecclesiastical his. the service of its form, and reduce it tory and biography; particularly Vos. to the simplicity of a dissenting con1022, 1023, 1021, in three thick folio venticle. But still our Ritual remains volumes, containing a History of the uninjured, and the fabric of our Church Church of England in Notes (almost is as sound as at its first erection on daily), from 1500 to 1717, and em- its Protestant basis. bracing a short notice of all the events. These facts have been rendered more acts of parliament, books, letters, and striking in our time than at any former other minute particulars, during that period, not excepting even the time of lengthened period. These form most the Puritans during the reigns of Elizavaluable materials for ecclesiastical beth and James I.; yet few, comparahistory, as the greater part of their tively speaking, can trace the various contents may be verified and com- causes which have contributed to the pleted from the printed books and stability of our Church, or duly apMSS. in the Museum. This interest- preciate the wisdom and caution with ing collection does not appear to have which her original foundations were been known to Strype, or noticed by laid. It is this species of information any subsequent writers.
that is now required, and which can I have enumerated the above as alone establish the true Protestant some of the materials, but by no means faith in the minds of her members, the whole, that are to be found in the equally removed from Popery on the various collections in the British Mu- one hand, and Puritanism on the other. seum ; to which must be added the On the whole, I think it will be alcollections at Lambeth, the State Paper lowed that something better is required Oflice, the Rolls Chapel, Sion College, than another reprint of Strype, uncolFulham, and the two Universities. lated and unimproved. But, taking the British Museum alone,
Yours, &c. B. D.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
bought of, I should conceive that the manuscripts pe. These which I have now enumerated should ollections, at least be consulted for a new edition ocuments, of Strype's Works, in order to render he end of it a book of reference both for the clergy
originals, and laity of our Established Church. ype con
Whilst the present spirit of earnest ous ways. investigation into the precedents and ally exa
progress of the Church continues to of them prevail, it is evident that some standard
of historical evidence is required, on 1. Many whose authority secure reliance might h Strype be placed, and to which all parties
would be ready to turn with equal -ticularly confidence.
several Although time and custom may have lative to slightly modified the forms of our Esring the tablished Church, yet her truly Proard VI. testant principles, one would hope, are require unaltered. Efforts have indeed been
made to restore her to her state on the nd local dawn of the Reformation, when she versity was essentially Roman, and many of olleges, the obsolete usages of that period have
in the been attempted to be performed as e's Col- part of her service in some localities ; others, but such attempts have been generally
in the rejected with indignation by the conVISS. gregations, and the ministers who per
formed them have received ecclesiasf Dr. tical censure. Another party has enterbo- deavoured, with as little success, tostrip 11 his- the service of its form, and reduce it · Nos. to the simplicity of a dissenting con: folio venticle. But still our Ritual remains of the uninjured, and the fabric of our Church 'most is as sound as at its first erection on
its Protestant basis. ents, These facts have been rendered more
and striking in our time than at any former that period, not excepting even the time of nost the Puritans during the reigns of Elizaical beth and James I.; yet few, comparı. heir tively speaking, can trace the various
Florentine History, from the earliest a question more easily asked 1
authentic records to the accession of answered," we would ask in turn, Ferdinand III. Grand Duke of Tus did he raise the spirit he finds it so cuny. By H. E. Napier, Capt. R.N. ficult to lay? Nay, we differ wid F.R.S. Post 8vo. 6 vols.
from him, for the question may THE author of the Florentine easily answered, if the inquiry. History, as we learn from the dedi. made in the right quarter. It mi cation, is brother to Major-General partly have been answered from Sir Charles Napier, Governor of own words, at p. 281, when speak Scinde, to whom the work is inscribed, of Clement IV. “He was summo and to whose aid he owns himself in to answer .... at a far hig debted. For ten years of sickness and tribunal than that of mundane ] affliction, this undertaking, as he tells tory.” Still it is out of place he us, has been his companion, thus ex however appropriate in such writ ceeding Horace's well-known rule of as Hutcheson, who says at the out letting nine years elapse before publi- of an ethical work, “ Intrandum igi cation. Anticipating an objection to in hominum naturam, ut perspician the length of the work, the author quid simus, quidnam victuri gignam asks, in the person of one of his et quos Deus non esse jusserit.” (P readers, “But why write so long a Moralis Inst. Compend. b. 1, c. story about so small a country?" (Vol. p. 2.) i. p. ix. Pref.) And his answer is, be Capt. Napier goes out of his way cause the lessons of history, “ which abuse the English administration are the records of experience, and the Ireland, * whence we infer that t beacons of human error, may, as in work has not only been his compani the Grecian republics, be taught with but also his political common-pla equal benefit from the acts of a small book, for several years. We are bet as a great community: because Flo- pleased with this general view of rence performed as conspicuous a part proper subject. in Italy as Athens did in Greece.”
" No great cause of policy really This, however, is rather assuming the vided the factions [of Florence] : il office of a professor of political struggled for no political triumph, . science. He defends himself by the unmitigated power ; yet always under t authority of Bacon: “ As for the cor standard of some popular grievance, ruptions and moths of history, which
cause noble in itself, but unstable as th are epitomes, the use of them deserveth own sincerity.” (p. 5.) to be banished, as all men of sound The author has adopted Itali. judgment have confessed." (Advance views of ecclesiastical history, wh ment of Learning, b. 2, p. 79.) Still among the contemporary potentat there is a medium in all things, and the in the second chapter he giv student, who, as Mr. Percival ob “ Popes from St. Peter to Adrian 1 serves, in his History of Italy, is de It should have been Linus or CI terred by the size of Sismondi's work, mens; but perhaps he merely copii in sixteen volumes, may fairly com another list, without meaning to in plain that a portion only of the subject volve himself in questions of this kin is here extended over six.
Florence has, properly speaking, i The book begins wordily, and though ancient history, or a very slender one the thoughts are often just, and must have occurred to many, yet they are
On ne s'attendait guère not always in place. We do not open De voir l'Irlande dans cette affaire. at work on history, to ask or solve the
(La Fontaine, Fab. x. 3 question, “For what purpose are we † Capt. Napier has wisely abstaine here ?" And when the author calls it from enlarging on the history of anciei GENT. MAG. VOL. XXIX.
causes which have contributed to the und stability of our Church, or duly ap: ste preciate the wisdom and caution with
which her original foundations were by laid. It is this species of information
that is now required, and which can
alone establish the true Protestant ns faith in the minds of her members, he equally removed from Popery on the
one hand, and Puritanism on the other. On the whole, I think it will be allowed that something better is required than another reprint of Strype, uncol. lated and unimproved.
Yours, &c. B. D.
nor does it engage our attention till Cardinal Borromeo, for his endeavours the capture of Fiesole in 1010, and the to reform them, caused their supintervention of the Countess Matilda. pression by Pius V. in 1571. (p. 592.) Capt. Napier ascribes her devotion to The second volume ends at 1402. the papacy to the protection she had Boccacio's account of the plague is early experienced, as the Church had introduced, in doing which Captain Nabeen the friend of her house in its ad- pier has partly followed the example of versity ; “ Florence, imbued with Ma- Machiavelli, who refers to Boccacio as tilda's politics, became essentially at- describing it “with so much eloquence." tached to her cause, and followed all The energy of the republic (then her fortunes." (p. 73.) Here we have exclusively democratic)in 1345, in supthe germ of the Guelphic policy. But pressing appeals to the Pope, is prowe must notice a keen remark con- minently drawn, “nor was so ennected with these events, on the sub- lightened an audacity ever afterwards ject of nomination.
renewed, until the memorable reign of “ Valuable presents were expected ac. Peter Leopold of Austria." (p. 127-8.) cording to the worth of the benefice; but In consequence of the insolence of the the Pope, who participated in these clergy, the Florentines enacted that, elections, without sharing the spoil, if a priest were to outrage a layman, branded such proceedings, perhaps justly, he should be prosecuted and punished with the epithet of simony, notwithstand as a layman, notwithstanding pontifical ing that the ceremonial part was of long briefs to the contrary. The principle standing in Germany."* (p. 70.)
is an enlightened one, for an aggressor We pass on to the character of may justly be considered to place Castruccio Castracani, which includes himself on a level with the person he a criticism on Machiavelli :
insults or injures; but matters must “He was the ablest man of the age, and have b
and have been bad indeed to call for a with a longer life would probably have remedy so violent in the opinion of subjugated Italy. Machiavelli says that the times. he equalled Philip of Macedon and Scipio, The third volume ends at 1500, and would have surpassed both had he had the “miscellaneous chapter" for that as wide a field of action : there is so much period being postponed to the beginerror or imagination mixed up with the ning of volume iv. The author retruth in this great man's romance of Caso marks, at p. 473, that, though Roscoe truccio, that it cannot be easily quoted, mentions the anecdote of Savonarola's except for extreme beauty of style; but he such an opinion, from the Florentine
ut being present at Lorenzo de' Medici's
a Secretary, would have been sufficient to
death as only worthy of notice for immortalise the Lucchese hero, if every
the sake of confutation, he does not record of his own actions had been ob
confute it. Captain Napier on the literated.” (p. 448.)
contrary admits it. In his character The character of Dante, at p. 464-6,
of Lorenzo, at p. 473-9, he estimates is a transcript from Villani, written
him according to the age, the defects with less than his usual brevity.
" of which he allows him to have had : The first volume brings down the “Taking such things into the account, history to 1336, and ends with a
it is probable that Lorenzo was neither “ miscellaneous chapter" on manners,
the sanguinary usurper of Sismondi, nor
Sy trades, laws, the arts, and the military
the perfection of human nature and model
of princes that Roscoe would wish us to power of Florence. There is a con- believe.” (p. 474.) cise and clear account of the mercan. The following circumstance, respecttile religious Order called the Padri
ing the close of Savonarola's career, Umiliati, whose attempt to assassinate
is very remarkable. When Fra Do
menico da Pescia, his disciple, was to Etruria, which is gradually developing, brave the flames, to decide the conthrough antiquarian researches, but at present is in a theoretical state.
troversy with the Franciscans, “he * Simony, being a substantive, cannot
wished to enter with the sacrament in be an epithet, according to Johnson, who
his hand, but this was also denied him, defines that word, “ an adjective denoting
because, as they declared, it would any quality, good or bad.” It should be
infallibly be consumed, and produce simoniacal.-REY,
scandal in the minds of weak and
E: smention till Cardinal Borromeo, for his endes Fours Eivil), and the to reform them, caused their sup te Matilda. pression by Pius V. in 1571. (p. 592.
) devotion to The second volume ends at 1402
. ting she had Boccacio's account of the plague is
Church had introduced, in doing which Captain Ns. e in its ad- pier has partly followed the example of Edwich Ma Machiavelli
, who refers to Boccacio as sentially at- describing it with so much eloquence' followed all The energy of the republic (tben Here we have exclusively democratic) in 1345, in sapFler. But pressing appeals to the Pope, is proremark con- minently drawn, “nor was so eno - on the sub- lightened an audacity ever afterwards
renewed, until the memorable reign of expected ac.
Peter Leopold of Austria." (p. 127.8.) beneice; but In consequence of the insolence of the ed in these clergy, the Florentines enacted that, the spoil, if a priest were to outrage a layman
, rhaps justly, he should be prosecuted and punished otwithstand as a layman, notwithstanding pontifical was of long briefs to the contrary. The principle 0.)
is an enlightened one, for an aggressor aracter of may justly be considered to place h includes himself on a level with the person
be insults or injures; but matters must he
have been bad indeed to call for bably have remedy so violent in the opinion of nd Scipio,
The third volume ends at 1500, ad he had the " miscellaneous chapter" for that s so much period being postponed to the begin
with the ning of volume iv. The author res e of Caso marks, at p. 473, that, though Rosede
quoted, mentions the anecdote of Savonarola's yle; but orentine
being present at Lorenzo de' Medici's cient to
death as only worthy of notice for
the sake of confutation, he does not en ob confute it. Captain Napier on the
contrary admits it. In his character 464-6,
of Lorenzo, at p. 473-9, he estimates ritten
him according to the age, the defects
of which he allows him to have had : I the “Taking such things into the account, th a
it is probable that Lorenzo was neither
the sanguinary usurper of Sismondi, nor hers, the perfection of human nature and model tary of princes that Roscoe would wish us to
believe.” (p. 474.)
The following circumstance, respectdri
ing the close of Savonarola's career, ite
is very remarkable. When Fra Domenico da Pescia, his disciple, was to brave the flames, to decide the controversy with the Franciscans," he wished to enter with the sacrament in his hand, but this was also denied him,
ignorant people." (P. 609, from Fran. character will ever remain a prol Cei, Mem. Stor. p. 111. MS.)
in literature. From vol. iv. we select a favourable This volume goes down to 1. specimen of the author's criticism, on The fifth brings the subject or the grant of emoluments arising from 1737. Of the second dynasty of the sale of indulgences in Germany, Medici, Capt. Napier says that, by Leo X. to his sister Maddalena the exhaltation of Alessandro de' ] Cibo, Histoire du Concile de Trent, dici to the dukedom, Florence bec: livre 1, pp. 15-16, for which he refers an established hereditary principal to Sarpi and Guicciardini :
and must henceforth be spoken " Robertson (vol. ii. book ii. p. 114) rather in the name of her absol denies this grant, principally because it is sovereigns, than as a self-acting co pot to be found in the pontifical archives munity.” (p. 1.) In a note he by the search of an individual. In. serves that, as Tuscany now loses dependent of the likelihood of such a
interest as an independent state, grant baving been destroyed by Leo or “ miscellaneous chapter ” is disc Clement, after its mischievous effects were tinued, and its contents are int made public, or remaining in the archives woven with the narrative. of the Cibo family, the facility of missing While glancing at European histi such a document amidst the enormous he speaks eloquently of our masses of the Vatican is apparent. But pedant." Guicciardini is too accurate, and was too well acquainted with even the secrets of
says that the times.
because, as they declared, it would | infallibly be consumed, and produce
scandal in the minds of weak and
“ The undecided conduct of James the Medici, to be doubted on a subject kept Europe in suspense ; the glory then so notorious, and F. Paulo is too Elizabeth oppressed him; her helmet a heavy a weight to shove aside so lightly,
corselet were too ponderous for a m nor is it likely to have been invented." pedant to sustain, and the national sp (p. 223, note.)
was for a while repressed, until, gather
new force, it burst on his son's head, a The miscellaneous chapter of century destroyed the monarchy." (p. 386.) xv. with which this volume begins, includes a character of Machiavelli,
At p. 410, on the occasion of t though slightly antedated. It is too negotiation of a marriage betwe long to quote entire, but Captain daughter of Cosimo II. the queen,
Prince Henry, son of Jaines I. and Napier considers that much undeserved odium has clung to Machiavelli, partly Florentine resident at London, th
mother, is said to have told Lotti, from personal enmity during his life- slight ties held Prince Henry to t time.
Church of England. But his attac “Machiavelli was in principle a thorough ment is thought to have been Republican, though not unwilling, from Puritanism, and precarious inde positive distress, to accept office from the would have been the foundation Medici. His discourse on Florentine re
build a hope of Rome's recoveris form, written by command of Leo X.
her authority upon.
mising spirit, however, of the reig tablishment of liberty ; and the whole
of James and Charles was not on tenor of his life proves it, not even ex.
a source of political weakness to En cepting his · Prince,' in which considering land, but appears simultaneously, the sovereign's interest as the especial not causally, with an increase of t object,) pains are taken throughout to amount of crime, which diminishe identify it with the love of the people." quickly again under the Common (p. 59.)
wealth.* We say if not causully, bu We doubt whether any uniform
cause such a spirit tended to paraly
the moral effects of the Reformatio theory concerning the Prince can be constructed, for it involves too many
which, according to the eminent auth contradictions. It is not the produce rity just referred to, were very great tion of a mind, apparently at least, in which England unhappily appea
Dismissing, however, this subjec either entirely patriotic or entirely unprincipled ; it has some views that are right, and some that are sadly dis * See Mr. Wright's volume on torted; and in all probability its real Patrick's Purgatory,” preface, p. vi.