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trures of the peningn'ar ring u ce and press ca that Stonetzage was originally funa, .. D uat seem to have t o c26 ta uf dressed stone, and not of to a real crescentx forta n ied in roz i s. bett e r in the East. V. rorin Mr. Haco Tarner read a short paper to the i ntr of this 5-. Mr. O Mezra! Horticultare," -referriag Dirk Cuge dered it to be a rezant u re esisily to the varieties of fruit of Ce shape of bamia csey birre the gisa in Eagian during the thirteenth invent of acige, and ated several century. pasages from the Ou Testament, frum T :e Secretary annoured that the vo

to be ir.ferred that the abekel criga bine ftie Proceedings of the Institute at a'iy possessed the same gobose fore. York was ready for delivery.

ARCHEOLOGICI INTITETE.

BEDFORDSHIRE ARCHEOLOGICAL AND Ajili. Str J. P. Bouau, Bart. in the

ARCHITECTURAL SOCIETY. chir. An:10tie osjeito entend were March 21. The first general annual a dazzer tus bit of which was a file beeting of this society was held at the

<LD of Bare caning: from the County Library. The room was bung fat of the blue having 1:50 pts of gui 1. asendid collection of rabbings of p*** ng thrzt is, seven of *.b form brax exhibited by the Rer. W. Airer the un Latin cross, the erlebtor, Mr. and Miss Williamsoni, and architectural G. J. Freuch, covertured it m at base drawings and elevations (exhibited by Mrs. bero a profiion of tie bide of. Lun pean Guidiutt, E.W. Smith, esq. and Miss L. swird.-Mr. Alies ex.ibited an ura found Green . A lar e table in the middle of in the cutting for the railroad at Droit. the room was covered with objects of ar. wich in is 17; it was apparentis of Roman chalogical interest. fabric, and had been used in early times in Lari de Grey, tie Lord Lieutenant of the manufacture of salt, from the etfects the curty, took the chair, and expressed of which it was and rzoing rasil decor. himxif as meist anxious to render all the position. Mr. Alles als submitted aid hr cuail to the society. specimens of pottery dre led up from the The society owes its origin to a casual bed of the Severn between Worcester aud observation on the occasion of an annual kempsey. Mr. Jianning laid on the meeting of the Bedfordshire Library on table two drawings of mural paintings the oth August last year, on a question recently discovered in Watford church, for the purchase by subscription of a copy Herts, one of which appeared to be a por- of Dagdale's Monastica. It occurred to tion of a St. Chri.topber. Mr. Talbot a gentleman then present that a society exhibited a remarkable bronze jug, of might be established for the publication mediæval fabric, discovered at New of some of the best illustrations of church Ligging, co. Fife; it had been fitted with architecture in this county; and, after a lid, now wanting, like a tankard. Draw some preliminary deliberation, a meeting ing» of druidical circles recently found in of gen:Jemen favourable to such a desiga the Isle of Mul, and of a curious monu. took place on the 28th Sept. 1877, for the mental slab in the cathedral of Dunkeld, purpose of taking into consideration the were contributed, with illustrative re propriety of forming a society, having for marks, by Mr. Auldjo. Mr. Farrer ex- its objects the collection of archæological hibited a silver bottle the neck of which and architectural information in this county, was formed of a small gourd ; this curious &c. Many gentlemen of high position object, of the workmanship of the six. and influence have expressed opinions teenth century, was intended to be worn favourable to an institution of this kind, at the girdle. Mr. Nightingale sent 4 and among them may be mentioned the painted tryptich of the Florentine school Duke of Bedford, the Marquess of Northof the early part of the fifteenth century. ampton, the Bishop of the diocese, the A deed of the time of Edward the Third, Archdeacon of Bedford, &c. In order to enfrancbising a villein and his issue. carry out their intentions, the council together with the brass matrix of a seal, 'considered it advisable to divide the county probably a sheriff's, of early date, were into districts; and, accordingly, applicabrought by Mr. Faulkner. Mr. J. G. tions were made to several gentlemen and Nichols exhibited a rubbing of an inscrip. clergy resident in these districts, who were tion in Dutch, dated 1439, on a stone wall requested to make known the objects of at the old Inquisition at Antwerp.

the society, to obtain subscribers, and to A discussion took place on the drawings collect information on t'i *** of archiof druidical remains exhibited by Mr. tectural and antiquari

}; and it Auldjo, in which the Chairman, Mr. is enfiddi ntly hop

ement Disney, Mr. Talbot, and other gentlemen

Pended

• An took part. It appeared to be the im

Bed

ford to permit an examination of the an exhibited at a former meeting, and particient records or muniments belonging to cularly with regard to the representaticn the corporation has been met by courteous of a figure with a boot, out of which an communication from the mayor; and Mr. imp was seen issuing. Other papers read Harvey, of Ickwell, and Mr. Dawson, of were: (1.) by Mr. Blakely, on two magisClapham, have also very kindly responded trates' posts, taken from a house on Elmto similar applications.

hill, Norwich ; and (2.) by Dr. Copeman, The following papers were read, and on ancient medical worthies connected with thanks given to their authors :-On Archi- the town and county. tecture, by Mr. G. Russell French ; on the Ecclesiastical Architecture of Bedfordshire, by the Rev. W. Airey ; on Archæ.

SYRO-EGYPTIAN SOCIETY. ology, by Mr. Inskip; on the Seals of March 14. Dr. Lee in the chair. Mr. Bedfordshire, by the Rev. H. J. Rose. Samuel Sharpe explained the plan on

The noble chairman said that he had which he had constructed bis Map of Anbeen requested to convey the wishes of cient Egypt. As to the physical part, the the council that, when restorations were valley of the Nile was taken from the contemplated, the suggestions of this or French survey in the Description de some similar society should be taken. He l'Egypte, the peninsula of Sinai from Lawas happy to state that already in this borde's Travels, and Ethiopia from Cailcounty great restorations and improve- liaud's Travels. Some of the ancient towns ments had been admirably effected, par. were fixed by the help of the ruins dow ticularly at Cockayne Hatley, Cranfield, remaining, and the others from the ItineWarden, Eyeworth, Ampthill, Steventon; rary of Antoninus. The roads were laid St. Mary, St Peter, and St. Cuthbert, in down from the Itinerary. The nomes, or Bedford; Aspley, Pavenhain, Halcote, counties, were from Ptolemy's Geography, Podenton, Harrold, Tingrith, and some The length of the stadium made use of others. It was gratifying to learn that was from Eratosthenes, who measured a extensive works would be carried into degree between Alexandria and Syene. effect this year at Felmersham, Stagsden, The Lake of Moris was from Linant's Clophill, Potton, and upon that beautiful Memoire, in which that engineer has so relic of antiquity, the priory church of satisfactorily proved that Herodotus well Dunstable. The Rev. F. Hose, Rector of understood what he was writing about Dunstable, stated that the architect had when he described that lake, and the fishery in the room with him a complete set of at its mouth. The route by wbich Moses drawings of the contemplated work, and led the Israelites was fixed by the identifi. be begged to remark that their object was cation of the towns mentioned in Exodus to restore, not to destroy anything. Mr. with those in the Itinerary. Mr. Bonomi G, Somers Clark, the architect, then ex- exhibited the same map, which he has just hibited the designs alluded to, which were published on a small scale. Miss Fanny very generally approved of. Among the Corbaux exhibited a section illustrative of presents were a lithographic print of the the gradual and regular accumulation of proposed restoration of Dunstable church, alluvium in the bed of the Nile from and a coloured drawing of the door of the the Nilometer of Rhoda Island to the south porch of Turvey church, richly or- mouth of the river. pamented with a flowing scroll and foliated Mr. John Landseer read a paper, in pattern of iron-work, drawn and measured correction of what he held to be the erroby Edward W. Smith, esq.; also a small neous explanations that have been pubcollection of coins found in Cranfield lished and inaccurate representations that church during its restoration.

have been drawn of the colossal sphyox of

Gizeh, and which he argued was an androNORFOLK AND NORWICH

sphynx, the beard having been broken off, ARCHÆOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

and illustrative, as we understood, of the The quarterly meeting of this Society connexion of the annual inundation of the was held on Thursday March 30, Arch Nile with the astral position of certain deacon Collyer in the chair.

stars in Aquarius and Leo, in primeval A donation of 501. from Mr. Hudson Egyptian times; which position was illusGurney was announced.

trated by means of a celestial globe with a The Secretary read a continuation of a moveable pole. Mr. Bonomi appeared paper on the shields of the roof of St. rather to hold by that opinion which conNicholas Church, Yarınouth, by T. W. sidered the sphynx as an emblem of regal King, Rouge-Dragon pursuivant.

power. Mr. Wilson, of Chelsea, pre.. The Rev. James Bulwer made some ob- ferred the astral explanation given by Mr. kervations respecting the paintings on the Landseer. screens at Gately and Caston Churches, GENT. MAG. VOL. XXIX.

3 Y

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.

House divided, and the numbers were--For HOUSE OF LORDS.

Mr. Bankes's motion, 56; against it, 75. April 11. The Maroness of Lans- March 29. Sir H. Halford moved downe laid on the table of the House a the appointment of a Select Committee, bill to give the Government ;'ower for the to take into consideration the condition of removal of ALIENS from this country. the FRAMEWORK-Knitters. Mr. Hume He explained the circumstances which opposed all legislative interferenc" with made this measure necessary. “A number labour; and the motion was lost by a of foreigners had recently come over, not division of 85 to 51. under the accustomed influences of plea- March 31. Mr. Fox Maule brought sure or business, but under influences of a forward the ARMY ESTIMATES for the totally different description; and he hoped year 1848, which had been prepared with the House would think it fit that her the strictest view to economy, as might be Majesty's Government should have powers, proved by the fact that in 1828 the numto be exercised upon their responsibility, ber of the army amounted to 91,000, while for a limited time and in certain cases, to now he bad to propose a vote of pearly compel the departure of any such persons," 114,000 men, being an increase of more The Bill was read a second time, without than 22.000 men, and yet the expense a division, on the 13th.

would be absolutely less than that of the

91,000 in 1822. He concluded by moving House of COMMONS.

that the number of men for the year 1848 March 22. Mr. S. Crawford moved should be 113,847, exclusive of those emthe second reading of the OUTGOING ployed in the territorial possessions of the TENANTS (IRELAND) Bill, which was, he East India Company. Mr. Hume prostated, intended for the confirmation of tested against keeping up so large an the custom of Ulster tenant-right. There armament, and moved as an amendment was at the present moment a growing dis- that the number of men for the army be position to consolidate farms in Ireland, limited to 100,000. The amendment was and to turn out the small holders ; and negatived by a majority of 293 to 39.therefore, persons who had laid out money Sir W. Jolesworth then moved that the in improvements were most anxious that number proposed by the Government be tenant-right should be secured by law, reduced by 5,449 men, the number expecThe debate was adjourned, and on the 5th ted to return from India. This amend. of April the second reading was carried by ment was defeated by a majority of 246 145 to 22.

to 43. March 28. Mr. Bankes submitted a April 3. In Committee on the JEWISH resolution, expressing an opinion that the DISABILITIES Bill, on clause 6, by which retirement of Mr. Strutt from the House Jews are excluded from the offices of Lord afforded a favourable opportunity for abo. Chancellor and other offices to which lishing the RAILWAY COMMISSIOx, and Roman Catholics are ineligible under the returning its functions to the Board of act of 18.9, Sir II. Willoughby moved the Trade, which bad little to do, now that addition of the following words : " Or any the free-trade measures had been carried. office in the gift or appointment of her - The Chancellor of the Exchequer said Majesty, her heirs or successors, to which that the formation of the Railway Board the appointment or recommendation to had been forced on the Government; its any othce or preferment whatever in the expenses had been 12.0001. a year; and, United Church of England and Ireland, as its business had been increasing, he did or in the Church of Scotland, may belong." not think it would be possible to reduce - Lord J. Russell opposed this amend. the expense to any very considerablement, which was lost by 196 to 99.--Sir amount. But it was not the intention of R. Inglis then moved an amendment to Government to fill up the vacancy caused by the effect that no Jew should be a judge Mr. Strutt's retirement. It was proposed of any of the courts of law, or a member to put some member of the Board of Trade of the Privy Council. This amendment as an unpaid commissioner, and thus the was lost by 203 to 91. The other clauses experiment would be tried whether the were agreed to without a division, and the duties of the commission could not be bill was ordered to be ren

bill was ordered to be reported. performed at a diminished cost. - The April 4. Mr. Horsman brought for

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ward a resolution for the purpose of abo jected some of its members to prosecution, lishing the distinction between the EPIs. The right hon. gentleman explained the COPAL FUNd and the Common Fund in nature of the law of treason, and the the hands of the Ecclesiastical Commis difference between that law in England and sioners. An act was passed in 1836 pro. Ireland ; the 36th of George the Third, viding that a portion of the revenue of the which considerably enlarged and extended richer sees should be appropriated to the that law, never having been extended to augmentation of the poorer bishoprics; the latter country. It was right that the another act was passed in 1840 which law in both countries should be the same, provided that certain episcopal funds and with some modification he proposed should be applied to the increase of small to extend it to Ireland, reducing the livings; and by a third act, passed in 1841, punishment in all cases, except those of a distinction was made between the two imagiving the death of or levying war funds. Mr. Horsman's object in seeking against the Sovereign, to transportation to have them joined was to provide an for life, with a discretion in the judge to increased number of working clergy in reiluce such punishment to any shorter preference to new bishops.-Lord Ashiey period not less than seven years. This seconded the resolution, not from any law, so framed, was to be applicable to desire to impede the creation of an addi. the whole of the United Kingdom. The tional body of bishops, but because he felt right hon. gentleman concluded by moving that, whilst additional bishops might be for leave to bring in a bill for the better desirable,additional clergy were absolutely security of the CROWN AND GOVERNMENT necessary. -Sir G. Grey, without contro. of the United Kingdom.-Mr. John verting any of the arguments of the mover O'Connell opposed the motion, as did Mr. or seconder, thought it unwise to adopt an Hume, but it was supported by Mr. M. J. abstract principle.--Sir R. H. Inglis O'Connell. The House divided.--For thought it would be injudicious unad leave to bring in the bill, -83 ; against it, 24. visedly to amalgamate the two funds.--- Sir Wm. Somerrille moved the second Lord J. Russell found no fault with the reading of the LANDLORD AND TENANT resolution as an abstract proposition ; but (IRELAND) Bill, with a view to refer it, he was unwilling to agree to the resolution, at the request of several of the Irish mem

hat the Govern. bers, to a select committee. -Sir Wm. ment or the House would stand pledged V'erner moved as an amendment that the if it were carried. The motion was with bill be read a second time that day six drawn.

months. Some further discussion ensued, April 5. There was a short discussion but eventually the bill was read a second and a division on Mr. 8. Crauford's time, and referred to a select committee. motion for the second reading of his April 10. Mr. F. O'Connor presented TENANT. RIGHT Bill, which was rejected the “ monster " petition of the Chartists, by a majority of 145 to 29.

praying for annual parliaments, universal April 6. Mr. F. O'Connor moved an suffrage, vote by ballot, equal electoral address to the Crown, praying her Majesty districts, no property qualification, and to extend her royal pardon to John Frost, the payment of members. Zephaniah Williams, and William Jones. Lord J. Russell then moved the order --Mr. Iakley seconded the motion.--Sir of the day for the second reading of the G. Grey declared that, of all other offen. CROWN AND GOVERNMENT SECURITY ders, those were the men that least deser, Bill.--Mr. S. O'Brien rose, but not, as ved the sympathy of the House or of the he said, for the purpose of opposing this country, and met the motion with a deci. bill on personal grounds. He was not to ded negative.---The House divided-For be put down by the proceedings which the motion, 23 ; against it, 91.

Lord J. Russell had directed against him, April 7. Sir George Grey drew atten- por would the Government extinguish tion to the state of some portions of the national fecling in Ireland by wholesale United Kingdom in which all the limits of prosecutions. He professed bis loyalty fair discussion were exceeded, and lan to the Queen, but not to the Government guage indulged in of a seditious and even or to the Imperial Parliament; on the of a treasonable character. However un contrary, he would do all in his power to willing to interfere with specches or writ. overthrow the one, and dissever the other. ings of an exciting character when not --Sir G. Grey had entertained some hope likely to prove mischievous, the Govern- that Mr. O'Brien would have disavowed ment could not close their eyes to the with that indignation which a loyal subject danger under existing circumstances of ought to feel the imputation cast upon suffering such proceedings to continue as his loyalty. What, then, was his pain and had marked the conduct of the Irish Con- regret when he found Mr. S. O'Brien profederation, and which had already sub. fessing lip-service allegiance to his Soy

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reign, and yet glorying in the imputations occur the names of her Majesty, in one which had been cast upon him, and charg- place as “ Victoria Rex-April 1st," the ing the Premier himself with high treason! Duke of Wellington, Sir Robert Peel, &c. He denied that the Government was in- There were also a variety of names alto. fluenced by any feeling of defiance towards gether fictitious, such as “No Cheese," Ireland. The Government wished to see “ Pug Nose," " Flat Nose," &c., and Ireland rich, happy, prosperous, and in other words and phrases wbich, though full enjoyment of constitutional indepen. written in the form of signatures, and indence. lle rejoiced to think that, included in the number reported, the Comopposing the mischievous designs of Mr. niittee would not hazard offending the S. O'Brien and his associates, the Govern- House, and the dignity and the decency ment was doing its best to unite all honest of their own proceedings, by reporting, men in the search of the true and lasting though it might be added that they were interests of the people of Ireland.-Mr. signatures belonging to no human being. F. O' Connor moved the second reading -Mr. F. O'Connor said he should cerof the bill that day six months, and Mr. tainly move for a committee to investigate G. Thompson seconded the amendment. the matter; and if the House still doubted The House divided,--For the second that the petition had received the signa. reading, Ayes, 452; Noes, 35.

tures of five million persons he would April ll. Mr. John O'Connell moved undertake in a very short time to produce for leave to bring in a bill the better to them a petition signed by double or treble enable her Majesty to call a Parliament the pumber!«Mr. Thornely defended the in Ireland. He argued that the UNION accuracy of the examination made by the had been carried by fraud, force, and cor- persons employed for that purpose, and, ruption, against the will of the people of with reference to a previous statement of Ireland ; and that the compact was a con- Mr. F.O'Connor, that the petition weighed tinued injustice to Ireland.--Sir W. Somer. 5 tons, stated its weight was only 53 ville opposed the introduction of the bill. cwt.--Mr. Cripps begged to affirm, with. He thought it was for the interest of Ire. out fear of legitimate contradiction, that land to be united to England, and, while the committee had taken every pains that he was willing to assist his countrymen in there should be no mistake on the subject. obtaining all the rights of Englishmen, heHis own attention had been directed to could not consent to their depriving them the matter from the very moment the selves of the advantages derivable from hon. member for Nottingham made the sharing in the power and dominion of the audacious statement that the petition was British empire. The debate was ad. signed by five millions and a half of perjourned.

sons. On investigating the matter he had April 12. The order for again going ascertained that of every 100,000 signa. into committee on the CROWN AND GO. tures 8,200 were those of women. He VERNMENT SECURITY Bill having been did not wish to throw ridicule on the read ---Mr. R. Osborne, Mr. F. O'Connor, petition, but he did wish to throw ridicule Mr. G. Thompson, and Mr. Hume, re- and obloquy on Mr. O'Connor, and be newed their opposition, which was mainly for one should say that he should never directed against the provision for punish- believe that gentleman again.--Mr. F. ing " open and advised speaking” of O'('onnor, after again speaking, left the treason. - Lord J. Russell terminated the House, and, from his declaration, that he discussion by declaring his willingness would seek elsewhere an explanation of that the clause should only have a tempo. one of the points at issue between him rary operation so far as regarded " open and Mr. Cripps, several members es. and advised speaking." The Douse then pressed an apprehension that he intended went into comunittee, and a discussion was hostile proceedings. A messenger was continued until the hour of six arrived, despatched to summon him to return, and and the chair vacated.

he was subsequently ordered to be taken April 13. Mr. Thornely, as chairman into custody by the Sergeant-at-Arms. of the committee on publie petitions, pre. On his reappearance, after an address from sented a special report on the subject of the Speaker, and inutual explanations be. the CHARTIST PETITION, from which it tween Mr. Cripps and Mr. O'Connor, the appeared that the number of signatures latter gentleman said, that, seeing the feelattached to it, instead of being 3,706,000 ing of the House on the subject, he should as stated by Mr. F. O'Connor, was only abandon his motion on the matter of the 1,973,190 ; that many of the consecutive petition, which stood for the following day. sheets were all in the same handwriting, Mr. Fayan moved " That the House and names attached of distinguished indi. should, upon Tuesday next, resolve itself viduals who could not be supposed to into a committee to take into consideraconcur in its prayer. Amongst such tion the Act 17th and 10th of Charles Il.

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