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THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1946.

REPAIRS, IMPROVEMENTS, AND MAINTENANCE,

UNITED STATES COURTS

STATEMENT OF DAVID LYNN, ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL;

AND CHARLES A. HENLOCK, ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER

REPAIRS TO BUILDINGS, COURT OF CLAIMS

Mr. Rabaut. We will take up the item for repairs to buildings, Court of Claims. The appropriation for 1946 is $6,500 and the estimate for 1947 is $9,350. Without objection, we will insert in the

$ record pages 31 and 32 of the justifications setting forth a summary of the estimate.

(The matter referred to is as follows:)

RECONCILIATION OF ESTIMATE TO CURRENT APPROPRIATION

$6, 500

Repairs to buildings, Court of Claims 1946 appropriation in annual act Supplemental appropriation for 1946.

Total appropriation for 1946Deductions.

6, 500 None

6, 500

Additions:

General annual repairs: Increase from $2,000 to $2,600--

Annual painting: Increase from $4,500 to $5,750.
New nonrecurring item: Remodeling basement-floor storage

rooms for office use.

[blocks in formation]

Total estimate for 1947..

9, 350

Repairs to buildings, Court of Claims

The 1947 estimate of $9,350, an increase of $2,850 over the amount of $6,500 appropriated for 1946, is explained as follows:

General annual repairs, $2,600.-This represents an increase of $600 over the amount of $2,000 allowed for 1946, and provides for the annual repair and upkeep of the heating and plumbing systems, roof, elevators, and for electrical, carpentry, millwork, plastering, ironwork and miscellaneous annual repairs. Only urgent repair and maintenance work has been done during the war, and the amount of $2,600 is asked to provide adequate care for the building and its mechanical equipment for the fiscal year 1947.

GENERAL REPAIRS, PAINTING, ETC.

Mr. RABAUT. Will you give us a statement on this item, Mr. Lynn?

Mr. LYNN. The 1947 estimate of $9,350 has been submitted at the direction of the Chief Justice of the court who has determined the need for the items making up the estimate.

The estimate is made up of three items; the first item being $2,600 for general annual repairs. For a number of years, only $2,000 has been allowed for the general structural and mechanical care of this building and its equipment. The building is nearly 90 years old and it is requested that in view of present labor and material costs, the general annual repairs item be increased from $2,000 to $2,600 to take care of the minimum urgent needs.

PAINTING REQUIREMENTS

The second (and principal) item is $5,750 for painting. This represents an increase of $1,250 over the amount of $4,500 allowed for 1946. We have only been spending on an average of $2,500 a year for painting, for the past 9 years. Most of the rooms included in the 1947 estimate have not been painted for the past 6 or 7 years, and can no longer be satisfactorily cleaned or washed. They should be painted next summer both for appearance and preservation of the building. The 1947 estimate provides for painting (with two coats) the courtroom and two offices on the second floor; seven commissioners' offices, the commissioners' hearing room, one secretary's office, and the garage on the first floor; and the nine rooms on the basement floor.

CONVERSION OF SPACE FOR OFFICE PURPOSES

The third -a new item-is $1,000 to convert for office use two rooms on the basement floor formerly used for storage purposes. The Chief Justice advises that these additional offices are required to meet the present needs of the Court. The rooms are now finished with rough stone walls, whitewashed, and have no doors, or trim. It is proposed to fur the walls with metal lath, to apply plaster on the lath, and then paint the rooms; also to install three sets of doors and trim, the necessary electrical wiring and fixtures, and one electrical ventilating fan.

Of the appropriation of $6,500 allowed for 1946, all but $839 was expended in the first 6 months of the fiscal year.

Mr. HARE. You say that this building is 90 years old?

Mr. LYNN. Yes, sir; it is the old Corcoran Art Gallery Building. It was erected in 1859. Prior to completion, it was used during the Civil War by the War Department as its Quartermaster Department. The Inaugural Ball was held there in 1871. It was used as the Corcoran Art Gallery from 1873 to 1899.

Mr. HARE. Is it in fairly good state of repair, outside of painting?

Mr. Lynn. There are some improvements that ought to be made; for instance, the attic space should be fireproofed, but we have not estimated for that item this year.

Judge WHALEY. We have been there 44 years. It was given to us in 1901. Congress bought it with $300,000 and turned it over as a home to the Court of Claims. We have been in there since 1901.

Mr. RABAUT. Do you approve these items, Judge Whaley?
Judge WHALEY. Yes, sir.
Mr. RABAUT. Do you think Mr. Lynn has gone far enough?

Judge WHALEY. I think so. We have to have this painting done. It has not been done for 6 or 7 years. The upstairs was painted this year, but the downstairs has not been painted.

HIRING OF PAINTERS

Mr. HARE. Is this done by painters in the Government service or under private contract?

Judge WHALEY. No; it is done by Mr. Lynn's force. It is not done by contract.

Mr. LYNN. Each year Congress usually allots funds under the different buildings maintenance appropriations for painting. Within the limit of those funds, we hire on a per diem basis as many temporary painters as are necessary to perform the work to be done.

Mr. HARE. What is your reaction to a suggestion that we have painters as regular employees of the Government and keep them busy all the time?

Mr. LYNN. It would not be practical, for the reason that such work must be suited to the convenience of the Congress and the courts and, of course, due to the continuous occupancy of the buildings in the legislative and judiciary groups during the sessions of the Congress and the courts, most of the construction, repair, overhaul, and extensive house-cleaning work can only be done during the recess periods.

For instance, at the two House Office Buildings we employ one foreman and two painters on a full-year basis, and we augment this small maintenance force to the extent necessary to carry on the painting work during the recess of Congress. The temporary painters work is under the direction of our regular men. When the work is finished, the temporary men are laid off and no further expense is attached to their employment.

Mr. RABAUT. As long as we are talking about painting, I have been here 12 years and my office has been painted only once. Also with reference to painting, do you not think we will get better paint a year from now? They suggested to me, when I was interested in painting my house, that I had better wait a year and that we could get twice as good paint a year from now. What kind of paint are you getting?

Mr. LYNN. We are getting the best paint that is available.. Mr. STEFAN. Can you get good linseed oil and white lead now, Mr. Lynn?

Mr. LYNN. We are beginning to get it now, Mr. Stefan. For a while it was very difficult to get any good paint.

REPAIRS AND IMPROVEMENTS, DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Mr. RABAUT. We have now an item for repairs and improvements, District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia. The total appropriations for 1946 were $10,300 and the estimate for 1947 is $13,600. Without objection we will put in the record page'l of the justifications setting forth a summary of the estimate.

(The matter referred to is as follows:)

RECONCILIATION OF ESTIMATE TO CURRENT APPROPRIATION Repairs and improvements, District Court of the United States for the District of

Columbia 1946 appropriation in annual act

$10, 300 Supplemental appropriation for 1946--

Total appropriations for 1946. Deductions: Pointing exterior stonework.

10, 300 3, 000

7, 300

Repairs and improvements, District Court of the United States for the District of

Columbia Continued Additions:

Annual air-conditioning maintenance item increased from $1,000 to $1,200.--.

$200 Annual painting item increased from $3,500 to $9,600.-

6, 100

6, 300

Total estimate for 1947.

13, 600

ANNUAL ITEMS

Mr. LYNN. The 1947 estimate of $13,600 is made up of three items:

The first item is the usual annual amount of $2,800 for general annual repairs, which provides for the general structural and mechanical care of the building and its equipment.

The second item is maintenance of the air-conditioning system. $1,000 is normally allowed for this item, but for 1947 we are asking $1,200—an additional amount of $200 to install two 24-inch ventilating fans in the attic to eliminate present overheating and shutting down of the motors located in the attic, which drive the air conditioning equipment. The temperature in the attic space rises to such a degree during the summer months that it overheats the motors driving the air-conditioning equipment, which results in motors shutting down at times and interferes with the normal operation of the equipment. The temperature in the offices rises to an undesirable degree and until the motors are started manually, there is no air conditioning in those areas.

The third (and principal) item is $9,600 for painting, an increase of $6,100 over the amount of $3,500 allowed for 1946.

We have only been spending on an average of $3,000 a year for painting for the past 8 years. The building was last completely painted in 1937. Most of the rooms and areas included in the 1947 estimate have not been completely painted since that time and can no longer be satisfactorily cleaned or washed. They should be painted next summer both for appearance and preservation of the building.

The 1947 estimate provides for painting with two coats), 7 courtrooms, 16 jury and witness rooms, 5 justices' chambers, 56 office rooms, 14 toilet rooms, and the main entrance lobby, which represent about two-thirds of the total rooms in the building. The corridors and the remainder of the rooms, as well as the exterior woodwork and ironwork, hạve been painted in the past several years and are not, therefore, included in the 1947 program.

The increases for 1947 total $6,300, but as a $3,000 item for pointing up the exterior stonework allowed for 1946 has been dropped for 1947, the net increase asked for 1947 amounts only to $3,300.

Of the appropriation of $10,300 allowed for 1946, all but $1,443 was expended in the first 6 months of the fiscal year.

PROCEDURE FOLLOWED IN FORMULATING ESTIMATE

Mr. RABAUT. How do you arrive at these figures for these items, Mr. Lynn? Do you check up on the reasonableness of these estimates, or the need for the work?

Mr. Lynn. We make a survey of each of the court buildings before we prepare our Budget estimates each year, and consult with the justices, the marshal, and the clerk of the court to determine what work ought to be done. The Architect of the Capitol and his staff do the estimating for all work to be done, whether or not the work involves items originating with the Architect of the Capitol or items originating with the court.

AMOUNT OF APPROPRIATIONS RETURNED TO TREASURY IN 1945

Mr. RABAUT. How much out of these appropriations was returned to the Treasury last year, 1945?

Mr. HENLOCK. Sixty-nine dollars was returned under the courthouse appropriation; $134 under the Court of Appeals appropriation; $56 under the Court of Claims appropriation.

Mr. Rabaut. We are asking that question of everybody this year because it is to the interest of everybody to conserve the funds of the Government. We have a national debt that is staggering, and I will say to you what I said to other witnesses who have appeared before us, but will not say it for the record, because I do not want to encumber the record.

(Statement off the record.)

REPAIRS AND IMPROVEMENTS, UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR

THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Mr. RABAUT. The next item is "Repairs and improvements, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia.” Without objection, we will put page 5 in the record, setting forth a summary of the estimate.

(The matter above referred to is as follows:)

RECONCILIATION OF ESTIMATE TO CURRENT APPROPRIATION Repairs and improvements, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia 1946 appropriation in annual act..

$2,500 Supplemental appropriation for 1946. Total appropriation for 1946_

2, 500 Deductions.

None

2, 500

Total
Additions:
Nonrecurring items:

Duct cleaning, air-conditioning system..
Painting --

$2, 000
7, 800

9, 800

Total estimate for 1947

12, 300 Mr. RABAUT. You had $2,500 for 1946 and the estimate for 1947 is $12,300, the increase of $9,800 being represented by duct cleaning, air-conditioning system, $2,000, and painting, $7,800.

Tell us about this.

CLEANING DUCTS OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Mr. LYNN. The 1947 estimate of $12,300 for this building, which is 35 years old, includes two new items, as follows: The first new item is $2,000 for cleaning the ducts of the air-conditioning system. It is

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