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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by
ASHER, ADAMS & HIGGINS,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of Indiana.

stEREOTYPED AT THE FRANKLIN TYPE FOUNDRY, CINCINNATI.

CONTENTS.

Formation of the Original Union.---------------------------

Population of the United States at Decennial Periods.......... 6

Declaration of Independence-------------------------------- 7

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13

Constitution of the United States, and Amendments.-- - - - - - - - - 23

Washington's Addresses--------------. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41

Missouri Compromise of 1820. ------------------------------- 65

Fugitive Slave Law of 1850-------------------------------- 66

Kansas and Nebraska Act of 1854. -------------------------- 73

Ordinance of 1787----------------------------------------- 86

Amnesty Proclamation------------------------------------- 94

Proposed Crittenden Compromise---------------------------- 97

Emancipation Proclamation.-------------------------------- 99

Letter Explaining the same--------------------------------- 101 .

Proclamation of Andrew Jackson.---------------------------- 106

History of each of the States-------------------------------- 130

Life of Washington.---------------------------------------- 157

Electoral Votes for 1st and 2d terms. -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 159

Life of John Adams---------------------------------------- 161

Electoral Votes for 3d term--------------------------------- I63

Life of Jefferson.------------------------------------------- 164

Electoral Votes for 4th and 5th terms------------------------ 166

Life of Madison.-------...------ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 168

Electoral Votes for 6th and 7th terms------------------------ 170

Life of Monroe. -- - - - ... • e = e s = • s = • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * = a e s e 172

Electoral Votes for 8th and 9th terms-----------------------. 174

Life of John Q. Adams----------------------- -------------- 176

Electoral Votes for 10th term-------------------------------- 178

Life of Jackson.-------------------------------------------- 179

Electoral Votes for 11th and 12th terms. -------------- - - - - - - - 181

FORMATION OF THE ORIGINAL UNION.

ON Monday, the 5th of September, 1774, there were as-

sembled at Carpenter's Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, a

number of men who had been chosen and appointed by the

several colonies in North America to hold a Congress for the

purpose of discussing certain grievances imputed against the

mother country. This Congress resolved, on the next day,

that each colony should have one vote only. On Tuesday,

the 2d July, 1776, the Congress resolved, “That these United

Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Independ-

ent States,” etc., etc.; and on Thursday, the 4th July, the

whole Declaration of Independence having been agreed upon,

it was publicly read to the people. Shortly after, on the 9th

September, it was resolved that the words “United Colonies”

should be no longer used, and that the “UNITED STATES OF

AMERICA" should thenceforward be the style and title of

the Union. On Saturday, the 15th November, 1777, “Ar-

ticles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United

States of America” were agreed to by the State delegates,

subject to the ratification of the State legislatures severally.

Eight of the States ratified these articles on the 9th July,

1778; one on the 21st July; one on the 24th July; one on

the 26th November of the same year; one on the 22d Feb-

ruary, 1779; and the last one on the 1st March, 1781. Here

was a bond of union between thirteen independent States,

whose delegates in Congress legislated for the general wel-

fare, and executed certain powers so far as they were permit-

ted by the articles aforesaid. The following are the names

of the Presidents of the Continental Congress from 1774 to

1788:

Peyton Randolph, Virginia........................ 5th Sept., 1774.
Henry Middleton, South Carolina...............22d Oct., 1774.
Peyton Randolph, Virginia........................ 10th May, 1775.
John Hancock, Massachusetts.................... 24th May, 1776, e
Henry Laurens, South Carolina......... © e o e o e o e .1st Nov., 1777.
John Jay, New York............................... 10th Dec., 1778.
Samuel Huntingdon, Connecticut............... 28th Sept., 1779.
Thomas McKean, Delaware...................... 10th July, 1781.
John Hanson, Maryland........................... 5th Nov., 1781.
Elias Boudinot, New Jersey...................... 4th “ 1782.
Thomas Mifflin, Pennsylvania...................3d “ 1783.
Richard Henry Lee, Virginia.................... 30th “ 1784.
Nathaniel Gorham, Massachusetts............. 6th Jan., 1786.
Arthur St. Clair, Pennsylvania.................. 2d Feb., 1787.
Cyrus Griffin, Virginia............................ 22d Jan., 1788.

The seat of government was established as follows: At
Philadelphia, Pa., commencing September 5, 1774, and May
10, 1775; at Baltimore, Md., December 20, 1776; at Phil-
adelphia, Pa., March 4, 1777; at Lancaster, Pa., September
27, 1777; at York, Pa., September 30, 1777; at Philadel-
phia, Pa., July 2, 1778; at Princeton, N.J., June 30, 1783;
at Annapolis, Md., November 26, 1783; at Trenton, N.J.,
November 1, 1784; and at New York City, N.Y., Jan. 11,
1785.

On the 4th March, 1789, the present Constitution, which
had been adopted by a convention and ratified by the requi-
site number of States, went into operation.

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT DECENNIAL PERIODS.

Cens's White Colored Persons. Total
Years. | Persons. | Free. Slave. Total. Population.

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