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P. C. Ker

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The Arrier Vinter to the Servizi S1

Port au Prince

r t-ila. The general commanding the revolucionary fone's which entera the city this morning has been advied or the diplomatic corps that it considers it absolutely necessary that there be no cuntiict, enggapin ment, or disorder, and counsels against promiscuous shooting, suig gesting that soldiers not on duty and civilians be prohibited from circulating with arms; that in case of disorder the representatives of the powers would be obliged to use all the means at their disposal to stop the same.

File No. 838.00/629.

Aroust 6, 1911.-4 P. M. A proclamation dated Gonaives, August 3, proclaiming Leconto chief of the executive power was read in the streets on the morning of the 6th and accepted with calmness. Leconte entered the city at 12.30 with 300 followers and repaired at once to the cathedral for mass. Quiet prevails. File No. 838.00/633.

August 7, 1911. On the morning of August 7 a mutual friend of the minister and Leconte was sent to assure the minister that there was no truth in the report that he had made an alliance with or promises to Germany, and to affirm that he was most friendly toward the United States and realized that any other policy would be fatal. Leconte expressed a desire to visit the minister, which under the circumstances the latter did not encourage. Mr. Furniss said the Govern ment of the United States desired to s'e a good stable governinent in Haiti and would look upon any alliance with European power's as a menace to such. Mr. Furniss says that the Germans have made large advances to the Leconte movement, and he is informed by a bank director that they have offered to lend Leconte about $200,000. He is investigating the matter. The French minister thinks if the loan is made that it should be made through the bank which has French and American interests. Mr. Furniss adds that a loan must be made as there is no money available and there is little reventie left to pledge. Firmin arrived on this date but was not permitted to land.

44773-7 B 1911- 24

File No. 838.00/633.

The Secretary of State to the American minister.



Washington, August 10, 1911. Mr. Knox informs Mr. Furniss that his action as reported in his August 7 is approved by the Department, and instructs him to take the first opportunity to make clear to the de facto authorities at Port au Prince that the Government of the United States will insist on the proper safeguarding of all American interests, not only as regards the National Bank of Haiti but also in regard to claims against the Government of Haiti for damages inflicted during the recent revolt. Mr. Knox further instructs Mr. Furniss to take no steps looking to the recognition of a new government until he can communicate satisfactory assurances to this end to the Department.

File No. 838.00/647.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.



Port au Prince, August 12, 1911. Mr. Furniss reports that he communicated the Department's August 10 to Leconte through a mutual friend, mentioning also the McDonald and other contracts with Americans which it was reported that Leconte intended to break. Leconte replied with assurances but as the mutual friend was unwilling to accept responsibility Leconte arranged an appointment with the counselor of state at the legation to convey official assurances. The interview took place; the vice and deputy consul were present. The counselor of state said that he was instructed by Leconte to say that loans would be made through the bank and that he would be glad to have as much American capital participate as possible; that he guaranteed protection to all American interests as soon as elected and would equitably adjust claims resulting from the recent revolt. He counted upon the support of the Government of the United States to have the time limit for the settlement of claims extended, so as to give opportunity for an amicable settlement. The election will take place on the 14th. Firmin has withdrawn his candidacy and there will be no opposition to Leconte. Opposition would be useless anyway with the military forces at hand. Information has been received to the effect that the Haitian consul at New York recommended illegal collection of consular invoice fees on the 26th ultimo. French naval vessel Detress reached Port au Prince on the 11th.

File No. 838.00/647.

The Secretary of State to the American Vinister,


WASHIXGTOX, August 13. 1911. Referring to legation's August 12, Mr. Knox informs Mr. Furniss that the Department considers it most important to have the assurances referred to made to him in writing.

File No. 838.00/
The American Vinister to the Secretary of State.


Port AU PRINCE, August 15, 1911p, m. President Leconte was inaugurated on the 15th without incident and the following cabinet was announced: Minister for foreign affairs, Léger; finance and commerce, Lespinasse; public works and agriculture, John Laroche; justice and public instruction, Guilbaud; war and navy, Limage. The Government has advertised for subscriptions to a loan for one and a half million paper, with a guarantee of two-fifths of 25 per cent gold surtax, payable through the national bank, interest at 6 per cent, reimbursement at premium, 250; that is 100 less than the rate this date.

File No. 838.00/651.

August 15, 1911–5 P. M. Refers to Department's August 13. The following note under to-day's date received from the counselor of state:

Replying to your letter of yesterday I am pleased to assure you that the government of Gen. Leconte will consider it an honor faithfully to fulfill all engagements regularly and legally entered into in the name of the Republic, and that the interests of the United States as well as all others will be the objects of his protection; and that you may be certain that any claims produced will be examined with the greatest impartiality. Gen. Leconte on his part hopes to be able to count on the sincere support of the heads of missions in order to obtain from their citizens the invariable respect for the laws through which they expect to obtain protection, violation of which his Government is firmly resolved never to allow. It is my profound conviction that in this as well as in all other relations the kind assistance of the American Legation and the other legations will not be wanting.

Mr. Furniss adds that none of the diplomatic corps have been instructed to recognize the Government, and that some are a waiting the action of the United States. The cabinet that has been chosen is strong and very favorable to American interests; that Léger, formerly Haitian minister at Washington, is in accord with the policy outlined in the above note and is very desirous that the United States recognize Leconte as soon as possible.

File No. 838.00/660.
The Secretary of State to the American Minister.


Washington, August 18, 1911. Mr. Knox informs Mr. Furniss that if he is satisfied that the Gov. ernment of Gen Leconte is in full possession of the machinery of government with the acquiescence of the people of Haiti and is in a position to meet the international responsibilities he is authorized to enter into full relations with it, and that he may so inform the Haitian minister for foreign affairs.

File No. 838.00/661.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.


PORT AU PRINCE, August 19, 1911. The minister says he will recognize the Government of Gen. Leconte, in accordance with the Department's instructions, and suggests that in the course of the day an American warship be instructed to fire a salute.

File No. 838.00/672.


Port au Prince, August 21, 1911. SIR: I have the honor to state that upon receipt of the Department's August 18, on the morning of the 19th I sent word to Mr. Léger, secretary of foreign relations, that I was ready to recognize the Leconte Government. During the morning hours he called in person and later made arrangements for me to call upon him at his department and accompany him to the Palace, where I was presented to President Leconte.

The reception was very cordial. While I had never met Mr. Leconte before, I have received letters from him and I was well acquainted with most of his cabinet and those near him.

President Leconte spoke of his desire to have a good administration. He said that his appointments to office would be with that in view. He was particularly desirous that the customs should be properly administered and that foreigners and Haitians should be dealt with justly. He spoke of his admiration for the American Government, and expressed the wish that it would by its moral support assist him in having good government.

I assured him that the American Government was ever ready in so far as it could to assist him in having good government; that the American Government was the friend of Haiti and as such was very desirous that Haiti should progress; that American capital was ready to develop Haitian resources, and that with honest administration there was sure to be progress. I have, etc.,




File No. 7357/776.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

(Extracts. ]


Tegucigalpa, July 28, 1910. SIR: I have the honor to report that on the 18th instant the Government received information that Lee Christmas was enlisting men at Point Manabique, Guatemala, for an invasion of Honduras in the interest of former President General Manuel Bonilla who, since his overthrow in 1907, has resided in Belize. Gen. Bonilla left Belize on the night of the 20th.

On the morning of the 22d an attack was made on the barracks at Puerto Cortes. The leader, Gen. Ramon Octavio Marin, was killed and several of the attacking party captured. On the body of Gen. Marin were found instructions from Gen. Bonilla showing that simultaneous attacks were planned on Ceiba and Puerto Cortes.

On the 24th a schooner attempted to land men at Puerto Cortes. Shots were exchanged with the shore and the boat sailed toward Cayos Zapotillos, which belong to Great Britain. The Government communicated to the governor of Belize its suspicion that these cays were being used as a base by Gen. Bonilla.

On the 24th the Government of Guatemala, replying to a telegram of the minister for foreign affairs of Honduras, stated that orders had been issued to prevent the organization by Christmas in Guatemala or the departure therefrom of an expedition to invade Honduras. I have, etc.,


File No. 815.00/792.

No. 51.]

TEGUCIGALPÅ, August 11, 1910. SIR: Referring to my No. 47 of the 28th ultimo, I have the honor to report that from the instructions sent by Gen. Bonilla to Gen. Ramon Octavio Marin, chief of the insurgent forces, it appears that it was planned to take possession of the railroad which extends from

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